Yıl 2020, Cilt 11 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 120 - 126 2020-03-03

Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri

Meltem MERMER [1] , Hilal YILDIRAN [2]


Parkinson hastalığı (PH) bilişsel ve motor semptomları içeren nörodejeneratif bir hastalıktır. Beyinin vücuttaki en yağlı ve yüksek oranda kolesterol içeren bir organ olması nedeniyle normal fonksiyonlarını sürdürülmek için yağlara ve kolesterole ihtiyaç duyar. Elzem yağ asitleri beynin birçok hücresel fonksiyonunda rol almaktadır. Linoleik asit ve α-linolenik asit vücut tarafından sentezlenemediği için elzem yağ asitleri olup diyet ile alınmalıdır. Bu iki esansiyel yağ asidi daha uzun zincirli çoklu doymamış yağ asitlerinin (PUFA) sentezi için öncüdürler. Beyin serbest PUFA seviyeleri oksidatif stres ve inflamasyon bağlı olarak artmaktadır. Ayrıca oksidatif stres beyinde yüksek seviyelerde bulunan DHA ve AA’in peroksidasyonuna ve bunun sonucunda da dopaminerjik sistem nörodejenerasyonuna neden olmaktadır. Diyetin esansiyel yağ asidi içeriği nörotransmitter sistemleri etkilemektedir. Kronik omega-3 (w-3) yağ asidi eksikliği dopamin reseptörü bağlanmasında azalmaya, serotonin reseptörü yoğunluğunda artışa ve dopamin metabolizmasında değişikliklere neden olabilirken substantia nigrada görülen  dopaminerjik nöron kaybının az da olsa DHA tarafından önlendiği deneysel olarak gösterilmiştir. Beyin fonksiyonlarının devamlılığı için önemli olan kolesterolün de kanda normal seviyelerin üstüne çıkması beyinde oksidatif stresi ve buna bağlı olarak PH riskini arttırabilir. Diyet esansiyel yağ asitleri ve kolesterol seviyesi ile PH gelişimi riski arasındaki ilişkiyi inceleyen çalışmaların birbirleri ile çelişen sonuçları bulunmaktadır. Bu nedenle esansiyel yağ asitleri ve kolesterolün PH’nın oluşumu, önlemesi ve/veya semptomları azaltma etkisi konularını kesinleştirecek daha geniş çaplı araştırmalara ihtiyaç vardır.

Parkinson hastalığı, esansiyel yağ asitleri
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Derlemeler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-5264-3356
Yazar: Meltem MERMER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: MERSİN ŞEHİR HASTANESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7956-5087
Yazar: Hilal YILDIRAN
Kurum: GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 3 Mart 2020

Bibtex @derleme { sdusbed626176, journal = {Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {2146-1937}, eissn = {2146-247X}, address = {}, publisher = {Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {11}, pages = {120 - 126}, doi = {10.22312/sdusbed.626176}, title = {Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {MERMER, Meltem and YILDIRAN, Hilal} }
APA MERMER, M , YILDIRAN, H . (2020). Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 11 (1) , 120-126 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/sdusbed/issue/52830/626176
MLA MERMER, M , YILDIRAN, H . "Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri". Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2020 ): 120-126 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/sdusbed/issue/52830/626176>
Chicago MERMER, M , YILDIRAN, H . "Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri". Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2020 ): 120-126
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri AU - Meltem MERMER , Hilal YILDIRAN Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 120 EP - 126 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 2146-1937-2146-247X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri %A Meltem MERMER , Hilal YILDIRAN %T Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri %D 2020 %J Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P 2146-1937-2146-247X %V 11 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD MERMER, Meltem , YILDIRAN, Hilal . "Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri". Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 / 1 (Mart 2020): 120-126 .
AMA MERMER M , YILDIRAN H . Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 11(1): 120-126.
Vancouver MERMER M , YILDIRAN H . Parkinson Hastalığı Patogenezinde Esansiyel Yağ Asitleri ve Kolesterolün Etkileri. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 11(1): 126-120.