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When it does not fit into the Schema

Yıl 2007, Cilt 20, Sayı 2, 283 - 313, 01.08.2007

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Abdullayeva, O. The acquisition of ergative verbs by Turkish EFL students. Unpublished master’s thesis, Bilkent University, Ankara, 1993
  • Anderson, R.C. The notion of schemata and educational enterprise. In R.C. Anderson, R.J. Spiro & W.W Montague Eds.), Schooling and the acquisition of knowledge. Hillsdale, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 1977
  • Bartlett, F. C. Thinking. New York: Basic Books, 1958.
  • Bartlett, F. C. Remembering: An experimental and social study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1932.
  • Bransford, J.D. & Franks, J.J. The Abstraction of linguistic ideas. Cognitive Psychology 2, 1971: 331-350.
  • Burt, M. K. & Kiparsky, C. The gooficon: A repair manual for English. Rowley, Massachusetts: Newbury House, 1972.
  • Burzio, L. Intransitive verbs and Italian auxiliaries. Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge,1981. Kluwer, Reidel 1986.
  • Can, A. The use of ergative verbs by Turkish learners of English. Unpublished master’s thesis, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, 2000.
  • Carrell: L. Some issues in studying the role of schemata, or background knowledge, in second language comprehension. Reading in a Foreign Language, 1, 81-92. Chi, M. T. H., Glaser, R., & Farr, M. 1988: The nature of expertise. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. 1983.
  • Chomsky, N. Syntactic Structures. Mouton: The Hague, 1975.
  • Cook, V. & Newson, M. Chomsky’s Universal Grammar: An introduction (2nd Edition): Oxford : Blackwell Publishers, 1996.
  • Crystal, D. The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Language. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. 1987.
  • Derry, S. J. Cognitive schema theory in the constructivist debate. Educational Psychologist, 31, (pp163-174) 1996.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. A new approach to English grammar on semantic principles. Oxford : Clarendon Press. 1991.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. Ergativity. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Douglas, J. Y & Hargadon, A. The pleasures of immersion and engagement: schemas, scripts and the fifth business. Digital Creativity, 12- 3, (pp153- 166). 2001
  • Eastwood, J. Oxford guide to English grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Ericsson, K.A. & Smith, J. Toward a general theory of expertise. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1991.
  • Floyd: & Carrell: L. Effects on ESL reading of teaching content schemata. Language Learning, 37, (pp.89-108) 1987.
  • Grabe, W. Reassessing the term “Interactive”. In Carrell:L., Devine, J. & Eskey, D.E. Eds.), Interactive approaches to second language reading (pp.56-70), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
  • Halliday, M. A. K & Hassan, R. Language, context, and text: Aspects of language in a social-semiotic perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1989.
  • Halliday, M. A. K. An introduction to functional grammar. Second Edition: New York : Edward Arnold, 1994.
  • Hirakawa, M. L2 acquisition of English unaccusative constructions. Proceedings of the Boston University Conference on Language Development, 19, (pp.291-302), 1995
  • Hubbard: L. Non-transformational theories of grammar: Implications for language teaching. In T. Odlin Ed.), Perspectives on pedagogical grammar pp. 49- 71: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Hubbard: L., & Hix, D. Where vocabulary meets grammar: Verb subcategorization errors in ESL writers. California TESOL Journal, 1, (pp.89-100) 1988.
  • Ingham, R. The ergative alternation in L2 acquisition. In Lexicon Research Group Handbook 1996-1997 (pp.35-47) Department of Linguistic Science of The University of Reading: Reading, 1996.
  • Ju, M. K. Overpassivization errors by second language learners: The effect of conceptualizable agents in discourse. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 22, (pp.85-111), 2000.
  • Juffs, A. Semantics-syntax correspondences in second language acquisition. Second Language Research, 12 , (pp.177-221), 1996.
  • Kant, I. Critique of pure reason. Translated into English by N. K. Smith 1963), London : Macmillan Publishing Company, 1781.
  • Karacaer, Z. “Anadili Türkçe olan öğrencilerin İngilizce’deki istemsiz geçişsiz fiillerde karşılaştıkları sorunlar ve bu fiillerin öğretimine ilişkin öneriler”. [Problems that Turkish learners of English encounter during the acquisition of ergatives and some suggestions about teaching these verbs] Anadolu Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi [Journal of the Faculty of Education, Anadolu University], 1-2, (pp.168-183), 1998.
  • Kellerman, E. Giving learners a break: native language intuitions as a source of predictions about transferability. Working Papers on Bilingualism, 15, (pp.59-92) 1978.
  • Larson, R. K. On the double object construction. Linguistic Inquiry, 19, (pp.335- 391), 1988.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. Speaking: From intention to articulation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1989.
  • Levin, B., & Rappaport Hovav, M. A preliminary analysis of causative verbs in English. Lingua, 94, (pp.35-77), 1994.
  • Levin, B., & Rappaport Hovav, M. Unaccusativity: At the syntax-lexical semantics interface. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press,1995.
  • Little, D. Words and their properties: Arguments for a lexical approach to pedagogical grammar. In Odlin, T. Ed.), Perspectives on pedagogical grammar (pp.99-122) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,1994.
  • Mandler, J. Stories, scripts, and scenes: Aspects of schema theory. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. 1984.
  • Montrul, S. On the nature of interlanguage grammars: Causatives and transitivity in L2 English. Revised version of) article presented at the American Association for Applied Linguistics, Orlando Florida, 1997.
  • Montrul, S. Causative errors with unaccusative verbs in L2 Spanish. Second Language Research, 15, (pp.191-219), 1999.
  • Oshita, H. : “The unaccusative trap”: L2 acquisition of English intransitive verbs. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles,1997.
  • Oshita, H. What is happened may not be what appears to be happening: A corpus study of “passive” unaccusatives in L2 English. Second Language Research, 16, (pp.293-324), 2000.
  • Palmer, F. R. The English Verb (2nd Edition): New York: Longman Inc., 1965.
  • Perlmutter, D. M. Impersonal passives and the unaccusativity hypothesis. In Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society (pp.157-189) Berkeley : Berkeley Linguistic Society, University of California, 1978.
  • Piaget, J. Genetic epistemology, (E. Duckworth Trans.) New York : Columbia University Press, 1970.
  • Pullum, G. K. Citation etiquette beyond thunderdome. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory, 6, (pp.579-588) TOPIC...COMMENT series, 1988.
  • Radford, A. Transformational grammar: A first course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
  • Radford, A. Syntax: A minimalist introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
  • Richards, J. C. A noncontrastive approach to error analysis. In J. W. Oller, Jr., & J. C. Richards Eds.), Focus on the learner: Pragmatic perspectives for the language teacher (pp. 96-113) Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1973.
  • Richgels, D.J. Schema theory, linguistic theory, and representations of reading comprehension. Journal of Educational Research, 76, (pp.54-62) 1982.
  • Rumelhart, D.E. Schemata: The building blocks of cognition. In R.J. Spiro, B. Bruce, & W.F. Brewer Eds.), Theoretical issues in reading and comprehension. (pp.33-58) Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates, 1980.
  • Rutherford, W. E. Interlanguage and pragmatic word order. In S. M. Gass & J. Schachter. (Eds.), Linguistic perspectives on second language acquisition (pp.163-182) New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
  • Schank, R. C. & Abelson, R. P. Scripts, plans, goals and understanding: an inquiry into human knowledge structures. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1977.
  • Sinclair, J;Cockett, S. & Blacker, T. : Collins Cobuild English Grammar. London: Collins. 1990
  • Swan, M. Practical English usage. Oxford : Oxford University Press,1980.
  • Taylor, S.E. & Crocker, J. Schematic bases of social information processing. In E. T. Higgins, C. P. Herman & M. P. Zanna Eds.), Social Cognition The Ontario Symposium, Vol. 1, (pp. 89-134) Hillsdale, NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1981.
  • Thewlis, S. Grammar dimensions: form, meaning and use Book 3: Boston, Massachusetts : Heinle and Heinle Publishers. 1997.
  • Trask, R. L. A dictionary of grammatical terms in linguistics. London and New York: Routledge Inc., 1993.
  • Walton, G. E., Armstrong, E S. &. Bower, T.G.R. Newborns learn to identify a face in eight/tenths of a second. Developmental Science 1:1, (pp 79-84) Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.,1998.
  • White, L. Implications of learnability theories for second language learning and Teaching. Presented at TESOL, Chicago, 1988.
  • White, L. Universal grammar and second language acquisition. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1989.
  • Widdowson, H. G. Learning purpose and language use. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.
  • Yip, V. Grammatical consciousness-raising and learnability. In Odlin, T. (Ed.), Perspectives on pedagogical grammar (pp. 123-138): Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Yip, V. Interlanguage and learnability: From Chinese to English. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1995.
  • Zobl, H. “Configurationality and the subset principle: the acquisition of V’ by Japanese learners of English.” In: J. Pankhurst, M. Sharwood- Smith and P. van Buren Eds.), Learnability and second languages. Dordrecht: Foris, 1988.
  • Zobl, H. Canonical typological structures and ergativity in English L2 acquisition. In S. M. Gass, & J. Schachter Eds.), Linguistic perspectives on second language acquisition (pp. 203–221), New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. CORPUS REFERENCES
  • Data cited herein has been extracted from the British National Corpus Online service, managed by Oxford University Computing Services on behalf of the BNC Consortium. [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/ lookup.html ]
  • CR-01 BMK 1933 On the whole the translation reads well) BMK Chemistry in Britain. London: Royal Society of Chemistry, 1992, pp. ??. 2248 s-units, 43220 bin/saraWeb?qy=reads+well, retrieved in April 2004]
  • http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi
  • CR-02 CFT 617 This one is knitted in a linen-mix yarn which washes well and feels especially soft to touch.) CFT [Goods adverts]. u.p., n.d., pp. ??. 4823 s- units, bin/saraWeb?qy=washes+well, retrieved in April 2004] words.
  • http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi
  • CR-03 CEG 207 When a glass cutter wants to cut glass, he does not bother to cut right through but makes a shallow scratch on the surface after which the glass breaks easily along the line of the scratch.) CEG The new science of strong materials. Gordon, J E. London: Penguin Group, 1991, pp. 63-172. 1442 bin/saraWeb?qy=breaks+easily, retrieved in October 2004] words.
  • http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi
  • CR-04 G21 883 i) It is directional, ie it tears easily in one direction, the direction in which the mould, the mesh upon which a sheet is formed, runs. G21 The Artist's and Illustrator's Magazine. London: Artist's & Illustrator's Mag, 1991, pp. ??. 1390 s-units, 21440 words. [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/saraWeb?qy=tears+easily, retrieved in April 2004]
  • CR-05 ABB 1996 It cooks well and is particularly useful for children who are allergic to cows' milk cheeses, although all sheep's milk cheeses are expensive for everyday use. ABB Delicatessen: a celebration and cookbook. Moon, Rosemary. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles Publishers plc, 1989, pp. ??. 2626 s-units, 39994 words. [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/saraWeb?qy=cooks+well, retrieved in April 2004]
  • CR-06 CBC 3596 And if Sir Clive Sinclair's Zike sells well he has ambitions to get into this new market. CBC Today. London: News Group Newspapers Ltd, 1992, [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/saraWeb?qy=sells+well, retrieved in October 2004] 15358 s-units, 226404 words.
  • Şemaya Uymadığı Zaman

Şemaya Uymadığı Zaman

Yıl 2007, Cilt 20, Sayı 2, 283 - 313, 01.08.2007

Öz

İkinci dil edinimine ilişkin araştırmalar, özel bir çeşit geçişsiz fiil olan “kılıcısız geçişsiz fiillerin” dil öğrenenler için, belli bir dereceye kadar da anadili İngilizce olan kişiler için sorun olduğunu göstermektedir. Konu üzerindeki çalışmalar, bu fillerin hatalı olarak edilgen yapı içinde kullanılmasının, anadilleri ne olursa olsun bütün öğrencilerin yaptıkları en belirgin yanlış olduğunu göstermektedir. Bu değişik aradil yapısının tam nedeninin ne olduğu sorusu İngilizce öğretiminin ilgi alanı içinde olmuştur. Bu çalışmanın amacı, sorunun belli bir dile özgü olmasından çok genel bir mahiyette olmasını ve bu fiillerin hep edilgen yapı içinde kullanılma eğilimini dikkate alarak, şema kuramı ile bir açıklama getirmeye çalışmaktır. Konuya ilişkin önceki çalışmaların bulguları, cümle üretiminde yaşanan bilişsel süreçlerin ışığı altında ayrıntılı şekilde incelendiğinde, kılıcısız geçişsiz eylemlerin gerektirdiği cümle yapısının, öğrenenlerin “tipik bir cümlenin yapısına ilişkin mevcut bilgileri” ile örtüşmediği görülmektedir. Dahası, bu fillerin yanlış olarak edilgen yapı içinde kullanılması da öğrenenlerin geçmiş ve hâlihazırdaki bilgileri ile örtüşen alternatif bir yapı olarak ortaya çıkmaktadır

Kaynakça

  • Abdullayeva, O. The acquisition of ergative verbs by Turkish EFL students. Unpublished master’s thesis, Bilkent University, Ankara, 1993
  • Anderson, R.C. The notion of schemata and educational enterprise. In R.C. Anderson, R.J. Spiro & W.W Montague Eds.), Schooling and the acquisition of knowledge. Hillsdale, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 1977
  • Bartlett, F. C. Thinking. New York: Basic Books, 1958.
  • Bartlett, F. C. Remembering: An experimental and social study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1932.
  • Bransford, J.D. & Franks, J.J. The Abstraction of linguistic ideas. Cognitive Psychology 2, 1971: 331-350.
  • Burt, M. K. & Kiparsky, C. The gooficon: A repair manual for English. Rowley, Massachusetts: Newbury House, 1972.
  • Burzio, L. Intransitive verbs and Italian auxiliaries. Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge,1981. Kluwer, Reidel 1986.
  • Can, A. The use of ergative verbs by Turkish learners of English. Unpublished master’s thesis, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, 2000.
  • Carrell: L. Some issues in studying the role of schemata, or background knowledge, in second language comprehension. Reading in a Foreign Language, 1, 81-92. Chi, M. T. H., Glaser, R., & Farr, M. 1988: The nature of expertise. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. 1983.
  • Chomsky, N. Syntactic Structures. Mouton: The Hague, 1975.
  • Cook, V. & Newson, M. Chomsky’s Universal Grammar: An introduction (2nd Edition): Oxford : Blackwell Publishers, 1996.
  • Crystal, D. The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Language. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. 1987.
  • Derry, S. J. Cognitive schema theory in the constructivist debate. Educational Psychologist, 31, (pp163-174) 1996.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. A new approach to English grammar on semantic principles. Oxford : Clarendon Press. 1991.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. Ergativity. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Douglas, J. Y & Hargadon, A. The pleasures of immersion and engagement: schemas, scripts and the fifth business. Digital Creativity, 12- 3, (pp153- 166). 2001
  • Eastwood, J. Oxford guide to English grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Ericsson, K.A. & Smith, J. Toward a general theory of expertise. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1991.
  • Floyd: & Carrell: L. Effects on ESL reading of teaching content schemata. Language Learning, 37, (pp.89-108) 1987.
  • Grabe, W. Reassessing the term “Interactive”. In Carrell:L., Devine, J. & Eskey, D.E. Eds.), Interactive approaches to second language reading (pp.56-70), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
  • Halliday, M. A. K & Hassan, R. Language, context, and text: Aspects of language in a social-semiotic perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1989.
  • Halliday, M. A. K. An introduction to functional grammar. Second Edition: New York : Edward Arnold, 1994.
  • Hirakawa, M. L2 acquisition of English unaccusative constructions. Proceedings of the Boston University Conference on Language Development, 19, (pp.291-302), 1995
  • Hubbard: L. Non-transformational theories of grammar: Implications for language teaching. In T. Odlin Ed.), Perspectives on pedagogical grammar pp. 49- 71: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Hubbard: L., & Hix, D. Where vocabulary meets grammar: Verb subcategorization errors in ESL writers. California TESOL Journal, 1, (pp.89-100) 1988.
  • Ingham, R. The ergative alternation in L2 acquisition. In Lexicon Research Group Handbook 1996-1997 (pp.35-47) Department of Linguistic Science of The University of Reading: Reading, 1996.
  • Ju, M. K. Overpassivization errors by second language learners: The effect of conceptualizable agents in discourse. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 22, (pp.85-111), 2000.
  • Juffs, A. Semantics-syntax correspondences in second language acquisition. Second Language Research, 12 , (pp.177-221), 1996.
  • Kant, I. Critique of pure reason. Translated into English by N. K. Smith 1963), London : Macmillan Publishing Company, 1781.
  • Karacaer, Z. “Anadili Türkçe olan öğrencilerin İngilizce’deki istemsiz geçişsiz fiillerde karşılaştıkları sorunlar ve bu fiillerin öğretimine ilişkin öneriler”. [Problems that Turkish learners of English encounter during the acquisition of ergatives and some suggestions about teaching these verbs] Anadolu Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi [Journal of the Faculty of Education, Anadolu University], 1-2, (pp.168-183), 1998.
  • Kellerman, E. Giving learners a break: native language intuitions as a source of predictions about transferability. Working Papers on Bilingualism, 15, (pp.59-92) 1978.
  • Larson, R. K. On the double object construction. Linguistic Inquiry, 19, (pp.335- 391), 1988.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. Speaking: From intention to articulation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1989.
  • Levin, B., & Rappaport Hovav, M. A preliminary analysis of causative verbs in English. Lingua, 94, (pp.35-77), 1994.
  • Levin, B., & Rappaport Hovav, M. Unaccusativity: At the syntax-lexical semantics interface. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press,1995.
  • Little, D. Words and their properties: Arguments for a lexical approach to pedagogical grammar. In Odlin, T. Ed.), Perspectives on pedagogical grammar (pp.99-122) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,1994.
  • Mandler, J. Stories, scripts, and scenes: Aspects of schema theory. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. 1984.
  • Montrul, S. On the nature of interlanguage grammars: Causatives and transitivity in L2 English. Revised version of) article presented at the American Association for Applied Linguistics, Orlando Florida, 1997.
  • Montrul, S. Causative errors with unaccusative verbs in L2 Spanish. Second Language Research, 15, (pp.191-219), 1999.
  • Oshita, H. : “The unaccusative trap”: L2 acquisition of English intransitive verbs. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles,1997.
  • Oshita, H. What is happened may not be what appears to be happening: A corpus study of “passive” unaccusatives in L2 English. Second Language Research, 16, (pp.293-324), 2000.
  • Palmer, F. R. The English Verb (2nd Edition): New York: Longman Inc., 1965.
  • Perlmutter, D. M. Impersonal passives and the unaccusativity hypothesis. In Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society (pp.157-189) Berkeley : Berkeley Linguistic Society, University of California, 1978.
  • Piaget, J. Genetic epistemology, (E. Duckworth Trans.) New York : Columbia University Press, 1970.
  • Pullum, G. K. Citation etiquette beyond thunderdome. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory, 6, (pp.579-588) TOPIC...COMMENT series, 1988.
  • Radford, A. Transformational grammar: A first course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
  • Radford, A. Syntax: A minimalist introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
  • Richards, J. C. A noncontrastive approach to error analysis. In J. W. Oller, Jr., & J. C. Richards Eds.), Focus on the learner: Pragmatic perspectives for the language teacher (pp. 96-113) Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1973.
  • Richgels, D.J. Schema theory, linguistic theory, and representations of reading comprehension. Journal of Educational Research, 76, (pp.54-62) 1982.
  • Rumelhart, D.E. Schemata: The building blocks of cognition. In R.J. Spiro, B. Bruce, & W.F. Brewer Eds.), Theoretical issues in reading and comprehension. (pp.33-58) Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates, 1980.
  • Rutherford, W. E. Interlanguage and pragmatic word order. In S. M. Gass & J. Schachter. (Eds.), Linguistic perspectives on second language acquisition (pp.163-182) New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
  • Schank, R. C. & Abelson, R. P. Scripts, plans, goals and understanding: an inquiry into human knowledge structures. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1977.
  • Sinclair, J;Cockett, S. & Blacker, T. : Collins Cobuild English Grammar. London: Collins. 1990
  • Swan, M. Practical English usage. Oxford : Oxford University Press,1980.
  • Taylor, S.E. & Crocker, J. Schematic bases of social information processing. In E. T. Higgins, C. P. Herman & M. P. Zanna Eds.), Social Cognition The Ontario Symposium, Vol. 1, (pp. 89-134) Hillsdale, NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1981.
  • Thewlis, S. Grammar dimensions: form, meaning and use Book 3: Boston, Massachusetts : Heinle and Heinle Publishers. 1997.
  • Trask, R. L. A dictionary of grammatical terms in linguistics. London and New York: Routledge Inc., 1993.
  • Walton, G. E., Armstrong, E S. &. Bower, T.G.R. Newborns learn to identify a face in eight/tenths of a second. Developmental Science 1:1, (pp 79-84) Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.,1998.
  • White, L. Implications of learnability theories for second language learning and Teaching. Presented at TESOL, Chicago, 1988.
  • White, L. Universal grammar and second language acquisition. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1989.
  • Widdowson, H. G. Learning purpose and language use. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.
  • Yip, V. Grammatical consciousness-raising and learnability. In Odlin, T. (Ed.), Perspectives on pedagogical grammar (pp. 123-138): Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Yip, V. Interlanguage and learnability: From Chinese to English. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1995.
  • Zobl, H. “Configurationality and the subset principle: the acquisition of V’ by Japanese learners of English.” In: J. Pankhurst, M. Sharwood- Smith and P. van Buren Eds.), Learnability and second languages. Dordrecht: Foris, 1988.
  • Zobl, H. Canonical typological structures and ergativity in English L2 acquisition. In S. M. Gass, & J. Schachter Eds.), Linguistic perspectives on second language acquisition (pp. 203–221), New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. CORPUS REFERENCES
  • Data cited herein has been extracted from the British National Corpus Online service, managed by Oxford University Computing Services on behalf of the BNC Consortium. [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/ lookup.html ]
  • CR-01 BMK 1933 On the whole the translation reads well) BMK Chemistry in Britain. London: Royal Society of Chemistry, 1992, pp. ??. 2248 s-units, 43220 bin/saraWeb?qy=reads+well, retrieved in April 2004]
  • http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi
  • CR-02 CFT 617 This one is knitted in a linen-mix yarn which washes well and feels especially soft to touch.) CFT [Goods adverts]. u.p., n.d., pp. ??. 4823 s- units, bin/saraWeb?qy=washes+well, retrieved in April 2004] words.
  • http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi
  • CR-03 CEG 207 When a glass cutter wants to cut glass, he does not bother to cut right through but makes a shallow scratch on the surface after which the glass breaks easily along the line of the scratch.) CEG The new science of strong materials. Gordon, J E. London: Penguin Group, 1991, pp. 63-172. 1442 bin/saraWeb?qy=breaks+easily, retrieved in October 2004] words.
  • http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi
  • CR-04 G21 883 i) It is directional, ie it tears easily in one direction, the direction in which the mould, the mesh upon which a sheet is formed, runs. G21 The Artist's and Illustrator's Magazine. London: Artist's & Illustrator's Mag, 1991, pp. ??. 1390 s-units, 21440 words. [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/saraWeb?qy=tears+easily, retrieved in April 2004]
  • CR-05 ABB 1996 It cooks well and is particularly useful for children who are allergic to cows' milk cheeses, although all sheep's milk cheeses are expensive for everyday use. ABB Delicatessen: a celebration and cookbook. Moon, Rosemary. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles Publishers plc, 1989, pp. ??. 2626 s-units, 39994 words. [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/saraWeb?qy=cooks+well, retrieved in April 2004]
  • CR-06 CBC 3596 And if Sir Clive Sinclair's Zike sells well he has ambitions to get into this new market. CBC Today. London: News Group Newspapers Ltd, 1992, [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/saraWeb?qy=sells+well, retrieved in October 2004] 15358 s-units, 226404 words.
  • Şemaya Uymadığı Zaman

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Abdullah CAN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ağustos 2007
Başvuru Tarihi 14 Kasım 2015
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2007, Cilt 20, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Can, A. (2007). Şemaya Uymadığı Zaman . Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 20 (2) , 283-313 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/uefad/issue/16686/173394