Yıl 2017, Cilt 27 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 292 - 298 2017-06-30

Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları)
In vitro Micrografting of Woody Plant Species-II (Objectives)

Hakan YILDIRIM [1] , Nazan ÇALAR [2]


İn-vitro aşılama, aksenik kültür koşullarında minyatür aşı kalemlerinin aşılanmasını kapsayan ve diğer tekniklere nazaran uygulanan en son vejetatif çoğaltım tekniklerinden biridir. Bu yöntem, sürgün ucu kültürü ve aşılamanın bazı sınırlayıcı özelliklerinin üstesinden gelmekle birlikte, her iki metodun avantajlarını da bir arada bulundurmaktadır. İlk uygulandığı zamanlarda bazı meyve tür ve çeşitlerindeki virüs ve benzeri endojen patojenlerin eradikasyonu için geliştirilen in-vitro aşılama, bitki gelişim ve fizyolojisinin farklı alanlarında çeşitli odunsu bitki türlerinde hızla gelişmiştir. Bunlar birçok odunsu türlerin olgun genotiplerinin klonal çoğaltımında bir ön koşul olarak fizyolojik rejuvenasyonu ve aşıda uyuşmazlığı da kapsamaktadır. Sonuç olarak in-vitro aşılama, yoğun olarak kullanılan, diğer vejatatif çoğaltım metodlarında bulunan olumsuzlukların üstesinden gelebilmek için daha çok düşünülmeyi ve kullanılmayı hak eden bir tekniktir. Doku ve hücreler arasındaki genetik benzerlik ve farklılıkların ayrıntılı incelenmesine imkân sağlamaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, 1970’li yıllarda turunçgillerde virüsten ari bitki üretimi amacıyla başlayan in vitro aşılama çalışmalarının günümüze kadar nasıl bir süreçten geçtiğinin ve özellikle meyve türlerinin de dâhil olduğu odunsu bitki türlerinde bitki ıslahı ve çoğaltımı amacıyla ne tür çalışmaların yapıldığının ortaya konulması ve belli bir düzende sunulmasıdır. 

In vitro micrografting is a propagation technique, involving the grafting of relatively miniature cuttings under axenic culture conditions and it is one of the recent developed propagation techniques compared to other conventional vegetative propagation techniques. This method overcomes some of the limitations of shoot tip culture and grafting, while it also keeps together the advantages of both methods. Micrografting was applied for the eradication viruses and pathogens from some fruit species and cultivars during the first application period, but later, the technique was further developed on various woody plant species in different research areas of plant physiology and development. These includes physiological rejuvenation and incompatibility grafting as a prerequisite for the clonally propagation of mature genotypes of many woody species. Consequently, in vitro micrografting is used in large scale propagation and by overcoming the disadvantages of other propagation technique. It also enables to examine in detail the genetic similarities and differences between the tissues and cells. The aims of this study were (1) to review how micrografting studies passed a process from 1970s until today, first started to obtain virus-free plants from citrus; (2) to reveal what kind of work has been presented particularly on the plant breeding and propagation of the woody plant species, including the type of fruit breeding and reproduction and (3) and to present those studies in a specific order.

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Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Hakan YILDIRIM
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Nazan ÇALAR
Kurum: DİCLE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Haziran 2017

Bibtex @derleme { yyutbd287807, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {}, publisher = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {27}, pages = {292 - 298}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.287807}, title = {Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları)}, key = {cite}, author = {YILDIRIM, Hakan and ÇALAR, Nazan} }
APA YILDIRIM, H , ÇALAR, N . (2017). Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları). Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi , 27 (2) , 292-298 . DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.287807
MLA YILDIRIM, H , ÇALAR, N . "Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları)". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 27 (2017 ): 292-298 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/yyutbd/issue/30352/287807>
Chicago YILDIRIM, H , ÇALAR, N . "Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları)". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 27 (2017 ): 292-298
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları) AU - Hakan YILDIRIM , Nazan ÇALAR Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.287807 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.287807 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 292 EP - 298 VL - 27 IS - 2 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.287807 UR - https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.287807 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları) %A Hakan YILDIRIM , Nazan ÇALAR %T Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları) %D 2017 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 27 %N 2 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.287807 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.287807
ISNAD YILDIRIM, Hakan , ÇALAR, Nazan . "Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları)". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 27 / 2 (Haziran 2017): 292-298 . https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.287807
AMA YILDIRIM H , ÇALAR N . Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları). YYÜ TAR BİL DERG. 2017; 27(2): 292-298.
Vancouver YILDIRIM H , ÇALAR N . Odunsu Bitki Türlerinde İn-vitro Aşılama-II (Amaçları). Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2017; 27(2): 298-292.