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İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI

Yıl 2019, Sayı 25, 95 - 108, 01.03.2019

Öz

Batı Anadolu’da birçok yerleşimde Miken seramiği bulunmuş olmasına karşın Miken kadın figürinleri aynı oranda ele geçmemektedir. Ticari ilişkilerin kanıtı olabilecek seramiğin ele geçmesine karşın birçok yerleşimde figürinlerin varlığı ile karşılaşılmaması onların her durumda ticari bir meta olmadığını, yerel elitler tarafından tercih edilmediğini gösterebileceği gibi Miken varlığının yerleşimde bulunmaması ile de açıklanabilmelidir. Ticari bağlantılarla Miken seramiği, Batı Anadolu kıyılarında tercih görürken en azından ticari anlamda söz konusu figürinler tercih edilmemiştir. Batı Anadolu’da ele geçen kadın figürinlerininbuluntu yerleri dikkate alındığında–Miletos ve Limantepe gibi Ege kökenli güçlü kanıtlar içeren- Miken varlığının sorgulanması yanlış olmamalıdır. Doğu Akdeniz’de ise Miken kadın figürinleri sayısal olarak oldukça az olmasına karşın Ugarit örneğinde durumun daha farklı olduğu görülmektedir. Miken kadın figürinlerinin sivil mimaride ele geçiyor olması muhtemelen Ege coğrafyasının Ugarit ile kurmuş olduğu uzun bir dönemeyayılan ilişkilerin sonucudur. Genel olarak Miken seramiği ile kadın figürinlerinin yayılımını karşılaştırdığımızda, seramiğin Doğu Akdeniz’de geniş bir coğrafyada ele geçtiği görülürken, kadın figürinlerinin benzer bir yayılıma sahip olmadığını söylemek mümkündür. Bu durum kadın figürinlerinin Ege dünyası insanları için olan anlamlarının GTÇ içerisinde Doğu Akdeniz kıyılarınataşınamaması ile ilişkili olmasından çok, Miken ticari aktiviteleri içerisinde güçlü bir ticari enstrüman olmamasından kaynaklanıyor olmalıdır. Buna karşın GTÇ sonundaki göçlerle birlikte bazı temel kültürel unsurlarını Doğu Akdeniz kıyılarına taşıyan Ege kökenli halkların, seramikleri gibi kadın figürinlerini de ata topraklarından getirdikleri kültürel unsurlarla üretmiş oldukları görülmektedir.

Kaynakça

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  • BENZI, M. 2013. “The Southeast Aegean in the Age of the Sea Peoples”, The Philistines and Other “Sea Peoples” in Text and Archaeology (Eds. A. Killebrew/G. Lehmann). Atlanta: 509-542.
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A MYCENAEAN FIGURINE FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF İZMİR AND CIRCULATION OF MYCENAEAN FEMALE FIGURINES IN EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN

Yıl 2019, Sayı 25, 95 - 108, 01.03.2019

Öz

Although Mycenaean pottery was found in many settlements in Western Anatolia, Mycenaean female figurines were not encountered evenly. Despite the existence of pottery which may be a proof of commercial relations, the presence of figurines were not encountered in many settlements can be explained by the fact that they were not a commercial commodity in every situation, not preferred by local elites or the absence of Mycenaean presence in the settlement. While the Mycenaean pottery were preferred on the coasts of Western Anatolia by commercial relations, at least in the commercial sense these figurines were not preferred. Considering the finds of female figurines found in Western Anatolia -including evidence of Aegean origin such as Miletos and Limantepe-, the questioning of the presence of Mycenaean can not be inaccurate. In the Eastern Mediterranean, although the Mycenaean female figurines are numerically less, it is seen that the situation is different in the example of Ugarit. The fact that Mycenaean female figurines were found in civil architecture was probably the result of a long period of relations established by the Aegean kingdoms with Ugarit. When we compare the distribution of Mycenaean pottery and female figurines in general, it is seen that pottery were found in a wide area in the Eastern Mediterranean, while female figurines do not have a similar distribution. This is not related to the fact that female figurines were not able to carry the meaning of the Aegean people to the East Mediterranean coasts within the LBA. It must be due to the fact that figurines were not a strong commercial instrument within the Mycenaean commercial activities. In spite of this, it is seen that the peoples of Aegean origin carrying some of their basic cultural elements to the shores of the Eastern Mediterranean along with the migrations at the end of Late Bronze Age produced female figurines like pottery with the cultural elements they had brought from their ancestral lands

Kaynakça

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  • AYKURT A. 2010. “Late Bronze Age Pottery From Çeşme Bağlararası”, OLBA XVIII: 1-63.
  • BASEDOW, M. 2000. Beşik-Tepe: Das spätbronzezeitliche Gräberfeld. Studia Troica - Monographs 1. Mainz.
  • BECKMAN, G./BRYCE, T./CLINE, E. 2011. The Ahhiyawa Texts. Atlanta.
  • BEN-SHLOMO, D. 2010. Philistine Iconography: A Wealth of Style and Symbolism. Göttingen.
  • BEN-SHLOMO, D/PRESS, M.D. 2009. “A Reexamination of Aegean-Style Figurines in Light of New Evidence from Ashdod, Ashkelon, and Ekron”, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 353: 39-74.
  • BENTER, M. 2010. “Milas’taki Pilavtepe Miken oda mezarı”, Belleten 270: 343-354.
  • BENZI, M. 1999. “Mycenaean Figurines From Iasos”, Gli Scavi Italiani A Iasos in Caria Parte Prima, Napoli: 269-282.
  • BENZI, M. 2005. “Mycenaeans at Iasos? A Reassessment of Doro Levi’s Excavations”, Emporia: Aegeans in the Central and EasternMediterranean: Proceedings of the 10th International Aegean Conference. Athens, Italian School of Archaeology, 14–18 April 2004 (Eds. R. Laffineur/E. Greco). Liege: 205-216.
  • BENZI, M. 2013. “The Southeast Aegean in the Age of the Sea Peoples”, The Philistines and Other “Sea Peoples” in Text and Archaeology (Eds. A. Killebrew/G. Lehmann). Atlanta: 509-542.
  • BOYSAL, Y. 1969. Katalog Der Vasen im Museum in Bodrum I, Mykenisch-Protogeometrisch. Ankara.
  • BÜYÜKKOLANCI, M. 2008. “Selçuk Ayasuluk Tepesi (Eski Efes) “Appasas” mı?”, Batı Anadolu ve Doğu Akdeniz Geç Tunç Çağı Kültürleri Üzerine Yeni Araştırmalar (Eds. A. Erkanal-Öktü/S. Günel/U. Deniz). Ankara: 41-55.
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  • FRENCH, E. 1971. “The Development of Mycenaean Terracotta Figurines”, The Annual of the British School at Athens 66: 101-187.
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  • GEORGIADIS, M. 2003. The South-Eastern Aegean in the Mycenaean Period: islands, landscape, death and ancestors, Oxford.
  • GÖDECKEN, K.B. 1988. “A contribution to the early history of Miletus”, Problems in Greek Prehistory (Ed. K. A. Wardle/E. B. French). Bristol: 307–318.
  • GÜLTEKİN H/BARAN, M. 1964. “Selçuk Tepesinde Bulunan Miken Mezarı,” Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi 13/2: 122-133.
  • GÜNEL, S. 1998. “Liman Tepe’de Ele Geçen Bir Myken Figürin Parçası”, Belleten LXII/233: 25-31.
  • GÜNEL, S. 1999. Panaztepe II: M.Ö. 2. Bine Tarihlendirilen Panaztepe Seramiğinin Batı Anadolu ve Ege Arkeolojisindeki Yeri ve Önemi. Ankara.
  • GÜNEL, S. 2015. “Çine-Tepecik: New Contributions on Late Bronze Age Cultures in Western Anatolia”, Nostoi. Indigenous Culture, Migration and Integration in the Aegean Islands and Western Anatolia during the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Istanbul 31 March – 3 April 2011 (Eds. K. Konstantinos/Ç. Maner/N. Stampolidis). İstanbul: 627-646.
  • GÜR, B. 2014. Miken Uygarlığı ve Ahhiyawa. İstanbul.
  • HAGG, R. 1981. “The House sanctuary at Asine revisited”, Sanctuaries and Cults in the Aegean Bronze Age (Eds. R. Hagg/N. Marinatos). Stockholm: 91-94.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Research Article
Yazarlar

Barış GÜR Bu kişi benim
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi, Müzecilik Bölümü, Tınaztepe Kampüsü, Buca-İZMİR

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Mart 2019
Gönderilme Tarihi
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt , Sayı 25

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { tubaar925562, journal = {TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi}, issn = {1301-8566}, eissn = {2667-5005}, address = {TÜBA - TÜRKİYE BİLİMLER AKADEMİSİ Piyade Sokak No: 27 Çankaya 06690 ANKARA}, publisher = {Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi}, year = {2019}, number = {25}, pages = {95 - 108}, title = {İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI}, key = {cite}, author = {Gür, Barış} }
APA Gür, B. (2019). İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI . TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi , (25) , 95-108 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tubaar/issue/61846/925562
MLA Gür, B. "İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI" . TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi (2019 ): 95-108 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tubaar/issue/61846/925562>
Chicago Gür, B. "İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI". TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi (2019 ): 95-108
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI AU - BarışGür Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 95 EP - 108 VL - IS - 25 SN - 1301-8566-2667-5005 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2023 ER -
EndNote %0 TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI %A Barış Gür %T İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI %D 2019 %J TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi %P 1301-8566-2667-5005 %V %N 25 %R %U
ISNAD Gür, Barış . "İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI". TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi / 25 (Mart 2019): 95-108 .
AMA Gür B. İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI. TÜBA-AR. 2019; (25): 95-108.
Vancouver Gür B. İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI. TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi. 2019; (25): 95-108.
IEEE B. Gür , "İZMİR ARKEOLOJİ MÜZESİ’NDEN BİR MİKEN FİGÜRİNİ VE MİKEN KADIN FİGÜRİNLERİNİN DOĞU AKDENİZ’DEKİ DOLAŞIMI", TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi, sayı. 25, ss. 95-108, Mar. 2019

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