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Kentlerde Yapı Bünyelerinde Açık ve Yeşil Mekânlar Üretme Gerekliliğinin Değerlendirilmesi

Year 2022, Volume: 13 Issue: 35, 138 - 170, 20.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.31198/idealkent.953695

Abstract

Bu makalede, günümüz koşularında sahip olduğumuz bilgilerin ışığında, yapı bünyelerinde üretilebilecek olan açık ve yeşil mekânların yapılma gerekliliği ile ilgili bir durum değerlendirmesi yapılmıştır. Değerlendirme, literatür taraması ile ulaşılan aşağıda özetlenmiş olan verilerin karşılaştırılması ve tartışılması ile yapılmıştır. Yapı bünyelerindeki açık ve yeşil mekânların bir yandan kentleşme ile zarar görmüş doğanın yeniden üretilmesi konusunda önemli katkılar oluştururken, diğer yandan da kentlilerin sağlıkları ve refahları ile yapı zarfının performansı üzerinde olumlu etkiler oluşturdukları görülmüştür. Tüm bu olumlu etkilerinin yanında yapı bünyelerindeki açık ve yeşil mekânların yapılarda ilave yükler ve daha karmaşık tasarım ve uygulama süreçleri ortaya çıkardıkları da görülmüştür. Yapı bünyelerinde üretilebilecek olan açık ve yeşil mekânların ortaya çıkardığı olumsuzlukların temelde bilgi eksiklikleri ve maliyet artışlarından kaynaklandığı görülmüştür. Bilgi eksikliklerinin eğitim çalışmaları ile tamamlanabileceği, maliyet artışlarının ise kentlilerin sağlıkları ve refahlarındaki artışlar ile telafi edilebileceği görülmüştür. Değerlendirmenin sonucu olarak özellikle yoğun yapılaşmış kentsel bölgelerdeki yapı bünyelerinde açık ve yeşil mekânların üretilmesi gerekliliği ortaya çıkmıştır.

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Evaluation of the Necessity of Producing Open and Green Spaces in Buildings in the Cities

Year 2022, Volume: 13 Issue: 35, 138 - 170, 20.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.31198/idealkent.953695

Abstract

In this article, in today's conditions, a situation evaluation has been made about the necessity of making open and green spaces that can be produced within the buildings. Evaluation was made by comparing and discussing the data summarized below, which were obtained through literature review. While the open and green spaces in the buildings make important contributions to the restoration of the nature damaged by urbanization, it has also been seen that they have positive effects on the health and welfare of the urbanites and the performance of the building envelope. In addition to all these positive effects, it has been observed that the open and green spaces in the buildings emerge with additional loads and more complex design and construction processes in the buildings. It has been seen that above mentioned negativities are mainly caused by lack of information and cost increases. It has been seen that the lack of knowledge can be completed with educational studies, and the cost increases can be compensated from the gains in the increase of urbanites' health and welfare. As a result of the evaluation, the necessity of producing open and green spaces has emerged in the buildings of densely built urban areas.

References

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  • Arnberger, A. (2012). The influence of green space on community attachment of urban and suburban residents. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 11(1), 41–49.
  • Azkorra, Z., Pérez, G., Coma, J., Cabeza, L. F., Bures, S., Álvaro, J. E., . . . Urrestarazu, M. (2014). Evaluation of green walls as a passive acoustic insulation system. Applied Acoustics, 89(3), 46-56.
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  • Bendtsen, H. (2010). Noise barrier design: Danish and some European examples. California: The Danish Road Institute - Road Directorate and University of California Pavement Research Center.
  • Bennet, S. A., Yiannakoulias, N., Williams, A. M. ve Kitchen, P. (2012). Playground accessibility and neighbourhood social interaction among parents. Social Indicators Research, 108(2), 199-213.
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  • Berndtsson, J. C., Bengtsson, L. ve Jinno, K. (2009). Runoff water quality from intensive and extensive vegetated roofs. Ecological Engineering, 35, 369–380.
  • Bird, W. (2004). Can green space and biodiversity increase levels of physical activity? London: Faculty of Public Health of the Royal Colleges of Physicians of the United Kingdom.
  • Botkin, D. B. ve Beveridge, C. E. (1997). Cities as environments. Urban Ecosystems, 1, 3–19.
  • British Council for Offices. (2003). Green roofs: Research advice note. London: British Council for Offices.
  • Broekhuizen, K., de Vries, S. I. ve Pierik, F. H. (2013). Healthy aging in a green living environment: A systematic review of the literature. Leiden: TNO report (TNO 2013 R10154).
  • Brown, M. (1983). Design of planting and paved areas and their role in the city. A. B. Grove & R. W. Cresswell (Der.), In city landscape içinde (ss. 87-124). Cambridge: The University press.
  • Burlin, M., Chomowicz, A., Cunningham, C., Elkin, D., Liptan, T., Mann, L., . . . Marriott, D. (2010). Portland ecoroof guide. Portland: Environmental Services City of Portland.
  • Burrage, H. (2011). Green hubs, social inclusion and community engagement. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer, 164(3), 167-174.
  • Cascone, S., Catania, F., Gagliano, A. ve Sciuto, G. (2018). A comprehensive study on green roof performance for retrofitting existing buildings. Building and Environment, 136(5), 227-239.
  • Chang, C. Y. ve Uan, L. L. (1999). Influences of landscape types on recovery of concentration and EMG. J. Landscape, 7 ,1-22.
  • Chawla, L., Keena, K., Pevec, I. ve Stanely, E. (2014). Green schoolyards as havens from stress and resources for resilience in childhood and adolescence. Health and Place, 28(7), 1-13.
  • Chiang, Y. C., Li, D. ve Jane, H. A. (2017). Wild or tended nature? The effects of landscape location and vegetation density on physiological and psychological responses. Landscape and Urban Planning, 167(11), 72-83.
  • Clark, C., Adriaens, P. ve Talbot, F. B. (2008). Green roof valuation: A probabilistic economic analysis of environmental benefits. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(6), 2155-2161.
  • Cohen-Cline, H., Turkheimer, E. ve Duncan, G. E. (2015). Access to green space, physical activity and mental health: A twin study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 69(6), 523-529.
  • Coon, J. T., Boddy, K., Stein, K., Whear, R., Barton, J. ve Depledge, M. H. (2010). Does participating in physical activity in outdoor natural environments have a greater effect on physical and mental wellbeing than physical activity indoors? A systematic review. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(5), 1761-1772.
  • Currie, B. A. ve Bass, B. (2008). Estimates of air pollution mitigation with green plants and green roofs using the UFORE model. Urban Ecosystems, 11, 409-422.
  • Dadvand, P., Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J., Esnaola, M., Forns, J., Basagaña, X., Alvarez-Pedrerol, M., . . . Sunyer, J. (2015). Green spaces and cognitive development in primary schoolchildren. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 112(26), 7937-7942. doi:10.1073/pnas.1503402112
  • Dadvand, P., Sunyer, J., Basagaña, X., Ballester, F., Lertxundi, A., Fernández-Somoano, A., . . . Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J. (2012). Surrounding greenness and pregnancy outcomes in four Spanish birth cohorts. Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(10), 1481-1487. doi:10.1289/ehp.1205244
  • Dadvand, P., Villanueva, C. M., Font-Ribera, L., Martinez, D., Basagaña, X., Belmonte, J., . . . Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J. (2014). Risks and benefits of green spaces for children: A cross-sectional study of associations with sedentary behavior, obesity, asthma, and allergy. Environmental Health Perspective, 122(12), 1329-1335. doi:10.1289/ehp.1308038
  • Dongying, L. ve Sullivan, W. C. (2016). Impact of views to school landscapes on recovery from stress and mental fatigue. Landscape and Urban Planning, 148(4), 149-158.
  • Dunnett, N. (2006, Mayıs 11-12). Green roofs for biodiversity: Reconciling aesthetics with ecology [conference presentation abstract]. Fourth Annual Greening Rooftops for Sustainable Communities Conference, Awards and Trade Show, Greening Rooftops for Sustainable Communities, Boston.
  • European Commision DG ENV. (2008). Science for environment policy / DG environment news alert service / Gardens in the sky: Growing green roofs for healthier city air (News Alert Issue 113), European Union: European Commission DG ENV.
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Günay ERDEM 0000-0003-0914-4740

Oğuz YILMAZ 0000-0003-2004-4548

Early Pub Date April 14, 2022
Publication Date April 20, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022 Volume: 13 Issue: 35

Cite

APA ERDEM, G., & YILMAZ, O. (2022). Kentlerde Yapı Bünyelerinde Açık ve Yeşil Mekânlar Üretme Gerekliliğinin Değerlendirilmesi. İDEALKENT, 13(35), 138-170. https://doi.org/10.31198/idealkent.953695