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İngilizce Öğretmenlerinin ve Yabancı Dil Öğrenen Öğrencilerin Tutum ve İnançlarının Metafor Yoluyla Ortaya Çıkarılması

Yıl 2013, Cilt 26, Sayı 2, 405 - 422, 01.08.2013

Öz

With the help of the metaphoric language English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students and teachers use, it is possible to gain some insight into students’ views of the language learning process and teachers’ roles, considering the fact that the essence of metaphor is to understand and experience one kind of thing in terms of another (Lakoff and Johnson, 1980). The purpose of this study was to explore EFL teachers' beliefs about language teaching and their roles in the classroom, and learners’ beliefs towards language learning process through an analysis of metaphors they produced. 30 instructors and 156 students from the Foreign Languages School of a Turkish university participated in the study. In order to collect data, respondents were asked to complete in writing the stem ‘Learning/Teaching English is like ... because…’ using a metaphor. Metaphor elicitation method was preferred. The conclusion is drawn that there is value in analysing metaphors teachers and students produce concerning second language teaching and learning

Kaynakça

  • Aktekin, M. and Aktekin, N.Ç., 2011. Discovering the anatomy in students' mind through metaphors, Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 33-6.
  • Allwright, D., 1984. Why don’t learners learn what teachers teach?-The interaction hypothesis. In Singleton, D. M. and Little, D. G., (Eds.), Language learning in formal and informal contexts, Dublin: IRAAL, 3-18.
  • Bailey, M. K., 2005. Looking back down the road: A recent history of language classroom research. Review of Applied Linguistics in China, 1, 6-47.
  • Bailey, M. K., 2006. Language Teacher Supervision. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Barkhuizen, G. P., 1998. Discovering learners’ perceptions of ESL classroom teaching / learning activities in South African context. TESOL Quarterly, 32, 85-108.
  • Berliner, D.C. 1990. If the metaphor fits, why not wear it? The teacher as executive. Theory into Practice, 29, 85–93.
  • Bernat, E., and Gvozdenko, I., 2005. Beliefs about language learning: current knowledge, pedagogical implications, and new research directions. TESL-E, 9, 1-21. Retrieved November 13, 2010, from http://tesl-ej.or/ej33/al.html
  • Breen, M.P. (Ed.), 2001. Learner contributions to language learning: New directions in research. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
  • Cameron, L., and Low, G., 1999. Metaphor. Language Teaching, 32, 77-96.
  • Cortazzi, M., and Jin, L., 1999. Bridges to learning: Metaphors of teaching, learning and language. Researching and applying metaphor, 149- 176.
  • De Guerrero, M.C.M and Villamil, O.S., 2000. Exploring ESL teachers’ roles through metaphor analysis. TESOL Quarterly, 34, 341-351.
  • De Guerrero, M. C., and Villamil, O. S., 2002. Metaphorical conceptualizations of ESL teaching and learning. Language teaching research, 6(2), 95-120.
  • Glucksberg, S. and Keysar, B., 1993. How metaphors work. In Ortony, A., (Ed.), Metaphor and thought, (2nd ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 401-424.
  • Güveli, E., İpek, A. S., Atasoy, E., ve Güveli, H. (2011). Sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının matematik kavramına yönelik metafor algıları. Türk Bilgisayar ve Matematik Eğitimi Dergisi, 2(2).
  • Horwitz, E. K., 1987. Surveying student beliefs about language learning. In Wenden, A. and Rubin, R., (Eds.), Learner strategies in language learning, London: Prentice Hall, 119-129.
  • Hoyle, E., and Wallace, M., 2007. Beyond metaphors of management: the case for metaphoric re-description in education. British Journal of Educational Studies, 55(4), 426-442.
  • Kalaja, P. and Barcelos, A. F. (Eds)., 2003. Beliefs about SLA: New Research Approaches, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Kalyoncu, R. (2013). Sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının" sanat eğitimi dersi" kavramına ilişkin metaforları. E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy (NWSA), 8(1).
  • Kramsch, C., 2003. Metaphor and the subjective construction of beliefs. In Kalaja, P. and Barcelos, A. F., (Eds.), Beliefs about SLA: New research approaches, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 109- 127
  • Lakoff, G. and Johnson, M., 1980. Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Lakoff, G., 1993. The contemporary theory of metaphor. In Ortony, A., (Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 202-251
  • Marchant, G., 1992. A teacher is like …Using simile lists to explore personal metaphors. Language and Education, 6, 33-45.
  • Maslach, C., 1977. Burnout: The cost of caring. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Mc Grath, I., 2006. Teachers’ and learners’ images for course books. ELT Journal, 60, 171-179.
  • Munby, H., 1986. Metaphor in the thinking of teachers: An exploratory study. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 18, 197-209.
  • Munby, H., 1987. Metaphor and teachers' knowledge. Research in the Teaching of English, 21, 377-397.
  • Nikitina, L., and Furuoka, F., 2008. Measuring metaphors: a factor analysis of students’ conceptions of language teachers. Metaphorik. de, 15, 161-180.
  • Nunan, D., 1998. Teaching grammar in context. ELT Journal, 52, 101-109.
  • Ortony, A. (Ed)., 1993. Metaphor and Thought (2nd ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Pajares, M. F., 1992. Teachers’ beliefs and educational research: Cleaning up a messy construct. Review of Educational Research, 62, 307-332.
  • Peacock, M., 1999. Beliefs about language learning and their relationship to proficiency. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 9, 247- 265.
  • Perry, C., and M. Cooper., 2001. Metaphors are good mirrors: Reflecting on change for teacher educators. Reflective Practice, 2, 41–52.
  • Richardson, V., 1996. The role of attitudes and beliefs in learning to teach. In Sikula, J., Buttery, T. J. and Guyton, E., (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Teacher Education, New York: Macmillan, 102-119.
  • Ryan, A., 2005. Teacher development and educational change: Empowerment through structured reflection. Irish Educational Studies, 24, 179–98.
  • Saban, A., Koçbeker B.N. and Saban, A., 2006. An investigation of the concept of teacher among prospective teachers through metaphor analysis. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 6(2), 509-522.
  • Saban, A., 2008. Okula ilişkin metaforlar. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi, 55, 459-496.
  • Sakui, K. and Gaies, S. J., 2003. A case study: Beliefs and metaphors of a Japanese teacher of English. In Kalaja, P. and Barcelos, A. F. (Eds.), Beliefs about SLA: New Research Approaches. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 153- 170.
  • Searle, J. R., 1993. Metaphor. In Ortony, A., (Ed.), Metaphor and Thought (2nd edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 183-111.
  • Seferoğlu, G., Korkmazgil, S., and Ölçü, Z., 2009. Gaining insights into teachers' ways of thinking via metaphors. Educational Studies, 35(3), 323-335.
  • Tobin, K., 1990. Changing metaphors and beliefs: A master switch for teaching? Theory into Practice, 29, 122-127.
  • Tobin, R, and Ulerick, S. U., 1995. Relationships between metaphors, beliefs, and actions in a context of science curriculum change. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 32, 225-242.
  • Williams, M., and Burden, R. L., 1997. Psychology for language teachers: A social constructivist approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Başvuru: 21.05.2013
  • Yayına Kabul: 07.01.2014

İngilizce Öğretmenlerinin ve Yabancı Dil Öğrenen Öğrencilerin Tutum ve İnançlarının Metafor Yoluyla Ortaya Çıkarılması

Yıl 2013, Cilt 26, Sayı 2, 405 - 422, 01.08.2013

Öz

Yabancı dil öğrenen öğrencilerin dil öğrenme sürecine bakışları ile İngilizce öğretmenlerinin bu süreçte üstlendikleri roller hakkında metafor yardımıyla bilgi sahibi olmak mümkündür. Lakoff ve Johnson’a (1980) göre, “metaforun özü bir tür şeyi başka bir tür şeye göre anlamak ve tecrübe etmektir”. Bu alanda yapılan çalışmalar son yıllarda hız kazanmıştır. Çalışmanın amacı İngilizce öğretmenlerinin yabancı dil eğitimindeki rolleri konusundaki inançlarını ve İngilizce öğrenen öğrencilerin yaşadıkları süreci, ürettikleri metaforları analiz ederek ortaya çıkarmaktır. Çalışmaya Yabancı Diller Yüksekokulunda görev alan 30 okutman ve eğitim alan 156 öğrenci katılmıştır. Katılımcıların her birinin “İngilizce öğrenmek... gibidir, çünkü ...” ifadesini tamamlamasıyla elde edilen veriler, metafor çözümleme tekniği kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Öğrencilerin ürettiği 121, öğretmenlerin kullandığı 25 metafor dikkate alınmıştır. Bu çalışmanın sonuçları, yabancı dil öğretmenleri ve öğrencilerinin konuya ilişkin tutum ve inançlarını metafor yoluyla da ifade edebileceklerini ortaya koymuştur

Kaynakça

  • Aktekin, M. and Aktekin, N.Ç., 2011. Discovering the anatomy in students' mind through metaphors, Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 33-6.
  • Allwright, D., 1984. Why don’t learners learn what teachers teach?-The interaction hypothesis. In Singleton, D. M. and Little, D. G., (Eds.), Language learning in formal and informal contexts, Dublin: IRAAL, 3-18.
  • Bailey, M. K., 2005. Looking back down the road: A recent history of language classroom research. Review of Applied Linguistics in China, 1, 6-47.
  • Bailey, M. K., 2006. Language Teacher Supervision. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Barkhuizen, G. P., 1998. Discovering learners’ perceptions of ESL classroom teaching / learning activities in South African context. TESOL Quarterly, 32, 85-108.
  • Berliner, D.C. 1990. If the metaphor fits, why not wear it? The teacher as executive. Theory into Practice, 29, 85–93.
  • Bernat, E., and Gvozdenko, I., 2005. Beliefs about language learning: current knowledge, pedagogical implications, and new research directions. TESL-E, 9, 1-21. Retrieved November 13, 2010, from http://tesl-ej.or/ej33/al.html
  • Breen, M.P. (Ed.), 2001. Learner contributions to language learning: New directions in research. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
  • Cameron, L., and Low, G., 1999. Metaphor. Language Teaching, 32, 77-96.
  • Cortazzi, M., and Jin, L., 1999. Bridges to learning: Metaphors of teaching, learning and language. Researching and applying metaphor, 149- 176.
  • De Guerrero, M.C.M and Villamil, O.S., 2000. Exploring ESL teachers’ roles through metaphor analysis. TESOL Quarterly, 34, 341-351.
  • De Guerrero, M. C., and Villamil, O. S., 2002. Metaphorical conceptualizations of ESL teaching and learning. Language teaching research, 6(2), 95-120.
  • Glucksberg, S. and Keysar, B., 1993. How metaphors work. In Ortony, A., (Ed.), Metaphor and thought, (2nd ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 401-424.
  • Güveli, E., İpek, A. S., Atasoy, E., ve Güveli, H. (2011). Sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının matematik kavramına yönelik metafor algıları. Türk Bilgisayar ve Matematik Eğitimi Dergisi, 2(2).
  • Horwitz, E. K., 1987. Surveying student beliefs about language learning. In Wenden, A. and Rubin, R., (Eds.), Learner strategies in language learning, London: Prentice Hall, 119-129.
  • Hoyle, E., and Wallace, M., 2007. Beyond metaphors of management: the case for metaphoric re-description in education. British Journal of Educational Studies, 55(4), 426-442.
  • Kalaja, P. and Barcelos, A. F. (Eds)., 2003. Beliefs about SLA: New Research Approaches, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Kalyoncu, R. (2013). Sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının" sanat eğitimi dersi" kavramına ilişkin metaforları. E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy (NWSA), 8(1).
  • Kramsch, C., 2003. Metaphor and the subjective construction of beliefs. In Kalaja, P. and Barcelos, A. F., (Eds.), Beliefs about SLA: New research approaches, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 109- 127
  • Lakoff, G. and Johnson, M., 1980. Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Lakoff, G., 1993. The contemporary theory of metaphor. In Ortony, A., (Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 202-251
  • Marchant, G., 1992. A teacher is like …Using simile lists to explore personal metaphors. Language and Education, 6, 33-45.
  • Maslach, C., 1977. Burnout: The cost of caring. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Mc Grath, I., 2006. Teachers’ and learners’ images for course books. ELT Journal, 60, 171-179.
  • Munby, H., 1986. Metaphor in the thinking of teachers: An exploratory study. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 18, 197-209.
  • Munby, H., 1987. Metaphor and teachers' knowledge. Research in the Teaching of English, 21, 377-397.
  • Nikitina, L., and Furuoka, F., 2008. Measuring metaphors: a factor analysis of students’ conceptions of language teachers. Metaphorik. de, 15, 161-180.
  • Nunan, D., 1998. Teaching grammar in context. ELT Journal, 52, 101-109.
  • Ortony, A. (Ed)., 1993. Metaphor and Thought (2nd ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Pajares, M. F., 1992. Teachers’ beliefs and educational research: Cleaning up a messy construct. Review of Educational Research, 62, 307-332.
  • Peacock, M., 1999. Beliefs about language learning and their relationship to proficiency. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 9, 247- 265.
  • Perry, C., and M. Cooper., 2001. Metaphors are good mirrors: Reflecting on change for teacher educators. Reflective Practice, 2, 41–52.
  • Richardson, V., 1996. The role of attitudes and beliefs in learning to teach. In Sikula, J., Buttery, T. J. and Guyton, E., (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Teacher Education, New York: Macmillan, 102-119.
  • Ryan, A., 2005. Teacher development and educational change: Empowerment through structured reflection. Irish Educational Studies, 24, 179–98.
  • Saban, A., Koçbeker B.N. and Saban, A., 2006. An investigation of the concept of teacher among prospective teachers through metaphor analysis. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 6(2), 509-522.
  • Saban, A., 2008. Okula ilişkin metaforlar. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi, 55, 459-496.
  • Sakui, K. and Gaies, S. J., 2003. A case study: Beliefs and metaphors of a Japanese teacher of English. In Kalaja, P. and Barcelos, A. F. (Eds.), Beliefs about SLA: New Research Approaches. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 153- 170.
  • Searle, J. R., 1993. Metaphor. In Ortony, A., (Ed.), Metaphor and Thought (2nd edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 183-111.
  • Seferoğlu, G., Korkmazgil, S., and Ölçü, Z., 2009. Gaining insights into teachers' ways of thinking via metaphors. Educational Studies, 35(3), 323-335.
  • Tobin, K., 1990. Changing metaphors and beliefs: A master switch for teaching? Theory into Practice, 29, 122-127.
  • Tobin, R, and Ulerick, S. U., 1995. Relationships between metaphors, beliefs, and actions in a context of science curriculum change. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 32, 225-242.
  • Williams, M., and Burden, R. L., 1997. Psychology for language teachers: A social constructivist approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Başvuru: 21.05.2013
  • Yayına Kabul: 07.01.2014

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Nafiye Çiğdem AKTEKİN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ağustos 2013
Başvuru Tarihi 14 Kasım 2015
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2013, Cilt 26, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Aktekin, N. Ç. (2013). İngilizce Öğretmenlerinin ve Yabancı Dil Öğrenen Öğrencilerin Tutum ve İnançlarının Metafor Yoluyla Ortaya Çıkarılması . Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 26 (2) , 405-422 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/uefad/issue/16698/173586