Writing Rules

About the Journal

Journal of Bayburt Education Faculty (BAYEF) is an open access, international and blind-reviewed journal. Manuscripts submitted to the journal should not have been published elsewhere or sent for publication purposes. No fees are charged to the author(s) at any stage of the evaluation and publication processes for the studies submitted to our journal.
Articles submitted to BAYEF are not prepared in accordance with the journal format or are rejected directly if the plagiarism percentage is not appropriate. If the studies submitted to BAYEF are formally appropriate, they are forwarded to the field editor to confirm that they are suitable for the focus and scope of the journal. Studies that receive a positive opinion from the field editor are sent to two referees for evaluation. At least two referees' positive opinions are required for the article to be accepted for publication. If one of the referees expresses a negative opinion and the other expresses a positive opinion, the study is reviewed by the Editorial Board and sent to a third referee or returned to the author. The author is given two months to make the corrections sent to the authors. If the corrections are not completed within two months, the studies will be returned to the authors. The articles accepted from the studies submitted to our journal are published in the relevant numbers in order of acceptance and an equal number of publications in each field.
All publication rights of the published articles belong to the Bayburt Faculty of Education Journal (BAYEF). The authority to make decisions on matters not mentioned herein belongs to the Editor and Editorial Board. Manuscripts that do not comply with the publication and writing principles are rejected without consideration. The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number is assigned to all studies published in our journal.

The following rules should be taken into account in the article narration.

1. In the writing of the article, a narrative and plan should be followed that will allow the reader to understand and evaluate each stage of the study.

2. The narrative should be as simple, understandable, concise, and short as possible. Unnecessary repetitions, unsupported statements, and statements that are not directly related to the subject should be avoided.

3. Very general expressions should not be used in my writing. Statements containing judgment or certainty must be based on data/ references.

4. The place of the discussed subject or problem in the current literature should be presented in the context of explaining and supporting the objectives. The problem and the selected research method should be connected.

5. The problem should be indicated together with the reasons for which the researchers/researchers approached it from a theoretical/conceptual point of view.

6. The reason for the selection of the research method used should be explained. The validity and reliability of all data collection tools must be specified.

7. The data obtained as a result of the research should be presented as a whole.

8. Results based solely on the data obtained should be presented.

9. Interpretations of the results should be evaluated with other sources in the literature if any.

10. Turkish articles should include English abstract and extended English abstract, English articles should include Turkish abstract and extended Turkish abstract.

The following rules should be taken into account when formatting an article.

i. Author names and information should not be included when uploading the study to the system. The formal features of the studies are presented below:

- Page layout: Custom page sizes, Width:16cm, Height, 23.5cm

- Margins: Right and Left: 2 cm, Top and Bottom: 2.5 cm

- Leading: Full Value: 12 nk,

- Range: 0nk first; Then 7.1 nk

- Font: Times New Roman

ii. Titles: The main title of the article should be 12 points, bold, centered, the first letters of all words should be large and no more than 14 words. First-level titles should not be numbered, 10 points, bold, the first letters of all words should be capitalized and centered. The second level titles should be written in 10 points, bold, the first letters of all words should be written in large and left-leaning. Third-level titles should be written 10 points to the left [1/2 indentation], only the first letter of the first word should be written in large and bold. The fourth title (only the first letter of the first word should be written according to the characteristics of capital, left-leaning [1/2 indentation], italic and bold).

iii. Author names: 10 points, centered, author name, and surname should be given only the first letters of capital letters. Author addresses should be given in 9 points as sub-information and should contain only the following information: University, faculty, department, province, country, e-mail (If it is an institution other than the University, it is enough to write the name of the institution instead of the university, faculty and department name).

iv. Abstract and Abstract should be written in 9 point and italic, flat on both sides. Abstract and Abstract should be written in the range of 100-150 words. Articles should contain abstracts in Turkish and English. If the language of the article is Turkish, "Abstract" should come to the top and "Abstract" should come to the top in English. The beginning of the paragraph should be made and the keyword should be written between 3-5 words [1/2 indentation]. Only the first letter of the first keyword must be uppercase. All other keywords must be lowercase. The Turkish title should be above the abstract section and the English title should be above the Abstract section.

v. Article text must be written in 10 points and files must be prepared in Microsoft Word 2010 or later and have a file format .docx extension. Type your text without indenting it in the first paragraph. In the second and other paragraphs, leave an indentation of 1/2.
vi. The extended abstract should be in the range of 750-1000 words. The first paragraph should not be indented, and the next paragraphs should have a paragraph indentation of 1/2. The title should not be used in the extended summary. Each section should be written as a new paragraph. In this section, information about the introduction, method, findings, and conclusion should be presented.

vii. The first letters of the words mentioned in the table name should be large left-leaning and italic. The upright line should not be used in the table. The table name must be located below the table number. Manuscripts in table contents can be reduced to 8 points. The paragraph describing the table must be in the indent range 1/2 and in the range of 7.1nk with the table.

viii. The title of the shape should be given centered (only the first letter should be capitalized). The figure number (italic) and name should be given under the shape. Paragraph 1/2 of the paragraph describing the shape must be in the indent and in the range of 7.1nk with the table.

ix. Articles should not exceed 35 pages, including attachments.


i. Bibliography should be provided in accordance with APA 7 (American Psychological Association) standards. In sources with multiple authors, the conjunction "and" should be used when parentheses are not used for the text before the last author's last name, and "&" should be used when used in parentheses.

ii. The references used in the article are prepared "According to the Author's Surname" and 9 points and single line spacing are written starting from the left margin alignment of the page. Lines after the first line are indented 1/2.

iii. When referring to unspecified internet sources in the text, the URL-sequence number (,) should be written in capital letters as a year. For example: (URL 3, 2009), (URL 1 and 2, 2005)

iv. DOI numbers of articles containing DOI numbers should also be provided.

Authors should fill out the Copyright Transfer Form when submitting their articles and upload their articles using the Article Authoring Template.

Citation Examples

For articles (if DOI number):
Ekici, G., & Erdogan, E. (2019). Perception of Peace in Gifted Students (Case of Kırıkkale). Journal of Bayburt Education Faculty, 14(28), 196-216. doi:10.35675/befdergi.465783

Display in parentheses within the text: (Ekici & Erdoğan, 2019)

Display in text: [For English Articles] Ekici and Erdoğan (2019); [For articles in Turkish] Ekici and Erdogan (2019)

For articles (if no DOI number):
Cetinkaya, P., & Erktin, E. (2002). Assessment of metacognition and its relationship with reading comprehension, achievement, and aptitude. Boğaziçi University Journal of Education, 19(1), 1-11.

Akkan, Y., & Çakıroğlu, Ü. (2011). Examination of primary school mathematics teachers and pre-service teachers' beliefs about the use of calculators in mathematics education. Educational Technology Theory and Practice, 1(2), 17-34.

Display in parentheses within the text: (Akkan & Çakıroğlu, 2011; Çetinkaya & Erktin, 2002)

Display in text: [For articles in English] Akkan and Çakıroğlu (2011) and Çetinkaya and Erktin (2002); [For articles in Turkish] Akkan and Çakıroğlu (2011) and Çetinkaya and Erktin (2002)

For articles in print:
Guler, M., Cekmez, E., & Celik, D. (in Press). Breaking with tradition: An investigation of an alternative instructional sequence designed to improve prospective teachers' noticing skills. Teaching and Teacher Education.

Notation in parentheses in the text: [First occurrence] (Güler, Çekmez & Çelik, in press); [Next screenings] (Güler et al./et al., in press/in press)

Notation for text: [First occurrence] Güler, Çekmez and Çelik (in press); [Next screenings] Guler et al./et al. (in press)

For books: (If there is a DOI number, it must be specified)
Baki, A. (2018). Knowledge of teaching mathematics (2nd ed.). Ankara: Pegem Academy. doi:10.14527/9786052410318

McMillan, J. H, & Schumacher, S. (2009). Research in education: Evidence-based inquiry (2nd ed.). Pearson

Notation in parentheses within the text: (Baki, 2018; McMillan & Schumacher, 2009)

Notation for text: [for articles in Turkish] Baki (2018) and McMillan and Schumacher (2009); [For articles in English] Baki (2018) and McMillan and Schumacher (2009)

For the chapter in the edited book: (If there is a DOI number, it must be specified)
Karademir, A. (2019). Characteristics of preschool teachers. In A. Yıldırım (Ed.), Introduction to early childhood education (1st edition, pp. 164-188). Ankara: Pegem Academy. doi:10.14527/9786052419625

Cockburn, A. D. (2008). Developing an understanding of children's acquisition of number concepts. In A. D. Cockburn & G. Littler (Eds.), Mathematical misconceptions (1st ed., pp. 86-100). London: SAGE Publications Inc.

Notation in parentheses within the text: (Cockburn, 2008; Karademir, 2019)

Display for text: [For articles in Turkish] Cockburn (2008) and Karademir (2019); [For articles in English] Cockburn (2008) and Karademir (2019)

For reports prepared by the institution and organization:
Ministry of Education. (2018). Visual arts course (9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grades) curriculum. Ankara: Ministry of National Education. http://mufredat.meb.gov.tr/Dosyalar/2018120204014821-gorsel%20sanatlar%20dop%20(2).pdf

Showing in parentheses in the text: (Ministry of National Education, 2018); [If abbreviation will be used] (Ministry of National Education [MEB], 2018), (MEB, 2018)

In-text representation: Ministry of National Education (2018); [If abbreviation will be used] Ministry of National Education [MEB] (2018)

For conference and symposium presentations:
Isler Baykal, I., & Knuth, E. (2013, July 28- August 2). Preservice teachers conceptions of algebra and knowledge of student thinking [Conference session]. 37th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Kiel, Germany.

Display in parentheses within the text: (İşler Baykal & Knuth, 2013)

In-text representation: [for articles in Turkish] İşler Baykal and Knuth (2013); [For articles in English] İşler Baykal and Knuth (2013)

For theses:
Ertor, E. (2015). Opinions of kindergarten teachers working in primary school on administrative problems they experience (Master's thesis). Erzurum, Ataturk University.

Showing in parentheses in the text: (Ertör, 2015)

For web pages:
NTV. (2017). Computer game addiction is becoming a mental illness! Retrieved on April 26, 2020 from https://www.ntv.com.tr/saglik/.

Scientific American (n.d.) What is 'fuzzy logic'? Are there computers that are inherently fuzzy and do not apply the usual binary logic? Retrieved April 26, 2020, from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-fuzzy-logic-are-t/

Display in parentheses in the text: (NTV, 2017; Scientific American, n.d.)