Yıl 2019, Cilt 10 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 1 - 15 2019-05-20

ARI ÜRÜNLERİ ve APİTERAPİ
BEE PRODUCT and APITHERAPY

Ali SORUCU [1]


Doğal ürünler binlerce yıldır sağlığın korunması ve hastalıkların tedavisi için kullanılmıştır. Çin, Hint, Kuzey Amerika yerlileri, Mısır ve Sümerliler gibi antik uygarlıklar hastalıklara karşı doğal ürünleri kullanmışlardır. Son yıllarda kimyasal ilaçların usulü dışında kullanımına bağlı gelişen ilaç direnci ve yan etkileri ve kanser vakalarının artışı modern tıbbı alternatif çözümler aramaya yönlendirmiştir. Arı ürünleri de alternatif tedavi seçeneklerinin en önemlileri arasındadır. Çin, Rusya, Romanya ve bazı doğu Avrupa ülkelerinde hastalıkların arı ürünleriyle tedavi edildiği köklü apiterapi merkezleri bulunmaktadır. Ülkemizde de son yıllarda bu alanda çalışmalar başlatılarak, 2014 yılında yayınlanan geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamaları yönetmeliğiyle birlikte apiterapi kursları ve merkezleri kurulmaya başlanmıştır. Arı ürünleri denildiği zaman ilk akla gelen bal, polen ve balmumudur, fakat bu ürünler buz dağının görünen kısmıdır. Bunların dışında bal arısının propolis, arı sütü, apilarnil, arı zehri, arı ekmeği (perga), apilarnil ve kovan havası gibi biyolojik öneme sahip önemli ürünleri bulunmaktadır. 

Natural products have been used for health protection and treatment of diseases for thousands of years. Ancient civilizations such as China, Indian, North American Indians, Egypt and the Sumerians used natural products against diseases. In recent years, developing drug resistance and side effects that using outside of the procedure and increase of cancer cases has led to the search for alternative solutions in modern medicine. Bee products are among the most important alternative treatment method. There are apitherapy centers which diseases are treated with bee products where China, Russia, Romania and some Eastern European countries. In recent years, apitherapy studies have started in our country. In 2014, with the regulation of traditional and complementary medicine practices, apitherapy courses and centers have been started to establish. Honey, pollen and wax first come to mind in bee products but these products are the visible part of the iceberg. Apart from these products, honey bee has biologically importance products such as propolis, royal jelly, apilarnil, bee venom, bee bread (perga), apilarnil and hive air.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ali SORUCU (Sorumlu Yazar)

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 20 Mayıs 2019

APA Sorucu, A . (2019). ARI ÜRÜNLERİ ve APİTERAPİ . Veteriner Farmakoloji ve Toksikoloji Derneği Bülteni , 10 (1) , 1-15 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/vetfarmatoksbulten/issue/46276/581453