APA Reference Guide

Referencing Style Guide (APA)

In Text:

1 Author:

According to Tel (2018) the habitat of … OR  … is the habitat (Tel, 2018).

2 Authors:

According to Tel and Yıldız (2018) the habitat of … OR  … is the habitat (Tel & Yıldız, 2018).

3, 4, and 5 Authors:

When the source was cited for the first time in the text, all authors must be used. The names of the authors can appear outside the brackets when incorporated into the sentence:

According to Tel, Yıldız, and Enviro (2018) the habitat of … OR  … is the habitat (Tel, Yıldız, & Enviro, 2018).

Later in-text citations:

After the first time the source is mentioned, all authors beyond the first can be abbreviated using “et al.”:

According to Tel et al. (2018) the habitat of … OR  … is the habitat (Tel et al., 2018).

6 Authors and more:

The first author's name with “et al.” must be used for every citation. The names of the authors can appear outside the brackets when incorporated into the sentence:

According to Tel et al. (2018) the habitat of … OR  … is the habitat (Tel et al., 2018).

 

In References List:

Journal Article:

1 Author:

Yıldız, M.Z. (2018). On the Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Commagene Journal of Biology, 2(1), 21-34. http://dx.doi.org/............................

2 Authors:

Yıldız, M.Z., & Tel, A.Z. (2018). On the Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Commagene Journal of Biology, 2(1), 21-34. http://dx.doi.org/............................

3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 Authors:

All authors must be written and “&” must be used before the last author

Yıldız, M.Z., Tel, A.Z., & Sönmez, S. (2018). On the Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Commagene Journal of Biology, 2(1), 21-34. http://dx.doi.org/............................

8 Authors and more:

First 6 authors and the last author must be written and “…” must be used before the last author:

Yıldız, M.Z., Tel, A.Z., Sönmez, S., Forth, F., Fifth, F., Sixth, S., … Thelast, T.H. (2018). On the Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Commagene Journal of Biology, 2(1), 21-34. http://dx.doi.org/............................

Book:

1 Author:

Yıldız, M.Z. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

2 Authors:

Yıldız, M.Z., & Tel, A.Z. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 Authors:

All authors must be written and “&” must be used before the last author

Yıldız, M.Z., Tel, A.Z., & Sönmez, S. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

8 Authors and more:

First 6 authors and the last author must be written and “…” must be used before the last author:

Yıldız, M.Z., Tel, A.Z., Sönmez, S., Forth, F., Fifth, F., Sixth, S., … Thelast, T.H. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

Chapter in an Edited Book:

1 Author:

Sönmez, S. (2018). Copepoda. In M.Z. Yıldız & A.Z. Tel (Eds.), Biodiversity of Adıyaman (pp. 48-93). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

2 Authors:

Karaytuğ, S., & Sönmez, S. (2018). Copepoda. In M.Z. Yıldız & A.Z. Tel (Eds.), Biodiversity of Adıyaman (pp. 48-93). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 Authors:

All authors must be written and “&” must be used before the last author

Karaytuğ, S., Sak, & S. Sönmez, S. (2018). Copepoda. In M.Z. Yıldız & A.Z. Tel (Eds.), Biodiversity of Adıyaman (pp. 48-93). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

8 Authors and more:

First 6 authors and the last author must be written and “…” must be used before the last author:

Karaytuğ, S., Sak, Alper, A., S. Sönmez, S., Fifth, F., Sixth, S., … Thelast, T.H. (2018). Copepoda. In M.Z. Yıldız & A.Z. Tel (Eds.), Biodiversity of Adıyaman (pp. 48-93). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

Web Page:

1 Author:

Yıldız, M.Z. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Retrieved from http://www.awebsite.com.tr/herpetofauna.html

2 Authors:

Yıldız, M.Z., & Tel, A.Z. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Retrieved from http://www.awebsite.com.tr/herpetofauna.html

3,4,5,6 and 7 Authors:

All authors must be written and “&” must be used before the last author

Yıldız, M.Z., Tel, A.Z., & Sönmez, S. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Retrieved from http://www.awebsite.com.tr/herpetofauna.html

8 Authors and more:

First 6 authors and the last author must be written and “…” must be used before the last author:

Karaytuğ, S., Sak, Alper, A., S. Sönmez, S., Fifth, F., Sixth, S., … Thelast, T.H. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province. Retrieved from http://www.awebsite.com.tr/herpetofauna.html

Symposium or Conference Proceeding:

1 Author:

Sönmez, S. (2018). Copepoda. In M.Z. Yıldız & A.Z. Tel (Eds.), Proceedings of First National Symposium on the Biodiversity of Adıyaman (pp. 48-93). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

2 Authors:

Karaytuğ, S., & Sönmez, S. (2018). Copepoda. In M.Z. Yıldız & A.Z. Tel (Eds.), Proceedings of First National Symposium on the Biodiversity of Adıyaman (pp. 48-93). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 Authors:

All authors must be written and “&” must be used before the last author

Karaytuğ, S., Sak, & S. Sönmez, S. (2018). Copepoda. In M.Z. Yıldız & A.Z. Tel (Eds.), Proceedings of First National Symposium on the Biodiversity of Adıyaman (pp. 48-93). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

8 Authors and more:

First 6 authors and the last author must be written and “…” must be used before the last author:

Karaytuğ, S., Sak, Alper, A., S. Sönmez, S., Fifth, F., Sixth, S., … Thelast, T.H. (2018). Copepoda. In M.Z. Yıldız & A.Z. Tel (Eds.), Proceedings of First National Symposium on the Biodiversity of Adıyaman (pp. 48-93). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

Report:

1 Author:

Yıldız, M.Z. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province (Report No. 2018-3). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

2 Authors:

Yıldız, M.Z., & Tel, A.Z. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province (Report No. 2018-3). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 Authors:

All authors must be written and “&” must be used before the last author

Yıldız, M.Z., Tel, A.Z., & Sönmez, S. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province (Report No. 2018-3). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

8 Authors and more:

First 6 authors and the last author must be written and “…” must be used before the last author:

Yıldız, M.Z., Tel, A.Z., Sönmez, S., Forth, F., Fifth, F., Sixth, S., … Thelast, T.H. (2018). Herpetofauna of Adıyaman Province (Report No. 2018-3). Ankara, Turkey, Commagene Press., 324 pp.

Thesis:

Student, I. M. (2018). Title of the thesis in italic (PhD Thesis). A University, Acity, Country.