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GFRP Çubukların Özelikleri ve Prefabrik Altyapı Elemanlarında Kullanımı

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, 169 - 178, 31.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.31202/ecjse.602224

Abstract

Donatı çeliğinin korozyonu, günümüzde inşaat sektörünün en önemli sorunlarından biri haline gelmiştir. Altyapı elemanlarında bu durum daha fazla ortaya çıkmaktadır. Bu tür problemler yaşamamak için çelik donatıya alternatif olarak korozyona dirençli bir malzeme olan cam liflerle güçlendirilmiş polimerik donatıların (GFRP) yapılarda kullanılması fikri ortaya çıkmıştır. GFRP çubukları, içeriklerindeki yüksek orandaki cam elyaf, karbon elyaf, aramid elyaf ve uygun reçine kombinasyonları sayesinde yüksek çekme kuvvetlerine dayanabilmektedir. Buna rağmen elastisite modülleri çelik donatıya oranla düşüktür. Donatı elemanların betonarme yapılarda kullanılmasının en önemli nedenlerinden birisi çekme gerilmelerini karşılamalarıdır. Bu çalışmada da nervürlü çelik çubukların ve GFRP donatıların çekme yükü altındaki özeliklerinin belirlenmesi amacıyla Ø8, Ø10, Ø12, Ø14, Ø16 ve Ø18’lik numunelerde çekme deneyi yapılmış ve deney sonuçları karşılaştırılmıştır. GFRP donatılı betonlarda hızlandırılmış korozyon testi ve asit tesirlerine dayanımı incelenmiştir. Ayrıca her bir donatı sınıfında betonla olan aderansları deneysel olarak araştırılmıştır. GFRP donatıların çelik donatılara göre daha düşük aderans dayanımına sahip olduğu, ancak korozyon ve asit tesirlerine oldukça dayanıklı olduğu görülmüştür. 

References

  • [1] Dejke, V., Tepfers, R., ‘Durability and service life prediction of GFRP for concrete reinforcement’, In Proceedings of 5th international conference on fiber-reinforced plastics for reinforced concrete structures (FRPRCS-5), 505–516, (2001).[2] Hota, V.S. G., Vıjay, P.V. And Narendra, T., ‘Reinforced Concrete Design with FRP Composites’, CRC Press, (2007).[3] Yavuz, G., ‘Lif Takviyeli Polimerlerin Betonarme Kirişlerde Donatı Olarak Kullanımı’, Selçuk Üniversitesi, Mayıs, (2011).[4] Caratelli A., Meda A., Rinaldi Z., Spagnuolo S., Maddaluno G., ‘Optimization of GFRP reinforcement in precast segments for metro tunnel lining’, Composite Structures, 181, 336–346, (2017)[5] Karbhari, V.M., ‘Durability of Advanced Polymer Composites in the Civil Infrastructure’, Advance Polymer Composites for Structural Applications in Construction (ACIC), 31-38, (2004).[6] Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Rebar. Hughes Brothers, Inc., Seward, Nebraska, 2000.[7] DeFreese J.M., Roberts-Wollmann C.L., ‘Glass fıber reinforced polymer bars as top mat reinforcement for bridge decks, Virginia Transportation Research Council’, Final Report (VTRC 03-CR6), (2002). [8] Eslami S., Taheri F., Effects of perforation size on the response of perforated GFRP composites aged in acidic media, Corrosion Science 69 (2013) 262–269.[9] Amaro A.M., Reis P.N.B., Neto M.A., Louro C., Effects of alkaline and acid solutions on glass/epoxy composites, Polymer Degradation and Stability 98 (2013) 853-862.[10] Sindhu K, Joseph K, Joseph JM, Mathew TV. Degradation studies of coir fiber/ polyester and glass fiber/polyester composites under different conditions. J Reinf Plast Compos 2007;26:1571-1585[11] Jabbar, S.A.A., Farid, S.B.H., Replacement of steel rebars by GFRP rebars in the concrete structures, Karbala International Journal of Modern Science 4 (2018) 216-227.
  • [12] TS 138 EN 10002-1: Metalik Malzemeler-Çekme Deneyi, Türk Standartları Enstitüsü, Nisan (2004).[13] Aydın F., Ekiz Y., Sarıbıyık M., Sarıbıyık A., ‘FRP Donatı Çekme Testlerinde Numune Başlık Özeliklerinin Çekme Test Sonuçlarına Etkilerinin Araştırılması’, Akademik Platform (3rd International Symposium on Innovative Technologies in Engineering and Science, ISITES2015), 1796-1806, (2015).
  • [14] Topçu, İ.B., Eroğlu, S., FRP Donatıların Beton İle Aderansının Araştırılması, Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projesi Sonuç Raporu, Proje No:2017-1579, 2018, Eskişehir[15] Bacanlı, K., FRP Donatıların Beton İle Aderansının Araştırılması, Bitirme Tezi, Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi, İnşaat Mühendisliği Bölümü, 2018, Eskişehir[16] Baena, M., Torres, L., Turon, A., Barris, C., ‘Experimental study of bond behaviour between concrete and FRP bars using a pull-out test’, Composites Part B: Engineering, 40(8), 784-797, (2009).[17] Cosenza E, Manfredi G, Realfonzo R., ‘Behavior and modeling of bond of FRP rebars to concrete’, J Compos Constr, 1(2):40–51, (1997).[18] Hwang J.H., Seo D.W., Park K.T., You Y.J., ‘Experimental Study on the Mechanical Properties of FRP Bars by Hybridizing with Steel Wires’, Engineering, 6(7):365-373, (2014). [19] Yoo D-Y, Kwon K-Y, Park J-J, Yoon Y-S., ‘Local bond-slip response of GFRP rebar in ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete’. Compos Struct, 120:53–64, (2015).[20] Okelo, R., and Yuan R. L., ‘Bond strength of fibre reinforced polymer rebars in normal strength concrete’, Journal of Composites for Construction, 9(3), 203-213, (2005).[21] Malvar, L., ‘Tensile and bond properties of GFRP reinforcing bars’, ACI Materials Journals, 92(3), 276-285, (1995).[22] Halliwell, S.M., Reynolds, T., ‘Effective Use of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Materials in Construction’, BRE Centre for Composites in Construction, London, (2004).[23] Uygunoglu, T., Güneş, İ., Biogenic corrosion on ribbed reinforcing steel bars with different bending angles in sewage systems, Construction and Building Materials 96 (2015) 530–540[24] Taha, M.R. FRP for Infrastructure Applications: Research Advances, Fibers, 2018, 6(1), 1-3.

Properties of GFRP Rods and Use in Prefabricated Infrastructure Elements

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, 169 - 178, 31.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.31202/ecjse.602224

Abstract

Corrosion of the reinforcement steel has become one of the most important problems of the construction industry today. This situation is more evident in the infrastructure elements. In order to survive such problems, the idea of ​​using glass fiber reinforced polymeric installations (GFRP) as a corrosion-resistant material has emerged as an alternative to steel fixtures. GFRP rods are able to withstand high tensile forces thanks to the combination of high fiberglass, carbon fiber, aramid fiber and suitable resin in the contents. However, the E-modulus is lower than that of steel hardware. One of the most important reasons for the use of reinforcement elements in reinforced concrete structures is that they meet tensile stresses. In this study, tensile tests of Ø8, Ø10, Ø12, Ø14, Ø16 and Ø18 specimens were carried out in order to determine the tensile properties of ribbed steel bars and GFRP bars. Accelerated corrosion test and resistance to acid effects were investigated in GFRP reinforced concrete. In addition, adherence to concrete was investigated experimentally in each reinforcement class. It has been found that GFRP reinforcements have lower adherence strength than steel reinforcement, but are highly resistant to corrosion and acid effects.

References

  • [1] Dejke, V., Tepfers, R., ‘Durability and service life prediction of GFRP for concrete reinforcement’, In Proceedings of 5th international conference on fiber-reinforced plastics for reinforced concrete structures (FRPRCS-5), 505–516, (2001).[2] Hota, V.S. G., Vıjay, P.V. And Narendra, T., ‘Reinforced Concrete Design with FRP Composites’, CRC Press, (2007).[3] Yavuz, G., ‘Lif Takviyeli Polimerlerin Betonarme Kirişlerde Donatı Olarak Kullanımı’, Selçuk Üniversitesi, Mayıs, (2011).[4] Caratelli A., Meda A., Rinaldi Z., Spagnuolo S., Maddaluno G., ‘Optimization of GFRP reinforcement in precast segments for metro tunnel lining’, Composite Structures, 181, 336–346, (2017)[5] Karbhari, V.M., ‘Durability of Advanced Polymer Composites in the Civil Infrastructure’, Advance Polymer Composites for Structural Applications in Construction (ACIC), 31-38, (2004).[6] Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Rebar. Hughes Brothers, Inc., Seward, Nebraska, 2000.[7] DeFreese J.M., Roberts-Wollmann C.L., ‘Glass fıber reinforced polymer bars as top mat reinforcement for bridge decks, Virginia Transportation Research Council’, Final Report (VTRC 03-CR6), (2002). [8] Eslami S., Taheri F., Effects of perforation size on the response of perforated GFRP composites aged in acidic media, Corrosion Science 69 (2013) 262–269.[9] Amaro A.M., Reis P.N.B., Neto M.A., Louro C., Effects of alkaline and acid solutions on glass/epoxy composites, Polymer Degradation and Stability 98 (2013) 853-862.[10] Sindhu K, Joseph K, Joseph JM, Mathew TV. Degradation studies of coir fiber/ polyester and glass fiber/polyester composites under different conditions. J Reinf Plast Compos 2007;26:1571-1585[11] Jabbar, S.A.A., Farid, S.B.H., Replacement of steel rebars by GFRP rebars in the concrete structures, Karbala International Journal of Modern Science 4 (2018) 216-227.
  • [12] TS 138 EN 10002-1: Metalik Malzemeler-Çekme Deneyi, Türk Standartları Enstitüsü, Nisan (2004).[13] Aydın F., Ekiz Y., Sarıbıyık M., Sarıbıyık A., ‘FRP Donatı Çekme Testlerinde Numune Başlık Özeliklerinin Çekme Test Sonuçlarına Etkilerinin Araştırılması’, Akademik Platform (3rd International Symposium on Innovative Technologies in Engineering and Science, ISITES2015), 1796-1806, (2015).
  • [14] Topçu, İ.B., Eroğlu, S., FRP Donatıların Beton İle Aderansının Araştırılması, Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projesi Sonuç Raporu, Proje No:2017-1579, 2018, Eskişehir[15] Bacanlı, K., FRP Donatıların Beton İle Aderansının Araştırılması, Bitirme Tezi, Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi, İnşaat Mühendisliği Bölümü, 2018, Eskişehir[16] Baena, M., Torres, L., Turon, A., Barris, C., ‘Experimental study of bond behaviour between concrete and FRP bars using a pull-out test’, Composites Part B: Engineering, 40(8), 784-797, (2009).[17] Cosenza E, Manfredi G, Realfonzo R., ‘Behavior and modeling of bond of FRP rebars to concrete’, J Compos Constr, 1(2):40–51, (1997).[18] Hwang J.H., Seo D.W., Park K.T., You Y.J., ‘Experimental Study on the Mechanical Properties of FRP Bars by Hybridizing with Steel Wires’, Engineering, 6(7):365-373, (2014). [19] Yoo D-Y, Kwon K-Y, Park J-J, Yoon Y-S., ‘Local bond-slip response of GFRP rebar in ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete’. Compos Struct, 120:53–64, (2015).[20] Okelo, R., and Yuan R. L., ‘Bond strength of fibre reinforced polymer rebars in normal strength concrete’, Journal of Composites for Construction, 9(3), 203-213, (2005).[21] Malvar, L., ‘Tensile and bond properties of GFRP reinforcing bars’, ACI Materials Journals, 92(3), 276-285, (1995).[22] Halliwell, S.M., Reynolds, T., ‘Effective Use of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Materials in Construction’, BRE Centre for Composites in Construction, London, (2004).[23] Uygunoglu, T., Güneş, İ., Biogenic corrosion on ribbed reinforcing steel bars with different bending angles in sewage systems, Construction and Building Materials 96 (2015) 530–540[24] Taha, M.R. FRP for Infrastructure Applications: Research Advances, Fibers, 2018, 6(1), 1-3.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

İlker Bekir TOPÇU>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2075-6361
Türkiye


Tayfun UYGUNOĞLU>
AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-4382-8257
Türkiye

Publication Date January 31, 2020
Submission Date August 6, 2019
Acceptance Date January 20, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1

Cite

IEEE İ. B. Topçu and T. Uygunoğlu , "GFRP Çubukların Özelikleri ve Prefabrik Altyapı Elemanlarında Kullanımı", El-Cezeri, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 169-178, Jan. 2020, doi:10.31202/ecjse.602224