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Prevention of Negative Psychological Effects of Media on Children aged 3-18 During COVID-19 Pandemic Process

Yıl 2020, Cilt 13, Sayı COVID-19 Özel Sayı, 69 - 75, 29.09.2020

Öz

COVID-19 is a pandemic that has influenced many countries and has been infecting more and more people. The effect of pandemic on global scale caused people to be curious. The media sector is closely monitored the process. In this context, the media provides an important information network with its widespread coverage and wide user base. In the pandemic process, there are informative content in the media, as well as many information that can lead the public to chaos and pessimism, and are shared instantly with viewers or users. Although the media is beneficial in terms of informing people, it may cause some negativities if its usage is not paid attention. Undoubtedly, children and adolescents will be most affected by inappropriate content and publications. Information, views and sharing published with the concern of rating and reaching more users may cause mental problems in the future. Parents need to be careful about such matters and protect their children against such potential problems. The general course and course of pandemics often continue with uncertainty. Therefore, some responsibilities fall on families, media managers and country administrators so that children can survive this process with minimal damage.

Kaynakça

  • Arslan A. Medyanın birey, toplum ve kültür üzerine etkileri. Journal of Human Sciences. 2006;1(1):1–12.
  • Arslan E. Erikson’un Psikososyal Gelişim Dönemleri Ölçeğinin Türkçe’ye uyarlama, güvenirlik ve geçerlik çalışması. Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2008;19:53–60.
  • Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. Lancet. 2020;395(10224):e37–8.
  • Clay K, Lewis J, Severnini E. What explains cross-city variation in mortality during the 1918 influenza pandemic? Evidence from 438 U.S. cities. Econ Hum Biol. 2019;35:42–50.
  • Darı B. Sosyal medya ve sağlık. 21 Yüzyılda Eğitim ve Toplum Eğitim Bilimleri ve Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2017;6(18):731–58.
  • de Silva UC, Warachit J, Waicharoen S, Chittaganpitch M. A preliminary analysis of the epidemiology of influenza A(H1N1)v virus infection in Thailand from early outbreak data, June-July 2009. Euro Surveill. 2009;14(31):19292.
  • Duyan Çamurdan A. Görsel medyanın çocuk sağlığına etkileri. Sted. 2007;16(2):25–30.
  • Dünya Sağlık Örgütü. "Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report-97". 2020. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200426-sitrep-97-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=d1c3e800_2/ 26.04.2020.
  • Er M. Çocuk, hastalık, anne-babalar ve kardeşler. Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Dergisi. 2006;49:155–68.
  • Funk S, Salathé M, Jansen VAA. Modelling the influence of human behaviour on the spread of infectious diseases: a review. J R Soc Interface. 2010;7(50):1247–56.
  • Guan W, Ni Z, Hu Y, Liang W, Ou C, He J, et al. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020;1–13.
  • Holmes EA, O’Connor RC, Perry VH, Tracey I, Wessely S, Arseneault L, et al. Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020.
  • Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020;395(10223):497–506.
  • Huremović D. Psychiatry of Pandemics A Mental Health Response to Infection Outbreak. 1. Baskı, Switzerland: Springer; 2019: 1–185.
  • İnal-Emiroğlu FN, Pekcanlar Akay A. Kronik hastalıklar, hastaneye yatış ve çocuk. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. 2008;22(2):99–105.
  • Jansson M, Liao X, Rello J. Strengthening ICU health security for a coronavirus epidemic. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2020;57:102812.
  • Jiang L, Broome ME, Ning C. The performance and professionalism of nurses in the fight against the new outbreak of COVID-19 epidemic of Chinese nurses is laudable. Int J Nurs Stud. 2020;103578.
  • Kaya B. Pandeminin ruh sağlığına etkileri. Klinik Psikiyatri. 2020;23:123–4.
  • Koç M. Gelişim psikolojisi açısından ergenlik dönemi ve genel özellikleri. Erciyes Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2004;1(17):231–8.
  • Köylü M. Ölüm olayının çocuklar üzerine etkisi ve “ölüm eğitimi.” Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2004;17(17):95–120.
  • Li Z, Ge J, Yang M, Feng J, Qiao M, Jiang R, et al. Vicarious traumatization in the general public, members, and non-members of medical teams aiding in COVID-19 control. Brain Behav Immun. 2020;1–4.
  • Ludvigsson JF. Systematic review of COVID-19 in children show milder cases and a better prognosis than adults. Acta Paediatr. 2020;00:1–8.
  • Marraro GA, Spada C. Consideration of the respiratory support strategy of severe acute respiratory failure caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2020;22(3):183–94.
  • Ng YJ, Yang ZJ, Vishwanath A. To fear or not to fear? Applying the social amplification of risk framework on two environmental health risks in Singapore. Journal of Risk Research. 2018;21(12):1487–501.
  • O’Brien M, Moore K, McNicholas F. Social media spread during Covid-19: the pros and cons of likes and shares. Ir Med J. 2020;113(4):52.
  • Ransing R, Adiukwu F, Pereira-Sanchez V, Ramalho R, Orsolini L, Teixeira ALS, et al. Early career psychiatrists’ perspectives on the mental health impact and care of the COVID-19 pandemic across the world. Asian J Psychiatr. 2020;102085.
  • Santoso A, Pranata R, Wibowo A, Al-Farabi MJ, Huang I, Antariksa B. Cardiac injury is associated with mortality and critically ill pneumonia in COVID-19: A meta-analysis. Am J Emerg Med. 2020;
  • Sellers R, Warne N, Pickles A, Maughan B, Thapar A, Collishaw S. Cross-cohort change in adolescent outcomes for children with mental health problems. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2019;60(7):813–21.
  • Sharma M, Yadav K, Yadav N, Ferdinand KC. Zika virus pandemic-analysis of Facebook as a social media health information platform. Am J Infect Control. 2017;45(3):301–2.
  • Southwell BG, Dolina S, Jimenez-Magdaleno K, Squiers LB, Kelly BJ. Zika virus-related news coverage and online behavior, United States, Guatemala, and Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22(7):1320–1.
  • Ürer E. Çocuklarda ölüm ve yas üzerine bir inceleme. Dini Araştırmalar. 2017;20(52):131–40.
  • Wang Y, McKee M, Torbica A, Stuckler D. Systematic literature review on the spread of health-related misinformation on social media. Soc Sci Med. 2019;240:112552.
  • Dünya Bankası. "From panic and neglect to investing in health security: Financing pandemic preparedness at a national level (English)". 2017. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/26761/115271-WP-PUBLIC-IWG-FINAL-version-embargoed.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y/ 01.04.2020.
  • Xiao Y, Tang S, Wu J. Media impact switching surface during an infectious disease outbreak. Sci Rep. 2015;5(1):7838.
  • Xie T, Yang Z, Yang S, Wu N, Li L. Correlation between reported human infection with avian influenza A H7N9 virus and cyber user awareness: what can we learn from digital epidemiology? Int J Infect Dis. 2014;22:1–3.
  • Yan Q, Tang S, Gabriele S, Wu J. Media coverage and hospital notifications: correlation analysis and optimal media impact duration to manage a pandemic. J Theor Bio. 2016;390:1–13.
  • Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(8):727–33.

COVID-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Medyanın 3-18 Yaş Arasındaki Çocuklar Üzerindeki Olumsuz Psikolojik Etkisinin Önlenmesi

Yıl 2020, Cilt 13, Sayı COVID-19 Özel Sayı, 69 - 75, 29.09.2020

Öz

COVID-19, birçok ülkeyi etkisi altına almış ve giderek daha fazla insana bulaşın olduğu bir pandemidir. Bu pandeminin küresel çapta etki göstermesi insanlarda merak oluşmasına ve medya sektörünün yaşanan süreci yakından izlemesine neden olmuştur. Medya bu anlamda yaygın kapsama alanı ve geniş kullanıcı kitlesiyle önemli bir enformasyon ağı sağlamaktadır. Pandemi sürecinde medyada insanları bilgilendirici nitelikte içerikler olduğu gibi halkı kaos ve karamsarlığa sürükleyebilecek birçok bilgi izleyiciler veya kullanıcılarla anlık olarak paylaşılmaktadır. Medya, insanların bilgilenmesi anlamında faydalı olsa da kullanımına dikkat edilmediği takdirde birtakım olumsuzlukların meydana gelmesine neden olabilmektedir. Uygun olmayan içerik ve yayınlardan en çok etkilenecek olanlar hiç şüphesiz çocuk ve ergenlerdir. Reyting ve daha fazla kullanıcıya ulaşma kaygısıyla yayınlanan bilgiler, görüntüler ve paylaşımlar ilerleyen süreçte ruhsal sorunlar yaşanmasına neden olabilecektir. Ebeveynlerin bu tür konularda dikkatli olmaları ve çocuklarını yaşanması muhtemel bu tür sorunlara karşı korumaları gerekmektedir. Genel seyri ve gidişatı çoğu zaman belirsizlikle devam eden pandemi sürecinde çocukların en az hasarla bu süreci atlatabilmeleri için aileler, medya yöneticileri ve ülke idarecilerinin üzerine bazı sorumluluklar düşmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Arslan A. Medyanın birey, toplum ve kültür üzerine etkileri. Journal of Human Sciences. 2006;1(1):1–12.
  • Arslan E. Erikson’un Psikososyal Gelişim Dönemleri Ölçeğinin Türkçe’ye uyarlama, güvenirlik ve geçerlik çalışması. Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2008;19:53–60.
  • Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. Lancet. 2020;395(10224):e37–8.
  • Clay K, Lewis J, Severnini E. What explains cross-city variation in mortality during the 1918 influenza pandemic? Evidence from 438 U.S. cities. Econ Hum Biol. 2019;35:42–50.
  • Darı B. Sosyal medya ve sağlık. 21 Yüzyılda Eğitim ve Toplum Eğitim Bilimleri ve Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2017;6(18):731–58.
  • de Silva UC, Warachit J, Waicharoen S, Chittaganpitch M. A preliminary analysis of the epidemiology of influenza A(H1N1)v virus infection in Thailand from early outbreak data, June-July 2009. Euro Surveill. 2009;14(31):19292.
  • Duyan Çamurdan A. Görsel medyanın çocuk sağlığına etkileri. Sted. 2007;16(2):25–30.
  • Dünya Sağlık Örgütü. "Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report-97". 2020. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200426-sitrep-97-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=d1c3e800_2/ 26.04.2020.
  • Er M. Çocuk, hastalık, anne-babalar ve kardeşler. Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Dergisi. 2006;49:155–68.
  • Funk S, Salathé M, Jansen VAA. Modelling the influence of human behaviour on the spread of infectious diseases: a review. J R Soc Interface. 2010;7(50):1247–56.
  • Guan W, Ni Z, Hu Y, Liang W, Ou C, He J, et al. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020;1–13.
  • Holmes EA, O’Connor RC, Perry VH, Tracey I, Wessely S, Arseneault L, et al. Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020.
  • Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020;395(10223):497–506.
  • Huremović D. Psychiatry of Pandemics A Mental Health Response to Infection Outbreak. 1. Baskı, Switzerland: Springer; 2019: 1–185.
  • İnal-Emiroğlu FN, Pekcanlar Akay A. Kronik hastalıklar, hastaneye yatış ve çocuk. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. 2008;22(2):99–105.
  • Jansson M, Liao X, Rello J. Strengthening ICU health security for a coronavirus epidemic. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2020;57:102812.
  • Jiang L, Broome ME, Ning C. The performance and professionalism of nurses in the fight against the new outbreak of COVID-19 epidemic of Chinese nurses is laudable. Int J Nurs Stud. 2020;103578.
  • Kaya B. Pandeminin ruh sağlığına etkileri. Klinik Psikiyatri. 2020;23:123–4.
  • Koç M. Gelişim psikolojisi açısından ergenlik dönemi ve genel özellikleri. Erciyes Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2004;1(17):231–8.
  • Köylü M. Ölüm olayının çocuklar üzerine etkisi ve “ölüm eğitimi.” Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2004;17(17):95–120.
  • Li Z, Ge J, Yang M, Feng J, Qiao M, Jiang R, et al. Vicarious traumatization in the general public, members, and non-members of medical teams aiding in COVID-19 control. Brain Behav Immun. 2020;1–4.
  • Ludvigsson JF. Systematic review of COVID-19 in children show milder cases and a better prognosis than adults. Acta Paediatr. 2020;00:1–8.
  • Marraro GA, Spada C. Consideration of the respiratory support strategy of severe acute respiratory failure caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2020;22(3):183–94.
  • Ng YJ, Yang ZJ, Vishwanath A. To fear or not to fear? Applying the social amplification of risk framework on two environmental health risks in Singapore. Journal of Risk Research. 2018;21(12):1487–501.
  • O’Brien M, Moore K, McNicholas F. Social media spread during Covid-19: the pros and cons of likes and shares. Ir Med J. 2020;113(4):52.
  • Ransing R, Adiukwu F, Pereira-Sanchez V, Ramalho R, Orsolini L, Teixeira ALS, et al. Early career psychiatrists’ perspectives on the mental health impact and care of the COVID-19 pandemic across the world. Asian J Psychiatr. 2020;102085.
  • Santoso A, Pranata R, Wibowo A, Al-Farabi MJ, Huang I, Antariksa B. Cardiac injury is associated with mortality and critically ill pneumonia in COVID-19: A meta-analysis. Am J Emerg Med. 2020;
  • Sellers R, Warne N, Pickles A, Maughan B, Thapar A, Collishaw S. Cross-cohort change in adolescent outcomes for children with mental health problems. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2019;60(7):813–21.
  • Sharma M, Yadav K, Yadav N, Ferdinand KC. Zika virus pandemic-analysis of Facebook as a social media health information platform. Am J Infect Control. 2017;45(3):301–2.
  • Southwell BG, Dolina S, Jimenez-Magdaleno K, Squiers LB, Kelly BJ. Zika virus-related news coverage and online behavior, United States, Guatemala, and Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22(7):1320–1.
  • Ürer E. Çocuklarda ölüm ve yas üzerine bir inceleme. Dini Araştırmalar. 2017;20(52):131–40.
  • Wang Y, McKee M, Torbica A, Stuckler D. Systematic literature review on the spread of health-related misinformation on social media. Soc Sci Med. 2019;240:112552.
  • Dünya Bankası. "From panic and neglect to investing in health security: Financing pandemic preparedness at a national level (English)". 2017. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/26761/115271-WP-PUBLIC-IWG-FINAL-version-embargoed.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y/ 01.04.2020.
  • Xiao Y, Tang S, Wu J. Media impact switching surface during an infectious disease outbreak. Sci Rep. 2015;5(1):7838.
  • Xie T, Yang Z, Yang S, Wu N, Li L. Correlation between reported human infection with avian influenza A H7N9 virus and cyber user awareness: what can we learn from digital epidemiology? Int J Infect Dis. 2014;22:1–3.
  • Yan Q, Tang S, Gabriele S, Wu J. Media coverage and hospital notifications: correlation analysis and optimal media impact duration to manage a pandemic. J Theor Bio. 2016;390:1–13.
  • Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(8):727–33.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Abdullah SARMAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
BINGOL UNIVERSITY, HEALTH SERVICES VOCATIONAL SCHOOL, DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL SERVICES AND TECHNIQUES, FIRST AND EMERGENCY AID
0000-0002-5081-4593
Türkiye


Suat TUNCAY
BINGOL UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC NURSING
0000-0001-5493-6507
Türkiye


Emine SARMAN
SULEYMAN DEMIREL UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF HISTOLOGY AND EMBRYOLOGY
0000-0002-4671-9315
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Eylül 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 30 Nisan 2020
Kabul Tarihi 9 Ağustos 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 13, Sayı COVID-19 Özel Sayı

Kaynak Göster

APA Sarman, A. , Tuncay, S. & Sarman, E. (2020). COVID-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Medyanın 3-18 Yaş Arasındaki Çocuklar Üzerindeki Olumsuz Psikolojik Etkisinin Önlenmesi . Van Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , COVID-19 Özel Sayı , 69-75 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/vansaglik/issue/56982/730333

ISSN 

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