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PRODUCTION OF ACTIVE CARBON FROM FOOD WASTES AND THE APPLICATIONS OF ACTIVE CARBON IN FOOD INDUSTRY

Year 2020, Volume 45, Issue 2, 217 - 229, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.15237/gida.GD19127

Abstract

Activated carbon is an excellent physicochemical adsorbent with high porous volumes (0.5-1.5 cm3/g) and large surface areas (500-2000 m2/g). It has been used in medicine, environment, chemistry, energy, metallurgy, textile and food in separation, purification, removal and recovery processes. It can be produced from various biomass wastes with high carbon and low inorganic material content that is recyclable. In the food industry, it is used as color, odor and taste regulator in beverages, color bleaching in sugar-syrup, shelf-life control in climacteric fruits and vegetables, adsorption of organics or removal of non-nutrient toxic substances, treatments of frying oil and drinking water. Their novel applications in food industry include the aerobic digestion, modified atmospheres, purification, novel antimicrobial agent production, volatile organic component removal, aroma recovery studies, electrochemical food sensors and electromagnetic materials for the efficient separation and purification. 

References

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  • Ayyalusamy, S., Mishra, S., Suryanarayanan,V.(2018). Promising post-consumer PET-derived activated carbon electrode material for non-enzymatic electrochemical determination of carbofuran hydrolysate. Scientific Reports, 8(13151), 1-9. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31627-8.
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GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI

Year 2020, Volume 45, Issue 2, 217 - 229, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.15237/gida.GD19127

Abstract

Aktif karbonlar, yüksek gözenek hacimleri (0,5-1,5 cm3/g) ve geniş yüzey alanları (500-2000 m2/g) ile hem fiziksel hem de kimyasal olarak mükemmel adsorban malzemeler olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Aktif karbonlar ayırma, saflaştırma, uzaklaştırma ve geri kazanım süreçlerinde, tıp, çevre, kimya, enerji, metalurji, tekstil ve gıda gibi alanlarda kullanılmaktadır. Aktif karbonların, karbon içeriği yüksek, inorganik madde içeriği düşük çeşitli biyokütle atıklarından üretilebilmesi ve rejenerasyonla tekrar kullanılabilmesi avantaj sağlamaktadır. Gıda endüstrisinde aktif karbon; içecek endüstrisinde renk, koku ve tat düzenleyici, şeker-şurup endüstrisinde renk ağartıcı, klimakterik meyve ve sebzelerde raf ömrü kontrolü, organik madde adsorplama veya besinsel olmayan toksik madde uzaklaştırma, kızartma yağı ve içme suyu arıtımı gibi uygulamalarda kullanılmaktadır. Aktif karbonların gıda endüstrisindeki güncel uygulamaları ise; aerobik sindirim prosesleri, modifiye atmosfer uygulamaları, saflaştırma, yeni nesil antimikrobiyal ajan üretimi, uçucu organik bileşen uzaklaştırma ve aroma geri kazanımı çalışmalarıdır. Ayrıca, yüksek verimli ayırma ve saflaştırma için elektrokimyasal gıda sensörleri ve elektromanyetik aktif karbonlar üretilmektedir.

References

  • Anonymous (2002). Activated Carbon Processing, National Organic Standards Board Technical Advisory Panel Review Compiled by OMRI for the USDA National Organic Program, 1-23.
  • Akyıldız, H. (2007). H3PO4 Aktivasyonu ile zeytin çekirdeğinden aktif karbon üretimi, Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi,Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Kimya Mühendisliği Anabilim Dalı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul, Türkiye, 115 s.
  • Ali, B. H., Alza'abi, M., Ramkumar, A., Al-Lawati, I., Waly, M. I., Beegam, S. (2014). The effect of activated charcoal on adenine-induced chronic renal failure in rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 65, 321-328. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2013.12.038.
  • Alvarez-Pugliese, C.E., Acuña-Bedoya,J., Vivas-Galarza,S., Prado-Arce,A., Marriaga-abrales,N. (2019). Electrolytic regeneration of granular activated carbon saturated with diclofenac using BDD anodes. Diamond & Related Materials, 93, 193–199. doi:10.1016.
  • Ayyalusamy, S., Mishra, S., Suryanarayanan,V.(2018). Promising post-consumer PET-derived activated carbon electrode material for non-enzymatic electrochemical determination of carbofuran hydrolysate. Scientific Reports, 8(13151), 1-9. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31627-8.
  • Bayat, M., Alighardashi,A., Sadeghasadi,A. (2018). Fixed-bed column and batch reactors performance in removal of diazinon pesticide from aqueous solutions by using walnut shell-modified activated carbon. Environmental Technology & Innovation, 12, 148-159. doi:10.1016/j.eti.2018.08.008.
  • Behr, M., Cocco, E., Lenouvel, A., Guignard, C., Evers, D. (2013). Technical Brief Earthy and Fresh Mushroom Off-Flavors in Wine: Optimized Remedial Treatments. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 64(4), 545-549. doi:10.5344/ajev.2013.13061.
  • Bernal, M., Ruiz M.O., Geanta, R.M. ,Benito,J.M., Escudero, I. (2016). Colour removal from beet molasses by ultrafiltration with activated charcoal. Chemical Engineering Journal, 283, 313-332. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2015.07.047.
  • Nobre, C., Teixeira, J.A., Rodriguez, L.R. (2012). Fructo-oligosaccharides purification from a fermentative broth using an activated charcoal column, New Biotechnology, 29(3), 395-401. doi:10.1016/j.nbt.2011.11.006.
  • Capson-Tojo, G., Moscoviz,R., Ruiz,D., Santa-Catalina,G., Trably,E., Rouez, M., Crest,M., Steyer, J., Bernet, N. (2018). Addition of granular activated carbon and trace elements to favor volatile fatty acid consumption during anaerobic digestion of food waste, Bioresource Technology, 260, 157-168. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2018.03.097.
  • Cullum, P. (2007). Evaluating the performance of different powdered activated carbons for taste and odour reduction. 32nd Annual Qld Water Industry Operations Workshop Walter Pierce Pavilion, Showgrounds Complex, Rockhampton, 38-44.
  • Christica, I.S., Muchlisya, M., Julia, R. (2018). Activated carbon utilization from corn cob (Zea mays) as a heavy metal adsorbent in ındustrial waste, Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, 6(5), 01-04.
  • Danish,M., Ahmad,T., Majeed,S., Ahmad, M., Ziyang, L., Pin, Z., Iqubal, S.M.S. (2018). Use of banana trunk waste as activated carbon in scavenging methylene blue dye: Kinetic, thermodynamic, and isotherm studies, Bioresource Technology Reports, 3 ,127-137.
  • Dermanlı, Y. (2006). Gıda fabrikasyon atıklarından aktif karbon üretimi ve soya yağını ağartma performansının incelenmesi, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Gıda Mühendisliği Anabilim Dalı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul, Türkiye, 52 s.
  • Derylo-Marczewska, A., Blachnio,M., Marczewski, A.W., Seczkowska,M. ,Tarasiuk,B. (2019). Phenoxyacid pesticide adsorption on activated carbon e Equilibrium and kinetics. Chemosphere, 214, 349-360. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.09.088.
  • Dhall, R. K. (2013). Ethylene in Post-harvest Quality Management of Horticultural Crops: A Review. Research & Reviews: A Journal of Crop Science and Technology, 2(2), 9-24, ISSN: 2319-3395.
  • Diaz, E., Ordonez, S., Vega, A., Coca, J. (2005). Comparison of adsorption properties of a chemically activated and a steam-activated carbon, using inverse gas chromatography. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 82, 173-181. doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2005.03.010.
  • Farooq, M., Bell,A., Almustapha,M.N., Andresen,J.M. (2017). Bio-methane from an-aerobic digestion using activated carbon adsorption. Anaerobe, 46, 33-40. doi:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2017.05.003.
  • Anonymous (2010). World Health Organization,(WHO) Expert Committee on Food Additives, Compendium of food additive specifications: seventy-third [73rd] report, WHO Technical Report Series, Rome, ISBN 978-92-5-106662-1, ISSN 1817-7077.
  • Fadhil, A.B., Ahmed,A.I., Salih, H.A. (2017). Production of liquid fuels and activated carbons from fish wate. Fuel, 187, 435-445.
  • Gamal, M. E., Mousa H.A., Naas, M.H., Zachharia, R., Judd,S. (2018). Bio-regeneration of activated carbon: A comprehensive review. Separation and Purification Technology, 197, 345–359. doi:10.1016/j.seppur.2018.01.015.
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Eda ÜLKERYILDIZ BALÇIK This is me

Türkiye


Mehmet TORUN>


Hilal ŞAHİN NADEEM> (Primary Author)

Publication Date January 15, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 45, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @review { gida604947, journal = {Gıda}, issn = {1300-3070}, eissn = {1309-6273}, address = {}, publisher = {The Association of Food Technology}, year = {2020}, volume = {45}, number = {2}, pages = {217 - 229}, doi = {10.15237/gida.GD19127}, title = {GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI}, key = {cite}, author = {Ülkeryıldız Balçık, Eda and Torun, Mehmet and Şahin Nadeem, Hilal} }
APA Ülkeryıldız Balçık, E. , Torun, M. & Şahin Nadeem, H. (2020). GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI . Gıda , 45 (2) , 217-229 . DOI: 10.15237/gida.GD19127
MLA Ülkeryıldız Balçık, E. , Torun, M. , Şahin Nadeem, H. "GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI" . Gıda 45 (2020 ): 217-229 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gida/issue/52541/604947>
Chicago Ülkeryıldız Balçık, E. , Torun, M. , Şahin Nadeem, H. "GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI". Gıda 45 (2020 ): 217-229
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - PRODUCTION OF ACTIVE CARBON FROM FOOD WASTES AND THE APPLICATIONS OF ACTIVE CARBON IN FOOD INDUSTRY AU - EdaÜlkeryıldız Balçık, MehmetTorun, HilalŞahin Nadeem Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.15237/gida.GD19127 DO - 10.15237/gida.GD19127 T2 - Gıda JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 217 EP - 229 VL - 45 IS - 2 SN - 1300-3070-1309-6273 M3 - doi: 10.15237/gida.GD19127 UR - https://doi.org/10.15237/gida.GD19127 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 The Journal of Food GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI %A Eda Ülkeryıldız Balçık , Mehmet Torun , Hilal Şahin Nadeem %T GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI %D 2020 %J Gıda %P 1300-3070-1309-6273 %V 45 %N 2 %R doi: 10.15237/gida.GD19127 %U 10.15237/gida.GD19127
ISNAD Ülkeryıldız Balçık, Eda , Torun, Mehmet , Şahin Nadeem, Hilal . "GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI". Gıda 45 / 2 (January 2020): 217-229 . https://doi.org/10.15237/gida.GD19127
AMA Ülkeryıldız Balçık E. , Torun M. , Şahin Nadeem H. GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI. The Journal of Food. 2020; 45(2): 217-229.
Vancouver Ülkeryıldız Balçık E. , Torun M. , Şahin Nadeem H. GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI. Gıda. 2020; 45(2): 217-229.
IEEE E. Ülkeryıldız Balçık , M. Torun and H. Şahin Nadeem , "GIDA ATIKLARINDAN AKTİF KARBON ÜRETİMİ VE AKTİF KARBONUN GIDA ENDÜSTRİSİNDE UYGULAMALARI", Gıda, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 217-229, Jan. 2020, doi:10.15237/gida.GD19127

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