Yıl 2019, Cilt 24 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 445 - 460 2019-08-30

DOĞAL VE SENTETİK LİF ESASLI KOMPAKT İPLİKLERDEN ÜRETİLEN GÖMLEKLİK KUMAŞLARIN BAZI MEKANİK VE HAVA GEÇİRGENLİĞİ ÖZELLİKLERİNİN İNCELENMESİ
INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES

ERHAN KENAN ÇEVEN [1] , GİZEM KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN [2]


Gömleklik kumaşlar tekstil tüketicileri açısından en çok talep edilen ürün gurupları arasındadır. Bu ürünlerde hammadde olarak daha çok pamuk tercih edilse de, Poliester, elastan, viskon gibi lifler ve bu liflerin pamuk ile karışımları da gömleklik kumaşlarda kullanılabilmektedir. Gömleklik kumaşların konfeksiyon ürününde rahatlıkla kullanılabilmeleri açısından dayanıklılıkları ve hava geçirgenliği özellikleri göz önünde bulundurulmalıdır. Dokuma örgü konstrüksiyonu, çözgü ve atkı iplik sıklığı, iplik numarası, lif tipi gibi kumaş konstrüksiyon parametreleri gömleklik kumaşların mekanik ve hava geçirgenliği özelliklerini etkileyen temel parametreler arasında yerini almaktadır. Bu çalışma farklı kumaş tiplerinin, gömleklik kumaşlara ait çözgü ve atkı yönündeki yırtılma mukavemeti, dikiş mukavemeti, kat düzelme açısı (°) ve hava geçirgenliği özelliklerine etkisini değerlendirmek üzere yapılmıştır. Bunun için farklı oranlarda pamuk, keten, Poliamit, viskon ve elastan lifleri içeren kompakt iplikler kullanılarak bezayağı, armürlü ve saten gömleklik kumaşlar üretilmiştir. Ön terbiye işlemi yapılmış kumaşlara yırtılma mukavemeti testi, dikiş mukavemeti testi, kat düzelme açısı (°) testi ve son olarak hava geçirgenliği ölçüm testleri uygulanmıştır. Kumaş tipinin gömleklik kumaşların bazı mekanik özellikleri ve hava geçirgenliği üzerindeki etkisinin 0.05 anlamlılık düzeyinde etkisini görebilmek adına tek yönlü ANOVA testi uygulanmıştır. Test sonuçları istatiksel olarak değerlendirilmiş olup, kumaş tipinin genel olarak gömleklik kumaşlara ait yırtılma mukavemeti, dikiş mukavemeti, kat düzelme açısı ve hava geçirgenliği özellikleri üzerinde 0.05 anlamlılık düzeyinde etkili olduğu görülmüştür.

Shirting fabrics are one of the most demanded product groups for textile consumers. Although cotton is the most preferred fibre as the raw material of shirting fabrics, fibres such as Polyester, Elastane, viscose and their blends with cotton may also be utilized in the shirting fabrics. For the convenience usage of shirting fabrics in apparel products, those fabrics’ durability and air permeability properties should be considered in detail. Fabric constructional parameters such as weave structure, warp and weft yarn density, yarn count, fibre type are the main influential factors on shirting fabrics’ mechanical and air permeability properties. This study has been performed in order to evaluate the effect of fabric construction on some mechanical properties such as tear strength, seam strength, crease recovery angle (°) as well as on air permeability of the shirting fabrics.  Throughout the study, plain, dobby and satin shirting woven fabrics were produced from the compact yarns with several combinations of cotton, linen, polyamide, viscose and elastane fibre blends. Pre-treated samples were objected to tear strength test, seam strength test, crease recovery angle (°) test and finally to air permeability test. Randomized One –Way ANOVA test was performed in order to investigate the significant effect of fabric type on some mechanical and air permeability properties of shirting fabrics at significance level of 0.05. Test results were statistically evaluated and it was generally observed that there was a significant effect of fabric type on tear strength, seam strength, crease recovery angle and on air permeability features of the shirting fabrics at significant level of 0.05. 

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Yazar: ERHAN KENAN ÇEVEN
Kurum: ULUDAG UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, DEPARTMENT OF TEXTILE ENGINEERING
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: GİZEM KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY, BULDAN VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 9 Mayıs 2019
Kabul Tarihi : 10 Temmuz 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { uumfd562414, journal = {Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering}, issn = {2148-4147}, eissn = {2148-4155}, address = {}, publisher = {Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {24}, pages = {445 - 460}, doi = {10.17482/uumfd.562414}, title = {INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇEVEN, ERHAN KENAN and KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN, GİZEM} }
APA ÇEVEN, E , KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN, G . (2019). INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES. Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering , 24 (2) , 445-460 . DOI: 10.17482/uumfd.562414
MLA ÇEVEN, E , KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN, G . "INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES". Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 24 (2019 ): 445-460 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/uumfd/issue/45830/562414>
Chicago ÇEVEN, E , KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN, G . "INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES". Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 24 (2019 ): 445-460
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES AU - ERHAN KENAN ÇEVEN , GİZEM KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17482/uumfd.562414 DO - 10.17482/uumfd.562414 T2 - Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 445 EP - 460 VL - 24 IS - 2 SN - 2148-4147-2148-4155 M3 - doi: 10.17482/uumfd.562414 UR - https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.562414 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES %A ERHAN KENAN ÇEVEN , GİZEM KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN %T INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES %D 2019 %J Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering %P 2148-4147-2148-4155 %V 24 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17482/uumfd.562414 %U 10.17482/uumfd.562414
ISNAD ÇEVEN, ERHAN KENAN , KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN, GİZEM . "INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES". Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 24 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 445-460 . https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.562414
AMA ÇEVEN E , KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN G . INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES. JFE. 2019; 24(2): 445-460.
Vancouver ÇEVEN E , KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN G . INVESTIGATION OF SOME MECHANICAL AND AIR PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES OF SHIRTING FABRICS PRODUCED FROM COMPACT YARNS MADE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES. Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering. 2019; 24(2): 460-445.