The Purpose of the Study: In this study, based on the diversity of traditional, private and contemporary museums in the world and in our country, by mentioning the formation processes and features of a very special family collection in London, the rich collection of collectors, whose interests are to support art and artists for five generations of family is to talk about the dreams of establishing a museum by collecting a collection. This 120-year-long study is exemplary in the world.
Literature Review/Background: The information about the Wallace Collection Museum has generally been created by making use of on-site observations and examinations in the museum and museum resources. In addition, the text has been prepared in the light of the approaches that emerged in the historical process of art.
Method: The Wallace family visited the workshops of famous artists of their time, who were highly educated, wealthy, invested in the arts and known for their art lover, and purchased hundreds of works of art. All these have been adventures of life. Article; The works and artists in the collection were researched on site and supported by visuals.
Results: When high education level, strong will and art lover/collection became the purpose of life, the works that continued for five generations finally turned into a museum and the targeted result was achieved. It was seen that they used all their wealth in this direction.
Conclusion: Collecting has also developed today and has become widespread among wealthy and intellectual people. Supporting art and the artist is a high goal. There are also such museums in our country. These generally operate as painting-sculpture museums. As an example of collecting, the Wallace Collection, which contains a great accumulation of five generations, houses hundreds of works as a Wallace Foundation museum and presents them to the audience. The Wallace Collection includes works by Titian, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Canaletto, Boucher, Teniers, Frans Hals, Murillo, Velazquez, Turner, Hooch's masterpieces and Domenichino, Cima, Daddi, Reni, Rosa. , Thomas Gainsborough, Jozshua, Reynold, Antoine Watteau, Nicolas Lancret, Jan Steen, Albert Cutyp and Guardis. The works were collected by 4 generations of Marquess of Hertfords and Sir Richard Wallace and his wife Lady Wallace between 1760 and 1880 by purchasing method. Finally, after the death of Lady Wallace, Sir John Murray Scott, who was working as a secretary in the family, made all the organizations and necessary, and the Wallace Collection was opened to visitors in 1900 as a museum. These idealistic people believed: ‘The task of painting and sculpture will no longer be to fill museums. Both the state and private individuals will protect art, and large buildings, areas, etc. will have paintings and sculptures that fit the places…” (Ficher E. 2003, p.146). The museum in question is so important that it cannot be seen in the world. It is one of the most important family collections in the world and is a rich family art collection. The collection of the museum is more comprehensive than many state painting-sculpture museums and is important in terms of spreading the art. As a result, Wallace Collection London is a periodical family collection museum displaying a wide variety of famous and distinctive works of art that are of great importance to the UK as well as to the whole world and must be visited.