Year 2019, Volume 9 , Issue 4, Pages 768 - 780 2019-10-15

Investigation of Phytochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Fruit and Vegetable Peels
Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi

Melih Güzel [1] , Özlem Akpınar [2]


Plants are rich in phytochemicals which have positive effects on health. In this study, the phytochemical components of the some fruit and vegatable peels, produced in the significant amounts in Turkey, including kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa), melon (Cucumis melo), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), apple (Malus domestica), quince (Cydonia oblonga) and pomegranate (Punica granatum) were determined. The moisture, ash, fat, ascorbic acid and β carotene contents of the peels were determined. Peels were extracted in 0%, 25%, 50% and 75% ethanol solutions and total phenolic, total flavonoids and total monomeric anthocyanin contents and antioxidant capacities of the extracts were investigated. It was concluded that the concentrations of 25% and 50% ethanol were more successful than other concentrations to extract the phenolic compounds. Total monomeric anthocyanin, flavonoid, phenolic contents and antioxidant capacity of the pomegranate peel were found to be significantly higher than the other peels. It was determined that the melon rind contained more β-carotene and quince peel contained more ascorbic acid content than the other peels.

Bitkiler, sağlık açısından olumlu etkileri olan fitokimyasallar bakımından zengindir. Bu çalışmada, Türkiye’de önemli miktarda tarımı yapılan kivi (Actinidia deliciosa), kavun (Cucumis melo), domates (Solanum lycopersicum), elma (Malus domestica), ayva (Cydonia oblonga) ve nar (Punica granatum) kabuklarının fitokimyasal bileşikleri belirlenmiştir. Çalışma kapsamında kabukların nem, kül, yağ, askorbik asit, β karoten içerikleri belirlenmiş, kabuklar %0, %25, %50 ve %75’lik etanol çözeltilerinde ekstrakte edilmiş ve toplam fenolik, toplam flavonoid ve toplam monomerik antosiyanin içerikleri ve antioksidan kapasiteleri (FRAP, TEAC ve DPPH) incelenmiştir. Fenolik bileşikleri ekstrakte etmek için %25 ve %50 etanol konsantrasyonlarının, diğer konsantrasyonlara kıyasla daha başarılı olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Nar kabuğunun toplam monomerik antosiyanin, flavonoid, fenolik madde içerikleri ve antioksidan kapasiteleri açısından diğer kabuklara kıyasla oldukça yüksek olduğu saptanmıştır. İncelenen kabuklar arasında kavun kabuğunun diğer kabuklardan daha fazla miktarda β-karoten içerdiği, en yüksek askorbik asit içeriğine ise ayva kabuğunun sahip olduğu belirlenmiştir.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5374-8838
Author: Melih Güzel (Primary Author)
Institution: GÜMÜŞHANE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6593-8495
Author: Özlem Akpınar
Institution: GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : October 15, 2019

Bibtex @research article { gumusfenbil542458, journal = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {2146-538X}, eissn = {2146-538X}, address = {}, publisher = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {9}, pages = {768 - 780}, doi = {10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458}, title = {Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Güzel, Melih and Akpınar, Özlem} }
APA Güzel, M , Akpınar, Ö . (2019). Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 9 (4) , 768-780 . DOI: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458
MLA Güzel, M , Akpınar, Ö . "Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2019 ): 768-780 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gumusfenbil/issue/49427/542458>
Chicago Güzel, M , Akpınar, Ö . "Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2019 ): 768-780
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi AU - Melih Güzel , Özlem Akpınar Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458 DO - 10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458 T2 - Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 768 EP - 780 VL - 9 IS - 4 SN - 2146-538X-2146-538X M3 - doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458 UR - https://doi.org/10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi %A Melih Güzel , Özlem Akpınar %T Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi %D 2019 %J Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 2146-538X-2146-538X %V 9 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458 %U 10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458
ISNAD Güzel, Melih , Akpınar, Özlem . "Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 / 4 (October 2019): 768-780 . https://doi.org/10.17714/gumusfenbil.542458
AMA Güzel M , Akpınar Ö . Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 9(4): 768-780.
Vancouver Güzel M , Akpınar Ö . Meyve ve Sebze Kabuklarının Fitokimyasal ve Antioksidan Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 9(4): 780-768.