Yıl 2020, Cilt , Sayı 26, Sayfalar 249 - 268 2020-01-13

İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI

Oytun Boran SEZGİN [1]


Bağlı bulundukları kurumlardaki bireylerin teşvikler ya da kendi inisiyatifleri doğrultusunda, bulundukları kurumdan ayrılmadan gerçekleştirdikleri girişimsel faaliyetler bütünü şeklinde tanımlanan içgirişimci davranışı, işletmelerin rekabet avantajı elde etmesine katkıda bulunmaktadır. İlgili yazında işletmeler açısından önem arz eden içgirişimci davranışı olgusunun, bütüncül değerlendirilerek geliştirilen bir ölçek eksikliği dikkat çekmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, içgirişimci olgusunun bütün boyutları ile değerlendirerek içgirişimci davranışı için bir ölçme aracı geliştirmektir.  Bu bağlamda çalışma; kapsam geçerliliği, yapı geçerliliği ve ölçek güvenilirliği aşamalarını içermektedir.

Çalışmada oluşturulan 23 maddelik soru formu İzmir’deki özel sektörde çalışan 207 kişi üzerinde test edilmiştir. Gerçekleştirilen açımlayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizleri sonucunda içgirişimci davranışı ölçeği; yenilikçilik, rekabetçilik, destekleyicilik, inisiyatif alma, bilgi edinimi ve proaktiflik olmak üzere 6 boyuttan oluşmaktadır. Geliştirilen ölçeğin ilgili yazına ve olgunun algılanmasına dönük yapılacak açıklayıcı çalışmalara katkı sağlayacağı düşünülmektedir. Ayrıca, özgün bir ölçek ile gerçekleştirilen çalışmaların da politika yapıcılara ve uygulamacılara destek olması beklenmektedir.

İçgirişimcilik, İçgirişimci Davranışı, Ölçek Geliştirme
  • Anderson, M. H. (2008). Social Networks and the Cognitive Motivation to Realize Network Opportunities: A Study of Managers' Information Gathering Behaviors. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29(1), 51-78.
  • Antoncic B. ve Hisrich, R. D., (2003). Clarifying the Intrapreneurship Concept. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development. 10(1): 7-24.
  • Barringer, B. R., ve Bluedorn, A. C. (1999). The Relationship Between Corporate Entrepreneurship and Strategic Management. Strategic Management Journal. 20(5):421-444.
  • Baumol, W. J. (1968). Entrepreneurship in Economic Theory. The American Economic Review. 58(2): 64-71.
  • Belschak, F. D., & Den Hartog, D. N. (2010). Pro‐Self, Prosocial, and Pro‐Organizational Foci of Proactive Behaviour: Differential Antecedents and Consequences. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 83(2), 475-498.
  • Bosma, N. S., Stam, F. C., ve Wennekers, A. R. M. (2010). Intrapreneurship: An International Study. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Erik_Stam/publication/48322618_Intrepreneurship_-_An_International_Study/links/0c960524e7270b79bc000000/Intrepreneurship-An-International-Study.pdf
  • Bosma, N. S., Stam, E., ve Wennekers, S. (2012). Entrepreneurial Employee Activity: A Large Scale International Study. Tjalling C. Koopmans Institute Discussion Paper Series. 12(12): 1-10.
  • Burgelman, R. A., (1983) A Process Model of Internal Corporate Venturing in Diversified Major Firm. Administrative Science Quarterly. 28 (2): 223-244
  • Burgelman, R.A. (1984). Designs for Corporate Entrepreneurship in Established Firms. California Management Review. 26(3): 154-166.
  • Bysted, R., & Hansen, J. R. (2015). Comparing Public and Private Sector Employees’ Innovative Behaviour: Understanding the Role of Job and Organizational Characteristics, Job Types, and Subsectors. Public Management Review. 17(5): 698-717.
  • Camelo-Ordaz, C., Fernández-Alles, M., Ruiz-Navarro, J., & Sousa-Ginel, E. (2012). The Intrapreneur and Innovation in Creative Firms. International Small Business Journal, 30(5), 513-535.
  • Campbell, A., Birkinshaw, J., Morrison, A., & van Basten Batenburg, R. (2003). The Future of Corporate Venturing. MIT Sloan Management Review, 45(1), 30.
  • Covin, J. G., & Slevin, D. P. (1989). Strategic Management of Small Firms in Hostile and Benign Environments. Strategic Management Journal, 10(1), 75-87.
  • Crant, J. M. (2000). Proactive Behavior in Organizations. Journal of Management, 26(3), 435-462.
  • Day, D. L. (1994). Raising Radicals: Different Processes for Championing Innovative Corporate Ventures. Organization Science, 5(2), 148-172.
  • Davis, K. S. (1999). Decision Criteria in the Evaluation of Potential Intrapreneurs. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 16(3-4), 295-327.
  • Davis, D., Morris, M., ve Allen, J. (1991). Perceived Environmental Turbulence and its Effect on Selected Entrepreneurship, Marketing, and Organizational Characteristics in Indsutrial Firms, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 19(1): 43-51.
  • De Jong, J. D., ve Wennekers, S. (2008). Intrapreneurship; Conceptualizing Entrepreneurial Employee Behavior. Scientific Analysis of Entrepreneurship and SMEs (SCALES), Zoetermeer: EIM, 1-47.
  • De Jong, J. P. J., Parker, S. K., Wennekers, S. ve Wu, C. (2011). Corporate Entrepreneurship at Individual Level: Measurement and Determinants. EIM Research Reports. 13-39.
  • Douglas, E. J. ve Fitzsimmons, J. R. (2013). Intrapreneurial Intentions versus Entrepreneurial Intentions: Distinct Constructs with Different Antecedents. Small Business Economics. 41(1): 115-132.
  • Duncan, W. J., Ginter, P. M., Rucks, A. C., ve Jacobs, T. D. (1988). Intrapreneurship and The Reinvention of the Corporation. Business Horizons. 31(3): 16-21.
  • Durmaz, I. (2011). Psikolojik Güçlendirme Algısının İç Girişimcilik Üzerine Etkisi. (Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi). Ankara: Gazi Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.
  • Felício, J. A., Rodrigues, R., & Caldeirinha, V. R. (2012). The Effect of Intrapreneurship on Corporate Performance. Management Decision, 50(10), 1717-1738.
  • Gawke, J. C., Gorgievski, M. J., & Bakker, A. B. (2017). Employee Intrapreneurship and Work Engagement: A Latent Change Score Approach. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 100, 88-100.
  • Guth, W. D., ve Ginsberg, A. (1990). Guest Editors’ Introduction: Corporate Entrepreneurship. Strategic Management Journal. 11(4): 5-15.
  • Janssen, O. (2000). Job Demands, Perceptions of Effort Reward Fairness and Innovative Work Behaviour. Journal Of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. 73(3): 287-302
  • Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1974). The Job Diagnostic Survey: An Instrument for The Diagnosis of Jobs and The Evaluation of Job Redesign Projects. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED099580.pdf
  • Harbison, F. (1956). Entrepreneurial Organization as A Factor in Economic Development. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 70(3): 364-379.
  • Hayton, J. C., & Kelley, D. J. (2006). A competency‐based framework for promoting corporate entrepreneurship. Human Resource Management: Published in Cooperation with the School of Business Administration, The University of Michigan and in alliance with the Society of Human Resources Management, 45(3), 407-427.
  • Helmreich, R. L. ve Spence, J. T. (1978), The Work and Family Orientation Questionnaire: An Objective Instrument to Assess Components of Achievement Motivation and Attitudes Toward Family and Career. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 8: 35.
  • Honig, B. (2001). Learning Strategies and Resources for Entrepreneurs and Intrapreneurs. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 26(1): 21-35.
  • Hughes, M. ve Morgan, R. E. (2007). Deconstructing The Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Business Performance at The Embryonic Stage of Firm Growth. Industrial Marketing Management. 36(5): 651-661.
  • Hydle, K. M., Aas, T. H. ve Breunig, K. J. (2014). Characteristics of Intrapreneurs in Scale-Intensive Service Firms. Journal of Entrepreneurship Management and Innovaon (JEMI), 10(2), 89-118
  • Kanter, R. M. (1984). Change Masters. Simon and Schuster. New York
  • Knight, G. A. (1997). Cross-Cultural Reliability and Validity of A Scale to Measure Firm Entrepreneurial Orientation. Journal of Business Venturing. 12(3): 213-225.
  • Krikelas, J. (1983). Information-Seeking Behavior: Patterns and Concepts. Drexel library quarterly, 19(2), 5-20.
  • Kolchin, M. G., & Hyclak, T. J. (1987). The Case of the Traditional Intrapreneur. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 52(3), 14-18.
  • Kuratko, D. F., Covin, J. G., ve Garrett, R. P. (2009). Corporate Venturing: Insights from Actual Performance. Business Horizons. 52(5): 459-467.
  • Kuratko D. F. ve Hodgetts R. M. (1988). Entrepreneurship. The Dreyden Press. Orlando
  • Langkamp, B. D. ve Lane, M. D. (2012). Individual Entrepreneurial Orientation: Development of a Measurment Insturment. Education+Training. 54(2/3): 219-233.
  • Lumpkin, G. T. ve Dess, G. G. (1996). Clarifying The Entrepreneurial Orientation Construct and Linking It To Performance. Academy of Management Review. 21(1): 135-172.
  • McKee, D. O., Varadarajan, P. R., & Pride, W. M. (1989). Strategic Adaptability and Firm Performance: A Market-Contingent Perspective. Journal of Marketing, 53(3), 21-35.
  • Menzel, H. C., Aaltio, I. ve Ulijn, J. M. (2007). On the Way to Creativity: Engineers as Intrapreneurs in Organizations. Technovation 27(12): 732-743
  • Miles, R. E., Snow, C. C., Meyer, A. D., ve Coleman, H. J. (1978). Organizational Strategy, Structure and, Process. Academy of Management Review. 3(3): 546-562.
  • Miller, D. (1983). The Correlates of Entrepreneurship in Three Types Of Firms. Management Science. 29(7): 770-791.
  • Morgeson, F. P., & Humphrey, S. E. (2006). The Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ): Developing and Validating a Comprehensive Measure for Assessing Job Design and The Nature of Work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(6), 1321-1339.
  • Morris, M. H., ve Kuratko, D. F. (2002). Corporate Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial Development within Organizations. South-Western Pub.
  • Nyström, K. (2012). Entrepreneurial Employees: Are They Different From Independent Entrepreneurs (No. 281). Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS-Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies. https://static.sys.kth.se/itm/wp/cesis/cesiswp281.pdf
  • Özdemir, A. (2016). Yönetim Biliminde İleri Araştırma Yöntemleri ve Uygulamalar, 4. Baskı, Beta Yayınevi, İstanbul.
  • Pantry, S., & Griffiths, P. (2000). Being an Intrapreneur and Creating a Successful Information Ser-vice within Your Organization. Business Information Review, 17(4), 205-214.
  • Pinchot, G. (1985). Intrapreneuring. Harper & Row, New York.
  • Preenen, P. T., Dorenbosch, L., Plantinga, E., & Dhondt, S. (2016). The Influence of Task Challenge on Skill Utilization, Affective Wellbeing and Intrapreneurial Behaviour. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 1-22.
  • Radaelli, G., Lettieri, E., Mura, M., & Spiller, N. (2014). Knowledge Sharing and Innovative Work Behaviour in Healthcare: A Micro‐Level Investigation of Direct and Indirect Effects. Creativity and Innovation Management, 23(4), 400-414.
  • Rigtering, J. P. C. ve Weitzel, U. (2013). Work Context and Employee Behaviour as Antecedents for Intrapreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal. 9(3): 337-360.
  • Rosenberg, V. (1967). Factors Affecting the Preferences of Industrial Personnel for Information Gathering Methods. Information Storage and Retrieval, 3(3), 119-127.
  • Ross, J., and Unwalla, D. (1986) Who is an Intrapreneur?. Personnel, December, 45-49.
  • Rumelt, R. P. (1982). Diversification Strategy and Profitability, Strategic Management Journal. 3(4): 359-369
  • Sayeed, O. B. ve Gazdar, M. K. (2003). Intrapreneurship: Assessing And Defining Attributes of Intrapreneurs. Journal of Entrepreneurship, 12(1): 75-89.
  • Scott, S. G. ve Bruce, R. A. (1994). Determinants of Innovative Behavior: A Path Model of Individual Innovation in The Workplace. Academy of Management Journal. 37(3): 580-607.
  • Sezgin, O. B. (2015). Algılanan Örgütsel Destek İle İçgirişimci Davranışı İlişkisinde Örgütsel Güvenin Rolü. Doktora Tezi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi
  • Shane, S. (1995). Uncertainty Avoidance and the Preference for Innovation Championing Roles. Journal of International Business Studies, 26(1), 47-68.
  • Snow, C. C., & Hrebiniak, L. G. (1980). Strategy, Distinctive Competence, and Organizational Performance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 317-336..
  • Spence, J. T., Helmreich, R. L., & Pred, R. S. (1987). Impatience versus Achievement Strivings in the Type A Pattern: Differential Effects on Students' Health and Academic Achievement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72(4), 522-528.
  • Spreitzer, G. M. (1995). Psychological Empowerment in the Workplace: Dimensions, Measurement, and Validation. Academy of Management Journal. 38(5): 1442-1465.
  • Stopford, J. M. ve Baden Fuller, C. W. (1994). Creating Corporate Entrepreneurship. Strategic Management Journal. 15(7): 521-536.
  • Stull & (2005). Intrapreneurship in Nonprofit Organizations Examining The Factors that Facilitate Entrepreneurial Behaviour among Employees. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mike_Stull/publication/228383477_Intrapreneurship_in_nonprofit_organizations_Examining_the_factors_that_facilitate_entrepreneurial_behavior_among_employees/links/00b4952d465f9dc171000000.pdf
  • Szerb, L. (2003). The Changing Role of Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship in Network Organisations. Knowledge Transfer, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, and Regional Development in Hungary, JATEPress, Chapter 6, 81-95.
  • Şeşen, H. (2010). Öncülleri ve Sonuçları ile Örgüt İçi Girişimcilik: Türk Savunma Sanayinde Bir Araştırma, Doktora Tezi, KHO Savunma Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Takeuchi R., Lepak D. P., Wang H., Takeuchi K. (2007). An Empirical Examination of the Mechanisms Mediating Between High-Performance Work Systems and the Performance of Japanese Organizations. J. Appl. Psychol. 92: 1069–1083
  • Teece D. J. (2016). Dynamic Capabilities and Entrepreneurial Management in Large Organizations: Toward a Theory of the (Entrepreneurial) Firm. Eur. Econ. Rev. 86: 202–216.
  • Tokat, A. O. (2007), “Öz Yeterlilik Algısının Performans ve Girişimciliğe Etkisi: Uygulamalı Bir Araş-tırma”, Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Kara Harp Okulu Savunma Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Wakkee, I., Elfring, T. ve Monaghan, S. (2010). Creating Entrepreneurial Employees in Traditional Service Sectors. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal. 6(1): 1-21.
  • Weber, S., Trost, S., Wiethe-Körprich, M., Weiß, C., & Achtenhagen, F. (2014). Intrapreneur: An Entrepreneur within a Company. In Becoming an Entrepreneur (279-302). SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
  • Van Greunen, J. (1994). Characteristics that Identify the Intracorporate Entrepreneur (Intrapreneur, Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg.
  • Van de Ven, A. H. (1986). Central Problems in the Management of Innovation. Management Science, 32(5): 590-607.
  • Van der Sijde, P., Veenker, S. ve During, W. (2013). Intrapreneurship in SMEs: about The Role of Management and R&D. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences. 1(11): 24-30.
  • Van Dyne, L. ve LePine, J. A. (1998). Helping and Voice Extra-Role Behaviors: Evidence of Construct and Predictive Validity. Academy of Management Journal. 41(1): 108-119.
  • Veugelers, M., Bury, J., & Viaene, S. (2010). Linking Technology Intelligence to Open Innovation. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 77(2), 335-343.
  • Yamaguchi, I. (2001). Perceived Organizational Support for Satisfying Autonomy Needs of Japanese White-Collar Workers: A Comparison between Japanese and USAffiliated Companies. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 16(6): 434-448.
  • Zahra, S. A. (1991). Predictors and Financial Outcomes of Corporate Entrepreneurship: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Business Venturing. 6(4): 259-285.
  • Zeithaml, C. P., ve Zeithaml, V. A. (1984). Environmental Management: Revising The Marketing Perspective. The Journal of Marketing. 48(2): 46-53.
  • Zhu, D., & Porter, A. L. (2002). Automated Extraction and Visualization of İnformation for Technological Intelligence and Forecasting. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 69(5): 495-506.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm MAKALELER
Yazarlar

Yazar: Oytun Boran SEZGİN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 13 Ocak 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ulikidince538553, journal = {Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9832}, eissn = {1307-9859}, address = {}, publisher = {Kenan ÇELİK}, year = {2020}, volume = {}, pages = {249 - 268}, doi = {10.18092/ulikidince.538553}, title = {İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI}, key = {cite}, author = {SEZGİN, Oytun} }
APA SEZGİN, O . (2020). İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi , (26) , 249-268 . DOI: 10.18092/ulikidince.538553
MLA SEZGİN, O . "İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2020 ): 249-268 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ulikidince/issue/50945/538553>
Chicago SEZGİN, O . "İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2020 ): 249-268
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI AU - Oytun Boran SEZGİN Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.538553 DO - 10.18092/ulikidince.538553 T2 - Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 249 EP - 268 VL - IS - 26 SN - 1307-9832-1307-9859 M3 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.538553 UR - https://doi.org/10.18092/ulikidince.538553 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI %A Oytun Boran SEZGİN %T İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI %D 2020 %J Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi %P 1307-9832-1307-9859 %V %N 26 %R doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.538553 %U 10.18092/ulikidince.538553
ISNAD SEZGİN, Oytun . "İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi / 26 (Ocak 2020): 249-268 . https://doi.org/10.18092/ulikidince.538553
AMA SEZGİN O . İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI. UİİİD. 2020; (26): 249-268.
Vancouver SEZGİN O . İÇGİRİŞİMCİ DAVRANIŞI: ÖLÇEK GELİŞTİRME, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİLİK ÇALIŞMASI. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi. 2020; (26): 268-249.