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ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION

Yıl 2018, Cilt 30, Sayı 1, 13 - 23, 26.06.2018

Öz

In the scope present study, fractional water distillation column operating under vacuum, with a height of 200 cm and a diameter of 3 cm, was designed and manufactured from Pyrex glass. Column was operated at an evaporation/condensation rate of 120-140 ml/min and a feed flow rate of 0.5-10 ml/min at 52 °C under -0.8 bar vacuum pressure.

Oxygen-18 isotope ratios were determined using Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (IR-MS). Results of the IR-MS analysis indicated that maximum relative O-18 isotope enrichment in distilled natural water was 28-90 ppm.

Kaynakça

  • Ageev E .P., Panchenkov G.M. (1963). The Separation of Oxygen Isotopes by Thermal Diffusion. Translated from Atomnaya Energiya, 14, 5, 494-6.
  • Dostrovsky I., Hughes E. D., Llewellyn D. R. (1948). Fractional Distillation and Its Application in the Concentration of The Heavy Isotopes of Oxygen and Hydrogen. Nature, 161, 858-9. doi:10.1038/161858a0
  • Dostrovsky I., Llewellyn D. R., Vromen B. H. (1952). The Separation of Isotopes by Fractional Distillation. I. Fractionating Columns for The Enrichment of the Heavy Isotopes of Oxygen in Water. J. Chem. Soc., 3509-17. doi:10.1039/JR9520003509
  • Kistemaker J., Bigeleisen J., Nier A.O.C. (Eds.). (1957). Separation of The Heavy Isotopes of Oxygen by Distillation. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Isotope Separation. New York: Interscience.
  • Goncharuk V.V. (2014). Drinking Water, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-04334-0
  • Huffman J. R., Urey H. C. (1937). Separation of Oxygen Isotopes by a Fractionating Column. Ind. Eng. Chem., 29, 531-5. doi: 10.1021/ie50329a011
  • Khalil, M. M. (Ed.).(2017). Basic Science of PET Imaging. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
  • Kim J., Chang D. S., Choi Y. Y. (2009). Separation of Oxygen Isotopic Water by Using a Pressure-Driven Air Gap Membrane Distillation. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 48, 11, 5431-8. doi: 10.1021/ie900277r
  • Kim J.W., Choi H.-R., Chang D.-S., Choi Y.-Y., (2008). Method For Stable Oxygen Isotope Separation and Its Apparatus Using Membrane Distillation, US 2008/0185283 A1.
  • Lewis G. N., Cornish R. E. (1933). Separation of the Isotopic Forms of Water by Fractional Distillation. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 55, 2616-7. doi: 10.1021/ja01333a518Ogden G. (1935). Electrolytic Separation of the Oxygen Isotopes. Nature, 136, 912. doi: 10.1038/136912a0
  • Pop F., Piciorea I., Iliescu M., Culcer M., Croitoru C., Stefanescu I. (2006). Experimental Plant For 18O Separation by Cryogenic Oxygen Distillation. Annuals of the University of Craiova, Electrical Engineering Series, 30, 399-403.
  • Takashi K., Hitoshi K. (2009). Method and Apparatus for Enrichment of Heavy Oxygen Isotopes, US2009266702 (A1).
  • Taylor T.I., Bernstein R. B. (1947). Enrichment of C13 And C14 by a Countercurrent Gaseous Exchange Process Using Thermal Diffusion. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 69, 2076-2076. doi: 10.1021/ja01200a523
  • Tetsuro M., Kyoko S. (1994). Method for enrichment of oxygen 18 with a laser, US5314592(A).
  • Thode H. G., Smith S. R., Walkling F. O. (1944). The Separation of the Oxygen Isotopes by the Distillation of Water. Can. J. Res., 22, Sec.B, 127-136. doi:10.1139/cjr44b-016.

FRAKSİYONEL DİSTİLASYON İLE OKSİJEN - 18 İZOTOPUNUN ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİ

Yıl 2018, Cilt 30, Sayı 1, 13 - 23, 26.06.2018

Öz


Bu çalışmada, vakum altında çalışan 200 cm yüksekliğinde ve 3 cm çapında fraksiyonel su destilasyon kolonu tasarlanmış ve pyrex camdan imal edilmiştir. Kolon; -0.8 bar, 52° C’de 120-140 ml/dk buharlaşma/yoğunlaşma ve 0.5-10 ml/dk besleme hızlarında damıtılmış su (distilated water) ile çalıştırılmıştır. Oksijen-18 izotop oranlarının analizi İzotop Oranı – Kütle Spektrometresi (IR-MS) cihazı ile yapılmıştır. Yapılan deneyler sonucunda; damıtılmış suda ki doğal O-18 izotop miktarında 28-90 ppm aralığında artış olduğu ölçülmüştür. Bu tip bir fraksiyonel su damıtma kolonunun çalışma parametreleri daha önce literatürde raporlanmamıştır çünkü bu çalışmada tasarlanan kolon sistemi literatürde bildirilen benzer kolon sistemlerinden çok daha küçüktür.


Kaynakça

  • Ageev E .P., Panchenkov G.M. (1963). The Separation of Oxygen Isotopes by Thermal Diffusion. Translated from Atomnaya Energiya, 14, 5, 494-6.
  • Dostrovsky I., Hughes E. D., Llewellyn D. R. (1948). Fractional Distillation and Its Application in the Concentration of The Heavy Isotopes of Oxygen and Hydrogen. Nature, 161, 858-9. doi:10.1038/161858a0
  • Dostrovsky I., Llewellyn D. R., Vromen B. H. (1952). The Separation of Isotopes by Fractional Distillation. I. Fractionating Columns for The Enrichment of the Heavy Isotopes of Oxygen in Water. J. Chem. Soc., 3509-17. doi:10.1039/JR9520003509
  • Kistemaker J., Bigeleisen J., Nier A.O.C. (Eds.). (1957). Separation of The Heavy Isotopes of Oxygen by Distillation. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Isotope Separation. New York: Interscience.
  • Goncharuk V.V. (2014). Drinking Water, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-04334-0
  • Huffman J. R., Urey H. C. (1937). Separation of Oxygen Isotopes by a Fractionating Column. Ind. Eng. Chem., 29, 531-5. doi: 10.1021/ie50329a011
  • Khalil, M. M. (Ed.).(2017). Basic Science of PET Imaging. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
  • Kim J., Chang D. S., Choi Y. Y. (2009). Separation of Oxygen Isotopic Water by Using a Pressure-Driven Air Gap Membrane Distillation. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 48, 11, 5431-8. doi: 10.1021/ie900277r
  • Kim J.W., Choi H.-R., Chang D.-S., Choi Y.-Y., (2008). Method For Stable Oxygen Isotope Separation and Its Apparatus Using Membrane Distillation, US 2008/0185283 A1.
  • Lewis G. N., Cornish R. E. (1933). Separation of the Isotopic Forms of Water by Fractional Distillation. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 55, 2616-7. doi: 10.1021/ja01333a518Ogden G. (1935). Electrolytic Separation of the Oxygen Isotopes. Nature, 136, 912. doi: 10.1038/136912a0
  • Pop F., Piciorea I., Iliescu M., Culcer M., Croitoru C., Stefanescu I. (2006). Experimental Plant For 18O Separation by Cryogenic Oxygen Distillation. Annuals of the University of Craiova, Electrical Engineering Series, 30, 399-403.
  • Takashi K., Hitoshi K. (2009). Method and Apparatus for Enrichment of Heavy Oxygen Isotopes, US2009266702 (A1).
  • Taylor T.I., Bernstein R. B. (1947). Enrichment of C13 And C14 by a Countercurrent Gaseous Exchange Process Using Thermal Diffusion. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 69, 2076-2076. doi: 10.1021/ja01200a523
  • Tetsuro M., Kyoko S. (1994). Method for enrichment of oxygen 18 with a laser, US5314592(A).
  • Thode H. G., Smith S. R., Walkling F. O. (1944). The Separation of the Oxygen Isotopes by the Distillation of Water. Can. J. Res., 22, Sec.B, 127-136. doi:10.1139/cjr44b-016.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fizik, Uygulamalı
Yayınlanma Tarihi June
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Selen Nimet GÜRBÜZ GÜNER>
Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu, Sarayköy Nükleer Araştırma ve Eğitim Merkezi, Ankara, Türkiye
Türkiye


Haydar DİŞBUDAK Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu, Sarayköy Nükleer Araştırma ve Eğitim Merkezi, Ankara, Türkiye
Türkiye


Erhan AKSU>
Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu, Sarayköy Nükleer Araştırma ve Eğitim Merkezi, Ankara, Türkiye
Türkiye


Mahmut EKEN Bu kişi benim
Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu, Sarayköy Nükleer Araştırma ve Eğitim Merkezi, Ankara, Türkiye
Türkiye


Filiz KARACAN Bu kişi benim
Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu, Ankara, Türkiye
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Haziran 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 30, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tjns421064, journal = {Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences}, eissn = {2791-7185}, address = {Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu Mustafa Kemal Mahallesi Dumlupınar Bulvarı, No: 192 Çankaya / Ankara 06510}, publisher = {T.C. Türkiye Enerji, Nükleer ve Maden Araştırma Kurumu}, year = {2018}, volume = {30}, number = {1}, pages = {13 - 23}, title = {ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION}, key = {cite}, author = {Gürbüz Güner, Selen Nimet and Dişbudak, Haydar and Aksu, Erhan and Eken, Mahmut and Karacan, Filiz} }
APA Gürbüz Güner, S. N. , Dişbudak, H. , Aksu, E. , Eken, M. & Karacan, F. (2018). ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION . Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences , 30 (1) , 13-23 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjns/issue/37845/421064
MLA Gürbüz Güner, S. N. , Dişbudak, H. , Aksu, E. , Eken, M. , Karacan, F. "ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION" . Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences 30 (2018 ): 13-23 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjns/issue/37845/421064>
Chicago Gürbüz Güner, S. N. , Dişbudak, H. , Aksu, E. , Eken, M. , Karacan, F. "ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION". Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences 30 (2018 ): 13-23
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION AU - Selen Nimet Gürbüz Güner , Haydar Dişbudak , Erhan Aksu , Mahmut Eken , Filiz Karacan Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 13 EP - 23 VL - 30 IS - 1 SN - -2791-7185 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION %A Selen Nimet Gürbüz Güner , Haydar Dişbudak , Erhan Aksu , Mahmut Eken , Filiz Karacan %T ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION %D 2018 %J Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences %P -2791-7185 %V 30 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Gürbüz Güner, Selen Nimet , Dişbudak, Haydar , Aksu, Erhan , Eken, Mahmut , Karacan, Filiz . "ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION". Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences 30 / 1 (Haziran 2018): 13-23 .
AMA Gürbüz Güner S. N. , Dişbudak H. , Aksu E. , Eken M. , Karacan F. ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION. Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences. 2018; 30(1): 13-23.
Vancouver Gürbüz Güner S. N. , Dişbudak H. , Aksu E. , Eken M. , Karacan F. ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION. Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences. 2018; 30(1): 13-23.
IEEE S. N. Gürbüz Güner , H. Dişbudak , E. Aksu , M. Eken ve F. Karacan , "ENRICHMENT OF OXYGEN-18 ISOTOPE BY FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION", Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences, c. 30, sayı. 1, ss. 13-23, Haz. 2018