Writing Rules

Short Turkish summary between 200-250 words. There will be no reference in the abstract and abbreviations will not be used.

Between 4-6 keywords should be written. Keywords can be used for indexing.

Text Formatting

The text must be submitted in the MS-Word word processor file format (doc or docx). Other file formats will not be accepted.
While preparing the text, the template in the submission files (https://dergipark.org.tr/journal/1097/submission/start) should be used.
Paragraph and character fonts should not be used in the text.
The automatic title feature of the word processor should not be used.
The text of the text should be written in 10 point Book Antiqua font.
Italic font can be used for emphasis.
Use the word processor's table feature to create tables – , | Do not try to create a table by escaping characters such as _ or _. Absolutely no spreadsheet objects (eg MS-Excel objects) should be used. If copying from a spreadsheet such as MS-Excel, it should be pasted with Paste/Paste Special/Formatted Text (RTF) after copying.
No spaces should be used at the beginning of the paragraph.


Headings should not be numbered.
No blank line should be left after the title.
Only the first letters of the titles should be capitalized.
More than three levels of headings should not be used. A first-level title should be in bold only, a second-level title in bold and italic, and a third-level title in italic only.
Headings should be with the next text. To do this, right-click on the title text, then tick Keep with Paragraph/Line and Page Break/Next.
Abbreviations should be defined in the first place in the text. Abbreviations should not be used in the abstract.

Footnotes can be included in the text. References should not be included in footnotes. Footnotes should be given on the first page, if possible. Footnotes should be numbered automatically by the word processor. Footnotes should be numbered 1,2,3.. (Arabic format). Footnotes should be preferred over endnotes.

The acknowledgment part to be written for the institution, organization or person who contributed to the research and writing of the article should be written just before the bibliography. Abbreviations should not be used in the names of individuals, institutions or organizations.

Scientific Format

Units to be used in the text should be given in SI type.
If possible, generic names should be preferred over brand names. For example, "word processor" should be preferred instead of "MS-Word".
The decimal separator should be either a period (.) or a comma (,) in all text. For example, when expressing the number of pi, it should be 3.14 or 3.14. Or for the level of significance: p < 0.5 should be written. The zero before the dot should be used.

All bibliography should be given in APA 6 (http://www.apastyle.org/) format. Another bibliography should be used. Abbreviations should not be used in the names of journals and books in the bibliography. This number should be added to the end of the bibliography with the DOI number.


All tables should be where they should be in the text.
All tables should be numbered 1,2,3... (Arabic format).
For each table, a table title should be given above the table. The table title should be with the next text. To do this, right-click on the title text, then tick Keep with Paragraph/Line and Page Break/Next.
Headings should be left justified.
The text of the table should be Book Antiqua 10 points. If the tables do not fit on the page (as columns or rows), Book Antiqua can be arranged in 9 points.
Table should be left justified in the text. Table and column width should be adjusted automatically. For this, click the right mouse button in the table, use the "Auto Fit/Auto Fit Content" option in the menu that comes up.
Footnotes in the table should be given with a superscripted asterisk (two stars for the second, three stars for the third ...) and should be located just below the table.


All figures should be left aligned and where they should be in the text.
All figures should be numbered 1,2,3... (Arabic format).
For each figure, a figure title should be given under the figure and it should be left aligned

Extended English Summary

Since the articles published in our journal are scanned by international indexes, an extended English summary is required. When preparing:

1. Extended Abstract Page Break should be placed before the Abstract.
2. The title should be at least 850 words including names and keywords.
3. There should be no subtitles in the abstract.
4. When the abstract is read, a general idea about the article should be formed. Without using subtitles for this; Briefly, literature review, problem and method, data collection tools, data analysis process, discussion, conclusion and recommendations should be included.
5. Bibliography should not be used after the Extended Summary.
6. The Extended Abstract should be the last part of the article.

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