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The relationship between physical performance and oral and dental health in child athletes

Yıl 2017, Cilt 8, Sayı 1, 11 - 15, 16.03.2017
https://doi.org/10.18663/tjcl.298260

Öz

Aim: Poor oral hygenia status affects nutrition and sleep in children and it is reported to have a negative influence on growth and development. Therefore, similarly it may negatively affect young athletes’ performance in sports activities. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between oral hygenia and athletic performance in child athletes from the Sports Academy of Kırıkkale University.

 

Material and Methods: Decayed Missing Filled Teeth index (DMFT) scores were recorded for each subject and sports performance tests were performed.

 

Results: The agility (Tdrill, Zigzag, 505, LCDT) and short sprint (10m, 20m, 30m best) tests conducted in this research showed that athletes whose DMFT values were over 3 were more successful than athletes whose DMFT values were equal or more than 3 (P < 0.01). Moreover, the results from Bosco test revealed that athletes whose DMFT values less than 3 were significantly more successful (P < 0.01). Also a correlation between DMFT values and results of the performance tests were found.

 

Conclusion: These results highlight the importance of informing young athletes regarding oral health.

Kaynakça

  • Manz F. History of nutrition and acid-base physiology. Eur J Nutrition 2001; 40: 189-99.
  • Kerr L. Dental problems in athletes. Clin Sports Med 1983; 2:115-22.
  • Gay-Escoda C, Vieira-Duarte-Pereira DM, Ardèvol J, Pruna R, Fernandez J, Valmaseda-Castellón E. Study of the effect of oral health on physical condition of professional soccer players of the Football Club Barcelona. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2011;16: 436-9.
  • van Gemert-Schriks MC1, van Amerongen EW, Aartman IH, Wennink JM, Ten Cate JM, de Soet JJ. The influence of dental caries on body growth in prepubertal children. Clin Oral Investig 2011;15: 141-9.
  • Acs G, Lodolini G, Kaminsky S, Cisneros GJ. Effect of nursing caries on body weight in a pediatric population. Pediatr Dent 1992; 14: 302-5.
  • Ayhan H, Suskan E, Yildirim S. The effect of nursing or rampant caries on height, body weight and head circumference. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1996; 20: 209-12.
  • Anderson HK, Drummond BK, Thomson WM. Changes in aspects of children’s oral-health-related quality of life following dental treatment under general anaesthetic. Int J Paediatr Dent 2004, 14: 317-25.
  • Malden PE, Thomson WM, Jokovic A, Locker D. Changes in parentassessed oral health-related quality of life among young children following dental treatment under general anaesthetic. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2008, 36: 108-17.
  • van Cauter E, Plat L. Physiology of growth hormone secretion during sleep. J Pediatr 1996; 128: 32-7.
  • Roberts MW. Dental health of children: where we are today and remaining challenges. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2008; 32: 231-4.
  • Schroth RJ, Cheba V. Determining the prevalence and risk factors for early childhood caries in a community dental health clinic. Pediatr Dent 2007; 29: 387-96.
  • Ljungberg G, Birked D. Dental caries in players belonging to a Swedish soccer team. Swed Dent J 1990; 14: 261-66.
  • Convertino VA, Armstrong LE, Coyle EF, et al. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1996; 28: 1-7.
  • Buyer DM. Are you drinking your teeth away? How soda and sports drinks dissolve enamel. J Indiana Dent Assoc 2009; 88: 11-3.
  • Boyd RL, Baumrind S. Periodontal considerations in the use of bonds or bands on molars in adolescents and adults. Angle Orthod 1992; 62: 117-26.
  • Unkel JH, Fenton SJ, Hobbs G Jr et al. Toothbrushing ability is related to age in children. ASDC J Dent Child 1995; 62: 346-68.
  • Sheppard JM, Young WB. Agility literature review: classifications, training and testing. J Sports Sci 2006; 24: 919-32.
  • Tenenbaum G, Levy KN, Sade S, Liebermann DG, Lidor R. Anticipation and confidence of decisions related to skilled performance. Int J Sport Psychology 1996; 27: 293-307.
  • Farrow D, Young W, Bruce L. The development of a test of reactive agility for netball: a new methodology. J Sci Med Sport 2005; 8: 40-8.
  • Djuricković M, Ivanović M. The state of oral health in children at the age of 12 in Montenegro. Vojnosanit Pregl 2011; 68: 550-5.
  • Oliveira LB, Zardetto CG, Rocha R, Rodrigues CR, Wanderley MT. Effectiveness of triple-headed toothbrushes and the influence of the person who performs the tooth brushing on biofilm removal. Oral Health Prev Dent 2011; 9: 137-41.
  • Prashanth ST, Bhatnagar S, Das UM, Gopu H. Oral health knowledge, practice, oral hygiene status, and dental caries prevalence among visually impaired children in Bangalore. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2011; 29: 102-5.
  • Mackenzie B. 101 Evaluation Tests. The Flying Fish Studios Ltd. p.55-70-171-172.
  • Purcell LK. Sport nutrition for young athletes. Paediatr Child Health 2013; 18: 200-5.
  • Köksal E, Tekçiçek M, Yalçin SS, Tuğrul B, Yalçin S, Pekcan G. Association between anthropometric measurements and dental caries in Turkish school children. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2011; 19: 147-51.
  • Ngoenwiwatkul Y, Leela-adisorn N. Effects of dental caries on nutritional status among first-grade primary school children. Asia Pac J Public Health 2009; 21: 177-83.
  • Duijster D, Sheiham A, Hobdell MH, Itchon G, Monse B. Associations between oral health-related impacts and rate of weight gain after extraction of pulpally involved teeth in underweight preschool Filipino children. BMC Public Health 2013; 13: 533.
  • Means RT Jr, Krantz SB. Progress in understanding the pathogenesis of the anemia of chronic disease. Blood. 1992; 80: 1639-47.
  • Trihandini I, Wiradidjaja Adiwoso A, Erri Astoeti T, Marks L. Oral health condition and treatment needs among young athletes with intellectual disabilities in Indonesia. Int J Paediatr Dent 2013; 23: 408-14.
  • Oredugba FA, Perlman SP. Oral health condition and treatment needs of Special Olympics athletes in Nigeria. Spec Care Dentist 2010; 30: 211-7.
  • Bissar AR, Kaschke I, Schulte AG. Oral health in 12- to 17-year-old athletes participating in the German Special Olympics. Int J Paediatr Dent 2010; 20: 451-7.
  • López del Valle LM, Waldman HB, Perlman SP. Puerto Rican athletes with special health care needs: an evaluation of oral health status. J Dent Child (Chic). 2007; 74: 130-2.
  • Anttonen V, Kemppainen A, Niinimaa A, Pesonen P, Tjäderhane L, Jaana L. Dietary and oral hygiene habits of active athletes and adolescents attending ordinary junior high schools. Int J Paediatr Dent 2014; 24: 358-66.
  • Aerenhouts D1, Hebbelinck M, Poortmans JR, Clarys P. Nutritional habits of Flemish adolescent sprint athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2008; 18: 509-23.
  • Shiau YY, Wang JS. The effects of dental condition on hand strength and maximum bite force. Cranio 1993; 11: 48-54.

Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi

Yıl 2017, Cilt 8, Sayı 1, 11 - 15, 16.03.2017
https://doi.org/10.18663/tjcl.298260

Öz

Amaç: Kötü ağız hijyeninin çocuklarda beslenme ve uykuyu etkilediği ve büyüme-gelişim üzerinde olumsuz etkileri olduğu bildirilmiştir. Bu durum çocuk sporcuların sportif aktiviteler sırasındaki başarısını da olumsuz yönde etkileyebilir. Çalışmamızın amacı Kırıkkale Üniversitesi Spor Akademisindeki çocuk hastaların atletik performansları ile ağız sağlığı arasındaki bir ilişki olup olmadığının değerlendirlmesidir.

 

Gereç ve Yöntemler: Araştırmaya katılan tüm çocuklara ait “Decayed Missing Filled Teeth index” (DMFT) skorları kaydedilmiş ve spor performans testleri uygulanmıştır. 

 

Bulgular: Uygulanan çeviklik (Tdrill, Zigzag, 505, LCDT) ve “short sprint” (10m, 20m, 30m best) testleri, DMFT değerleri 3’ten düşük olan sporcuların, DMFT değerleri 3 ve daha yüksek olan sporculara göre istatistiksel olarak daha başarılı olduğunu göstermiştir (P < 0,01). Bosco testi sonuçlarına göre de DMFT değeri 3’ten daha az olan sporcuların istatistiksel olarak daha başarılı olduğunu göstermiştir (P < 0,01). Ayrıca, DMFT skorları ve performans testi sonuçları arasında korelasyon varlığı tespit edilmiştir.

 

Sonuçlar: Bu sonuçlar çocuk sporcuların ağız sağlığı konusunda bilgilendirilmelerinin önemini ortaya koymaktadır. 

Kaynakça

  • Manz F. History of nutrition and acid-base physiology. Eur J Nutrition 2001; 40: 189-99.
  • Kerr L. Dental problems in athletes. Clin Sports Med 1983; 2:115-22.
  • Gay-Escoda C, Vieira-Duarte-Pereira DM, Ardèvol J, Pruna R, Fernandez J, Valmaseda-Castellón E. Study of the effect of oral health on physical condition of professional soccer players of the Football Club Barcelona. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2011;16: 436-9.
  • van Gemert-Schriks MC1, van Amerongen EW, Aartman IH, Wennink JM, Ten Cate JM, de Soet JJ. The influence of dental caries on body growth in prepubertal children. Clin Oral Investig 2011;15: 141-9.
  • Acs G, Lodolini G, Kaminsky S, Cisneros GJ. Effect of nursing caries on body weight in a pediatric population. Pediatr Dent 1992; 14: 302-5.
  • Ayhan H, Suskan E, Yildirim S. The effect of nursing or rampant caries on height, body weight and head circumference. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1996; 20: 209-12.
  • Anderson HK, Drummond BK, Thomson WM. Changes in aspects of children’s oral-health-related quality of life following dental treatment under general anaesthetic. Int J Paediatr Dent 2004, 14: 317-25.
  • Malden PE, Thomson WM, Jokovic A, Locker D. Changes in parentassessed oral health-related quality of life among young children following dental treatment under general anaesthetic. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2008, 36: 108-17.
  • van Cauter E, Plat L. Physiology of growth hormone secretion during sleep. J Pediatr 1996; 128: 32-7.
  • Roberts MW. Dental health of children: where we are today and remaining challenges. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2008; 32: 231-4.
  • Schroth RJ, Cheba V. Determining the prevalence and risk factors for early childhood caries in a community dental health clinic. Pediatr Dent 2007; 29: 387-96.
  • Ljungberg G, Birked D. Dental caries in players belonging to a Swedish soccer team. Swed Dent J 1990; 14: 261-66.
  • Convertino VA, Armstrong LE, Coyle EF, et al. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1996; 28: 1-7.
  • Buyer DM. Are you drinking your teeth away? How soda and sports drinks dissolve enamel. J Indiana Dent Assoc 2009; 88: 11-3.
  • Boyd RL, Baumrind S. Periodontal considerations in the use of bonds or bands on molars in adolescents and adults. Angle Orthod 1992; 62: 117-26.
  • Unkel JH, Fenton SJ, Hobbs G Jr et al. Toothbrushing ability is related to age in children. ASDC J Dent Child 1995; 62: 346-68.
  • Sheppard JM, Young WB. Agility literature review: classifications, training and testing. J Sports Sci 2006; 24: 919-32.
  • Tenenbaum G, Levy KN, Sade S, Liebermann DG, Lidor R. Anticipation and confidence of decisions related to skilled performance. Int J Sport Psychology 1996; 27: 293-307.
  • Farrow D, Young W, Bruce L. The development of a test of reactive agility for netball: a new methodology. J Sci Med Sport 2005; 8: 40-8.
  • Djuricković M, Ivanović M. The state of oral health in children at the age of 12 in Montenegro. Vojnosanit Pregl 2011; 68: 550-5.
  • Oliveira LB, Zardetto CG, Rocha R, Rodrigues CR, Wanderley MT. Effectiveness of triple-headed toothbrushes and the influence of the person who performs the tooth brushing on biofilm removal. Oral Health Prev Dent 2011; 9: 137-41.
  • Prashanth ST, Bhatnagar S, Das UM, Gopu H. Oral health knowledge, practice, oral hygiene status, and dental caries prevalence among visually impaired children in Bangalore. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2011; 29: 102-5.
  • Mackenzie B. 101 Evaluation Tests. The Flying Fish Studios Ltd. p.55-70-171-172.
  • Purcell LK. Sport nutrition for young athletes. Paediatr Child Health 2013; 18: 200-5.
  • Köksal E, Tekçiçek M, Yalçin SS, Tuğrul B, Yalçin S, Pekcan G. Association between anthropometric measurements and dental caries in Turkish school children. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2011; 19: 147-51.
  • Ngoenwiwatkul Y, Leela-adisorn N. Effects of dental caries on nutritional status among first-grade primary school children. Asia Pac J Public Health 2009; 21: 177-83.
  • Duijster D, Sheiham A, Hobdell MH, Itchon G, Monse B. Associations between oral health-related impacts and rate of weight gain after extraction of pulpally involved teeth in underweight preschool Filipino children. BMC Public Health 2013; 13: 533.
  • Means RT Jr, Krantz SB. Progress in understanding the pathogenesis of the anemia of chronic disease. Blood. 1992; 80: 1639-47.
  • Trihandini I, Wiradidjaja Adiwoso A, Erri Astoeti T, Marks L. Oral health condition and treatment needs among young athletes with intellectual disabilities in Indonesia. Int J Paediatr Dent 2013; 23: 408-14.
  • Oredugba FA, Perlman SP. Oral health condition and treatment needs of Special Olympics athletes in Nigeria. Spec Care Dentist 2010; 30: 211-7.
  • Bissar AR, Kaschke I, Schulte AG. Oral health in 12- to 17-year-old athletes participating in the German Special Olympics. Int J Paediatr Dent 2010; 20: 451-7.
  • López del Valle LM, Waldman HB, Perlman SP. Puerto Rican athletes with special health care needs: an evaluation of oral health status. J Dent Child (Chic). 2007; 74: 130-2.
  • Anttonen V, Kemppainen A, Niinimaa A, Pesonen P, Tjäderhane L, Jaana L. Dietary and oral hygiene habits of active athletes and adolescents attending ordinary junior high schools. Int J Paediatr Dent 2014; 24: 358-66.
  • Aerenhouts D1, Hebbelinck M, Poortmans JR, Clarys P. Nutritional habits of Flemish adolescent sprint athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2008; 18: 509-23.
  • Shiau YY, Wang JS. The effects of dental condition on hand strength and maximum bite force. Cranio 1993; 11: 48-54.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Özgün Makale
Yazarlar

Serdar BAĞLAR


Sinan AYAN Bu kişi benim


Hakan YAPICI Bu kişi benim


Volkan ARIKAN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 16 Mart 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 8, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tjcl298260, journal = {Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory}, eissn = {2149-8296}, address = {}, publisher = {DNT Ortadoğu Yayıncılık A.Ş.}, year = {2017}, volume = {8}, number = {1}, pages = {11 - 15}, doi = {10.18663/tjcl.298260}, title = {Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Bağlar, Serdar and Ayan, Sinan and Yapıcı, Hakan and Arıkan, Volkan} }
APA Bağlar, S. , Ayan, S. , Yapıcı, H. & Arıkan, V. (2017). Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi . Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory , 8 (1) , 11-15 . DOI: 10.18663/tjcl.298260
MLA Bağlar, S. , Ayan, S. , Yapıcı, H. , Arıkan, V. "Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi" . Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory 8 (2017 ): 11-15 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjcl/issue/28064/298260>
Chicago Bağlar, S. , Ayan, S. , Yapıcı, H. , Arıkan, V. "Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi". Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory 8 (2017 ): 11-15
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi AU - Serdar Bağlar , Sinan Ayan , Hakan Yapıcı , Volkan Arıkan Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.18663/tjcl.298260 DO - 10.18663/tjcl.298260 T2 - Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 11 EP - 15 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - -2149-8296 M3 - doi: 10.18663/tjcl.298260 UR - https://doi.org/10.18663/tjcl.298260 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi %A Serdar Bağlar , Sinan Ayan , Hakan Yapıcı , Volkan Arıkan %T Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi %D 2017 %J Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory %P -2149-8296 %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18663/tjcl.298260 %U 10.18663/tjcl.298260
ISNAD Bağlar, Serdar , Ayan, Sinan , Yapıcı, Hakan , Arıkan, Volkan . "Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi". Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory 8 / 1 (Mart 2017): 11-15 . https://doi.org/10.18663/tjcl.298260
AMA Bağlar S. , Ayan S. , Yapıcı H. , Arıkan V. Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi. TJCL. 2017; 8(1): 11-15.
Vancouver Bağlar S. , Ayan S. , Yapıcı H. , Arıkan V. Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi. Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory. 2017; 8(1): 11-15.
IEEE S. Bağlar , S. Ayan , H. Yapıcı ve V. Arıkan , "Çocuk sporcularda fiziksel performans ile ağız ve diş sağlığı arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi", Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory, c. 8, sayı. 1, ss. 11-15, Mar. 2017, doi:10.18663/tjcl.298260


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