Araştırma Makalesi
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7 HAFTALIK STEP-AEROBİK EGZERSİZLERİNİN SEDANTER KADINLARIN VÜCUT KOMPOZİSYONLARINA ETKİSİ

Yıl 2019, Cilt 17, Sayı 2, 145 - 153, 30.06.2019

Öz

Yedi haftalık Step-Aerobik egzersizlerinin sedanter kadınların vücut kompozisyonlarına etkisini incelemek amacı ile yapılan bu çalışmaya; Niğde ili Temel Reis Fitness Club ‘da egzersizlere yeni başlayan, yaş ortalamaları 31 ± 70, boyları 164 ± 60, vücut ağırlıkları 67 ± 88 olan ve herhangi bir sağlık problemi olmayan 20 kadın birey gönüllü olarak katılmıştır. Araştırmada yer alan bireylere haftada 3 gün 40-50 dakikalık süre ile antrenman şiddeti %60-70 oranında olan step ve aerobik egzersiz çalışmaları yaptırıldı. Katılımcıların egzersiz programı öncesi ve sonrasında sırasıyla; boy, vücut ağırlık ölçümleri, yağ ve kas oranları, vücut sıvı düzeyleri Biyoempedans ölçüm aleti ile vücut kompozisyon ölçümleri yapıldı. Elde edilen verilerin analizleri kişisel bilgisayarda SPSS 21.00 paket programında yapıldı. Katılımcıların ön ve son test değerlerine ait karşılaştırmalarda paired t-testi yöntemi kullanıldı. Yapılan araştırma sonunda katılımcıların vücut ağırlıkları ve vücut yağ yüzdelerinde anlamlı bir şekilde azalma olduğu (p<0,05) görülmüştür. Sonuç olarak düzenli ve uzun süre yapılan step- aerobik egzersizlerinin sedanter kadınların vücut kompozisyonlarına olumlu yönde etkileri olduğu tespit edilmiştir. 

Kaynakça

  • Aksoydan, E. (2010). Health and nutrition status of elderly in Turkey and other eastern European countries, Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences, 30(2), 674-683.
  • Amano, M., Kanda, T., UE, H., Maritani, T. (2001). Exercise training and autonomic nervous system activityin obese individuals. Medicine Science In Sports Exercise, 33(8), 1287 –1291.
  • Ballor, D. L., Keesey, R. E. (1991). A meta-analysis of the factors affecting exercise-induced changes in body mass, fat mass and fat-free mass in males and females. International Journal of Obesity,15(11), 717-26.
  • Biçer, B., Yüktaşır, B., Yalçın, H.E., Kaya, F. (2009). The effect of 8 -week aerobic dance on some physiological parameters of adult women, Atabesbd, 11(3), 1-14.
  • Chapek, C.L., (1994). Physical fitness programs microform, publications in state for sport and human performances institute, Univ. of Oregon, Eugene
  • Christa M, Ambrose A. Dunn-Meynell E, Barry L. (2008). Resistance in DIO rats after exercise cessation Three weeks of early-onset exercise prolongs obesity. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 290-301.
  • Çolakoğlu, F.F., Karacan, S. (2006). The effects of aerobic exercise in some physiological parameters in young and middle aged women. Kastamonu Education Journal, 14(1), 277-284.
  • Gibbs B.B., Hergenroeder A.L., Katzmarzyk P.T., Lee, I.M., Jakıcıc, J.M. (2015). Definition, measurement, and health risks associated with sedentary behavior. Med Sci Sports Exerc.,47(6), 1295-300.
  • Gönülateş, S., Saygın, Ö., Babayiğit İrez, G. (2010). The effect of regular exercise programme on health related physical fitness parameters and blood lipids of women aged between 40-55 years. International Journal of Human Sciences, 7 (2), 961-970.
  • Kafkas, M.E., Açak, M., Karademir, T. (2009). The effects of 12-week regular aerobic and resistance exercises on the body composition of middle-aged men and women. Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 3 (3), 178-183.
  • Karacan, S., Çolakoğlu, F. F. (2003). The effects of aerobıc exercıse on the body composıtıon and blood lıpıds ın mıddle aged and young women. Spormetre The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 1(2), 83-88.
  • Kurt, S., Hazar, S., İbiş, S., Albay, B., Kurt, Y. (2010). Evaluation of the effects of eight-week step-aerobic exercise program on some fitness parameters at middle aged sedentary women. International Journal of Human Sciences, 7(1), 665-674.
  • Kyle, U.G., Melzer, K., Kayser, B., Picard-Kossousky, M., Gremion, G., Pichard, C. (2006). Eight-yearlongitudinal changes in body composition in healthy swiss adults. J Am Coll Nurt.,25(6): 493-501.
  • Özden, A. (2016). Psikososyal sağlık ve egzersiz. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation-Special Topics, 2(1), 122-126.
  • Pate RR, O'Neill JR, Lobelo F. (2008). The evolving definition of "sedentary". Exerc Sport Sci Rev.;36(4):173-8.
  • Pınar Ö.Y., Çetin E., Aktop A., (2017). The effects of step-aerobic exercises on aerobic capacity and body composition in women at different ages. Spormetre The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 16 (1), 49-54.
  • Ransdell, L.B., Robertson, L., Ornes, L., Moyer-Mileur, L. (2004). Generationsexercising together toimprove fitness (GET FIT): a pilot study designed to increase physical activity and improve healthrealetedfitness inthree generations of women. Women Health, 40(3): 77-94.
  • Sedentary Behaviour Research Network. Letter to the editor: standardized use of the terms "sedentary" and "sedentary behaviours". Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2012;37(3):540-2.
  • Winningham, M. L., MacVicar, M. G., Bondoc, M., Anderson, J. I., Minton, J. P. (1989). Effect of aerobic exercise on body weight and composition in patients with breast cancer on adjuvant chemotherapy. In Oncology nursing forum 16 (5), 683-689.
  • Yiğit B. (2013). Düzenli egzersiz neler kazandırır? Erişim adresi:http://www.saglikbilgileri.net/duzenli-egzersiz-neler-kazandirir.html, Erişim Tarihi: 05.08.2018
  • Zorba, E. (2001). Fiziksel uygunluk. Başak Ofset, Muğla

7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION

Yıl 2019, Cilt 17, Sayı 2, 145 - 153, 30.06.2019

Öz

To the study which is conducted to determine the 7-week step-aerobics exercises’ effect on sedentary women’s body composition, 20 female individuals with no health issues, who have just started exercising at Temel Reis Fitness Club in Niğde province, whose mean age is 31 ± 70, mean height164 ± 60, and mean weight 67 ± 88 voluntarily participated. The participants were subjected to step-aerobic exercises three times a week for 40-50 minutes, the volume of which is %60-70. The participants' body composition measurements, which are height, weight, fat and muscle ratios, body liquid levels, were conducted before and after the exercise program with Bioimpedance measurement tool. The analysis of the obtained data is done by using the SPSS 21.00 package program on a personal computer. Paired t-test method was used in the comparison of the pre and post-test values of the participants. As a result of the conducted study, it is seen that there is a significant decrease (p<0,05) in the percentage of the body weight and body fat percentages of the participants. As a result, it is determined that regularly and long-term conducted step-aerobics exercises have effects on sedentary females’ body composition in a positive way. 

Kaynakça

  • Aksoydan, E. (2010). Health and nutrition status of elderly in Turkey and other eastern European countries, Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences, 30(2), 674-683.
  • Amano, M., Kanda, T., UE, H., Maritani, T. (2001). Exercise training and autonomic nervous system activityin obese individuals. Medicine Science In Sports Exercise, 33(8), 1287 –1291.
  • Ballor, D. L., Keesey, R. E. (1991). A meta-analysis of the factors affecting exercise-induced changes in body mass, fat mass and fat-free mass in males and females. International Journal of Obesity,15(11), 717-26.
  • Biçer, B., Yüktaşır, B., Yalçın, H.E., Kaya, F. (2009). The effect of 8 -week aerobic dance on some physiological parameters of adult women, Atabesbd, 11(3), 1-14.
  • Chapek, C.L., (1994). Physical fitness programs microform, publications in state for sport and human performances institute, Univ. of Oregon, Eugene
  • Christa M, Ambrose A. Dunn-Meynell E, Barry L. (2008). Resistance in DIO rats after exercise cessation Three weeks of early-onset exercise prolongs obesity. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 290-301.
  • Çolakoğlu, F.F., Karacan, S. (2006). The effects of aerobic exercise in some physiological parameters in young and middle aged women. Kastamonu Education Journal, 14(1), 277-284.
  • Gibbs B.B., Hergenroeder A.L., Katzmarzyk P.T., Lee, I.M., Jakıcıc, J.M. (2015). Definition, measurement, and health risks associated with sedentary behavior. Med Sci Sports Exerc.,47(6), 1295-300.
  • Gönülateş, S., Saygın, Ö., Babayiğit İrez, G. (2010). The effect of regular exercise programme on health related physical fitness parameters and blood lipids of women aged between 40-55 years. International Journal of Human Sciences, 7 (2), 961-970.
  • Kafkas, M.E., Açak, M., Karademir, T. (2009). The effects of 12-week regular aerobic and resistance exercises on the body composition of middle-aged men and women. Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 3 (3), 178-183.
  • Karacan, S., Çolakoğlu, F. F. (2003). The effects of aerobıc exercıse on the body composıtıon and blood lıpıds ın mıddle aged and young women. Spormetre The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 1(2), 83-88.
  • Kurt, S., Hazar, S., İbiş, S., Albay, B., Kurt, Y. (2010). Evaluation of the effects of eight-week step-aerobic exercise program on some fitness parameters at middle aged sedentary women. International Journal of Human Sciences, 7(1), 665-674.
  • Kyle, U.G., Melzer, K., Kayser, B., Picard-Kossousky, M., Gremion, G., Pichard, C. (2006). Eight-yearlongitudinal changes in body composition in healthy swiss adults. J Am Coll Nurt.,25(6): 493-501.
  • Özden, A. (2016). Psikososyal sağlık ve egzersiz. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation-Special Topics, 2(1), 122-126.
  • Pate RR, O'Neill JR, Lobelo F. (2008). The evolving definition of "sedentary". Exerc Sport Sci Rev.;36(4):173-8.
  • Pınar Ö.Y., Çetin E., Aktop A., (2017). The effects of step-aerobic exercises on aerobic capacity and body composition in women at different ages. Spormetre The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 16 (1), 49-54.
  • Ransdell, L.B., Robertson, L., Ornes, L., Moyer-Mileur, L. (2004). Generationsexercising together toimprove fitness (GET FIT): a pilot study designed to increase physical activity and improve healthrealetedfitness inthree generations of women. Women Health, 40(3): 77-94.
  • Sedentary Behaviour Research Network. Letter to the editor: standardized use of the terms "sedentary" and "sedentary behaviours". Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2012;37(3):540-2.
  • Winningham, M. L., MacVicar, M. G., Bondoc, M., Anderson, J. I., Minton, J. P. (1989). Effect of aerobic exercise on body weight and composition in patients with breast cancer on adjuvant chemotherapy. In Oncology nursing forum 16 (5), 683-689.
  • Yiğit B. (2013). Düzenli egzersiz neler kazandırır? Erişim adresi:http://www.saglikbilgileri.net/duzenli-egzersiz-neler-kazandirir.html, Erişim Tarihi: 05.08.2018
  • Zorba, E. (2001). Fiziksel uygunluk. Başak Ofset, Muğla

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Spor Bilimleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Kürşat HAZAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-6159-2631
Türkiye


Nisan ESKİDEMİR
NİĞDE ÖMER HALİSDEMİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 17, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { spormetre538091, journal = {SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1304-284X}, eissn = {2717-6347}, address = {Ankara Üniversitesi Gölbaşı Yerleşkesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi 06830 Gölbaşı – Ankara / TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {145 - 153}, doi = {}, title = {7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION}, key = {cite}, author = {Hazar, Kürşat and Eskidemir, Nisan} }
APA Hazar, K. & Eskidemir, N. (2019). 7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION . SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 17 (2) , 145-153 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/spormetre/issue/45740/538091
MLA Hazar, K. , Eskidemir, N. "7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION" . SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 17 (2019 ): 145-153 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/spormetre/issue/45740/538091>
Chicago Hazar, K. , Eskidemir, N. "7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION". SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 17 (2019 ): 145-153
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - 7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION AU - Kürşat Hazar , Nisan Eskidemir Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 145 EP - 153 VL - 17 IS - 2 SN - 1304-284X-2717-6347 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION %A Kürşat Hazar , Nisan Eskidemir %T 7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION %D 2019 %J SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1304-284X-2717-6347 %V 17 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Hazar, Kürşat , Eskidemir, Nisan . "7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION". SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 17 / 2 (Haziran 2019): 145-153 .
AMA Hazar K. , Eskidemir N. 7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION. SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 17(2): 145-153.
Vancouver Hazar K. , Eskidemir N. 7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION. SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 17(2): 145-153.
IEEE K. Hazar ve N. Eskidemir , "7-WEEK STEP-AEROBICS EXERCISES’ EFFECT ON SEDENTARY WOMEN’S BODY COMPOSITION", SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 17, sayı. 2, ss. 145-153, Haz. 2019
SPORMETRE
BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ
THE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT SCIENCES