Yıl 2020, Cilt 5 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 152 - 172 2020-12-31

SOVEREIGN EQUALITY IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
ULUSLARARASI İLİŞKİLERDE ÜSTÜN EŞİTLİK

Serdar YURTSEVER [1] , Mehmet Nesip ÖĞÜN [2]


In the concept of sovereignty, the general acceptance states are authoritarian in the internal affairs and independent in the external affairs. Therefore, all states are equal in the context of sovereignty and independence. This general acceptance is defined as Westphalian sovereignty or absolute sovereignty, and absolute sovereignty includes absolute equality. However, in international system, there are unequal states in the context of many parameters such as physical, military, economic and demographic. In this sense, absolute equality is a claim that cannot be realized. Considering factors such as physical, political, economic, population, military power, it is not possible to say that all states in the world are equal. There is a hierarchical structure in favor of great powers. Therefore, it would not be wrong to say that big states are effective and directive on international organizations. While it may seem like a contradiction, the only way for the small and weak states to realize their sovereignty is to participate in various regimes that regulate the international system. In this study, the relationship between the theory of sovereignty and its applications in international relations will be examined. Key Words: Sovereignty, Equality, Authority, State, Vote.
Egemenlik kavramında genel kabul, devletlerin iç işlerinde otoriter, dış işlerinde ise bağımsız ve dolayısıyla diğer devletlerle egemenlik ve bağımsızlık bağlamında eşit oldukları yönündedir. Bu genel kabul klasik, Westphalian ve mutlak egemenlik olarak tanımlanmaktadır ve mutlak egemenlik mutlak eşitliği içermektedir. Mutlak eşitlik ise fizikî, askerî, ekonomik, demografik vs. birçok parametre bağlamında eşit olmayan devletlerin yer aldığı bir uluslararası sistemde gerçekleşmesi mümkün olmayan bir iddia olmaktadır. Fiziksel, politik, ekonomik, nüfus, askeri güç gibi faktörler dikkate alındığında, dünyadaki bütün devletlerin eşit olduğunu söylemek mümkün değildir. Büyük güçler lehine hiyerarşik bir yapı vardır. Bu nedenle, büyük devletlerin uluslararası örgütler üzerinde etkili ve yönlendirici olduğunu söylemek yanlış olmayacaktır. Bir çelişki gibi görünse de, küçük ve zayıf devletlerin egemenliklerini gerçekleştirmelerinin tek yolu, uluslararası sistemi düzenleyen çeşitli rejimlere katılmaktır. Bu çalışmada, egemenlik teorisi ile uluslararası ilişkilerdeki uygulamaları arasındaki ilişki incelenecektir.
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Orcid: 0000-0003-2260-1416
Yazar: Serdar YURTSEVER
Kurum: AKDENİZ KARPAZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5866-1341
Yazar: Mehmet Nesip ÖĞÜN
Kurum: AKDENİZ KARPAZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2020

APA Yurtsever, S , Öğün, M . (2020). SOVEREIGN EQUALITY IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS . Uluslararası Türk Kültür Coğrafyasında Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 5 (2) , 152-172 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/turksosbilder/issue/59442/839306