Item
Response Theory (IRT) models traditionally assume a normal distribution for
ability. Although normality is often a reasonable assumption for ability, it is
rarely met for observed scores in educational and psychological measurement.
Assumptions regarding ability distribution were previously shown to have an
effect on IRT parameter estimation. In this study, the normal and uniform
distribution prior assumptions for ability were compared for IRT parameter
estimation when the actual distribution was either normal or uniform. A
simulation study that included a short test with a small sample size and a long
test with a large sample size was conducted for this purpose. The results
suggested using a uniform distribution prior for ability to achieve more accurate
estimates of the ability parameter in the 2PL and 3PL models when the true
distribution of ability is not known. For the Rasch model, an explicit pattern
that could be used to obtain more accurate item parameter estimates was not
found.
Primary Language  en 

Subjects  Education, Scientific Disciplines 
Published Date  December 
Journal Section  Articles 
Authors 

Dates 
Publication Date : January 5, 2020 
APA  Karadavut, T . (2020). The Uniform Prior for Bayesian Estimation of Ability in Item Response Theory Models. International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education , 6 (4) , 568579 . DOI: 10.21449/ijate.581314 