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Migration: Transnationalism and Transnational Social Work

Yıl 2018, Cilt 29, Sayı 1, 173 - 207, 30.04.2018

Öz

International migration has a number of influences on migration-receiving countries and emigrant countries. These effects are immigrant remittances, brain drain, circular migration, diaspora and social dimension in the context of sustainable development that overlaps with the goals of social work. Transnationalism emerged with the increasing international migration in our time. Transnationalism is defined as the flexible movement of people between the traditional borders of the country and the establishment of social, political, cultural and economic ties with more than one nation and society. Various and new human needs emerged in this context. The economic, cultural, social and political problems experienced by immigrants vary globally. The studies show that migrants' problems are changing with transnationalism. A holistic view of social work, which is a social justice profession, is needed to develop more global and innovative services and perspectives against international human migration and transnationalism as well as human needs. Therefore, this study examines the relationship between development, migration and social work in the context of transnationalism.

Kaynakça

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  • Choi, J. Y. (2012) “Negotiating Old and New Ways: Contextualizing Adapted Health Care-Seeking Behaviors of Korean Immigrants in Hawaii”. Ethnicity & Health, 18:4, 350-366, DOI: 10.1080/13557858.2012.734280.
  • Commander, S., Kangasniemi, M. ve Winters, L. A. (2004) The Brain Drain: Curse or Boon? A Survey of the Literature. In Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics (pp.235-278). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Council of Europe. (2017) Fighting School Segregation in Europe Through Education: A Position Paper. Council of Europe.
  • Cox, P. ve Geisen, T. (2014) “Migration Perspectives in Social Work Research: Local, National and International Contexts”. British Journal of Social Work 44, Supplement 1, i157–i173 doi:10.1093/bjsw/bcu044
  • De Haas, H. (2007) “Turning the Tide? Why Development Will Not Stop Migration”. Development and Change, 38(5), 819-841.
  • De Haas, H. (2010) “Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective”.International Migration Review, 44(1), 227-264.
  • De Haas, H. (2012) “The Migration and Development Dendulum: ACritical View on Research and Policy”. International Migration, 50(3): 8-25 Doi: doi:10.1111/j.1468-2435.2012.00755.x
  • De Haas, H. ve Plug, R. (2006) “Cherishing The Goose With The Golden Eggs: Trends in Migrant Remittances From Europe to Morocco 1970–2004”. International Migration Review, 40(3), 603-634.
  • Diewald, M. ve Mayer, K. U. (2009) “The Sociology of The Life Course and Life Span Psychology: Integrated Paradigm or Complementing Pathways?”. Advances in Life Course Research, 14(1), 5-14.
  • Dunn, K. (2010) “Embodied Transnationalism: Bodies in Transnational Spaces”. Population, Space and Place, 16(1), 1-9.
  • Favell, A. (2003) “Games Without Frontiers? Questioning The Transnational Social Power of Migrants in Europe”. European Journal of Sociology, 44(03), 397-427.
  • Fudge, J. (2015) “Migration and Sustainable Development in the EU: A Case Study of the Seasonal Workers Directive”. International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, 31(3), 331-349.
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  • González-Vázquez, T., Pelcastre-Villafuerte, B.E. ve Taboada, A. (2016). “Surviving the Distance: The Transnational Utilization of Traditional Medicine Among Oaxacan Migrants in the US”.Journal of Immigrant Minority Health,18: 1190-1198. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903- 015-0245-6
  • Gökbayrak, Ş. (2006) Gelişmekte Olan Ülkelerden Gelişmiş Ülkelere Nitelikli İşgücü Göçü Ve Politikalar- Türk Mühendislerinin Beyin Göçü Üzerine Bir İnceleme(Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi).A.Ü Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü,Ankara.
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  • Güllüpınar, F. (2012) “Göç Olgusunun Ekonomi-Politiği ve Uluslararası Göç Kuramları Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme”. Yalova Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 2(4): 53-85.
  • Güllüpınar, F. (2016) “Almanya’da Göçmen Politikaları ve Türkiyeli Göçmenlerin Trajedisi:Yurttaşlık, Haklar ve Eşitsizlikler Üzerine”. Anadolu Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 14(1): 1-16.
  • Ilgaz, A. ve Tuzcu, A. (2015) “Göçün Kadın Ruh Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri (Çevirisi). Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar”.Current Approaches in Psychiatry, 7(1), 56-67 Doi: 10.5455/cap.20140503020915
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GÖÇ: TRANSNASYONALİZM ve TRANSNASYONAL SOSYAL HİZMET

Yıl 2018, Cilt 29, Sayı 1, 173 - 207, 30.04.2018

Öz

Uluslararası göçün, göç alan ve göç veren ülkelerdesosyal hizmet ve kalkınma odağında göçmenlerin yaptıkları döviz havaleleri, beyin göçü, döngüsel göç, diasporalar ve sosyal boyutta etkileri bulunmaktadır. Yeni yüzyılda savaşlar, güvenli bir çevrede yaşama isteği, küresel ısınma, kaynakların sınırlılığı, sosyal ve ekonomik nedenler ile giderek artan uluslararası göç ile birlikte ortaya çıkan olgulardan biri “transnasyonalizm”dir. Transnasyonalizm, insanların geleneksel ülke sınırlarının ötesine esnek hareket etmeleri; birden fazla milletle ve toplumla sosyal, politik, kültürel ve ekonomik bağlar kurmaları olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Bu bağlamda yeni bir ülkede yaşama, çok kültürlülük, uyum ve entegrasyon sürecinde insanların ihtiyaçları çeşitlenmiş ve yeni ihtiyaçları ortaya çıkmıştır. Transnasyonalizm olgusu ile sosyal hizmetin ilgilendiği sosyal sorun alanları da çeşitlenmiştir. Göçmenlerin yaşadıkları ekonomik, kültürel, sosyal ve politik sorunlar ulus ötesi ve küresel düzeyde sosyal hizmetin ilgi alanına dahil olmuştur. Bir sosyal adalet mesleği olan sosyal hizmetin bütüncül bakış açısı ile uluslararası göç ve transnasyonalizm ile çeşitlenen insan ihtiyaçlarının karşılanması ve refah için daha küresel ve yenilikçi bakış açısına ve hizmetlerin yeniden organizasyonuna ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Bu çalışmada transnasyonalizm bağlamında göç, sosyal hizmet ve kalkınma ilişkisi incelenmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Adams Jr, R. H. (2003) International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain: A Study of 24 Labor-Exporting Countries. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3069, 1-29.
  • AFAD. (2017)Suriyeli Sığınmacılara Yapılan Yardımlar. T.C. Başbakanlık Acil Durum ve Afet Yönetimi Başkanlığı (AFAD) Raporu,22 Mayıs 2017.
  • Aksu, H. ve Sevil, Ü. (2010)“Göç ve Kadın Sağlığı”. Maltepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Bilim ve Sanatı Dergisi, 2(3), 133-138.
  • Bakewell, O. (2010)“Some Reflections on Structure and Agency in Migration Theory”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36(10), 1689-1708.
  • Bartram, D. (2011) “Economic Migration and Happiness: Comparing İmmigrants’ and Natives’ Happiness Gains From Income”. Social Indicators Research, 103(1), 57-76.
  • Burnley, I. H. (2016) “Developments and Complementarities in International Migration Paradigms”. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 17(1), 77-94.
  • Castells, M. (2005) Ağ Toplumunun Yükselişi(Çev. E. Kılıç).İstanbul: İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları No: 97.
  • Chikanda, A., Crush, J. ve Walton-Roberts, M. (Eds.) (2016) Diasporas, Development and Governance. Switzerland: Springer.
  • Choi, J. Y. (2012) “Negotiating Old and New Ways: Contextualizing Adapted Health Care-Seeking Behaviors of Korean Immigrants in Hawaii”. Ethnicity & Health, 18:4, 350-366, DOI: 10.1080/13557858.2012.734280.
  • Commander, S., Kangasniemi, M. ve Winters, L. A. (2004) The Brain Drain: Curse or Boon? A Survey of the Literature. In Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics (pp.235-278). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Council of Europe. (2017) Fighting School Segregation in Europe Through Education: A Position Paper. Council of Europe.
  • Cox, P. ve Geisen, T. (2014) “Migration Perspectives in Social Work Research: Local, National and International Contexts”. British Journal of Social Work 44, Supplement 1, i157–i173 doi:10.1093/bjsw/bcu044
  • De Haas, H. (2007) “Turning the Tide? Why Development Will Not Stop Migration”. Development and Change, 38(5), 819-841.
  • De Haas, H. (2010) “Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective”.International Migration Review, 44(1), 227-264.
  • De Haas, H. (2012) “The Migration and Development Dendulum: ACritical View on Research and Policy”. International Migration, 50(3): 8-25 Doi: doi:10.1111/j.1468-2435.2012.00755.x
  • De Haas, H. ve Plug, R. (2006) “Cherishing The Goose With The Golden Eggs: Trends in Migrant Remittances From Europe to Morocco 1970–2004”. International Migration Review, 40(3), 603-634.
  • Diewald, M. ve Mayer, K. U. (2009) “The Sociology of The Life Course and Life Span Psychology: Integrated Paradigm or Complementing Pathways?”. Advances in Life Course Research, 14(1), 5-14.
  • Dunn, K. (2010) “Embodied Transnationalism: Bodies in Transnational Spaces”. Population, Space and Place, 16(1), 1-9.
  • Favell, A. (2003) “Games Without Frontiers? Questioning The Transnational Social Power of Migrants in Europe”. European Journal of Sociology, 44(03), 397-427.
  • Fudge, J. (2015) “Migration and Sustainable Development in the EU: A Case Study of the Seasonal Workers Directive”. International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, 31(3), 331-349.
  • FRA [European Union Agency For Fundemantal Rights] .(2017) Together in the EU: Promoting the Participations of Migrants and Their Decendents. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  • European Comission. (1999) Tampere Council Conclusions 1999: CFSP Presidency Statement: Tampere 16/10/1999 Nr: 200/1/99. Erişim Tarihi: 26.02.2018, Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/anti-trafficking/eu-policy/tampere-council-conclusions-1999_en
  • Eurostat.(2017) Migrant Integration 2017 Edition. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  • Geçici Koruma Yönetmeliği. (2014) T. C. Resmi Gazete, 29153, 22 Ekim 2014.
  • González-Vázquez, T., Pelcastre-Villafuerte, B.E. ve Taboada, A. (2016). “Surviving the Distance: The Transnational Utilization of Traditional Medicine Among Oaxacan Migrants in the US”.Journal of Immigrant Minority Health,18: 1190-1198. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903- 015-0245-6
  • Gökbayrak, Ş. (2006) Gelişmekte Olan Ülkelerden Gelişmiş Ülkelere Nitelikli İşgücü Göçü Ve Politikalar- Türk Mühendislerinin Beyin Göçü Üzerine Bir İnceleme(Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi).A.Ü Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü,Ankara.
  • Gökbayrak, Ş. (2008) “Uluslararası Göç ve Kalkınma Tartışmaları: Beyin Göçü Üzerine Bir İnceleme”. Ankara Üniversitesi SBF Dergisi, 63(03), 065-082.
  • Güllüpınar, F. (2012) “Göç Olgusunun Ekonomi-Politiği ve Uluslararası Göç Kuramları Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme”. Yalova Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 2(4): 53-85.
  • Güllüpınar, F. (2016) “Almanya’da Göçmen Politikaları ve Türkiyeli Göçmenlerin Trajedisi:Yurttaşlık, Haklar ve Eşitsizlikler Üzerine”. Anadolu Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 14(1): 1-16.
  • Ilgaz, A. ve Tuzcu, A. (2015) “Göçün Kadın Ruh Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri (Çevirisi). Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar”.Current Approaches in Psychiatry, 7(1), 56-67 Doi: 10.5455/cap.20140503020915
  • Inter-American Bank. (2002) Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean. Erişim Tarihi: 19 Nisan 2017, Retrieved from https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/749/Remittances%20to%20Latin%20America%20and%20the%20Caribbean.pdf?sequence=1
  • IOM. (2005) World Migration Report 2005: Costs and Benefits of International Migration. Erişim Tarihi: 1 Mart 2016, Retrieved from http://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/wmr_2005_3.pdf?language=en
  • IOM. (2009) Göç Terimleri Sözlüğü. Erişim Tarihi: 23 Şubat 2016,Retrieved fromhttp://goc.gov.tr/files/files/goc_terimleri_sozlugu(1).pdf
  • IOM. (2013) Diasporas and Development: Bridging Societies and States. Switzerland: IOM. Erişim Tarihi: 24 Nisan 2016, Retrieved from http://www.iom.int/files/live/sites/iom/files/What-We-Do/idm/workshops/IDM-2013- Diaspora-Ministerial-conference/DMC_Final_Conference_Report.pdf
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal Çalışma
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Emine ÖZMETE (Sorumlu Yazar)
0000-0002-9264-5660


Ezgi ARSLAN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2018
Başvuru Tarihi 13 Haziran 2017
Kabul Tarihi 26 Mart 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 29, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Özmete, E. & Arslan, E. (2018). GÖÇ: TRANSNASYONALİZM ve TRANSNASYONAL SOSYAL HİZMET . Toplum ve Sosyal Hizmet , 29 (1) , 173-207 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tsh/issue/38635/448695