Araştırma Makalesi
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IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON COMMERCIAL RELATIONS BETWEEN CHINA AND TURKEY

Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2, 100 - 113, 26.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.30976/susead.908749

Öz

Purpose - COVID-19, which deeply affects international trade and national economies, has turned into a crisis with the restrictions imposed by countries. During the pandemic, it is aimed to make an original research by examining bilateral commercial relations between China and Turkey and the situation of each both country’s economy. Methodology – Qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were used in the study. Findings – It seen the increase at 15.70% in exports by Turkey to China and 32.16% in imports from China in 2020 Dec compared with the same month in 2019. Turkey’s exports have decreased 6.3%, while its imports increased 4.3% in 2020. In 2020 Dec compared with 2019 Dec, Chinese exports increased by 18.1%, while its imports reached a record level, with an increase of 6.5%. Conclusions – Although the commercial relations of both countries were not at the desired level, they were shown positive improvement during the pandemic period.

Kaynakça

  • Adibelli, B. (2016). Turkish-Chinese Relations from Ottoman to Today. Istanbul: IG Culture and Art Publishing.
  • Altan, S. (2013). Looking at the Ottoman from the East: Ottoman Perception and Nationalism in China in the 20th Century Anniversary. Selcuk Esenbel, Isenbike Togan, Altay Atli (Ed.), Thinking about China in Turkey (pg. 90-114). Istanbul: Bogazici University Publications.
  • Aslan, R. (2020). Endemic diseases in history and today and covid-19. Journal of Lake District Monthly Economy and Culture, 8 (85): 35-41.
  • Atay, L. (2020). Covid-19 outbreak and its effects on tourism. Journal of Travel and Hotel Management, 17(1): 168-172.
  • Bilgin, H. (2010). China in Terms of Strategic. Usak: Publications of the International Strategic Research Organization.
  • Ceik (2021). Retrieved 29.03.2021, from https://www.ceicdata.com/datapage/en/search?search_query=turkey. Chakraborty, I., Maity P. (2020). COVID-19 outbreak: migration, effects on society, global environment and prevention”. Science of the Total Environment, 728: 1-7.
  • Chui Wei,Y. (2020). China’s factories struggle to resume operations after virus shut down, the WSJ. Retrieved 11.09.2020, from https://www.wsj.com/articles/chinas-factories-struggle-to-resume-operations-after-virus-shutdown-11581157800
  • General Administration of Customs PRC (2020). Retrieved 20.07.2020, from http://english.customs.gov.cn/
  • Global Trade Alert (2020). Retrieved 15.08.2020, from https://www.globaltradealert.org/reports
  • Gunes, H. (2012). Turkey-China Relations. Faruk Sonmezoglu, Nurcan Ozgur Baklacıoglu ve Ozlem Terzi (Ed.), The Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy in the 21st Century (pg. 857-877). Der Publications.
  • Jean, S. (2020). How the covid-19 pandemic is reshaping the trade landscape and what to do about it. Intereconomics, 55(3): 135-139.
  • Jianhua, G. (2020). China’s war against the new coronavirus pneumonia: the struggles, consequences and repercussions. Journal of Belt and Road Initiative, 1(2): 90-102.
  • Kilicdere, S. (2017). Evaluation of 2016 tourism season within the scope of crisis management in travel agencies. Journal of Travel and Tourism Research, 12: 19-45.
  • Kosker, H. (2017). A research on the effects of the crisis to tourism sector: the example of Turkey in the 2016 year”. Journal of Academic Perspective, (62):216-230.
  • Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) (2021). Retrieved 12.02.2021, from https://www.cpb.nl/en/worldtrademonitor Sahan, C., Ozgur, E. A., Arkan, G., Alaguney, M. E., & Demiral, Y. (2019). Diagnostic Guide for Occupational Disease in Covid-19 Pandemic. Ankara: Public Health Professionals Association.
  • T.C. Ministry of Culture and Tourism (2020). Retrieved 23.08.2020, from https://yigm.ktb.gov.tr/TR-9851/turizm-istatistikleri.html
  • T.C. Ministry of Economy (2016). Retrieved 12.07.2020, from https://www.ticaret.gov.tr/
  • T.C. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2020). Retrieved 07.08.2020, from http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkiye-cin-halk-cumhuriyeti-ekonomik-iliskileri.tr.mfa
  • T.C. Ministry of Health (2020). Retrieved 10.08.2020, from https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/
  • Temiz, K. (2017). Turkey and China Relations. Ankara: Politics, Economy and Society Research Foundation.
  • The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2021). Retrieved 13.02.2021, from https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=MEI_TRD
  • Tirmikcioglu, Z. (2020). Drug use in pregnant women infected with covid-19. Anatol Clin, 25(1):55-58.
  • Trading Economics (2021). Retrieved 30.03.2021, from https://tradingeconomics.com/search.aspx?q=china
  • Turkish Statistical Institute (2021). Retrieved 21.03.2021, from https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Foreign-Trade-Statistics-December-2020-37412
  • Turkishtime (2020). Retrieved 25.03.2021, from https://www.turkishtimedergi.com/ihracat/turkiye-cumhuriyeti-vs-cin-halk-cumhuriyeti/
  • Van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BN, Tamin A, Harcourt JL, Thornburg NJ, Gerber SI, Lloyd-Smith JO, de Wit E, Munster VJ. (2020). Aerosol and surface stability of SARS-CoV-2 as compared with SARS-CoV-1. The New England Journal of Medicine, 382 (16): 1-4.
  • World Health Organization (2021). Retrieved 02.04.2021, from https://covid19.who.int/
  • World Trade Organization (2020). Retrieved 25.08.2020, from https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/covid19_e.htm
  • Xiao X. & Wang W. (2007). The evolution, problems and future of the relationship between China and Turkey. Diplomatic Review, (95): 35.
  • Yoo, J.H. (2020). The fight against the 2019-nCoV outbreak: an arduous march has just begun. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 35(4):35–56.

COVID-19’UN ÇİN VE TÜRKİYE ARASINDAKİ TİCARİ İLİŞKİLERE ETKİSİ

Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2, 100 - 113, 26.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.30976/susead.908749

Öz

Amaç - Uluslararası ticareti ve ülke ekonomilerini derinden etkileyen COVID-19 ülkelerin getirdiği kısıtlamalar ile birlikte bir kriz haline dönüşmüştür. Bu bağlamda, salgın döneminde Çin ve Türkiye arasındaki ikili ticari ilişkilerinin ve her iki ülkenin ekonomik durumu incelenerek özgün bir araştırma yapılması amaçlanmaktadır. Yöntem - Araştırmada nitel ve nicel veri toplama yöntemleri uygulanmıştır. Bulgular – Araştırma bulgularında, 2020 Aralık ayında geçen senenin aynı ayına kıyasla, Türkiye’nin Çin’e ihracatı %15,70, Çin’den ithalatı ise %32,16 bir artış görülmüştür. Her iki ülkeyi ayrı değerlendirdiğimizde elde edilen sonuçlar, 2020’de Türkiye’nin ihracatı %6,3 düşüş gösterirken, ithalatı ise %4,3 artmıştır. 2020 Aralık’ta 2019’un Aralık’a kıyasla Çin’in ihracatı 18,1% artarken, ithalatı ise %6,5 oranında artışla rekor seviyeye ulaşmıştır. Sonuç – Her iki ülkenin ticari ilişkileri her ne kadar istenilen düzeyde olmasa da salgın döneminde pozitif yönde gelişme kaydetmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Adibelli, B. (2016). Turkish-Chinese Relations from Ottoman to Today. Istanbul: IG Culture and Art Publishing.
  • Altan, S. (2013). Looking at the Ottoman from the East: Ottoman Perception and Nationalism in China in the 20th Century Anniversary. Selcuk Esenbel, Isenbike Togan, Altay Atli (Ed.), Thinking about China in Turkey (pg. 90-114). Istanbul: Bogazici University Publications.
  • Aslan, R. (2020). Endemic diseases in history and today and covid-19. Journal of Lake District Monthly Economy and Culture, 8 (85): 35-41.
  • Atay, L. (2020). Covid-19 outbreak and its effects on tourism. Journal of Travel and Hotel Management, 17(1): 168-172.
  • Bilgin, H. (2010). China in Terms of Strategic. Usak: Publications of the International Strategic Research Organization.
  • Ceik (2021). Retrieved 29.03.2021, from https://www.ceicdata.com/datapage/en/search?search_query=turkey. Chakraborty, I., Maity P. (2020). COVID-19 outbreak: migration, effects on society, global environment and prevention”. Science of the Total Environment, 728: 1-7.
  • Chui Wei,Y. (2020). China’s factories struggle to resume operations after virus shut down, the WSJ. Retrieved 11.09.2020, from https://www.wsj.com/articles/chinas-factories-struggle-to-resume-operations-after-virus-shutdown-11581157800
  • General Administration of Customs PRC (2020). Retrieved 20.07.2020, from http://english.customs.gov.cn/
  • Global Trade Alert (2020). Retrieved 15.08.2020, from https://www.globaltradealert.org/reports
  • Gunes, H. (2012). Turkey-China Relations. Faruk Sonmezoglu, Nurcan Ozgur Baklacıoglu ve Ozlem Terzi (Ed.), The Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy in the 21st Century (pg. 857-877). Der Publications.
  • Jean, S. (2020). How the covid-19 pandemic is reshaping the trade landscape and what to do about it. Intereconomics, 55(3): 135-139.
  • Jianhua, G. (2020). China’s war against the new coronavirus pneumonia: the struggles, consequences and repercussions. Journal of Belt and Road Initiative, 1(2): 90-102.
  • Kilicdere, S. (2017). Evaluation of 2016 tourism season within the scope of crisis management in travel agencies. Journal of Travel and Tourism Research, 12: 19-45.
  • Kosker, H. (2017). A research on the effects of the crisis to tourism sector: the example of Turkey in the 2016 year”. Journal of Academic Perspective, (62):216-230.
  • Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) (2021). Retrieved 12.02.2021, from https://www.cpb.nl/en/worldtrademonitor Sahan, C., Ozgur, E. A., Arkan, G., Alaguney, M. E., & Demiral, Y. (2019). Diagnostic Guide for Occupational Disease in Covid-19 Pandemic. Ankara: Public Health Professionals Association.
  • T.C. Ministry of Culture and Tourism (2020). Retrieved 23.08.2020, from https://yigm.ktb.gov.tr/TR-9851/turizm-istatistikleri.html
  • T.C. Ministry of Economy (2016). Retrieved 12.07.2020, from https://www.ticaret.gov.tr/
  • T.C. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2020). Retrieved 07.08.2020, from http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkiye-cin-halk-cumhuriyeti-ekonomik-iliskileri.tr.mfa
  • T.C. Ministry of Health (2020). Retrieved 10.08.2020, from https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/
  • Temiz, K. (2017). Turkey and China Relations. Ankara: Politics, Economy and Society Research Foundation.
  • The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2021). Retrieved 13.02.2021, from https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=MEI_TRD
  • Tirmikcioglu, Z. (2020). Drug use in pregnant women infected with covid-19. Anatol Clin, 25(1):55-58.
  • Trading Economics (2021). Retrieved 30.03.2021, from https://tradingeconomics.com/search.aspx?q=china
  • Turkish Statistical Institute (2021). Retrieved 21.03.2021, from https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Foreign-Trade-Statistics-December-2020-37412
  • Turkishtime (2020). Retrieved 25.03.2021, from https://www.turkishtimedergi.com/ihracat/turkiye-cumhuriyeti-vs-cin-halk-cumhuriyeti/
  • Van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BN, Tamin A, Harcourt JL, Thornburg NJ, Gerber SI, Lloyd-Smith JO, de Wit E, Munster VJ. (2020). Aerosol and surface stability of SARS-CoV-2 as compared with SARS-CoV-1. The New England Journal of Medicine, 382 (16): 1-4.
  • World Health Organization (2021). Retrieved 02.04.2021, from https://covid19.who.int/
  • World Trade Organization (2020). Retrieved 25.08.2020, from https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/covid19_e.htm
  • Xiao X. & Wang W. (2007). The evolution, problems and future of the relationship between China and Turkey. Diplomatic Review, (95): 35.
  • Yoo, J.H. (2020). The fight against the 2019-nCoV outbreak: an arduous march has just begun. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 35(4):35–56.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular İşletme
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

İlayda ŞAHİN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Hebei University of Economics and Business
0000-0002-6425-7935
China


Sait ŞAHİN
Northwest University
0000-0003-4115-7461
China

Teşekkür Makalemizin derginizde yayınlama fırsatı verdiğiniz için teşekkür ederiz.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Ekim 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 2 Nisan 2021
Kabul Tarihi 15 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Şahin, İ. & Şahin, S. (2021). COVID-19’UN ÇİN VE TÜRKİYE ARASINDAKİ TİCARİ İLİŞKİLERE ETKİSİ . Sosyal Ekonomik Araştırmalar Dergisi , 21 (2) , 100-113 . DOI: 10.30976/susead.908749

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