Year 2019, Volume 8 , Issue 22, Pages 273 - 293 2019-12-31

2008 KRİZİ VE SONRASINDA TOPLU PAZARLIK: ALMANYA VE YUNANİSTAN KARŞILAŞTIRMASI
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING IN 2008 CRISIS AND AFTER: COMPARISON OF GERMANY AND GREECE

Şebnem KİRAZOĞLU [1]


Ekonomik krizler çalışma ilişkilerini bulundukları konjonktür içerisinde etkilemiş ve çalışma ilişkileri, krizlerin çözümüne aranan yanıtlarda en çok müdahaleye uğrayan alan olmuştur. 2008 krizi ile birlikte emek piyasasının temel taşlarından birini oluşturan toplu pazarlık, bu süreç içerisinde Avrupa Birliği ülkelerinde krize çözüm olarak aranan yanıtlar içerisinde kullanılan önemli bir araç olmuştur. Avrupa Birliği’nde krizin çalışma ilişkilerine ilişkin etkisi ile ilgili tek bir bakış açısı oluşturulamamaktadır. Kimi ülkeler krizden derinden etkilenerek yoğun işsizlik ile karşı karşıya kalırken kimi ülkelerde krizin etkisi alınan ulusal önlemler ile neredeyse yok sayılacak seviyededir. Krize AB’nin politikaları dâhilinde cevap arayan Yunanistan ve sosyal ortakların krize verdikleri yanıtlar, alınan ortak karar ve uzlaşma ile hareket eden Almanya arasında toplu pazarlık yapılarında farklılıklar mevcuttur. Bu makalede 2008 krizi ve sonrasında Almanya ve Yunanistan’da toplu pazarlık yapısında meydana gelen farklılıklar mukayeseli olarak ele alınmıştır. Yapılan araştırmalar ışığında Avrupa’da krize ortak bir tepkinin oluşturulamamasının yanı sıra toplu pazarlık yapısının âdem-i merkeziyete kaydığı gözlemlenmiştir. 

Economic crises have affected labor relations in their conjuncture and labor relations have been the most intervened field in the responses to the solution of crises. Collective bargaining, which became one of the cornerstones of the labor market with the 2008 crisis, has become an important tool used in the response to the crisis in European Union countries. There is no single perspective on the impact of the crisis on labor relations in the European Union. While some countries are deeply affected by the crisis and face intense unemployment, in some countries the impact of the crisis is almost negligible by national measures. There are differences in the collective bargaining structures between Greece and its social partners seeking answers to the crisis within the EU's policies, with the responses to the crisis, joint decisions and consensus. In this article, the differences that occurred in the collective bargaining structure of Germany and Greece after 2008 crisis are compared. In the light of the researches, it was observed that the collective bargaining structure shifted to decentralization as well as not creating a common reaction to the crisis in Europe.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7815-3267
Author: Şebnem KİRAZOĞLU (Primary Author)
Institution: DOĞUŞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA Ki̇razoğlu, Ş . (2019). 2008 KRİZİ VE SONRASINDA TOPLU PAZARLIK: ALMANYA VE YUNANİSTAN KARŞILAŞTIRMASI . Hak İş Uluslararası Emek ve Toplum Dergisi , 8 (22) , 273-293 . DOI: 10.31199/hakisderg.598065