Yıl 2019, Cilt 10 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 29 - 39 2019-06-24

Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey
Predatory Hemipteran bugs detected with the thrips on ornamentals in Çukurova region of Turkey

Ekrem Atakan [1]


In this study, 30 plant species belonging to 18 plant families were sampled for thrips (Thysanoptera) and predatory insects. Collections of thrips and predatory bugs were carried out on ornamental plants in parks, home gardens and greenhouses in the Çukurova region of Turkey, mainly Adana Province. Thrips were sampled from ornamental plants at irregular intervals during 2013-2014. A total of 20 Thysanoptera species were recorded. The most notable species present (at least 10% of samples) were, in descending order of abundance, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) and Thrips tabaci Lind. The thrips fauna was dominated by F. occidentalis which was found on 51% of the samples and contributed 81% of all specimens. A total of 5 predatory hemipteran species were recorded. Orius niger (Wollf) (Anthocoridae) was collected in the highest number (250 specimens), accounting for 43% of all individuals. Thrips and beneficial insects (mainly O. niger) were most common on the plant species belonging to the families Asteraceae Lamiaceae and Verbanaceae. On many plant species, the prey/predator ratio was less than 5 thrips per predator, which may indicate that species of thrips are being effectively suppressed by the predatory bugs detected, particularly on ornamental plants grown in open areas.

Thrips (Thysanoptera) and predatory bugs collections were carried out on ornamentals plants from parks, home gardens and greenhouses in the Çukurova region of Turkey (mainly Adana province). Thrips were sampled from ornamental plants at irregular intervals during 2013-2014. In this study, 30 plant species belonging to 18 plant families were sampled for thrips and predatory insects. A total of 23 Thysanoptera species were recorded. The most notable species present at least % 10 of samples, were in descending order Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) Thrips tabaci Lind. The thrips fauna was dominated by F. occidentalis, this thrips being found in 51 % of the samples and consisting 81 of the specimens. A total of 5 predatory hemipterans were recorded. Predatory Anthocoridae species, Orius niger (Wollf) was collected in the highest number (250 specimens), accounting 43% of total individuals. Thrips and and beneficial insects (mainly O. niger) were more common on the plant species belonging to families Asteracea, Lamiaceae and Verbanaceae. On many plant species, the prey / predator rates were less than 5 thrips per predator indicating that thrips species could be affectively suppressed by the predatory bugs detected particularly in ornamental plants grown in open fields.

  • Atakan, E. & S. Uygur, 2004. Seasonal abundance of the some thrips species and their predators on weeds. Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 28: 123-132 (in Türkish with English abstract). Balou, M. M., X. L Tong & X. X. Chen 2012. A new record and description of a new species of the genus thrips with an updated key to species from Iran. Journal of Insect Science, 12:1-15.Daughtrey, M., Jones, R. K., Moyer, J. W., Daub, M. E., & Baker, J. R. (1997). Tospoviruses strike the greenhouse industry. Plant Disease, 81: 1220–1235.Dick, F. F. & J. L. Jarvis 1962. The habits and seasonal abundance of Orius insidiosus (Say) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) on corn. Journal of Kansas Entomology Society, 35: 339-344.Immaraju, J.A., T. D Paine, J. A Bethke, K. L. Robb & J. P Newman 1992. Western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) resistance to insecticides in coastal California greenhouses. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85: 9–14
  • Kiman Z. B. & K. V. Yeargan 1985. Development and reproduction of the predator Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) reared on diets of selected plant material and arthropod prey. Annals of Entomology Society of America, 78:464-467. Kirk, W.D.J., & L. I. Terry 2003. The spread of the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande). Agriculture and Forestry Entomology, 5:301–310.Osekre, EA., D.L. Wright, J. J. Marois & D.J. Mailhot, 2008. Predator-prey interactions between Orius insidiosus Htereoptera: Anthocoridae) and Frankliniella tritici (THysanoptera: Thripidae) in cotton blooms. Journal of Cotton Science 12: 195-201. Önder, F. 1982. Contribution to the Study of Turkish Anthocoridae (Heteroptera). Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Ofset Basımevi, Bornova-İzmir, Turkey, pp.159 (In Turkish with English abstract).Sabelis M. W. &, P. C. J. Van Rijn 199). Predation by Insects and Mites. In: Thrips as Crop Pests, CAB International, Wallingfor, Oxon, UK, 259-354. Salas-Aguilar J. & L. H. Ehler 1977. Feeding habits of Orius tristicolor. Annals Entomology Society of America, 70: 464-467.Tommasini M. G. 2004. Collection of Orius species in Italy. Bulletin of Insectology, 57:65-72.Robb, K. L, , J. Newman, , J. K. Virzi & M. P. Parrella 1995. Insecticide resistance in western flower thrips. In: B. L Parker, M Skinner & T Lewis, Thrips Biology and Management. New York: Plenum Press, 1995. p.341-346. Tunç I. & H. Göçmen, 1994. New greenhouse pests, Polyphagotarsonemus latus and Frankliniella occidentalis in Turkey. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 42: 218–220Ulmann D. E., J. L. Sherwood & T. L. German 1997: Thrips as vectors of plant pathogens. In: Thrips as Crop Pest. Ed. by Lewis, T. Wallingford, UK: CAB International 539–565Yudin L. S., B. E. Tabashnik; J. J Cho & W. C. Mitchell 1986: Host range of western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), with special reference to Leucaena glauca. Environmental Entomology, 15: 1292–1295.Zhao. G., W. Liu, J. M. Brown & C.O. Knowles 1995. Insecticide resistance in field and laboratory strains of western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 88: 1164-1170.zur Strassen, R. 2003. Die Terebranten Thysanopteren Europas. Verlag Goecke and Evers, Kentern, Germany Pp. 277 (in Germany)
Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik, Ziraat
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7352-4815
Yazar: Ekrem Atakan (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 24 Haziran 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tbmd523000, journal = {Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi}, issn = {2146-0035}, eissn = {2548-1002}, address = {Çukurova Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Bitki Koruma Bölümü 01330 Sarıçam(Balcalı)-Adana/Türkiye}, publisher = {Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {10}, pages = {29 - 39}, doi = {10.31019/tbmd.523000}, title = {Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Atakan, Ekrem} }
APA Atakan, E . (2019). Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey. Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi , 10 (1) , 29-39 . DOI: 10.31019/tbmd.523000
MLA Atakan, E . "Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey". Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi 10 (2019 ): 29-39 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tbmd/issue/47262/523000>
Chicago Atakan, E . "Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey". Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi 10 (2019 ): 29-39
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey AU - Ekrem Atakan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31019/tbmd.523000 DO - 10.31019/tbmd.523000 T2 - Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 29 EP - 39 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - 2146-0035-2548-1002 M3 - doi: 10.31019/tbmd.523000 UR - https://doi.org/10.31019/tbmd.523000 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey %A Ekrem Atakan %T Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey %D 2019 %J Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi %P 2146-0035-2548-1002 %V 10 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31019/tbmd.523000 %U 10.31019/tbmd.523000
ISNAD Atakan, Ekrem . "Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey". Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi 10 / 1 (Haziran 2019): 29-39 . https://doi.org/10.31019/tbmd.523000
AMA Atakan E . Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey. Türk. biyo. müc. derg. 2019; 10(1): 29-39.
Vancouver Atakan E . Predatory hemipteran bugs detected with thrips on ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey. Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi. 2019; 10(1): 39-29.