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HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER

Yıl 2019, Sayı 25, 77 - 84, 01.03.2019

Öz

The aim of this study is to investigate the place of locusts in Hittite culture by comparing the Mesopotamian and Egyptian samples. Locusts appear in the Egyptian and Mesopotamian texts as an expression of multiplicity or in texts including locust invasions. In Hittite documents, the word is written with its Sumerian equivalent, BURU5, or Hittite equivalent maša-. The documents that include the expression locust are letters, prayers, ritual texts, mythological texts and omens. It is commonly seen to be included in religious texts. In addition, a letter mentioning that Kaškaeans’ grain was eaten by locusts is the only document in the Hittite archives that shows the concrete example of locust invasion. The less frequent mention of invasions suggests that documents mentioning them may have been written on wooden tablets.

Kaynakça

  • ALP, S. 1991. Maşat-Höyük’te Bulunan Çivi Yazılı Hitit Tabletleri / Hethitische Keilschrifttafeln aus Maşat-Höyük. Ankara.
  • BOROWSKI, O. 2002. “Animals in the Literatures of Syria-Palestine” A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East (Ed. B. J. Collins). Leiden-Boston-Köln: 289-306.
  • BRYCE, T. 2009. The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia. The Near East from the Early Bronze Age to the Fall of the Persian Empire. London-New York.
  • DARDANO, P. 2006. Die hethitischen Tontafelkataloge aus Ḫattuša (CTH 276-282) (StBoT 47). Wiesbaden.
  • FUSCAGNI, F. 2012sqq. “Fragment eines eliminatorischen Analogierituals mit Erwähnung des „Roten Flusses“ und des MaraššantaFlusses (CTH 458.6)” hethiter.net/: CTH 458.6.
  • HAWKINS, J. D. 2000. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, I. Inscriptions of the Iron Age. Berlin-New York.
  • VAN DEN HOUT, TH. P. J. 2013. “Hitit Krallığı ve İmparatorluğu’nun Kısa Tarihi/A Short History of the Hittite Kingdom” Hititler, Bir Anadolu İmparatorluğu/Hittites An Anatolian Empire (Eds. M. Doğan-Alparslan/M. Alparslan). İstanbul: 22-44.
  • HUNGER, H. 1972–75. “Heuschrecke”, Reallexicon der Assyriologie 4: 389-390.
  • KELHOFFER, J. A. 2004. “Did John the Baptist Eat Like a Former Essene? Locust-Eating in the Ancient Near East and at Qumran”, Dead Sea Discoveries 11/3: 293-314.
  • KENAWY, M. A./ABDEL-HAMİD, Y. M. 2015. “Insects in ancient (Pharaonic) Egypt: a review of fauna, their mythological and religious significance and associated diseases” Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 8/1: 15-32.
  • KOCH-WESTENHOLZ, U. 1993. “Mesopotamian Astrology at Ḫattuša”, Die Rolle der Astronomie in den Kulturen Mesopotamiens. Beiträge zum 3. Grazer Morgenländischen Symposium, 23.-27. September 1991, (Grazer Morgenländische Studien 3) (Ed. H. D. Galter). Gratz: 231-246.
  • LAROCHE, E. 1960. Les Hiéroglyphes Hittites. Paris.
  • LEWIS, S./LLEWLLYN-JONES, L. 2018. The Culture of Animals in Antiquity. A Sourcebook with Commentaries. London-New York.
  • PARPOLA, S. 1987. The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part I:letters from Assyria and the West (State Archives of Assyria 1). Helsinki.
  • POETTO, M. 1991. “Ad Tocharian B karse “hart, deer” and Hittite karšaš “locust, grasshopper””, Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 5: 57-60.
  • PRINGRUBER, R. 2014. “Plagues and Prices: Locust”, Documentary Sources in Ancient Near Eastern and Greco-Roman Economic History Methodology and Practice (Eds. H. D. Baker/M. Jursa). Oxford-Philadelphia: 163-186.
  • PUHVEL, J. 2004. “Bunch of Grapes, Swarm of Locusts”, Journal of Cuneiform Studies 56: 127-128.
  • RADNER, R. 2004. “Fressen und gefressen werden. Heuschrecken als Katastrophe und Delikatesse im Alten Vorderen Orient”, Die Welt des Orients 34: 7-22.
  • RIEKEN, E. et al 2009sqq. a “CTH 348.I.24 – Das Ḫedammu-Lied” hethiter.net/: CTH 348.I.24.
  • RIEKEN, E. et al 2009sqq. b “CTH 370.I.25 - Mythologisches Fragment” hethiter. net/: CTH 370.I.25.
  • RIEMSCHNEIDER, K. K. 2004. Die akkadischen und hethitischen Omentexte aus Boğazköy (DBH 12). Dresden.
  • SAYED, M. R. 2018. “Locust and its signification in Ptolemaic texts”, Journal of Historical Archaeology & Anthropological Sciences 3/4: 584-588.
  • STRECK, M. 1916. Assurbanipal und die letzten assyrischen Könige bis zum Untergange Niniveh’s. II. Teil: Texte. Die Inscriften Assurbanipals und der letzten assyrischen Könige. Leipzig.
  • SYMINGTON, D. 1991. “Late Bronz Age Writing-Boards and Their Uses: Textual Evidence from Anatolia and Syria”, Anatolian Studies 41: 111-123.
  • TRABAZO, G. J. V. 2002. Textos religiosos hititas. Mitos, plegarias y rituales. Madrid.
  • TEETER, E. 2002. “Animals in Egyptian Literature”, A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East (Ed. B. J. Collins). Leiden-Boston-Köln: 251-270.
  • ÜNAL, A. 1977. “M. Ö. II. Binyıl Anadolu’sunda Doğal Âfetler”, Belleten 41/163: 423-472.

LOCUSTS IN THE HITTITE CULTURE

Yıl 2019, Sayı 25, 77 - 84, 01.03.2019

Öz

The aim of this study is to investigate the place of locusts in Hittite culture by comparing the Mesopotamian and Egyptian samples. Locusts appear in the Egyptian and Mesopotamian texts as an expression of multiplicity or in texts including locust invasions. In Hittite documents, the word is written with its Sumerian equivalent, BURU5, or Hittite equivalent maša-. The documents that include the expression locust are letters, prayers, ritual texts, mythological texts and omens. It is commonly seen to be included in religious texts. In addition, a letter mentioning that Kaškaeans’ grain was eaten by locusts is the only document in the Hittite archives that shows the concrete example of locust invasion. The less frequent mention of invasions suggests that documents mentioning them may have been written on wooden tablets

Kaynakça

  • ALP, S. 1991. Maşat-Höyük’te Bulunan Çivi Yazılı Hitit Tabletleri / Hethitische Keilschrifttafeln aus Maşat-Höyük. Ankara.
  • BOROWSKI, O. 2002. “Animals in the Literatures of Syria-Palestine” A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East (Ed. B. J. Collins). Leiden-Boston-Köln: 289-306.
  • BRYCE, T. 2009. The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia. The Near East from the Early Bronze Age to the Fall of the Persian Empire. London-New York.
  • DARDANO, P. 2006. Die hethitischen Tontafelkataloge aus Ḫattuša (CTH 276-282) (StBoT 47). Wiesbaden.
  • FUSCAGNI, F. 2012sqq. “Fragment eines eliminatorischen Analogierituals mit Erwähnung des „Roten Flusses“ und des MaraššantaFlusses (CTH 458.6)” hethiter.net/: CTH 458.6.
  • HAWKINS, J. D. 2000. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, I. Inscriptions of the Iron Age. Berlin-New York.
  • VAN DEN HOUT, TH. P. J. 2013. “Hitit Krallığı ve İmparatorluğu’nun Kısa Tarihi/A Short History of the Hittite Kingdom” Hititler, Bir Anadolu İmparatorluğu/Hittites An Anatolian Empire (Eds. M. Doğan-Alparslan/M. Alparslan). İstanbul: 22-44.
  • HUNGER, H. 1972–75. “Heuschrecke”, Reallexicon der Assyriologie 4: 389-390.
  • KELHOFFER, J. A. 2004. “Did John the Baptist Eat Like a Former Essene? Locust-Eating in the Ancient Near East and at Qumran”, Dead Sea Discoveries 11/3: 293-314.
  • KENAWY, M. A./ABDEL-HAMİD, Y. M. 2015. “Insects in ancient (Pharaonic) Egypt: a review of fauna, their mythological and religious significance and associated diseases” Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 8/1: 15-32.
  • KOCH-WESTENHOLZ, U. 1993. “Mesopotamian Astrology at Ḫattuša”, Die Rolle der Astronomie in den Kulturen Mesopotamiens. Beiträge zum 3. Grazer Morgenländischen Symposium, 23.-27. September 1991, (Grazer Morgenländische Studien 3) (Ed. H. D. Galter). Gratz: 231-246.
  • LAROCHE, E. 1960. Les Hiéroglyphes Hittites. Paris.
  • LEWIS, S./LLEWLLYN-JONES, L. 2018. The Culture of Animals in Antiquity. A Sourcebook with Commentaries. London-New York.
  • PARPOLA, S. 1987. The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part I:letters from Assyria and the West (State Archives of Assyria 1). Helsinki.
  • POETTO, M. 1991. “Ad Tocharian B karse “hart, deer” and Hittite karšaš “locust, grasshopper””, Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 5: 57-60.
  • PRINGRUBER, R. 2014. “Plagues and Prices: Locust”, Documentary Sources in Ancient Near Eastern and Greco-Roman Economic History Methodology and Practice (Eds. H. D. Baker/M. Jursa). Oxford-Philadelphia: 163-186.
  • PUHVEL, J. 2004. “Bunch of Grapes, Swarm of Locusts”, Journal of Cuneiform Studies 56: 127-128.
  • RADNER, R. 2004. “Fressen und gefressen werden. Heuschrecken als Katastrophe und Delikatesse im Alten Vorderen Orient”, Die Welt des Orients 34: 7-22.
  • RIEKEN, E. et al 2009sqq. a “CTH 348.I.24 – Das Ḫedammu-Lied” hethiter.net/: CTH 348.I.24.
  • RIEKEN, E. et al 2009sqq. b “CTH 370.I.25 - Mythologisches Fragment” hethiter. net/: CTH 370.I.25.
  • RIEMSCHNEIDER, K. K. 2004. Die akkadischen und hethitischen Omentexte aus Boğazköy (DBH 12). Dresden.
  • SAYED, M. R. 2018. “Locust and its signification in Ptolemaic texts”, Journal of Historical Archaeology & Anthropological Sciences 3/4: 584-588.
  • STRECK, M. 1916. Assurbanipal und die letzten assyrischen Könige bis zum Untergange Niniveh’s. II. Teil: Texte. Die Inscriften Assurbanipals und der letzten assyrischen Könige. Leipzig.
  • SYMINGTON, D. 1991. “Late Bronz Age Writing-Boards and Their Uses: Textual Evidence from Anatolia and Syria”, Anatolian Studies 41: 111-123.
  • TRABAZO, G. J. V. 2002. Textos religiosos hititas. Mitos, plegarias y rituales. Madrid.
  • TEETER, E. 2002. “Animals in Egyptian Literature”, A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East (Ed. B. J. Collins). Leiden-Boston-Köln: 251-270.
  • ÜNAL, A. 1977. “M. Ö. II. Binyıl Anadolu’sunda Doğal Âfetler”, Belleten 41/163: 423-472.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Research Article
Yazarlar

Fatma KAYNAR Bu kişi benim
Istanbul University, Faculty of Letters, Chair of Hittitology, 34134 İstanbul/TURKEY

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Mart 2019
Gönderilme Tarihi
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt , Sayı 25

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { tubaar925554, journal = {TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi}, issn = {1301-8566}, eissn = {2667-5005}, address = {TÜBA - TÜRKİYE BİLİMLER AKADEMİSİ Piyade Sokak No: 27 Çankaya 06690 ANKARA}, publisher = {Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi}, year = {2019}, number = {25}, pages = {77 - 84}, title = {HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER}, key = {cite}, author = {Kaynar, Fatma} }
APA Kaynar, F. (2019). HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER . TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi , (25) , 77-84 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tubaar/issue/61846/925554
MLA Kaynar, F. "HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER" . TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi (2019 ): 77-84 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tubaar/issue/61846/925554>
Chicago Kaynar, F. "HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER". TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi (2019 ): 77-84
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER AU - FatmaKaynar Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 77 EP - 84 VL - IS - 25 SN - 1301-8566-2667-5005 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2023 ER -
EndNote %0 TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER %A Fatma Kaynar %T HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER %D 2019 %J TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi %P 1301-8566-2667-5005 %V %N 25 %R %U
ISNAD Kaynar, Fatma . "HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER". TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi / 25 (Mart 2019): 77-84 .
AMA Kaynar F. HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER. TÜBA-AR. 2019; (25): 77-84.
Vancouver Kaynar F. HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER. TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi. 2019; (25): 77-84.
IEEE F. Kaynar , "HİTİT KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÇEKİRGELER", TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi, sayı. 25, ss. 77-84, Mar. 2019

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