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EFFECTS OF SOYBEAN PROTEIN SUBSTITUTION WITH PEA IN DIET ON BROILER CHICK SERUM ANTIOXIDANT VITAMIN AND MINERAL LEVELS

Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 1, 1 - 5, 29.10.2019

Öz

The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of soybean meal protein substitution with pea at different levels in broiler diets on serum antioxidant vitamin and mineral levels. A basal (control) diet was prepared and three experimental diets were determined by the substitution of soybean meal protein with pea in basal diet; 20% (20% Pea) and 40% (40% Pea) of soybean meal crude protein (control) were substituted with pea protein in the basal diet to obtain the treatment groups. Chicks were fed with the above-mentioned diets in groups of 5 chicks in each subgroup (a total of 16 chicks for each treatment group) and the experiments lasted for 42 days. The blood samples were collected from 12 chicks in each group. Serum Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Zn retinol, tocopherol and vitamin D levels were determined. It was determined that serum α-tocopherol, Fe, Mn and Mg levels did not change, however retinol and vitamin D levels increased in P20 and P40groups. Ca levels significantly increased while Zn levels decreased in the P20 group. It can be concluded that pea levels in soy bean based diet may affect serum mineral and vitamin levels in various ways. 

Kaynakça

  • Arif M, Rehman A, Saeed M, El-Hack MEA, Alagawany M, Abbas H, Arian MA, Fazlani SA, Hussain A, Ayasan T. Effect of different processing methods of pigeon pea (Cajanuscajan) on growth performance, carcass traits, and blood biochemical and hematological parameters of broiler chickens. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 2017;41:38-45.
  • Bello A, Hester PY, Gerard PD, Zhai W, Peebles ED. Effects of commercial invivo injection of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol on bone development and mineralization in male and female broilers. Poult Sci 2014:93(11);2734-9.
  • CatootjieLusjeNalle. Nutritional Evaluation of Grain Legumes for Poultry. A thesis Doctor of Philosophy in Poultry Nutrition at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand, 2009.
  • Clagett-Dame M, DeLuca HF. The role of vitamin A in mammalian reproduction and embryonic development. Annu Rev Nutr 2002:22;347-81.
  • Cowieson AJ, Acamovic T, Bedford MR. Supplementation of diets containing pea meal with exogenous enzymes: effects on weight gain, feed conversion, nutrient digestibility and gross morphology of the gastrointestinal tract of growing broiler chicks. Br Poult Sci 2003;44(3):427-37.
  • Dahll WJ, Foster LM, Tyler RT. Review of the health benefits of peas (Pisum sativum L.). Br J Nutr 2012;108Suppl 1:S3-10.
  • Dede S, Deger Y, Kahraman T, Deger S, Alkan M, Cemek M. Determination of oxidation products of nitric oxide and the concentrations of antioxidant vitamins in goats with parasitic invasions. Acta Vet Brno 2002:71;341-5.
  • Dede S, H Çamaş. Yumurta tavuklarında bazı biyokimyasal kan parametrelerinin (GSH, Hb ve Tf tipleri ve Mn) tayin edilmesi ve yumurta verimi üzerine etkilerinin araştırılması. YYÜ Sağ Bil Derg 2001;7:131-8.
  • Dede S, Bingol T, Kilicalp Kilinc D, Deger Y, Yoruk IH, Tanritanir Ekici P. Effects of Plantago major extract on serum levels of antioxidant vitamins and minerals in broiler. Ind J Anim Res 2018:B-855; 1661-3.
  • Dede S, Değer Y. Yumurta tavuklarının kan plazması ve tüylerinde iz element (Cu, Zn) konsantrasyonlarının karşılıklı incelenmesi ve düzeyler üzerine yaşın etkisi. FÜ Sağ Bil Derg 2000:14(1);61-4.
  • Dede S, Değer Y, Kahraman T, N Dönmez. Suplemental olarak çinko uygulanan tavuklarda nitric oksit oksidasyon ürünleri ve antioksidan vitamin düzeyleri. Vet Bil Derg 2001;17(2), 119-22.
  • Dede S, Değer Y, Değer S, Tanritanir P. Plasma levels of zinc, copper, copper/zinc ratio and activity of carbonic anhydrase in equine piroplasmosis. Biol Trace Elem Res 2008;125:41-5.
  • Ebsim S. Establishing the nutritional value of field pea as affected by feed processing and pea cultivar for poultry. Thesis doctoral, Department of Animal and Poultry Science University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon, SK. Canada, 2013.
  • Gill SS, Tuteja N. Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Physiol Biochem 2010;48:909-30. Greenberg WE, Trusell RR, Clescer LS. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 60th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, pp. 143-179, 1994.
  • Herzig M. Navrátilová I, Totušek J, Suchý P, Večerek V, Blahová J, Zralý Z. The effect of humic acid on zinc accumulation in chicken broiler tissues. Czech J Anim Sci 2009:54:121-7.
  • Johansson B, Persson Waller P, Jensen SK, Lindqvist H, Nadeau E. Status of vitamins E and A and β-carotene and health in organic dairy cows fed a diet without synthetic vitamins. J Dairy Sci 2014;97;1682-92.
  • Karatepe M. Simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and free malondialdehyde in human by HPLC-UV. LC-GC North America. 2004:22;365.
  • Laudadio V, Tufarelli V. Growth performance and carcass and meat quality of broiler chickens fed diets containing micronized-dehulled peas (Pisum sativum cv. Spirale) as a substitute of soybean meal. Poult Sci 2010;89:1537-43.
  • Longbottom JE, Martin TD, Edgell KW, Long SE, Plantz MR, Warden BE. Determination of trace elements in water by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry: Collaborative study. J AOAC Int 1994;77:1004-23.
  • Longstaff M, McNab JM. Digestion of starch and fibre carbohydrates in peas by adult cockerels. Br Poult Sci 1987;28:261-85.
  • Mariotti F, Pueyo ME, Tomé D, Bérot S, Benamouzig R, Mahé S. The influence of albumin fraction on bioavailability and postprandial utilization of pea protein given selectively to humans. J Nutr 2001;131:1706-13.
  • Miller KW, Yang CS. An isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography method for the simultaneous analysis of plasma retinol, α-tocopherol and various carotenoids. Analy Biochem 1985;145:21-6.
  • Mudryj AN, Yu N, Aukema HM. Nutritional and health benefits of pulses. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2014;39(11):1197-204.
  • Musa MM, Elamin KM, Ati KA, Elagib HA, Musa AM. Effect of dietary levels of decorticated cow pea (Vigna unguiculata) supplemented with molasses on broiler chicks performance and carcass traits. Pak J Biol Sci 2012;15(21):1010-8.
  • NRC (National Research Council). Nutrient Requirement for Poultry. USA, Ninth Revised, http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/fin182.pdf
  • Ravindran V, Blair R. Feed resources for poultry production in Asia and Pacific. 2. Plant protein sources. World Poult Sci J 1992;48:205-31.
  • Reddy SB, Charles MJ, Raju GJN, et al. Trace elemental analysis of cancer-afflicted intestine by PIXE technique. Biol Trace Elem Res 2004;102:265-81.
  • Rochfort S, Panozzo J. Phytochemicals for health, the role of pulses. J Agric Food Chem 2007, 55(20):7981-94.
  • Rodriguez-Lecompte JC, Yitbarek A, Cuperus T, Echeverry H, Van Dijk A. The immunomodulatory effect of vitamin Din chickens is dose-dependent and influenced by calcium and phosphorus levels. Poult Sci 2016;95(11):2547-56.
  • Sandberg AS. Bioavailability of minerals in legumes. Br J Nutr 2002, 88 Suppl 3:S281-5.
  • Wilson RD, Davies G, Désilets V, Reid GJ, Summers A, Wyatt P, Young D. The use of folic acid for the prevention of neural tube defects and other congenital anomalies. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2003, 25(11):959-73.

Soya Proteini Yerine Bezelye Verilmesinin Broiler Civcivlerinin Serum Antioksidan Vitamin ve Mineral Düzeylerine Etkisi

Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 1, 1 - 5, 29.10.2019

Öz

Bu çalışma, soya proteini yerine farklı düzeylerde bezelye verilmesinin broiler civcivlerinin serum antioksidan vitamin ve mineral düzeylerine etkisinin belirlenmesi için planlandı. Bu amaçla, bir bazal (kontrol) diyeti hazırlandı ve soya fasulyesi unu proteininin bazal diyetteki bezelye ile ikame edilmesiyle üç deneysel diyet belirlendi. Çalışma grupları, %20 (%20 Bezelye) ve%40 (%40 Bezelye) olarak, soya küspesi ham proteini (kontrol) yerine bazal diyetteki bezelye proteini ile ikame edilerek oluşturuldu. Civcivler, yukarıda belirtilen diyetlerle, her bir alt gruptaki 5 civciv grubunda (her deneme grubu için toplam 16 civciv) beslendi ve deneyler, 42 gün sürdü. Kan örnekleri her gruptaki 12 piliçten toplandı. Serum Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Zn retinol, tokoferol ve D vitamini düzeyleri belirlendi. Serum α-tokoferol, Fe, Mn ve Mg düzeylerinin değişmediği, ancak retinol ve D vitamini düzeylerinin P20 ve P40 gruplarında arttığı tespit edildi. P20 grubunda Zn düzeyi azalırken, Ca düzeyleri anlamlı olarak arttığı görüldü. Soya fasulyesi diyetindeki bezelye seviyelerinin serum mineral ve vitamin düzeylerini çeşitli şekillerde etkileyebileceği sonucuna varılabilir.

Kaynakça

  • Arif M, Rehman A, Saeed M, El-Hack MEA, Alagawany M, Abbas H, Arian MA, Fazlani SA, Hussain A, Ayasan T. Effect of different processing methods of pigeon pea (Cajanuscajan) on growth performance, carcass traits, and blood biochemical and hematological parameters of broiler chickens. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 2017;41:38-45.
  • Bello A, Hester PY, Gerard PD, Zhai W, Peebles ED. Effects of commercial invivo injection of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol on bone development and mineralization in male and female broilers. Poult Sci 2014:93(11);2734-9.
  • CatootjieLusjeNalle. Nutritional Evaluation of Grain Legumes for Poultry. A thesis Doctor of Philosophy in Poultry Nutrition at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand, 2009.
  • Clagett-Dame M, DeLuca HF. The role of vitamin A in mammalian reproduction and embryonic development. Annu Rev Nutr 2002:22;347-81.
  • Cowieson AJ, Acamovic T, Bedford MR. Supplementation of diets containing pea meal with exogenous enzymes: effects on weight gain, feed conversion, nutrient digestibility and gross morphology of the gastrointestinal tract of growing broiler chicks. Br Poult Sci 2003;44(3):427-37.
  • Dahll WJ, Foster LM, Tyler RT. Review of the health benefits of peas (Pisum sativum L.). Br J Nutr 2012;108Suppl 1:S3-10.
  • Dede S, Deger Y, Kahraman T, Deger S, Alkan M, Cemek M. Determination of oxidation products of nitric oxide and the concentrations of antioxidant vitamins in goats with parasitic invasions. Acta Vet Brno 2002:71;341-5.
  • Dede S, H Çamaş. Yumurta tavuklarında bazı biyokimyasal kan parametrelerinin (GSH, Hb ve Tf tipleri ve Mn) tayin edilmesi ve yumurta verimi üzerine etkilerinin araştırılması. YYÜ Sağ Bil Derg 2001;7:131-8.
  • Dede S, Bingol T, Kilicalp Kilinc D, Deger Y, Yoruk IH, Tanritanir Ekici P. Effects of Plantago major extract on serum levels of antioxidant vitamins and minerals in broiler. Ind J Anim Res 2018:B-855; 1661-3.
  • Dede S, Değer Y. Yumurta tavuklarının kan plazması ve tüylerinde iz element (Cu, Zn) konsantrasyonlarının karşılıklı incelenmesi ve düzeyler üzerine yaşın etkisi. FÜ Sağ Bil Derg 2000:14(1);61-4.
  • Dede S, Değer Y, Kahraman T, N Dönmez. Suplemental olarak çinko uygulanan tavuklarda nitric oksit oksidasyon ürünleri ve antioksidan vitamin düzeyleri. Vet Bil Derg 2001;17(2), 119-22.
  • Dede S, Değer Y, Değer S, Tanritanir P. Plasma levels of zinc, copper, copper/zinc ratio and activity of carbonic anhydrase in equine piroplasmosis. Biol Trace Elem Res 2008;125:41-5.
  • Ebsim S. Establishing the nutritional value of field pea as affected by feed processing and pea cultivar for poultry. Thesis doctoral, Department of Animal and Poultry Science University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon, SK. Canada, 2013.
  • Gill SS, Tuteja N. Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Physiol Biochem 2010;48:909-30. Greenberg WE, Trusell RR, Clescer LS. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 60th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, pp. 143-179, 1994.
  • Herzig M. Navrátilová I, Totušek J, Suchý P, Večerek V, Blahová J, Zralý Z. The effect of humic acid on zinc accumulation in chicken broiler tissues. Czech J Anim Sci 2009:54:121-7.
  • Johansson B, Persson Waller P, Jensen SK, Lindqvist H, Nadeau E. Status of vitamins E and A and β-carotene and health in organic dairy cows fed a diet without synthetic vitamins. J Dairy Sci 2014;97;1682-92.
  • Karatepe M. Simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and free malondialdehyde in human by HPLC-UV. LC-GC North America. 2004:22;365.
  • Laudadio V, Tufarelli V. Growth performance and carcass and meat quality of broiler chickens fed diets containing micronized-dehulled peas (Pisum sativum cv. Spirale) as a substitute of soybean meal. Poult Sci 2010;89:1537-43.
  • Longbottom JE, Martin TD, Edgell KW, Long SE, Plantz MR, Warden BE. Determination of trace elements in water by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry: Collaborative study. J AOAC Int 1994;77:1004-23.
  • Longstaff M, McNab JM. Digestion of starch and fibre carbohydrates in peas by adult cockerels. Br Poult Sci 1987;28:261-85.
  • Mariotti F, Pueyo ME, Tomé D, Bérot S, Benamouzig R, Mahé S. The influence of albumin fraction on bioavailability and postprandial utilization of pea protein given selectively to humans. J Nutr 2001;131:1706-13.
  • Miller KW, Yang CS. An isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography method for the simultaneous analysis of plasma retinol, α-tocopherol and various carotenoids. Analy Biochem 1985;145:21-6.
  • Mudryj AN, Yu N, Aukema HM. Nutritional and health benefits of pulses. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2014;39(11):1197-204.
  • Musa MM, Elamin KM, Ati KA, Elagib HA, Musa AM. Effect of dietary levels of decorticated cow pea (Vigna unguiculata) supplemented with molasses on broiler chicks performance and carcass traits. Pak J Biol Sci 2012;15(21):1010-8.
  • NRC (National Research Council). Nutrient Requirement for Poultry. USA, Ninth Revised, http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/fin182.pdf
  • Ravindran V, Blair R. Feed resources for poultry production in Asia and Pacific. 2. Plant protein sources. World Poult Sci J 1992;48:205-31.
  • Reddy SB, Charles MJ, Raju GJN, et al. Trace elemental analysis of cancer-afflicted intestine by PIXE technique. Biol Trace Elem Res 2004;102:265-81.
  • Rochfort S, Panozzo J. Phytochemicals for health, the role of pulses. J Agric Food Chem 2007, 55(20):7981-94.
  • Rodriguez-Lecompte JC, Yitbarek A, Cuperus T, Echeverry H, Van Dijk A. The immunomodulatory effect of vitamin Din chickens is dose-dependent and influenced by calcium and phosphorus levels. Poult Sci 2016;95(11):2547-56.
  • Sandberg AS. Bioavailability of minerals in legumes. Br J Nutr 2002, 88 Suppl 3:S281-5.
  • Wilson RD, Davies G, Désilets V, Reid GJ, Summers A, Wyatt P, Young D. The use of folic acid for the prevention of neural tube defects and other congenital anomalies. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2003, 25(11):959-73.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm Orijinal Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Semiha DEDE (Sorumlu Yazar)
VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, TEMEL BİLİMLER BÖLÜMÜ, VETERİNERLİK BİYOKİMYASI ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0001-5744-6327


Nuriye Tuğba BİNGÖL
VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, ZOOTEKNİ VE HAYVAN BESLEME BÖLÜMÜ, VETERİNERLİK ZOOTEKNİ ANABİLİM DALI


Dide KILIÇALP KILINÇ Bu kişi benim
ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ


Yeter DEĞER
VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, TEMEL BİLİMLER BÖLÜMÜ, VETERİNERLİK BİYOKİMYASI ANABİLİM DALI


İbrahim Hakkı YÖRÜK
VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ, KİMYA BÖLÜMÜ


Mehmet Akif KARSLI
KIRIKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, ZOOTEKNİ VE HAYVAN BESLEME BÖLÜMÜ, VETERİNERLİK ZOOTEKNİ ANABİLİM DALI

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Ekim 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 4 Eylül 2019
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Dede, S. , Bingöl, N. T. , Kılıçalp Kılınç, D. , Değer, Y. , Yörük, İ. H. & Karslı, M. A. (2019). EFFECTS OF SOYBEAN PROTEIN SUBSTITUTION WITH PEA IN DIET ON BROILER CHICK SERUM ANTIOXIDANT VITAMIN AND MINERAL LEVELS . Van Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 12 (1) , 1-5 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/vansaglik/issue/50045/639563

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