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Bulk Fill Composite Resins in Dentistry

Yıl 2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 229 - 238, 01.08.2019
https://doi.org/10.15311/selcukdentj.414591

Öz

        The development of restorative materials used in dentistry enabled the use of composite resins in large posterior cavities restored with amalgam. The improvement of the mechanical and aesthetic properties of composite resin materials used in the restoration of posterior teeth led to the expectation of ease of use. Bulk technique used for this purpose and composite resin materials applied with this technique have been widely used in recent years.

        Despite the improvements in composite resins, the problems that arise over time in these restorations are often related to the polymerization shrinkage stress of composites. It is suggested to apply composites by incremental layering technique in order to decrease polymerisation shrinkage. Incremental placement of composites, however, increases the number of irradiation and application time in deep cavities. The new generation of bulk fill composites contain advanced translucent structure and different photoactive initiators. Because of these properties, they can be placed in larger quantities to the dental cavities. Increased depth of irradiation and reduction of polymerization shrinkage stress of these composites compared to traditional composites has been an exciting innovation in restorative dentistry.

        The purpose of this compilation is; to examination a literature review on the properties, advantages and uses of these composites by analyzing the new generation bulk fill composites with commercial examples.

 



Kaynakça

  • 1. A.P.P. Fugolin, C.S. Pfeifer New Resins for Dental Composites Journal of Dental Research 2017;96(10) 1085 –1091
  • 2. Sarret DC, Brooks CN, Rose JT. Clinical performance evaluation of a packable posterior composite in bulk-cured restorations. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006; 137:71-80.
  • 3. Eick JD, Welch FH. Polimerization shrinkage of posterior composite resins and its possible influence on postoperative sensivity. Quintessence Int. 1986; 17:103-11.
  • 4. Irie M, Suzuki K, Watts DC. Marginal gap formation of light-activated restorative materials: effects of immediate setting shrinkage and bond strength. Dent Mater. 2002; 18:203-10.
  • 5. Sakaguchi RL, Peters MC, Nelson SR, Douglas WH, Poort HW. Effects of polymerization contraction in composite restorations. J Dent. 1992; 20:178-82.
  • 6. Ferracane JL. Buonocore Lecture: placing dental composites – a stressful experience. Oper Dent. 2008; 33:247-57.
  • 7. Ferracane JL, Mitchem JC. Relationship between composite contraction stres and leakage in Class V cavities. Am J Dent. 2003; 16:239-43.
  • 8. Dewaele M, Truffier-Boutry D, Devaux J, Leloup G. Volume contraction in photocured dental resins: the shrinkage-conversion relationship revisited. Dent Mater 2006;22(4):359-65.
  • 9. Karaman E, Yazici AR, Ozgunaltay G, Dayangac B. Clinical evaluation of a nanohybrid and a flowable resin composite in non-carious cervical lesions: 24-month results. J Adhes Dent 2012;14(5):485-92.
  • 10. Donadio-Moura J, Gouw-Soares S, de Freitas PM, Navarro RS, Powell LG, Eduardo Cde P. Tensile bond strength of a flowable composite resin to ER: YAG-laser-treated dentin. Lasers Surg Med 2005;36(5):351-5.
  • 11. Rueggeberg F. Contemporary issues in photocuring. Compend Contin Educ Dent Suppl 1999(25): S4-15.
  • 12. Garcia D, Yaman P, Dennison J, Neiva GF. Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk fill flowable composite resins. Oper Dent 2014;39(4):441-48.
  • 13. Czasch P, Ilie N. In vitro comparison of mechanical properties and degree of cure of bulk fill composites. Clin Oral Investig 2013;17(1):227-35.
  • 14. El-Damanhoury H, Platt J Polymerization shrinkage stress kinetics and related properties of bulk-fill resin composites. Oper Dent 2014;39(4):374-82.
  • 15. Chesterman J, Jowett A, Gallacher A, Nixon P. Bulk-fill resin-based composite restorative materials: a review British Dental Journal 2017; 222: 337-344.
  • 16. Garcia D, Yaman P, Dennison J, Neiva G. Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk fill flowable composite resins. Oper Dent 2014;39(4):441-8.
  • 17. Burgess J, Cakir D. Comparative properties of low-shrinkage composite resins. Compend Contin Educ Dent 2010;31 Spec No 2:10-5.
  • 18. Dayangaç B, Kompozit rezin restorasyonlar, Quintessence Yayincilik, 2011
  • 19. Zaruba M, Wegehaupt FJ, Attin T. Comparison between different flow application techniques: SDR vs flowable composite. J Adhes Dent 2013;15(2):115-21.
  • 20. Sideridou I, Tserki V, Papanastasiou G (2002) Effect of chemical structure on degree of conversion in light-cured dimethacrylatebased dental resins. Biomaterials 23:1819–1829.
  • 21. Karadaş M, Demirbuğa S Evaluation of Color Stability andSurface Roughness of Bulk-Fill Resin Composites and Nanocomposites Meandros Med Dent J 2017;18:199-205.
  • 22. Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill: The bulk composite without compromises. Scientific Documentation Schaan, Liechtenstein: Ivoclar Vivadent2011;1-20.
  • 23.Park J, Chang J, Ferracane J, Lee I B. How should composite be layered to reduce shrinkage stress: incremental or bulk filling? Dent Mater 2008; 24: 31501–05.
  • 24. Lee YK. Influence of filler on the difference between the transmitted and reflected colors of experimental resin composites. Dent Mater 2008;24(9):1243-7.
  • 25. Ilie N, Bucuta S, Draenert M. Bulk-fill Resin-based composites: an in vitro assessment of their mechanical performance. Op Dent 2013; 38: 618–625.
  • 26. Rueggeberg F A, Caughman W F, Curtis Jr J W, Davis H C. Factors affecting cure at depths within light-activated resin composites. Am J Dent 1993; 6: 91–95.
  • 27. Tarle Z, Attin T, Marovic D, Andermatt L, Ristic M, Taubock T T. Influence of irradiation time on subsurface degree of conversion and microhardness of high-viscosity bulk-fill resin composites. Clin Oral Investig 2014; 19: 831–840.
  • 28. Reis AF, Vestphal M, Amaral RC, Rodrigues JA, Roulet JF, Roscoe MG. Efficiency of polymerization of bulkfill composite resins: a systematic review. Braz Oral Res 2017;31 (suppl):e59.
  • 29. Jung JH, Park SH, Hwang IN. Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk-fill resin composites and highly filled flowable resin. Oper Dent 2015;40(2):172-80.
  • 30. Flury S, Hayoz S, Peutzfeldt A, Hüsler J, Lussi A. Depth of cure of resin composites: is the ISO 4049 method suitable for bulk fill materials? Dent Mater 2012;28(5):521-8.
  • 31. Yap A.U.J., Senevirante C. Influence of light energy density on effectiveness of composite resin. Oper Dent. 2001;26:460-466.
  • 32. Ölmez A, Tuna D Polimerizasyon Büzülmesine Etki Eden Faktörler Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Diş hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi 2002; 5:1.
  • 33. Feilzer A J, DeGee A J, Davidson C L. Setting stress in composite resin in relation to configuration of the restoration. J Dent Res 1987; 66: 1636–1639.
  • 34. Jung JH, Park SH Comparison of Polymerization Shrinkage, Physical Properties, and Marginal Adaptation of Flowable and Restorative Bulk Fill Resin-Based Composites. Oper Dent. 2017 Jul/Aug;42(4):375-386.
  • 35. Isufi A, Plotino G, Grande N M et al. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with a bulkfill flowable material and a resin composite. Annali di stromatologia 2016; 7: 4–10.
  • 36. Altun C. Restoratif Diş Hekimliğinde Mikrosızıntı. Gülhane Tıp Derg. 2005;47: 77-82.
  • 37. Furness A, Tadros MY, Looney SW, Rueggeberg FA. Effect of bulk/incremental fill on internal gap formation of bulk-fill composites. J Dent. 2014; 42:439-449.
  • 38. Scotti N, Comba A, Gambio A, Paolino DS, Alovisi M, Pasqualini D, Berutti E. Microleakage at enamel and dentin margins with a bulk fills flowable resin. European J Dent. 2014; 8:1-8.
  • 39. Moorthy A, Hogg CH, Dowling AH, Gruffery BF, Benetti AR, Fleming GJP. Cuspal deflection andflowable resin-based composite base materials. J Dent. 2012; 40:500-5.
  • 40. Webber MBF, Marin GC, Progiante PS, Lolli LF, Marson FC. Bulk-fill resin-based composites: Microleakage of Class II restorations. JSCD 2014; 2:15-19.
  • 41. Uzel İ, Kuru R, Eden E. The Effect of Different Application Procedures on Microleakage and Microhardness of a Bulk-Fill Composite Material EÜ Dişhek Fak Derg 2017; 38_1: 48-53.
  • 42. Campos E A, Ardu S, Leferer D, Jasse E F, Bartolotto T, Krejci I. Marginal adaptation of class II cavities restored with bulk-fill composites. J Dent 2014; 42: 571–581.
  • 43. Tomaszewska I M, Kearns J O, Ilie N, Fleming G J P. Bulk fill restorative: To cap or not to cap – That is the question? J Dent 2015; 43: 31309–316.
  • 44. Orlowski M, Tarczydlo B, Chalas R B Renata C. Evaluation of marginal integrity of four bulk-fill dental composite materials: In vitro study. Sci World J 2015; 1–7.
  • 45. Agarwal R S, Hiremath H, Agarwal J, Garg A. Evaluation of cervical marginal and internal adaptation using newer bulk fill Composites: An in vitro study. J Conserv Dent 2015; 18: 56–61.
  • 46. Bahillo J, Bortolotto T, Roig M, Krejci I. Bulk filling of class II cavities with a dual-cure composite: Effect of curing mode and enamel etching on marginal adaptation. J Clin Exp Dent 2014; 6: 502–508.
  • 47. Didem A, Yalcin G. Comparative Mechanical Properties of Bulk-Fill Resins. Open J Comp Mat 2014; 4: 117–121.
  • 48. Akman H, Tosun G, Kahvecioğlu F. Evaluation of water absorption and water solubility properties of bulk-fill restorative materials Selcuk Dent J, 2018; 5: 13-21
  • 49. Engelhardt F, Hahnel S, Preis V, Rosentritt M. Comparison of flowable bulk-fill and flowable resin-based composites: an in vitro analysis. Clin Oral Invest 2016; 20: 2123–2130.
  • 50. Prince J G, Palin W M, Vanacker J, Sabbagh J, Devaux J, LeLoup G. Physico-mechanical characteristics of commercially available bulk-fill composites. J Dent 2014; 42: 993–1000.
  • 51. Monterubbianesi R, Orsini G, Tosi G, Conti C,Librando V, Procaccini M, et al. Spectroscopic and Mechanical Properties of a New Generation of Bulk Fill Composites. Front Physiol 2016;27; 7:652.
  • 52. Bucuta S, Ilie N Light transmittance and micro-mechanical properties of bulk fill vs. conventional resin based composites. Clin Oral Investig. 2014 Nov;18(8):1991-2000.
  • 53. Tauböcka TT, Marovicb D, Zeljezicc D, Steingrubera AD, Attina T, Tarle Z. Genotoxic potential ofdental bulk-fill resin composites d e n t a l m a t e r i a l s 3 3 ( 2 0 1 7 ) 788–795.
  • 54. Magdy NM, Kola MZ, Alqahtani HH, Alqahtani MD, Alghmlas AS Evaluation of Surface Roughness of Different Direct Resin-based Composites. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2017 May-Jun;7(3):104-109.
  • 55. Van Dijken J W, Pallesen U. Posterior bulk-filled resin composite restorations: A 5year randomised controlled clinical study. J Dent 2016; 51: 29–35.
  • 56. Bayraktar Y, Ercan E, Hamidi M M, Colak H. One-year clinical evaluation of different types of bulk-fill composites. J Invest Clin Dent 2016; 0: 1–9.
  • 57. Karaman E, Keskin B, Inan U. Three-year clinical evaluation of class II posterior composite restorations placed with different techniques and flowable composite linings in endodontically treated teeth. Clin Oral Invest 2016; 19: 1–8.
  • 58. Yazıcı AR, Antonson SA, Kutuk ZB, Ergin E. Thirty-Six-Month Clinical Comparison of Bulk Fill and Nanofill Composite Restorations. Oper Dent 2017;42(5):478-85.
  • 59. Burke FJT, Crisp RJ, Panchal D, Redfearn P, Sands P. A Practice-Based Clinical Evaluation of a Bulk Fill Restorative Material. Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent. 2016 Sep;24(3):152-157.
  • 60. Wegehaupt FJ, Tauböck TT, Attin T, Belibasakis GN. Influenceof light-curing mode on the cytotoxicity of resin-basedsurface sealants. BMC Oral Health 2014; 14:48.
  • 61. Peutzfeldt A. Resin composites in dentistry: the monomersystems. Eur J Oral Sci 1997; 105:97–116.
  • 62. Chen MH. Update on dental nanocomposites. J Dent Res2010; 89:549–60.
  • 63. Lee DH, Lim BS, Lee YK, Ahn SJ, Yang HC. Involvement ofoxidative stress in mutagenicity and apoptosis caused bydental resin monomers in cell cultures. Dent Mater2006; 22:1086–92.
  • 64. Schweikl H, Spagnuolo G, Schmalz G. Genetic and cellulartoxicology of dental resin monomers. J Dent Res2006; 85:870–7.
  • 65. Kleinsasser NH, Wallner BC, Harreus UA, Kleinjung T,Folwaczny M, Hickel R, et al. Genotoxicity and cytotoxicity ofdental materials in human lymphocytes as assessed by thesingle cell microgel electrophoresis (comet) assay. J Dent2004; 32:229–34.
  • 66. Li YC, Kuan YH, Huang FM, Chang YC. The role of DNAdamage and caspase activation in cytotoxicity andgenotoxicity of macrophages induced bybisphenol-A-glycidyldimethacrylate. Int Endod J2012; 45:499–507.
  • 67. Toh WS, Yap A, Lim SY. In vitro biocompatibility ofcontemporary bulk-fill composites. Oper Dent2015; 40:644–52.

Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler

Yıl 2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 229 - 238, 01.08.2019
https://doi.org/10.15311/selcukdentj.414591

Öz

Diş hekimliğinde kullanılan restoratif materyallerdeki gelişmeler, amalgam ile restore edilebilen geniş posterior kavitelerde kompozit rezinlerin kullanımına olanak sağlamıştır. Posterior dişlerin restorasyonunda kullanılan kompozit rezin materyallerin mekanik ve estetik özelliklerinin geliştirilmesi kullanım kolaylığı beklentisini beraberinde getirmiştir. Bu amaçla kullanılan bulk tekniği ve bu teknikle uygulanan kompozit rezin materyaller son yıllarda yaygın olarak kullanılmaktadır.

 

Kompozit rezinlerdeki gelişmelere rağmen bu restorasyonlarda zaman içerisinde oluşan problemler genellikle kompozitlerin polimerizasyon büzülme stresi ile ilişkilendirilir.Polimerizasyon büzülmesini azaltmak amacıyla kompozitlerin inkremental teknik ile (tabakalar hâlinde) uygulanması önerilmektedir. Fakat kompozitlerin inkremental yerleştirmesi derin kavitelerde ışınlama sayısını ve uygulanma süresini artırmaktadır. Yeni nesil bulk fill kompozitler gelişmiş translusent yapı ve farklı fotoaktif başlatıcı içermektedirler. Bu özellikleri nedeniyle diş kavitelerine daha büyük kütleler hâlinde yerleştirilebilmektedir. Bu kompozitlerin geleneksel kompozitlere göre artan ışınlama derinliği ve polimerizasyon büzülme stresini azaltılması, restoratif diş hekimliğinde heyecan uyandıran bir yenilik olmuştur.

Bu derlememizin amacı; yeni nesil bulk fill kompozitleri ticari örnekleri ile analiz ederek, bu kompozitlerin özellikleri, avantajları ve kullanımları hakkında bir literatür incelemesi sunmaktır.

Kaynakça

  • 1. A.P.P. Fugolin, C.S. Pfeifer New Resins for Dental Composites Journal of Dental Research 2017;96(10) 1085 –1091
  • 2. Sarret DC, Brooks CN, Rose JT. Clinical performance evaluation of a packable posterior composite in bulk-cured restorations. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006; 137:71-80.
  • 3. Eick JD, Welch FH. Polimerization shrinkage of posterior composite resins and its possible influence on postoperative sensivity. Quintessence Int. 1986; 17:103-11.
  • 4. Irie M, Suzuki K, Watts DC. Marginal gap formation of light-activated restorative materials: effects of immediate setting shrinkage and bond strength. Dent Mater. 2002; 18:203-10.
  • 5. Sakaguchi RL, Peters MC, Nelson SR, Douglas WH, Poort HW. Effects of polymerization contraction in composite restorations. J Dent. 1992; 20:178-82.
  • 6. Ferracane JL. Buonocore Lecture: placing dental composites – a stressful experience. Oper Dent. 2008; 33:247-57.
  • 7. Ferracane JL, Mitchem JC. Relationship between composite contraction stres and leakage in Class V cavities. Am J Dent. 2003; 16:239-43.
  • 8. Dewaele M, Truffier-Boutry D, Devaux J, Leloup G. Volume contraction in photocured dental resins: the shrinkage-conversion relationship revisited. Dent Mater 2006;22(4):359-65.
  • 9. Karaman E, Yazici AR, Ozgunaltay G, Dayangac B. Clinical evaluation of a nanohybrid and a flowable resin composite in non-carious cervical lesions: 24-month results. J Adhes Dent 2012;14(5):485-92.
  • 10. Donadio-Moura J, Gouw-Soares S, de Freitas PM, Navarro RS, Powell LG, Eduardo Cde P. Tensile bond strength of a flowable composite resin to ER: YAG-laser-treated dentin. Lasers Surg Med 2005;36(5):351-5.
  • 11. Rueggeberg F. Contemporary issues in photocuring. Compend Contin Educ Dent Suppl 1999(25): S4-15.
  • 12. Garcia D, Yaman P, Dennison J, Neiva GF. Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk fill flowable composite resins. Oper Dent 2014;39(4):441-48.
  • 13. Czasch P, Ilie N. In vitro comparison of mechanical properties and degree of cure of bulk fill composites. Clin Oral Investig 2013;17(1):227-35.
  • 14. El-Damanhoury H, Platt J Polymerization shrinkage stress kinetics and related properties of bulk-fill resin composites. Oper Dent 2014;39(4):374-82.
  • 15. Chesterman J, Jowett A, Gallacher A, Nixon P. Bulk-fill resin-based composite restorative materials: a review British Dental Journal 2017; 222: 337-344.
  • 16. Garcia D, Yaman P, Dennison J, Neiva G. Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk fill flowable composite resins. Oper Dent 2014;39(4):441-8.
  • 17. Burgess J, Cakir D. Comparative properties of low-shrinkage composite resins. Compend Contin Educ Dent 2010;31 Spec No 2:10-5.
  • 18. Dayangaç B, Kompozit rezin restorasyonlar, Quintessence Yayincilik, 2011
  • 19. Zaruba M, Wegehaupt FJ, Attin T. Comparison between different flow application techniques: SDR vs flowable composite. J Adhes Dent 2013;15(2):115-21.
  • 20. Sideridou I, Tserki V, Papanastasiou G (2002) Effect of chemical structure on degree of conversion in light-cured dimethacrylatebased dental resins. Biomaterials 23:1819–1829.
  • 21. Karadaş M, Demirbuğa S Evaluation of Color Stability andSurface Roughness of Bulk-Fill Resin Composites and Nanocomposites Meandros Med Dent J 2017;18:199-205.
  • 22. Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill: The bulk composite without compromises. Scientific Documentation Schaan, Liechtenstein: Ivoclar Vivadent2011;1-20.
  • 23.Park J, Chang J, Ferracane J, Lee I B. How should composite be layered to reduce shrinkage stress: incremental or bulk filling? Dent Mater 2008; 24: 31501–05.
  • 24. Lee YK. Influence of filler on the difference between the transmitted and reflected colors of experimental resin composites. Dent Mater 2008;24(9):1243-7.
  • 25. Ilie N, Bucuta S, Draenert M. Bulk-fill Resin-based composites: an in vitro assessment of their mechanical performance. Op Dent 2013; 38: 618–625.
  • 26. Rueggeberg F A, Caughman W F, Curtis Jr J W, Davis H C. Factors affecting cure at depths within light-activated resin composites. Am J Dent 1993; 6: 91–95.
  • 27. Tarle Z, Attin T, Marovic D, Andermatt L, Ristic M, Taubock T T. Influence of irradiation time on subsurface degree of conversion and microhardness of high-viscosity bulk-fill resin composites. Clin Oral Investig 2014; 19: 831–840.
  • 28. Reis AF, Vestphal M, Amaral RC, Rodrigues JA, Roulet JF, Roscoe MG. Efficiency of polymerization of bulkfill composite resins: a systematic review. Braz Oral Res 2017;31 (suppl):e59.
  • 29. Jung JH, Park SH, Hwang IN. Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk-fill resin composites and highly filled flowable resin. Oper Dent 2015;40(2):172-80.
  • 30. Flury S, Hayoz S, Peutzfeldt A, Hüsler J, Lussi A. Depth of cure of resin composites: is the ISO 4049 method suitable for bulk fill materials? Dent Mater 2012;28(5):521-8.
  • 31. Yap A.U.J., Senevirante C. Influence of light energy density on effectiveness of composite resin. Oper Dent. 2001;26:460-466.
  • 32. Ölmez A, Tuna D Polimerizasyon Büzülmesine Etki Eden Faktörler Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Diş hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi 2002; 5:1.
  • 33. Feilzer A J, DeGee A J, Davidson C L. Setting stress in composite resin in relation to configuration of the restoration. J Dent Res 1987; 66: 1636–1639.
  • 34. Jung JH, Park SH Comparison of Polymerization Shrinkage, Physical Properties, and Marginal Adaptation of Flowable and Restorative Bulk Fill Resin-Based Composites. Oper Dent. 2017 Jul/Aug;42(4):375-386.
  • 35. Isufi A, Plotino G, Grande N M et al. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with a bulkfill flowable material and a resin composite. Annali di stromatologia 2016; 7: 4–10.
  • 36. Altun C. Restoratif Diş Hekimliğinde Mikrosızıntı. Gülhane Tıp Derg. 2005;47: 77-82.
  • 37. Furness A, Tadros MY, Looney SW, Rueggeberg FA. Effect of bulk/incremental fill on internal gap formation of bulk-fill composites. J Dent. 2014; 42:439-449.
  • 38. Scotti N, Comba A, Gambio A, Paolino DS, Alovisi M, Pasqualini D, Berutti E. Microleakage at enamel and dentin margins with a bulk fills flowable resin. European J Dent. 2014; 8:1-8.
  • 39. Moorthy A, Hogg CH, Dowling AH, Gruffery BF, Benetti AR, Fleming GJP. Cuspal deflection andflowable resin-based composite base materials. J Dent. 2012; 40:500-5.
  • 40. Webber MBF, Marin GC, Progiante PS, Lolli LF, Marson FC. Bulk-fill resin-based composites: Microleakage of Class II restorations. JSCD 2014; 2:15-19.
  • 41. Uzel İ, Kuru R, Eden E. The Effect of Different Application Procedures on Microleakage and Microhardness of a Bulk-Fill Composite Material EÜ Dişhek Fak Derg 2017; 38_1: 48-53.
  • 42. Campos E A, Ardu S, Leferer D, Jasse E F, Bartolotto T, Krejci I. Marginal adaptation of class II cavities restored with bulk-fill composites. J Dent 2014; 42: 571–581.
  • 43. Tomaszewska I M, Kearns J O, Ilie N, Fleming G J P. Bulk fill restorative: To cap or not to cap – That is the question? J Dent 2015; 43: 31309–316.
  • 44. Orlowski M, Tarczydlo B, Chalas R B Renata C. Evaluation of marginal integrity of four bulk-fill dental composite materials: In vitro study. Sci World J 2015; 1–7.
  • 45. Agarwal R S, Hiremath H, Agarwal J, Garg A. Evaluation of cervical marginal and internal adaptation using newer bulk fill Composites: An in vitro study. J Conserv Dent 2015; 18: 56–61.
  • 46. Bahillo J, Bortolotto T, Roig M, Krejci I. Bulk filling of class II cavities with a dual-cure composite: Effect of curing mode and enamel etching on marginal adaptation. J Clin Exp Dent 2014; 6: 502–508.
  • 47. Didem A, Yalcin G. Comparative Mechanical Properties of Bulk-Fill Resins. Open J Comp Mat 2014; 4: 117–121.
  • 48. Akman H, Tosun G, Kahvecioğlu F. Evaluation of water absorption and water solubility properties of bulk-fill restorative materials Selcuk Dent J, 2018; 5: 13-21
  • 49. Engelhardt F, Hahnel S, Preis V, Rosentritt M. Comparison of flowable bulk-fill and flowable resin-based composites: an in vitro analysis. Clin Oral Invest 2016; 20: 2123–2130.
  • 50. Prince J G, Palin W M, Vanacker J, Sabbagh J, Devaux J, LeLoup G. Physico-mechanical characteristics of commercially available bulk-fill composites. J Dent 2014; 42: 993–1000.
  • 51. Monterubbianesi R, Orsini G, Tosi G, Conti C,Librando V, Procaccini M, et al. Spectroscopic and Mechanical Properties of a New Generation of Bulk Fill Composites. Front Physiol 2016;27; 7:652.
  • 52. Bucuta S, Ilie N Light transmittance and micro-mechanical properties of bulk fill vs. conventional resin based composites. Clin Oral Investig. 2014 Nov;18(8):1991-2000.
  • 53. Tauböcka TT, Marovicb D, Zeljezicc D, Steingrubera AD, Attina T, Tarle Z. Genotoxic potential ofdental bulk-fill resin composites d e n t a l m a t e r i a l s 3 3 ( 2 0 1 7 ) 788–795.
  • 54. Magdy NM, Kola MZ, Alqahtani HH, Alqahtani MD, Alghmlas AS Evaluation of Surface Roughness of Different Direct Resin-based Composites. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2017 May-Jun;7(3):104-109.
  • 55. Van Dijken J W, Pallesen U. Posterior bulk-filled resin composite restorations: A 5year randomised controlled clinical study. J Dent 2016; 51: 29–35.
  • 56. Bayraktar Y, Ercan E, Hamidi M M, Colak H. One-year clinical evaluation of different types of bulk-fill composites. J Invest Clin Dent 2016; 0: 1–9.
  • 57. Karaman E, Keskin B, Inan U. Three-year clinical evaluation of class II posterior composite restorations placed with different techniques and flowable composite linings in endodontically treated teeth. Clin Oral Invest 2016; 19: 1–8.
  • 58. Yazıcı AR, Antonson SA, Kutuk ZB, Ergin E. Thirty-Six-Month Clinical Comparison of Bulk Fill and Nanofill Composite Restorations. Oper Dent 2017;42(5):478-85.
  • 59. Burke FJT, Crisp RJ, Panchal D, Redfearn P, Sands P. A Practice-Based Clinical Evaluation of a Bulk Fill Restorative Material. Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent. 2016 Sep;24(3):152-157.
  • 60. Wegehaupt FJ, Tauböck TT, Attin T, Belibasakis GN. Influenceof light-curing mode on the cytotoxicity of resin-basedsurface sealants. BMC Oral Health 2014; 14:48.
  • 61. Peutzfeldt A. Resin composites in dentistry: the monomersystems. Eur J Oral Sci 1997; 105:97–116.
  • 62. Chen MH. Update on dental nanocomposites. J Dent Res2010; 89:549–60.
  • 63. Lee DH, Lim BS, Lee YK, Ahn SJ, Yang HC. Involvement ofoxidative stress in mutagenicity and apoptosis caused bydental resin monomers in cell cultures. Dent Mater2006; 22:1086–92.
  • 64. Schweikl H, Spagnuolo G, Schmalz G. Genetic and cellulartoxicology of dental resin monomers. J Dent Res2006; 85:870–7.
  • 65. Kleinsasser NH, Wallner BC, Harreus UA, Kleinjung T,Folwaczny M, Hickel R, et al. Genotoxicity and cytotoxicity ofdental materials in human lymphocytes as assessed by thesingle cell microgel electrophoresis (comet) assay. J Dent2004; 32:229–34.
  • 66. Li YC, Kuan YH, Huang FM, Chang YC. The role of DNAdamage and caspase activation in cytotoxicity andgenotoxicity of macrophages induced bybisphenol-A-glycidyldimethacrylate. Int Endod J2012; 45:499–507.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Diş Hekimliği
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Numan AYDIN (Sorumlu Yazar)
SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GÜLHANE DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ, KLİNİK BİLİMLER BÖLÜMÜ, RESTORATİF DİŞ TEDAVİSİ ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0001-8628-4507
Türkiye


Serpil KARAOĞLANOĞLU
Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi Gülhane Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Restoratif Diş Tedavisi Anabilim Dalı, Ankara
0000-0003-0601-8028
Türkiye


Elif Aybala OKTAY Bu kişi benim
Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi Gülhane Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Restoratif Diş Tedavisi Anabilim Dalı, Ankara
0000-0003-4716-4509
Türkiye


Fulya TOKSOY TOPÇU
Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi Gülhane Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Restoratif Diş Tedavisi Anabilim Dalı, Ankara
0000-0003-0730-7710
Türkiye


Funda DEMİR
Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi Gülhane Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Restoratif Diş Tedavisi Anabilim Dalı, Ankara
0000-0002-2260-1638
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ağustos 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { selcukdentj414591, journal = {Selcuk Dental Journal}, eissn = {2148-7529}, address = {Selçuk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Alaeddin Keykubat Kampüsü Selçuklu, Konya}, publisher = {Selçuk Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {6}, number = {2}, pages = {229 - 238}, doi = {10.15311/selcukdentj.414591}, title = {Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler}, key = {cite}, author = {Aydın, Numan and Karaoğlanoğlu, Serpil and Oktay, Elif Aybala and Toksoy Topçu, Fulya and Demir, Funda} }
APA Aydın, N. , Karaoğlanoğlu, S. , Oktay, E. A. , Toksoy Topçu, F. & Demir, F. (2019). Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler . Selcuk Dental Journal , 6 (2) , 229-238 . DOI: 10.15311/selcukdentj.414591
MLA Aydın, N. , Karaoğlanoğlu, S. , Oktay, E. A. , Toksoy Topçu, F. , Demir, F. "Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler" . Selcuk Dental Journal 6 (2019 ): 229-238 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/selcukdentj/issue/47415/414591>
Chicago Aydın, N. , Karaoğlanoğlu, S. , Oktay, E. A. , Toksoy Topçu, F. , Demir, F. "Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler". Selcuk Dental Journal 6 (2019 ): 229-238
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler AU - Numan Aydın , Serpil Karaoğlanoğlu , Elif Aybala Oktay , Fulya Toksoy Topçu , Funda Demir Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.15311/selcukdentj.414591 DO - 10.15311/selcukdentj.414591 T2 - Selcuk Dental Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 229 EP - 238 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - -2148-7529 M3 - doi: 10.15311/selcukdentj.414591 UR - https://doi.org/10.15311/selcukdentj.414591 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Selcuk Dental Journal Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler %A Numan Aydın , Serpil Karaoğlanoğlu , Elif Aybala Oktay , Fulya Toksoy Topçu , Funda Demir %T Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler %D 2019 %J Selcuk Dental Journal %P -2148-7529 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.15311/selcukdentj.414591 %U 10.15311/selcukdentj.414591
ISNAD Aydın, Numan , Karaoğlanoğlu, Serpil , Oktay, Elif Aybala , Toksoy Topçu, Fulya , Demir, Funda . "Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler". Selcuk Dental Journal 6 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 229-238 . https://doi.org/10.15311/selcukdentj.414591
AMA Aydın N. , Karaoğlanoğlu S. , Oktay E. A. , Toksoy Topçu F. , Demir F. Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler. Selcuk Dent J. 2019; 6(2): 229-238.
Vancouver Aydın N. , Karaoğlanoğlu S. , Oktay E. A. , Toksoy Topçu F. , Demir F. Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler. Selcuk Dental Journal. 2019; 6(2): 229-238.
IEEE N. Aydın , S. Karaoğlanoğlu , E. A. Oktay , F. Toksoy Topçu ve F. Demir , "Diş hekimliğinde bulk fill kompozit rezinler", Selcuk Dental Journal, c. 6, sayı. 2, ss. 229-238, Ağu. 2019, doi:10.15311/selcukdentj.414591

Cited By

BULK FİLL KOMPOZİT REZİN RESTORATİF MATERYALLER
Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi
Merve NEZİR
https://doi.org/10.17567/ataunidfd.984810