Yıl 2016, Cilt 13 , Sayı 52, Sayfalar 3 - 22 2016-12-01

A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony
Türk Dış Politikasının Tarihsel Materyalist Bir Analizi: Sınıf, Devlet ve Hegemonya

Faruk YALVAÇ [1]


This article aims to develop a historical materialist analysis to analyse Turkish Foreign Policy (TFP) as part of what I refer to as critical foreign policy studies. The paper utilises a critical political economy approach to TFP based on the Gramscian concept of hegemony and extends it to analyse different foreign policy strategies as hegemonic projects developed by ruling capital classes to sustain their rule. The paper also presents the concept of hegemonic depth to resolve the antinomies involved in understanding foreign policy projects as the outcome of a dialectical interplay between structures and agencies. The concept of hegemonic depth is then used to understand the dynamics of TFP in terms of the state-capital nexus. Hegemonic depth implies the extent of the embeddedness of capital fractions in controlling the state apparatus and the functioning of the state. The article also argues for the replacement of the geopolitical concept of strategic depth with the sociological concept of hegemonic depth to describe this process of deepening of the neoliberal principles of globalization, the concomitant development of hegemonic projects and their reflection on TFP. The final section argues that there are always limits to hegemonic depth and that the current Justice and Development Party government may have difficulties in extending the penetration of its hegemony.
Bu makale, eleştirel dış politika çalışmaları adını verdiğim bir yaklaşım çerçevesinde Türk Dış Politikası’nın tarihsel materyalist analizini yapmaya yönelik bir çerçeve çizmektedir. Bu doğrultuda eleştirel bir politik iktisat yaklaşımı benimseyerek Gramsci’nin hegemonya kavramını temel almakta ve bu kavramı genişleterek dış politika stratejilerini hakim sınıfların egemenliklerini sürdürmek için geliştirdikleri hegemonya projelerinin bir uzantısı olarak değerlendirmektedir. Makale dış politikanın değerlendirilmesinde yapılar ve failler arasındaki diyalektik ilişkinin nasıl anlaşılması gerektiğine yönelik olarak hegemonik derinlik kavramını önermekte ve devlet-sermaye ilişkisinin incelenmesinde bu kavramı kullanmaktadır. Hegemonik derinlik sermaye sınıflarının devlet kurumları ile bu kurumların işleyişindeki etkilerinin derinliğini ifade etmektedir. Makale bu süreci ifade etmek üzere jeopolitik bir kavram olan stratejik derinlik kavramı yerine, neoliberal küreselleşme ilkeleri ile bunları yansıtan dış politika projelerini ifade etmek üzere sosyolojik bir kavram olan hegemonik derinlik kavramının kullanılmasını önermektedir. Makale hegemonik derinliğin sınırları olduğunu ve mevcut AKP hükümetinin bu sınırlara erişmiş olabileceğini ifade etmektedir.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal, Siyasi Bilimler
Diğer ID JA86YS83ZF
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Faruk YALVAÇ
Kurum: ORTA DOĞU TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Aralık 2016

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { uidergisi463081, journal = {Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi}, issn = {1304-7310}, eissn = {1304-7175}, address = {Kadir Has Üniversitesi, Cibali Kampüsü, Beyaz Ev, Oda No: 13, 34083}, publisher = {Uluslararası İlişkiler Konseyi Derneği İktisadi İşletmesi}, year = {2016}, volume = {13}, pages = {3 - 22}, doi = {10.33458/uidergisi.463081}, title = {A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony}, key = {cite}, author = {Yalvaç, Faruk} }
APA Yalvaç, F . (2016). A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony . Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi , Özel Sayı: Türk Dış Politikası , 3-22 . DOI: 10.33458/uidergisi.463081
MLA Yalvaç, F . "A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony" . Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi 13 (2016 ): 3-22 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/uidergisi/issue/39310/463081>
Chicago Yalvaç, F . "A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony". Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi 13 (2016 ): 3-22
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony AU - Faruk Yalvaç Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.33458/uidergisi.463081 DO - 10.33458/uidergisi.463081 T2 - Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 3 EP - 22 VL - 13 IS - 52 SN - 1304-7310-1304-7175 M3 - doi: 10.33458/uidergisi.463081 UR - https://doi.org/10.33458/uidergisi.463081 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony %A Faruk Yalvaç %T A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony %D 2016 %J Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi %P 1304-7310-1304-7175 %V 13 %N 52 %R doi: 10.33458/uidergisi.463081 %U 10.33458/uidergisi.463081
ISNAD Yalvaç, Faruk . "A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony". Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi 13 / 52 (Aralık 2016): 3-22 . https://doi.org/10.33458/uidergisi.463081
AMA Yalvaç F . A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony. Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi. 2016; 13(52): 3-22.
Vancouver Yalvaç F . A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony. Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi. 2016; 13(52): 3-22.
IEEE F. Yalvaç , "A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony", Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi, c. 13, sayı. 52, ss. 3-22, Ara. 2016, doi:10.33458/uidergisi.463081