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Attitudes’ of University Students towards Organ Donation and Transplantation

Yıl 2019, Cilt 10, Sayı 3, 314 - 319, 20.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.22312/sdusbed.568312

Öz

Organ nakli sadece alıcıların yaşam kalitesini ve süresini artırmakla kalmaz, aynı zamanda sınırlı sağlık hizmeti kaynaklarının etkin bir şekilde kullanılmasını sağlar. Bu yüzden organ bağışı, dünyadaki tüm sağlık hizmetlerinin karşılaştığı önemli bir sağlık politikası sorusudur. Bu çalışmanın amacı, sağlık yönetimi bölümünde okuyan üniversite öğrencileri arasında organ/doku bağışı ve nakli konusundaki bilinç ve tutumları tespit etmektir. Veriler, 362 öğrenciden toplanmıştır. Bu araştırmanın sonuçlarına göre sağlık yönetimi öğrencileri organ ve doku bağışı ve transplantasyonunu desteklemektedir (%82). Az sayıda öğrenci (%3,9), organ ve dokularını bağışlamaya istekli olmasına rağmen öğrencilerin çoğunluğu bağış ve transplantasyona karşı olumlu bir şekilde davranmaktadır. Doku ve organlarını bağışlamak istemeyen öğrencilerin temel nedenleri din (%33,8) ve korkudur (%46,2). Regresyon modeline bakıldığında, bilgilendirilmek organ/doku bağışı ve transplantasyonuna yönelik olumlu tutum için istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir belirleyicidir. Diğer değişkenlerin (cinsiyet, yaş, gelir, kırsal / kentsel) regresyon modelinde rolü bulunmamıştır. Bu nedenle, genel nüfusun ve özellikle öğrenci nüfusunun, organ/doku nakli hakkında eğitilmesi gerektiği düşünülmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Barcellos FC, Araujo CL, da Costa JD. Organ donation: a population‐based study. Clinical Transplantation. 2005; 19(1):33-37.
  • 2. Riyanti S, Hatta M, Norhafizah S, Balkish MN, Siti ZM, Akmal HA, Normawati A. Organ donation by sociodemographic characteristics in Malaysia. Asian Social Science. 2014; 10(4):264-272.
  • 3. Mossialos E, Costa-Font J, Rudisill C. Does organ donation legislation affect individuals' willingness to donate their own or their relative's organs? Evidence from European Union survey data. BMC health services research. 2008; 8:48.
  • 4. Bilgel H, Sadikoglu G, Goktas O, Bilgel N. A survey of the public attitudes towards organ donation in a Turkish community and of the changes that have taken place in the last 12 years. Transpl Int. 2004; 17(3):126-130.
  • 5. Ashraf O, Ali S, Ali SA, et al. Attitude toward organ donation: a survey in Pakistan. Artif Organs. 2005; 29(11):899-905.
  • 6. Hai TB, Eastlund T, Chien LA, et al. Willingness to donate organs and tissues in Vietnam. Journal of Transplant Coordination. 1999; 9(1):57-63.
  • 7. Keiding S, Jensen SL, Vilstrup H. Attitude of the population to organ transplantation. Ugeskrift for laeger. 1994; 156(19):2869-2872.
  • 8. Sanner MA. A Swedish survey of young people's views on organ donation and transplantation. Transpl Int. 2002; 15(12):641-648.
  • 9. Boulware LE, Ratner LE, Sosa JA, et al. Determinants of willingness to donate living related and cadaveric organs: identifying opportunities for intervention. Transplantation. 2002; 73(10): 1683-1691.
  • 10. Sanner MA. Giving and taking--to whom and from whom? People's attitudes toward transplantation of organs and tissue from different sources. Clin Transplant . 1998; 12(6):530-537.
  • 11. Exley M, White N, Martin JH. Why families say no to organ donation. Critical Care Nurse. 2002; 22(6):44-51.
  • 12. Pham H, Spigner C. Knowledge and opinions about organ donation and transplantation among Vietnamese Americans in Seattle, Washington: a pilot study. Clin Transplant. 2004; 18(6):707-715.
  • 13. Hyde MK, White KM. Young Australian adults' knowledge and beliefs about organ donation. Progress in Transplantation. 2007; 17(3): 220-227
  • 14. Lam WA, McCullough LB. Influence of religious and spiritual values on the willingness of Chinese–Americans to donate organs for transplantation. Clin Transplant . 2000; 14(5); 449-456.
  • 15. Presidency of the Republic of Turkey (2018) https://kurul.diyanet.gov.tr/Karar-Mutalaa-Cevap/9669/organ-nakli Online Access: 27.07.2018
  • 16. Schaeffner ES, Windisch W, Freidel K, et al. Knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation among medical students and physicians. Transplantation. 2004; 77(11): 1714-1718.
  • 17. Essman C, Thornton J. Assessing medical student knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding organ donation. Transplant Proc. 2006; 38(9): 2745-2750.
  • 18. Goz F, Goz M, Erkan M. Knowledge and attitudes of medical, nursing, dentistry and health technician students towards organ donation: a pilot study. Journal of clinical nursing. 2006; 15(11):1371-1375.
  • 19. Marć M, Fudali K, Gajdek M, et al. Knowledge and Attitudes of Students of the Rzeszow University About the Transplantation of Organs. Transplant Proc. 2018; 50(7): 1933-1938.
  • 20. Burra P, de Bona M, Canova D., et al. Changing attitude to organ donation and transplantation in university students during the years of medical school in Italy. Transplant Proc. 2005; 37(2): 547-550.
  • 21. Cantwell M, Clifford C. English nursing and medical students’ attitudes towards organ donation. Journal of advanced nursing. 2000; 32(4); 961-968.
  • 22. Chen JX, Zhang TM, Lim FL, et al. Current knowledge and attitudes about organ donation and transplantation among Chinese university students. Transplant Proc. 2006; 38(9): 2761-2765.
  • 23. Dutra MM, Bonfim TA, Pereira IS, et al. Knowledge about transplantation and attitudes toward organ donation: a survey among medical students in northeast Brazil. Transplant Proc. 2004; 36(4): 818-820.
  • 24. Yilmaz SG, Yücel BO, Çuhadar D. Knowledge and attitudes of the faculty of theology students on organ transplantation. Journal of religion and health. 2017; 56(3): 1042-1051.
  • 25. Rachmani R, Mizrahi S, Agabaria R. Attitudes of negev beduins toward organ donation: a field survey. Transplant Proc. 2000; 32(4): 757-758.
  • 26. Al Shehri S, Shaheen FAM, Al-Khader AA. Organ donations from deceased persons in the Saudi Arabian population. Experimental and clinical transplantation: official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation. 2005; 3(1): 301-305.
  • 27. Alkhawari FS, Stimson GV, Warrens AN. Attitudes toward transplantation in UK Muslim Indo‐Asians in west London. American Journal of Transplantation. 2005; 5(6):1326-1331.
  • 28. Shaheen FA, Souqiyyeh MZ, Al-Attar B, et al. Survey of opinion of secondary school students on organ donation. Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation. 1996; 7(2): 131.
  • 29. Chakradhar K, Doshi D, Srikanth Reddy B, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding organ donation among Indian dental students. International Journal of Organ Transplantation medicine. 2016; 7(1): 28-35.
  • 30. Mavatkar MV, Singh V, Pol S, Gokhe SB. A study of effect of special lecture on awareness related to organ donation among second year undergraduate medical students of a Medical College in a Metropolitan city, Maharashtra. International Journal of Current Research in Medical Sciences. 2017; 3(1): 1-6.
  • 31. Atamanuk AN, Ortiz Fragola JP, Giorgi M, et al. Medical students' attitude towards organ donation: understanding reasons for refusal in order to increase transplantation rates. Transplant Proc. 2018; 50(10), 2976-2980.
  • 32. Turkish Republic Ministry of Health [20.10.2018]. Organ, Tissue Transplantation and Dialysis Services Head of Department. https://organ.saglik.gov.tr/0TR/70Istatistik/OrganNakilIstatistik Kamusal.aspx.
  • 33. Şantaş G, Şantaş F. Türkiye’de Organ Bağışının Mevcut Durumu ve Organ Bağışında Stratejik İletişimin Önemi. SDÜ Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2018; 9(2): 163-168.

Attitudes’ of University Students towards Organ Donation and Transplantation

Yıl 2019, Cilt 10, Sayı 3, 314 - 319, 20.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.22312/sdusbed.568312

Öz

Organ transplantation not only improves the length and quality of life of recipients but also is an effective use of limited health care resources. So organ donation is an important health policy question facing all health services worldwide. The purpose of this study was to identify the consciousness and attitudes toward organ and tissue donation and transplantation among the university students which are studying at a health management department. Data was collected from 362 students. According to the results of this study, health management students support organ and tissue donation and transplantation (82%). Despite the fact that a small number of students were generally willing to donate their organs and tissue (3.9%) the majority of the students are in a positive manner toward donation and transplantation. The basic reasons for the students who do not want to donate their tissues and organs are religion (33.8%) and fear (46.2%). When looking at the regression model, being informed is statistically significant predictor for the positive attitude toward organ and tissue donation and transplantation. The other variables (gender, age, income, rural / urban) have no role in the regression model. So it is thought that the general population and especially the student population should be educated about organ or tissue transplantation. 

Kaynakça

  • 1. Barcellos FC, Araujo CL, da Costa JD. Organ donation: a population‐based study. Clinical Transplantation. 2005; 19(1):33-37.
  • 2. Riyanti S, Hatta M, Norhafizah S, Balkish MN, Siti ZM, Akmal HA, Normawati A. Organ donation by sociodemographic characteristics in Malaysia. Asian Social Science. 2014; 10(4):264-272.
  • 3. Mossialos E, Costa-Font J, Rudisill C. Does organ donation legislation affect individuals' willingness to donate their own or their relative's organs? Evidence from European Union survey data. BMC health services research. 2008; 8:48.
  • 4. Bilgel H, Sadikoglu G, Goktas O, Bilgel N. A survey of the public attitudes towards organ donation in a Turkish community and of the changes that have taken place in the last 12 years. Transpl Int. 2004; 17(3):126-130.
  • 5. Ashraf O, Ali S, Ali SA, et al. Attitude toward organ donation: a survey in Pakistan. Artif Organs. 2005; 29(11):899-905.
  • 6. Hai TB, Eastlund T, Chien LA, et al. Willingness to donate organs and tissues in Vietnam. Journal of Transplant Coordination. 1999; 9(1):57-63.
  • 7. Keiding S, Jensen SL, Vilstrup H. Attitude of the population to organ transplantation. Ugeskrift for laeger. 1994; 156(19):2869-2872.
  • 8. Sanner MA. A Swedish survey of young people's views on organ donation and transplantation. Transpl Int. 2002; 15(12):641-648.
  • 9. Boulware LE, Ratner LE, Sosa JA, et al. Determinants of willingness to donate living related and cadaveric organs: identifying opportunities for intervention. Transplantation. 2002; 73(10): 1683-1691.
  • 10. Sanner MA. Giving and taking--to whom and from whom? People's attitudes toward transplantation of organs and tissue from different sources. Clin Transplant . 1998; 12(6):530-537.
  • 11. Exley M, White N, Martin JH. Why families say no to organ donation. Critical Care Nurse. 2002; 22(6):44-51.
  • 12. Pham H, Spigner C. Knowledge and opinions about organ donation and transplantation among Vietnamese Americans in Seattle, Washington: a pilot study. Clin Transplant. 2004; 18(6):707-715.
  • 13. Hyde MK, White KM. Young Australian adults' knowledge and beliefs about organ donation. Progress in Transplantation. 2007; 17(3): 220-227
  • 14. Lam WA, McCullough LB. Influence of religious and spiritual values on the willingness of Chinese–Americans to donate organs for transplantation. Clin Transplant . 2000; 14(5); 449-456.
  • 15. Presidency of the Republic of Turkey (2018) https://kurul.diyanet.gov.tr/Karar-Mutalaa-Cevap/9669/organ-nakli Online Access: 27.07.2018
  • 16. Schaeffner ES, Windisch W, Freidel K, et al. Knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation among medical students and physicians. Transplantation. 2004; 77(11): 1714-1718.
  • 17. Essman C, Thornton J. Assessing medical student knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding organ donation. Transplant Proc. 2006; 38(9): 2745-2750.
  • 18. Goz F, Goz M, Erkan M. Knowledge and attitudes of medical, nursing, dentistry and health technician students towards organ donation: a pilot study. Journal of clinical nursing. 2006; 15(11):1371-1375.
  • 19. Marć M, Fudali K, Gajdek M, et al. Knowledge and Attitudes of Students of the Rzeszow University About the Transplantation of Organs. Transplant Proc. 2018; 50(7): 1933-1938.
  • 20. Burra P, de Bona M, Canova D., et al. Changing attitude to organ donation and transplantation in university students during the years of medical school in Italy. Transplant Proc. 2005; 37(2): 547-550.
  • 21. Cantwell M, Clifford C. English nursing and medical students’ attitudes towards organ donation. Journal of advanced nursing. 2000; 32(4); 961-968.
  • 22. Chen JX, Zhang TM, Lim FL, et al. Current knowledge and attitudes about organ donation and transplantation among Chinese university students. Transplant Proc. 2006; 38(9): 2761-2765.
  • 23. Dutra MM, Bonfim TA, Pereira IS, et al. Knowledge about transplantation and attitudes toward organ donation: a survey among medical students in northeast Brazil. Transplant Proc. 2004; 36(4): 818-820.
  • 24. Yilmaz SG, Yücel BO, Çuhadar D. Knowledge and attitudes of the faculty of theology students on organ transplantation. Journal of religion and health. 2017; 56(3): 1042-1051.
  • 25. Rachmani R, Mizrahi S, Agabaria R. Attitudes of negev beduins toward organ donation: a field survey. Transplant Proc. 2000; 32(4): 757-758.
  • 26. Al Shehri S, Shaheen FAM, Al-Khader AA. Organ donations from deceased persons in the Saudi Arabian population. Experimental and clinical transplantation: official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation. 2005; 3(1): 301-305.
  • 27. Alkhawari FS, Stimson GV, Warrens AN. Attitudes toward transplantation in UK Muslim Indo‐Asians in west London. American Journal of Transplantation. 2005; 5(6):1326-1331.
  • 28. Shaheen FA, Souqiyyeh MZ, Al-Attar B, et al. Survey of opinion of secondary school students on organ donation. Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation. 1996; 7(2): 131.
  • 29. Chakradhar K, Doshi D, Srikanth Reddy B, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding organ donation among Indian dental students. International Journal of Organ Transplantation medicine. 2016; 7(1): 28-35.
  • 30. Mavatkar MV, Singh V, Pol S, Gokhe SB. A study of effect of special lecture on awareness related to organ donation among second year undergraduate medical students of a Medical College in a Metropolitan city, Maharashtra. International Journal of Current Research in Medical Sciences. 2017; 3(1): 1-6.
  • 31. Atamanuk AN, Ortiz Fragola JP, Giorgi M, et al. Medical students' attitude towards organ donation: understanding reasons for refusal in order to increase transplantation rates. Transplant Proc. 2018; 50(10), 2976-2980.
  • 32. Turkish Republic Ministry of Health [20.10.2018]. Organ, Tissue Transplantation and Dialysis Services Head of Department. https://organ.saglik.gov.tr/0TR/70Istatistik/OrganNakilIstatistik Kamusal.aspx.
  • 33. Şantaş G, Şantaş F. Türkiye’de Organ Bağışının Mevcut Durumu ve Organ Bağışında Stratejik İletişimin Önemi. SDÜ Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2018; 9(2): 163-168.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Pınar YALÇIN BALÇIK (Sorumlu Yazar)
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7949-5779
Türkiye


Gamze YORGANCIOĞLU TARCAN
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-5710-9547
Türkiye


Bülent SAPAZ Bu kişi benim
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-7581-2463
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Eylül 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 21 Mayıs 2019
Kabul Tarihi 12 Eylül 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 10, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Vancouver Yalçın Balçık P. , Yorgancıoğlu Tarcan G. , Sapaz B. Attitudes’ of University Students towards Organ Donation and Transplantation. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 10(3): 314-319.

SDÜ Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, makalenin gönderilmesi ve yayınlanması dahil olmak üzere hiçbir aşamada herhangi bir ücret talep etmemektedir. Dergimiz, bilimsel araştırmaları okuyucuya ücretsiz sunmanın bilginin küresel paylaşımını artıracağı ilkesini benimseyerek, içeriğine anında açık erişim sağlamaktadır.