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The Effects of Skillset of University Graduates on the Ease of Finding Skilled Employees

Yıl 2019, Cilt 2, Sayı 3, 170 - 173, 30.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.32329/uad.628565

Öz

Both for firms and for the countries, it is vital to find qualified human capital in order to compete in the highly competitive world economy conditions. On the other hand, it is also clear that university education has the most important role to establish a skillset and qualification for the graduates. In this context, the main of this study is to analyse the effects of skillset of university graduates on the ease of finding skilled employees. Main finding of the study is that ease finding of skilled employees increase, as the skillset of university graduates increases. For this reason, it is a critical policy to increase the quality of university education in order to improve skillset of human capital and sustainable economic development. It is concluded that university and industry collaboration is vital to design optimal academic and practical skillsets of the graduates and to determine how to achieve these targets.

Kaynakça

  • Andrews, J., & Higson, H. (2008). Graduate employability,‘soft skills’ versus ‘hard’business knowledge: A European study. Higher education in Europe, 33(4), 411-422.
  • Bridgstock, R. (2009). The graduate attributes we’ve overlooked: Enhancing graduate employability through career management skills. Higher Education Research & Development, 28(1), 31-44.
  • Brown, P., Hesketh, A., & Wiliams, S. (2003). Employability in a knowledge-driven economy. Journal of education and work, 16(2), 107-126.
  • Cassidy, S. (2006). Developing employability skills: Peer assessment in higher education. Education+ training, 48(7), 508-517.
  • Crebert*, G., Bates, M., Bell, B., Patrick, C. J., & Cragnolini, V. (2004). Developing generic skills at university, during work placement and in employment: graduates' perceptions. Higher Education Research & Development, 23(2), 147-165.
  • Fallows, S., & Steven, C. (2000). Building employability skills into the higher education curriculum: a university-wide initiative. Education+ training, 42(2), 75-83.
  • Fallows, S., & Steven, C. (2013). Integrating key skills in higher education: Employability, transferable skills and learning for life. Routledge.
  • Harvey, L. (2000). New realities: The relationship between higher education and employment. Tertiary Education & Management, 6(1), 3-17.
  • Hoffmann, S., & Ash, J. (2001). A survey of academic and industry professionals regarding the preferred skillset of graduates of medical informatics programs. Studies in health technology and informatics, (2), 1028-1032.
  • Jackson, D. (2015). Employability skill development in work-integrated learning: Barriers and best practice. Studies in Higher Education, 40(2), 350-367.
  • Mason, G., Williams, G., & Cranmer, S. (2009). Employability skills initiatives in higher education: what effects do they have on graduate labour market outcomes?. Education Economics, 17(1), 1-30.
  • Morley, L. (2001). Producing new workers: Quality, equality and employability in higher education. Quality in higher education, 7(2), 131-138.
  • Raymond, M. A., McNabb, D. E., & Matthaei, C. F. (1993). Preparing graduates for the workforce: The role of business education. Journal of Education for Business, 68(4), 202-206.
  • Tanyel, F., Mitchell, M. A., & McAlum, H. G. (1999). The skill set for success of new business school graduates: Do prospective employers and university faculty agree?. Journal of Education for Business, 75(1), 33-37.
  • Tomlinson, M. (2008). ‘The degree is not enough’: students’ perceptions of the role of higher education credentials for graduate work and employability. British journal of sociology of education, 29(1), 49-61.
  • Yorke, M. (2006). Employability in higher education: what it is-what it is not (Vol. 1). York: Higher Education Academy.
  • Abdulai, A. F., Murphy, L., & Thomas, B. (2019). University Knowledge Transfer And Innovation Performance In Firms: The Ghanaian Experience. International Journal Of Innovation Management, 2050023.
  • Abramo, G., D’Angelo, C. A., Di Costa, F., & Solazzi, M. (2009). University–industry collaboration in Italy: A bibliometric examination. Technovation, 29(6-7), 498-507.
  • Barnes, T., Pashby, I., & Gibbons, A. (2002). Effective university–industry interaction:: A multi-case evaluation of collaborative r&d projects. European Management Journal, 20(3), 272-285.
  • Bruneel, J., d’Este, P., & Salter, A. (2010). Investigating the factors that diminish the barriers to university–industry collaboration. Research policy, 39(7), 858-868.
  • Dooley, L., & Kirk, D. (2007). University-industry collaboration: Grafting the entrepreneurial paradigm onto academic structures. European Journal of Innovation Management, 10(3), 316-332.
  • Freitas, I. M. B., Marques, R. A., & e Silva, E. M. D. P. (2013). University–industry collaboration and innovation in emergent and mature industries in new industrialized countries. Research Policy, 42(2), 443-453.
  • Gertner, D., Roberts, J., & Charles, D. (2011). University-industry collaboration: a CoPs approach to KTPs. Journal of knowledge management, 15(4), 625-647.
  • Laursen, K., Reichstein, T., & Salter, A. (2011). Exploring the effect of geographical proximity and university quality on university–industry collaboration in the United Kingdom. Regional studies, 45(4), 507-523.
  • Lee, Y. S. (1996). ‘Technology transfer’and the research university: a search for the boundaries of university-industry collaboration. Research policy, 25(6), 843-863.
  • Lee, Y. S. (2000). The sustainability of university-industry research collaboration: An empirical assessment. The journal of Technology transfer, 25(2), 111-133.
  • Meyer-Krahmer, F., & Schmoch, U. (1998). Science-based technologies: university–industry interactions in four fields. Research policy, 27(8), 835-851.
  • Ponds, R., Oort, F. V., & Frenken, K. (2009). Innovation, spillovers and university–industry collaboration: an extended knowledge production function approach. Journal of Economic Geography, 10(2), 231-255
  • Siegel, D. S., Waldman, D. A., Atwater, L. E., & Link, A. N. (2003). Commercial knowledge transfers from universities to firms: improving the effectiveness of university–industry collaboration. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 14(1), 111-133.
  • Steinmo, M., & Rasmussen, E. (2018). The interplay of cognitive and relational social capital dimensions in university-industry collaboration: Overcoming the experience barrier. Research Policy, 47(10), 1964-1974.
  • Thune, T. (2007). University-industry collaboration: the network embeddedness approach. Science and public policy, 34(3), 158-168.

Üniversite Mezunlarının Beceri Düzeylerinin Niteliklik İşgücü Bulma Üzerindeki Etkileri

Yıl 2019, Cilt 2, Sayı 3, 170 - 173, 30.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.32329/uad.628565

Öz

Rekabet düzeyinin yüksek olduğu dünya ekonomisi koşullarında,  hem firmalar hem de ülkeler için, nitelikli insan sermayesi bulmak rekabet edebilmek için büyük öneme sahiptir. Diğer yandan, üniversite eğitiminin mezunlar için beceriler ve nitelik kazandırma konusunda en önemli role sahip olduğu açıktır. Bu bağlamda, bu çalışmanın amacı, üniversite mezunlarının beceri düzeylerinin, yetenekli işgücü bulma kolaylığı üzerindeki etkilerini incelemektir. Çalışmada ulaşılan temel sonuç, üniversite mezunlarının beceri düzeyi arttıkça, nitelikli personel bulma kolaylığının arttığı yönündedir. Bu nedenle, insan sermayesi becerisini ve sürdürülebilir ekonomik kalkınmayı geliştirmek için üniversite eğitiminin kalitesinin artırılması önemli bir politika olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Üniversite ve sanayi işbirliğinin, mezunların optimal akademik ve pratik becerilerini tasarlamak ve bu hedeflere nasıl ulaşılacağını belirlemek için hayati olduğu sonucuna ulaşılmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Andrews, J., & Higson, H. (2008). Graduate employability,‘soft skills’ versus ‘hard’business knowledge: A European study. Higher education in Europe, 33(4), 411-422.
  • Bridgstock, R. (2009). The graduate attributes we’ve overlooked: Enhancing graduate employability through career management skills. Higher Education Research & Development, 28(1), 31-44.
  • Brown, P., Hesketh, A., & Wiliams, S. (2003). Employability in a knowledge-driven economy. Journal of education and work, 16(2), 107-126.
  • Cassidy, S. (2006). Developing employability skills: Peer assessment in higher education. Education+ training, 48(7), 508-517.
  • Crebert*, G., Bates, M., Bell, B., Patrick, C. J., & Cragnolini, V. (2004). Developing generic skills at university, during work placement and in employment: graduates' perceptions. Higher Education Research & Development, 23(2), 147-165.
  • Fallows, S., & Steven, C. (2000). Building employability skills into the higher education curriculum: a university-wide initiative. Education+ training, 42(2), 75-83.
  • Fallows, S., & Steven, C. (2013). Integrating key skills in higher education: Employability, transferable skills and learning for life. Routledge.
  • Harvey, L. (2000). New realities: The relationship between higher education and employment. Tertiary Education & Management, 6(1), 3-17.
  • Hoffmann, S., & Ash, J. (2001). A survey of academic and industry professionals regarding the preferred skillset of graduates of medical informatics programs. Studies in health technology and informatics, (2), 1028-1032.
  • Jackson, D. (2015). Employability skill development in work-integrated learning: Barriers and best practice. Studies in Higher Education, 40(2), 350-367.
  • Mason, G., Williams, G., & Cranmer, S. (2009). Employability skills initiatives in higher education: what effects do they have on graduate labour market outcomes?. Education Economics, 17(1), 1-30.
  • Morley, L. (2001). Producing new workers: Quality, equality and employability in higher education. Quality in higher education, 7(2), 131-138.
  • Raymond, M. A., McNabb, D. E., & Matthaei, C. F. (1993). Preparing graduates for the workforce: The role of business education. Journal of Education for Business, 68(4), 202-206.
  • Tanyel, F., Mitchell, M. A., & McAlum, H. G. (1999). The skill set for success of new business school graduates: Do prospective employers and university faculty agree?. Journal of Education for Business, 75(1), 33-37.
  • Tomlinson, M. (2008). ‘The degree is not enough’: students’ perceptions of the role of higher education credentials for graduate work and employability. British journal of sociology of education, 29(1), 49-61.
  • Yorke, M. (2006). Employability in higher education: what it is-what it is not (Vol. 1). York: Higher Education Academy.
  • Abdulai, A. F., Murphy, L., & Thomas, B. (2019). University Knowledge Transfer And Innovation Performance In Firms: The Ghanaian Experience. International Journal Of Innovation Management, 2050023.
  • Abramo, G., D’Angelo, C. A., Di Costa, F., & Solazzi, M. (2009). University–industry collaboration in Italy: A bibliometric examination. Technovation, 29(6-7), 498-507.
  • Barnes, T., Pashby, I., & Gibbons, A. (2002). Effective university–industry interaction:: A multi-case evaluation of collaborative r&d projects. European Management Journal, 20(3), 272-285.
  • Bruneel, J., d’Este, P., & Salter, A. (2010). Investigating the factors that diminish the barriers to university–industry collaboration. Research policy, 39(7), 858-868.
  • Dooley, L., & Kirk, D. (2007). University-industry collaboration: Grafting the entrepreneurial paradigm onto academic structures. European Journal of Innovation Management, 10(3), 316-332.
  • Freitas, I. M. B., Marques, R. A., & e Silva, E. M. D. P. (2013). University–industry collaboration and innovation in emergent and mature industries in new industrialized countries. Research Policy, 42(2), 443-453.
  • Gertner, D., Roberts, J., & Charles, D. (2011). University-industry collaboration: a CoPs approach to KTPs. Journal of knowledge management, 15(4), 625-647.
  • Laursen, K., Reichstein, T., & Salter, A. (2011). Exploring the effect of geographical proximity and university quality on university–industry collaboration in the United Kingdom. Regional studies, 45(4), 507-523.
  • Lee, Y. S. (1996). ‘Technology transfer’and the research university: a search for the boundaries of university-industry collaboration. Research policy, 25(6), 843-863.
  • Lee, Y. S. (2000). The sustainability of university-industry research collaboration: An empirical assessment. The journal of Technology transfer, 25(2), 111-133.
  • Meyer-Krahmer, F., & Schmoch, U. (1998). Science-based technologies: university–industry interactions in four fields. Research policy, 27(8), 835-851.
  • Ponds, R., Oort, F. V., & Frenken, K. (2009). Innovation, spillovers and university–industry collaboration: an extended knowledge production function approach. Journal of Economic Geography, 10(2), 231-255
  • Siegel, D. S., Waldman, D. A., Atwater, L. E., & Link, A. N. (2003). Commercial knowledge transfers from universities to firms: improving the effectiveness of university–industry collaboration. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 14(1), 111-133.
  • Steinmo, M., & Rasmussen, E. (2018). The interplay of cognitive and relational social capital dimensions in university-industry collaboration: Overcoming the experience barrier. Research Policy, 47(10), 1964-1974.
  • Thune, T. (2007). University-industry collaboration: the network embeddedness approach. Science and public policy, 34(3), 158-168.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Özgün Makale
Yazarlar

Gamze SART
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ - CERRAHPAŞA
0000-0002-0653-2855
Türkiye


Hülya KESİCİ ÇALIŞKAN
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSAT FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-5793-7772
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Aralık 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 2, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Sart, G. & Kesici Çalışkan, H. (2019). The Effects of Skillset of University Graduates on the Ease of Finding Skilled Employees . Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi , 2 (3) , 170-173 . DOI: 10.32329/uad.628565