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Transitivity and its Reflections on Some Areas of Grammar

Yıl 2008, Cilt 21, Sayı 1, 43 - 68, 01.04.2008

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Aarts, Flor and Jan., English Syntactic Structures. Oxford : Pergamon Press Ltd. (1982)
  • Bresnan, Joan. “The passive in lexical theory”. In The Mental Representation of Grammatical Relations, ed. Joan Bresnan (3-86) Cambridge Massachusetts: MIT Press (1982)
  • Brown, H. Douglas. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (4th Edition) New York : Pearson Education Company (2000)
  • Clark, Virginia P., Paul A. Eschholz and Alfred F. Rosa. Language : Readings in Language and Culture. New York : St.Martin’s Press (1998)
  • Cook, Vivian. Second Language Learning and Language Teaching. London : Edward Arnold (1991)
  • Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Language. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press (1987)
  • Crystal, David A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (3rd Edition). Oxford : Blackwell Publishers (1992)
  • Dixon, Robert M.W. A New Approach to English Grammar, on Semantic Principles. Oxford : Clarendon Press (1991)
  • Gass, Susan M., and Larry Selinker. Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course Hillsdale, New Jersey : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (1994)
  • Ingham, Richard. “The ergative alternation in L2 acquisition”. In Lexicon Research Group Handbook, 1996-1997 (35-47) Department of Linguistic Science of The University of Reading : Reading (1996)
  • Jaeggli, Osvaldo A. Passive Linguistic Inquiry Vol:17, No:4 (587-622) (1986)
  • Keyser, Samuel Jay and Thomas Roeper. “On the middle and ergative constructions in English”. Linguistic Inquiry Vol:15, No: 3 (381-416) (1984)
  • Levelt, Willem J.M. Speaking: From Intention to Articulation. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press (1989)
  • Levin, Beth. English Verb Classes and Alternations: A preliminary investigation Chicago : University of Chicago Press (1993)
  • Levin, Beth and Malka Rappaport. “The formation of adjectival passives”. Linguistic Inquiry Vol:17 No: 4 (623-661) (1986)
  • Levin, Beth and Malka Rappaport Hovav, Unaccusativity: At the syntax-lexical semantics interface. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (1995)
  • Little, David. “Words and their properties: Arguments for a lexical approach to pedagogical grammar”. In Perspectives on Pedagogical Grammar, ed. Terence Odlin, 123-139. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1994)
  • Montrul, Silvina “Causative errors with unaccusative verbs in L2 Spanish”. Second Language Research Vol:15 No:2 (191-219) (1999)
  • Oshita, Hiroyoki (1997) The Unaccusative Trap: L2 Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Southern California, Los Angeles
  • Owen, Charles. “Corpus-Based Grammar and the Heineken Effect: Lexico- grammatical Description for Language Learners”. Applied Linguistics Vol:14 No:2 (167-187) Oxford University Press (1993)
  • Perlmutter, David M. “Impersonal passives and unaccusative hypothesis”. In Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (157-189). Berkeley : University of California (1978)
  • Richards, Jack; John Platt and Heidi Platt Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied Linguistics Essex : Longman Group UK Limited (1992)
  • Sinclair, John., Gwyneth Fox et al.(eds.) Collins Cobuild English Grammar. London : Collins (1990)
  • Trask, Robert Lawrence. A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. London and New York : Routledge Inc. (1993) Corpus References
  • Data cited herein has been extracted from the British National Corpus Online service, managed by Oxford University Computing Services on behalf of the BNC Consortium. [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/ lookup.html ]
  • CR- 1 (AS7 226 My wife Ann is also a dreamer, but fur more practical )
  • AS7 Tales of the loch. Sandison, Bruce. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing Company Ltd, 1990, pp. 1-102. 1850 s-units, 37218 words
  • CR-2 (A0H 520 This helps to prevent the glider from bouncing on any rough ground.) A0H Gliding safety. Piggott, Derek. London: A & C Black (Publishers) Ltd, 1991, pp. 9-91. 1829 s-units, 39217 words.
  • CR-3 (AT4 502 He's the school's best swimmer and he can run as well.) AT4 Who, sir? Me, sir? Peyton, K M. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, pp. 5-138. 4137 s-units, 45340 words.
  • CR-4 (K5J 1354 `It was my father who encouraged me as a high jumper.) K5J [Scotsman]. u.p., n.d., Leisure material, pp. ??. 4985 s-units, 113147 words.
  • CR-5 (FYY 599 The beeper alarm on Diane's watch sounded as they were driving back, the signal that it was time for her to go and collect the litterbug Jed from his minder.) FYY The boat house. Gallagher, Stephen. Sevenoaks: New English Library, 1992, pp. 43-185. 2676 s-units, 40496 words.
  • CR- 6 (B79 207 Sir William Osler, one of the most respected medical practitioners of the early 20th century, recommended it as the best means to reduce pain in lumbago.) B79 New Scientist. London: IPC Magazines Ltd, 1991, pp. ??. 591 s-units, 12638 words.
  • CR-7 (G0W 1058 Better designed and better tested materials than ours have met with a similar fate.) G0W National Congress on Languages in Education materials. Brighton: National Congress on Languages in Education, 1988, pp. ??. 3397 s-units, 65956 words.
  • CR- 8 (EET 892 The beautifully furnished rooms have lovely views of the waterfront or city, and guests can relax by the pool with its impressive views out to sea.) EET Sovereign worldwide. Crawley: Sovereign worldwide, 1989, pp. ??. 2846 s-units, 27142 words.
  • CR- 9(CN3 3017 He ran his eyes down the typed message.) CN3 Whirlpool. Forbes, Colin. London: Pan Books Ltd, 1991, pp. 1-120. 4107 s-units, 41105 words
  • CR-10 (CKV 757 There is a clearly written text with an illustrated chronology of the country's history taking it up to 1992) CKV The Art Newspaper. London: Umberto Allemandi & Company, 1993, pp. ??. 1175 s-units, 29928 words.
  • CR- 11 (G02 2113 And the chamber seemed darker beyond the elapsed time.) G02 Cathedral. Maitland, I. London: Headline Book Publishing plc, 1993, pp. 199-341. 3525 s-units, 40488 words
  • CR-12 (ARW 1110 Pepita began to pick up the fallen bananas and place them back in their crate.) ARW Spare Rib. u.p., n.d., pp. ??. 1743 s-units, 31411 words
  • CR-13 (BNU 1962 It's too dangerous to hunt them there among all those crags and chasms full of drifted snow.) BNU Against a peacock sky. Connell, Monica. London: Viking, 1991, pp. ??. 2173 s-units, 39644 words.
  • CR-14 (ARW 763 However, while I think it is a failed attempt, there is a lot in the film which deserves attention, particularly the initial sequences.) ARW Spare Rib. u.p., n.d., pp. ??. 1743 s-units, 31411 words.
  • CR-15 (FT0 965 We classified specific medical treatments that mimic physiological processes (human chorionic gonadotrophin for undescended testis and indomethacin for patent ductus arteriosus) as secondary prevention.) FT0 British Medical Journal. London: British Medical Association, 1976, pp. 9-513. 1709 s-units, 36221 words
  • CR-16 (ASV 547 Now they were steep walls of water dropping like guillotines onto the reef.) ASV Walking on Water. Martin, Andy. London: John Murray (Publishers) Ltd, 1991, pp. 60-163. 2691 s-units, 36459 words.
  • CR-17 (JYN 264 Well I think I think growing up with gay or lesbian parents I think, I think could be a very mind broadening experience for people it will certainly teach you about social life in a, in a lot of different ways that er) JYN Aston University psychology department: lecture (Educational/informative). Recorded on 28 January 1994 with 7 participants, totalling 19439 words, 1563 utterances (duration not recorded).
  • CR-18 (HWV 1659 Pain relieving medicines such as aspirin or ibuprofen are used for headache, pain, and arthritis.) HWV The Lancet. London: The Lancet Ltd, 1993, pp. ??. 2079 s-units, 44073 words.
  • CR-19 (CEP 1894 I'm just a money making machine) CEP Today. London: News Group Newspapers Ltd, 1992, pp. ??. 11230 s-units, 195186 words.
  • CR-20 (HTU 2787 There's a flying saucer in the car park. ) 'HTU The suburban book of the dead. Rankin, Robert. London: Corgi Books, 1993, pp. 103- 264. 5540 s-units, 43742 words.
  • CR-21 (BN3 496 He was the nearest possible to being a walking encyclopedia.) BN3 Memories of the Gorbals. Caplan, Jack. Durham: The Pentland Press Ltd, 1991, pp. 1-97. 2550 s-units, 33215 words.
  • CR-22 (C8P 737 If the person picks up the keys, then he or she can become the next sleeping beauty. C8P Colin the Clown's party book. Francome, Colin. Hemel Hempstead, Herts: Argus Books, 1990, pp. 5-96. 2198 s- units, 30229 words.
  • CR-23 (HWN 1984 The bus driver kicked the travelling salesman where Cornelius had kicked Hamish.) HWN The book of ultimate truths. Rankin, Robert. London: Doubleday, 1993, pp. 13-142. 4567 s-units, 38693 words.
  • CR-24 (G1K 3399 There were flying fish all around us, heading into shore.) G1K Red bride. Fowler, C. London: Warner Books, 1993, pp. 183-340. 3501 s- units, 41845 words. Geçişlilik ve Dilbilgisinin Bazı Alanlarına Yansımaları

Geçişlilik ve Dilbilgisinin Bazı Alanlarına Yansımaları

Yıl 2008, Cilt 21, Sayı 1, 43 - 68, 01.04.2008

Öz

Fiiller geleneksel biçimde, aldıkları tamamlayıcılara göre geçişli ve geçişsiz olarak sınıflandırılırken, zorunlu tamamlayıcı olarak nesne almadan cümle oluşumuna olanak veren fiiller geçişsiz fiiller olarak adlandırılmaktadırlar. Ancak, 1980’lerin başında, geçişsiz filler, sözdizimsel ve anlamsal özellikleri dikkate alınarak daha ileri bir sınıflamaya tabi tutulmuşlardır. Bu çalışmada, önce “walk”, “smile”, “dream”, “swim” gibi, geçişsiz fiillerin bir sınıfını oluşturan fiillerle, “appear”, “emerge”, “exist”, “occur” gibi, geçişsiz fillerin diğer sınıfını oluşturan fiillerin arasındaki farklılık, sözdizimsel ve anlamsal gösterimlerinin kıyaslanmasıyla ortaya konmakta, ardından bu farklılıkların fiillerden isim türetme, fillerden sıfat türetme ve üçüncü çoğul şahıs zamirinin anlamlandırılması gibi dilbilgisinin değişik konuları üzerindeki etkileri tartışılmaktadır. Çalışmanın sonunda da tartışılan konular, Ausubel’in Anlamlı Öğrenme Kuramı çerçevesinde, dilbilgisi öğretimi ile ilişkilendirilmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Aarts, Flor and Jan., English Syntactic Structures. Oxford : Pergamon Press Ltd. (1982)
  • Bresnan, Joan. “The passive in lexical theory”. In The Mental Representation of Grammatical Relations, ed. Joan Bresnan (3-86) Cambridge Massachusetts: MIT Press (1982)
  • Brown, H. Douglas. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (4th Edition) New York : Pearson Education Company (2000)
  • Clark, Virginia P., Paul A. Eschholz and Alfred F. Rosa. Language : Readings in Language and Culture. New York : St.Martin’s Press (1998)
  • Cook, Vivian. Second Language Learning and Language Teaching. London : Edward Arnold (1991)
  • Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Language. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press (1987)
  • Crystal, David A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (3rd Edition). Oxford : Blackwell Publishers (1992)
  • Dixon, Robert M.W. A New Approach to English Grammar, on Semantic Principles. Oxford : Clarendon Press (1991)
  • Gass, Susan M., and Larry Selinker. Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course Hillsdale, New Jersey : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (1994)
  • Ingham, Richard. “The ergative alternation in L2 acquisition”. In Lexicon Research Group Handbook, 1996-1997 (35-47) Department of Linguistic Science of The University of Reading : Reading (1996)
  • Jaeggli, Osvaldo A. Passive Linguistic Inquiry Vol:17, No:4 (587-622) (1986)
  • Keyser, Samuel Jay and Thomas Roeper. “On the middle and ergative constructions in English”. Linguistic Inquiry Vol:15, No: 3 (381-416) (1984)
  • Levelt, Willem J.M. Speaking: From Intention to Articulation. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press (1989)
  • Levin, Beth. English Verb Classes and Alternations: A preliminary investigation Chicago : University of Chicago Press (1993)
  • Levin, Beth and Malka Rappaport. “The formation of adjectival passives”. Linguistic Inquiry Vol:17 No: 4 (623-661) (1986)
  • Levin, Beth and Malka Rappaport Hovav, Unaccusativity: At the syntax-lexical semantics interface. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (1995)
  • Little, David. “Words and their properties: Arguments for a lexical approach to pedagogical grammar”. In Perspectives on Pedagogical Grammar, ed. Terence Odlin, 123-139. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1994)
  • Montrul, Silvina “Causative errors with unaccusative verbs in L2 Spanish”. Second Language Research Vol:15 No:2 (191-219) (1999)
  • Oshita, Hiroyoki (1997) The Unaccusative Trap: L2 Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Southern California, Los Angeles
  • Owen, Charles. “Corpus-Based Grammar and the Heineken Effect: Lexico- grammatical Description for Language Learners”. Applied Linguistics Vol:14 No:2 (167-187) Oxford University Press (1993)
  • Perlmutter, David M. “Impersonal passives and unaccusative hypothesis”. In Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (157-189). Berkeley : University of California (1978)
  • Richards, Jack; John Platt and Heidi Platt Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied Linguistics Essex : Longman Group UK Limited (1992)
  • Sinclair, John., Gwyneth Fox et al.(eds.) Collins Cobuild English Grammar. London : Collins (1990)
  • Trask, Robert Lawrence. A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. London and New York : Routledge Inc. (1993) Corpus References
  • Data cited herein has been extracted from the British National Corpus Online service, managed by Oxford University Computing Services on behalf of the BNC Consortium. [http://sara.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/ lookup.html ]
  • CR- 1 (AS7 226 My wife Ann is also a dreamer, but fur more practical )
  • AS7 Tales of the loch. Sandison, Bruce. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing Company Ltd, 1990, pp. 1-102. 1850 s-units, 37218 words
  • CR-2 (A0H 520 This helps to prevent the glider from bouncing on any rough ground.) A0H Gliding safety. Piggott, Derek. London: A & C Black (Publishers) Ltd, 1991, pp. 9-91. 1829 s-units, 39217 words.
  • CR-3 (AT4 502 He's the school's best swimmer and he can run as well.) AT4 Who, sir? Me, sir? Peyton, K M. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, pp. 5-138. 4137 s-units, 45340 words.
  • CR-4 (K5J 1354 `It was my father who encouraged me as a high jumper.) K5J [Scotsman]. u.p., n.d., Leisure material, pp. ??. 4985 s-units, 113147 words.
  • CR-5 (FYY 599 The beeper alarm on Diane's watch sounded as they were driving back, the signal that it was time for her to go and collect the litterbug Jed from his minder.) FYY The boat house. Gallagher, Stephen. Sevenoaks: New English Library, 1992, pp. 43-185. 2676 s-units, 40496 words.
  • CR- 6 (B79 207 Sir William Osler, one of the most respected medical practitioners of the early 20th century, recommended it as the best means to reduce pain in lumbago.) B79 New Scientist. London: IPC Magazines Ltd, 1991, pp. ??. 591 s-units, 12638 words.
  • CR-7 (G0W 1058 Better designed and better tested materials than ours have met with a similar fate.) G0W National Congress on Languages in Education materials. Brighton: National Congress on Languages in Education, 1988, pp. ??. 3397 s-units, 65956 words.
  • CR- 8 (EET 892 The beautifully furnished rooms have lovely views of the waterfront or city, and guests can relax by the pool with its impressive views out to sea.) EET Sovereign worldwide. Crawley: Sovereign worldwide, 1989, pp. ??. 2846 s-units, 27142 words.
  • CR- 9(CN3 3017 He ran his eyes down the typed message.) CN3 Whirlpool. Forbes, Colin. London: Pan Books Ltd, 1991, pp. 1-120. 4107 s-units, 41105 words
  • CR-10 (CKV 757 There is a clearly written text with an illustrated chronology of the country's history taking it up to 1992) CKV The Art Newspaper. London: Umberto Allemandi & Company, 1993, pp. ??. 1175 s-units, 29928 words.
  • CR- 11 (G02 2113 And the chamber seemed darker beyond the elapsed time.) G02 Cathedral. Maitland, I. London: Headline Book Publishing plc, 1993, pp. 199-341. 3525 s-units, 40488 words
  • CR-12 (ARW 1110 Pepita began to pick up the fallen bananas and place them back in their crate.) ARW Spare Rib. u.p., n.d., pp. ??. 1743 s-units, 31411 words
  • CR-13 (BNU 1962 It's too dangerous to hunt them there among all those crags and chasms full of drifted snow.) BNU Against a peacock sky. Connell, Monica. London: Viking, 1991, pp. ??. 2173 s-units, 39644 words.
  • CR-14 (ARW 763 However, while I think it is a failed attempt, there is a lot in the film which deserves attention, particularly the initial sequences.) ARW Spare Rib. u.p., n.d., pp. ??. 1743 s-units, 31411 words.
  • CR-15 (FT0 965 We classified specific medical treatments that mimic physiological processes (human chorionic gonadotrophin for undescended testis and indomethacin for patent ductus arteriosus) as secondary prevention.) FT0 British Medical Journal. London: British Medical Association, 1976, pp. 9-513. 1709 s-units, 36221 words
  • CR-16 (ASV 547 Now they were steep walls of water dropping like guillotines onto the reef.) ASV Walking on Water. Martin, Andy. London: John Murray (Publishers) Ltd, 1991, pp. 60-163. 2691 s-units, 36459 words.
  • CR-17 (JYN 264 Well I think I think growing up with gay or lesbian parents I think, I think could be a very mind broadening experience for people it will certainly teach you about social life in a, in a lot of different ways that er) JYN Aston University psychology department: lecture (Educational/informative). Recorded on 28 January 1994 with 7 participants, totalling 19439 words, 1563 utterances (duration not recorded).
  • CR-18 (HWV 1659 Pain relieving medicines such as aspirin or ibuprofen are used for headache, pain, and arthritis.) HWV The Lancet. London: The Lancet Ltd, 1993, pp. ??. 2079 s-units, 44073 words.
  • CR-19 (CEP 1894 I'm just a money making machine) CEP Today. London: News Group Newspapers Ltd, 1992, pp. ??. 11230 s-units, 195186 words.
  • CR-20 (HTU 2787 There's a flying saucer in the car park. ) 'HTU The suburban book of the dead. Rankin, Robert. London: Corgi Books, 1993, pp. 103- 264. 5540 s-units, 43742 words.
  • CR-21 (BN3 496 He was the nearest possible to being a walking encyclopedia.) BN3 Memories of the Gorbals. Caplan, Jack. Durham: The Pentland Press Ltd, 1991, pp. 1-97. 2550 s-units, 33215 words.
  • CR-22 (C8P 737 If the person picks up the keys, then he or she can become the next sleeping beauty. C8P Colin the Clown's party book. Francome, Colin. Hemel Hempstead, Herts: Argus Books, 1990, pp. 5-96. 2198 s- units, 30229 words.
  • CR-23 (HWN 1984 The bus driver kicked the travelling salesman where Cornelius had kicked Hamish.) HWN The book of ultimate truths. Rankin, Robert. London: Doubleday, 1993, pp. 13-142. 4567 s-units, 38693 words.
  • CR-24 (G1K 3399 There were flying fish all around us, heading into shore.) G1K Red bride. Fowler, C. London: Warner Books, 1993, pp. 183-340. 3501 s- units, 41845 words. Geçişlilik ve Dilbilgisinin Bazı Alanlarına Yansımaları

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Abdullah CAN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Nisan 2008
Başvuru Tarihi 14 Kasım 2015
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2008, Cilt 21, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Can, A. (2008). Geçişlilik ve Dilbilgisinin Bazı Alanlarına Yansımaları . Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 21 (1) , 43-68 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/uefad/issue/16687/173404