Yıl 2020, Cilt 3 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 128 - 140 2020-09-30

Wastewater Treatment and Bioenergy Production Using Microbial Fuel Cell Technology: Literature Research
Mikrobiyal Yakıt Hücresi Teknolojisini Kullanarak Atıksu Arıtımı ve Biyoenerji Üretimi: Literatür Araştırması

Yasemin Hilal DEGE [1] , Ümmihan DANIŞ [2]


With the rapid increase in the population amount and the development of the industry in recent years, the energy requirement needed cannot be met sufficiently with the limited resources available, and the gap between energy production and consumption is gradually increasing. Considering that fossil-based energy sources will be exhausted in the future, water scarcity and environmental pollution problems; it requires finding new environmentally friendly technologies for sustainable wastewater treatment and power generation. Microbial fuel cells (MFC), which we have encountered recently, are bioelectrochemical systems that can convert organic matter into electrical energy by the metabolic activity of microorganisms. In this system, different wastewater treatment and electricity can be produced simultaneously. In this system, different wastewater treatment and electricity can be produced simultaneously. In this study, firstly, the general structure of MYH technology, its use in wastewater treatment and energy production are mentioned. Then, studies on wastewater treatment and energy production using MYHs were compiled and current difficulties and potentials of this technology were discussed.
Son yıllarda nüfus miktarının hızlı bir şekilde artması ve sanayinin gelişmesiyle birlikte ihtiyaç duyulan enerji ihtiyacı mevcut kısıtlı kaynaklarla yeteri kadar sağlanamamakta, enerji üretim ve tüketim arasındaki açık giderek artmaktadır. Fosil tabanlı enerji kaynaklarının gelecekte tükeneceği göz önüne alındığında oluşacak su kıtlığı ve çevre kirliliği sorunları; sürdürülebilir bir atıksu arıtımı ve enerji üretimi için çevre dostu olan yeni teknolojiler bulmayı zorunlu kılmaktadır. Son zamanlarda karşımıza çıkan mikrobiyal yakıt hücreleri (MYH), organik maddeyi mikroorganizmaların metabolik aktivitesiyle elektrik enerjisine dönüştürebilen biyoelektrokimyasal sistemlerdir. Bu sistemde aynı anda farklı atıksuların arıtımı ve elektrik üretimi yapılabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, ilk olarak MYH teknolojisinin genel yapısından, atıksu arıtımı ve enerji üretiminde kullanılmasından bahsedilmiştir. Daha sonra MYH’ lerin kullanıldığı, atıksu arıtımı ve enerji üretimiyle ilgili yapılmış çalışmalar derlenmiş ve bu teknolojinin mevcut zorluklarından, gelecek potansiyellerinden bahsedilmiştir.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Çevre Bilimleri
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Yasemin Hilal DEGE
Kurum: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Andorra


Yazar: Ümmihan DANIŞ
Kurum: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Andorra


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 7 Nisan 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 12 Temmuz 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2020

APA Dege, Y , Danış, Ü . (2020). Mikrobiyal Yakıt Hücresi Teknolojisini Kullanarak Atıksu Arıtımı ve Biyoenerji Üretimi: Literatür Araştırması . Ulusal Çevre Bilimleri Araştırma Dergisi , 3 (3) , 128-140 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ucbad/issue/54856/785073