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Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu

Yıl 2021, Cilt: 64 Sayı: 3, 309 - 348, 06.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.25288/tjb.913294

Öz

Afrika ve Avrasya plakalarının Kretase’den bu yana devam eden yakınsamalı hareketine bağlı olarak Doğu Akdeniz’de gelişen dalma-batma zonlarının anlaşılmasında, anahtar alanlardan biri olan Orta Anadolu Kristalen Kompleksi (OAKK); metamorfik kayaçları, ofiyolitleri ve magmatik sokulumları ile Türkiye’de görülen en büyük metamorfik komplekstir.
Çalışma alanı olarak belirlenen Ayhan Havzası, OAKK üzerinde gelişmiş ve havza dolgusu Paleosen’den Kuvaterner’e kadar açısal uyumsuzluklar ile kesintiye uğramış sıyrılma üstü (supra-detachment) gelişen bir havzadır ve havzanın Paleosen’den günümüze kadar bölgeyi etkileyen tektonik mekanizmalara ait tüm jeolojik kayıtları içermesi beklenmektedir. Ayhan Havzası’nın yapısal unsurlar ile iyi tanımlanmış bir litoloji haritasının oluşturulması, Ayhan Havzası’nın jeolojik evrimini anlamak ve ayrıca OAKK’yı deforme eden tetik mekanizmalarının konumsal ve zamansal etkilerinin belirlenmesi açısından çok önemlidir. Bu amaçla, çizgiselliklerin ve farklı yansıma değerlerine sahip litolojik birimlerin belirlenmesinde, yaygın bir uygulamaya sahip olan optik uydu görüntüleri (Landsat TM ve ASTER) işleme teknikleri (pankromatik keskinleştirmesi, yeniden örnekleme, temel bileşenler analizi, dekorelasyon germesi ve bant kombinasyonu) kullanılmıştır. Sonrasında ise arazi doğrulaması yapılarak havzanın litostratigrafisi ve detaylı jeoloji haritası oluşturulmuştur.
Arazi gözlemleri ve uzaktan algılama çalışmaları ile yeniden düzenlenen stratigrafi ve jeoloji haritası değerlendirildiğinde, Ayhan Havzası Lütesiyen öncesi karasal çökeller ile başlayan, Eosen’de denizel çökeller ile devam eden ve sonrasında ise yine karasal depolanma ile son bulan bir depolanma sistemine sahiptir. Deformasyon süreçleri, Anadolu Kristalen Kompleksi’nin (OAKK) oluşumunda etkin olan tetik mekanizmaları çerçevesinde değerlendirildiğinde ise OAKK’nın kuzeyi ve güneyi arasında farklılıklar bulunmaktadır. Buna göre, OAKK’nın kuzeyinde ve güneyinde bulunan dalma-batma zonlarının etki alanlarının sınırı Çiçekdağ ve Ayhan Havzaları arasında bir konumda bulunmaktadır.

Destekleyen Kurum

Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinatörlüğü (BAP)

Teşekkür

Bu makale, Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinatörlüğü FHD-2018-6824 no’lu proje kapsamında desteklenmiştir. Yazar AK, 2018-2019 yaz döneminde yapılan arazi çalışmalarına vermiş olduğu destekten dolayı Kemal KOÇ’a özel teşekkürlerini belirtmektedir.

Kaynakça

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  • Akgün, F., Olgun, E., Kuşçu, İ., Toprak, V. ve Göncüoğlu, M. C. (1995). Orta Anadolu Kompleksinin “Oligo-Miyosen” örtüsünün stratigrafisi, çökelme ortamı ve gerçek yaşına ilişkin yeni bulgular. Türkiye Petrol Jeologları Derneği Bülteni, 6(1), 51- 68.
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Lithological Mapping of the Ayhan Basin (Central Anatolia) and Geological Implications: An Integration of Remote Sensing Study and Field Survey.

Yıl 2021, Cilt: 64 Sayı: 3, 309 - 348, 06.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.25288/tjb.913294

Öz

The Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex (CACC), consisting of metamorphic rocks, ophiolites, and magmatic intrusions, is the largest metamorphic complex in Turkey. It is also one of the key areas for reconstruction of the subduction zones, accommodating the Africa-Europe convergence since the Cretaceous in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The Ayhan Basin, chosen as the study area, is a supra-detachment basin that developed on the CACC. It has basin infill with an age ranging from Paleocene to Quaternary, interrupted by angular unconformities, and is expected to contain the whole geological record of tectonic mechanisms which have affected the region from Paleocene to Recent times. Producing a well-defined lithological map showing the structural elements of the basin is very important to understand the geological evolution of the Ayhan Basin and also to determine the spatial and temporal effects of the triggering mechanisms which deform the CACC. For this purpose, optical satellite image (Landsat TM and ASTER) processing techniques (pan-sharpening, resampling, principal component analysis, decorrelation stretching, and band combination), which have a widespread application, were used in determination of the lineaments and lithological units, having different reflectance values. After this, detailed lithostratigraphy and geological mapping of the Ayhan Basin were created by field verification.
Considering the reconstructed stratigraphy and the geological map of the Ayhan Basin based on field observation and remotely sensed data, it has a depositional system that starts with continental deposits before Lutetian, then continues with marine sediments during the Eocene, and again ends with continental deposits. When the deformation processes are evaluated based on the trigger mechanisms of the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex’s (CACC) evolution, the northern and southern part of the CACC show clearly different processes. Accordingly, the boundary of the impact zone of the subduction zones in the north and south of the CACC is located between the Çiçekdağ and Ayhan basins.

Kaynakça

  • Advokaat, E. L., van Hinsbergen, D. J., Kaymakcı, N., Vissers, R. L. & Hendriks, B. W. (2014). Late Cretaceous extension and Palaeogene rotation-related contraction in Central Anatolia recorded in the Ayhan-Büyükkışla basin. International Geology Review, 56(15), 1813-1836.
  • Akgün, F., Olgun, E., Kuşçu, İ., Toprak, V. ve Göncüoğlu, M. C. (1995). Orta Anadolu Kompleksinin “Oligo-Miyosen” örtüsünün stratigrafisi, çökelme ortamı ve gerçek yaşına ilişkin yeni bulgular. Türkiye Petrol Jeologları Derneği Bülteni, 6(1), 51- 68.
  • Atabey, E. (1989). 1/100.000 Ölçekli Türkiye Jeoloji Haritaları. Kayseri-K33 (H19) Paftası. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü (MTA), Jeoloji Etüdleri Dairesi, Ankara, 18 s.
  • Aydın, N. (1985). Geological evolution of Gümüşkent town and it’s surrounding in the Middle Anatolian Massif. Communications: de La Faculté des Sciences de l’Université d’Ankara, série C1 Géologie, 31, 43–56.
  • Boztuğ, D., Turksever, E. Heizler, M., Jonckheere, R. C. & Tichomirowa, M. (2009a). 207Pb-206Pb, 40Ar-39Ar and apatite fission-track geothermochronology revealing the emplacement, cooling and exhumation history of the Karacayır Syenite (N Sivas), East-Central Anatolia, Turkey. Turk. J. Earth Sci., 18, 109–125. https://doi.org/10.3906/sag-1202-18
  • Boztuğ, D., Jonckheere R. C., Heizler, M., Ratschbacher L., Harlavan Y. & Tichomirova, M. (2009b). Timing of post-obduction granitoids from intrusion through cooling to exhumation in central Anatolia, Turkey. Tectonophysics 473, 223–233.
  • Çağlayan, A. Y. (2010). Savcılı fay zonunun (Kırşehir) yapısal analizi [Doktora tezi]. Ankara Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Jeoloji Mühendisliği Anabilim Dalı.
  • Demirtaşlı, E., Bilgin, A.Z., Erenler, F., Işıklar, S., Sanlı, D.Y., Selim, M. ve Turhan, N. (1975). Bolkardağları’nın Jeolojisi. Cumhuriyetin 50. Yılı Yerbilimleri Kongresi (42-57). MTA Özel Yayını, Ankara.
  • Fayon, A. K., Whitney, D. L., Teyssier, C., Garver, J. I. & Dilek, Y. (2001). Effects of plate convergence obliquity on timing and mechanisms of exhumation of a mid-crustal terrain, the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 192(2) 191–205. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00440-X
  • Fujisada, H., Sakuma, F., Ono, A. & Kudoh, M. (1998). Design and preflight performance of ASTER instrument protoflight model. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 36(4), 1152-1160.
  • Gautier, P., Bozkurt, E., Hallot, E. & Dirik, K. (2002). Dating the exhumation of a metamorphic dome: geological evidence for pre-Eocene unroofing of the Niğde Massif (Central Anatolia). Geological Magazine, 139(5), 559-576. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756802006751
  • Gautier, P., Bozkurt, E., Bosse, V., Hallot, E. & Dirik, K. (2008). Coeval extensional shearing and lateral underflow during Late Cretaceous core complex development in the Niğde Massif, Central Anatolia, Turkey. Tectonics, 27(1), https://doi.org/10.1029/2006TC002089
  • Genç, Y. & Yürür, M. T. (2010). Coeval extension and compression in Late Mesozoic–Recent thin-skinned extensional tectonics in central Anatolia. Turkey. Journal of Structural Geology, 32(5), 623-640.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Yer Bilimleri ve Jeoloji Mühendisliği (Diğer)
Bölüm Makaleler - Articles
Yazarlar

Ayten KOÇ 0000-0002-8296-0093

Proje Numarası FHD-2018-6824
Yayımlanma Tarihi 6 Ağustos 2021
Gönderilme Tarihi 11 Nisan 2021
Kabul Tarihi 9 Temmuz 2021
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021 Cilt: 64 Sayı: 3

Kaynak Göster

APA KOÇ, A. (2021). Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu. Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni, 64(3), 309-348. https://doi.org/10.25288/tjb.913294
AMA KOÇ A. Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu. Türkiye Jeol. Bül. Haziran 2021;64(3):309-348. doi:10.25288/tjb.913294
Chicago KOÇ, Ayten. “Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması Ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama Ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu”. Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni 64, sy. 3 (Haziran 2021): 309-48. https://doi.org/10.25288/tjb.913294.
EndNote KOÇ A (01 Haziran 2021) Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu. Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni 64 3 309–348.
IEEE A. KOÇ, “Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu”, Türkiye Jeol. Bül., c. 64, sy. 3, ss. 309–348, 2021, doi: 10.25288/tjb.913294.
ISNAD KOÇ, Ayten. “Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması Ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama Ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu”. Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni 64/3 (Haziran 2021), 309-348. https://doi.org/10.25288/tjb.913294.
JAMA KOÇ A. Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu. Türkiye Jeol. Bül. 2021;64:309–348.
MLA KOÇ, Ayten. “Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması Ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama Ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu”. Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni, c. 64, sy. 3, 2021, ss. 309-48, doi:10.25288/tjb.913294.
Vancouver KOÇ A. Ayhan Havzası’nın (Orta Anadolu) Litolojik Haritalaması ve Jeolojik Çıkarımlar: Bir Uzaktan Algılama ve Arazi Çalışması Entegrasyonu. Türkiye Jeol. Bül. 2021;64(3):309-48.

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