Volume: 6 - Issue: 16

Year: 2021

Research Papers

The main goal of JEBUPOR is comprise a scientific platform for academics who desire to share their knowledge, notions, findings and researches with colleagues while contributing in the named disciplines in national and international level.

JEBUPOR, a scientific peer reviewed one,  at least three times in a year, February, June and October since 2016. Applied, institutional, theoretical works along with analysis and definitive, qualitative and quantitative researches in relation to Economics, Business and Management disciplines could take places in the journal.

1- Plagiarism Detection

In accordance with its publishing policies, all articles sent to JEBUPOR will be scanned via iThenticate or Turnitin to get a similarity report before the article goes for review. The upper bound is determined as 15 percent.

If similarity report shows more than 15%, then the article:

1. Could be sent back to author(s) to be edited,

2. Could be rejected by the editor, or

3. Could send to editorial board for evaluation.

The matches found in each study after plagiarism detection are analysed in detail and those matches with correct reference and cross-reference are sorted. In the next step, the mistakes in the remaining matches are determined and reported to the editorial board. The board, then, makes a final decision in the light of the plagiarism detection report. The author(s) may be asked to correct the mistakes listed in the report or the study may be returned to the author(s).

2- Writing Rules

For the articles to be sent to The JEBUPOR, the authors are required to adhere to the following principles and rules. The articles which are not prepared in accordance with the principles and rules stated above may not be taken in assessment process, or may be excluded from assessment at any stage of this process.

Click here to download the Sample Word Document

Spelling Rules

1.   Papers should be prepared with “Office Word” program and A4 format.

2.   The length of the paper should not exceed 20 pages in journal format.

3.   Page layout should be left: 2 cm, right: 2 cm, up: 2 cm, and bottom: 2 cm.

4.   Articles should be written with font type of "Times New Roman", in 12 font size and with "single" spacing. There should be one space after points and commas.

5.   Paragraphs should be without an initial indent, 6 nk spaces should be left between the paragraphs. No extra blank lines between the paragraphs.

6.   The title should be written in Turkish and English with 14 font size, Turkish and English abstracts should contain no more than 200 words with 11 font size, and include 3 to 5 keywords in Turkish and English.

7.   The name, surname, and title of the author(s) should be written with 12 font size, under the title and right aligned. The name of institution and e-mail address of the author(s) should be written with font size 10 in the footnote.

8.   The headings and subheadings should be appeared in 12 font size, bold and left justified (unindented) and also numbered as 1. 1.1., 1.1.1., 1.1.2., The headings should be capitalized and subheadings should appear in lower case (initial word capitalized). The headings should be partitioned no more than 4 levels. There should be one blank line before the subheadings; no blank line should be given after the subheadings. There should be no blank line before and after the subheadings.

9.   All the tables, figures and graphics in the paper should be cited in numerical order and center aligned. Each table, figures, and graphics should be given a title. Table title should be placed above the table, figure, and graphics, with 10 pt, centered aligned, and only initial letters capitalized. Table, figure, and graphic text should be no smaller than 9 pt and no larger than 11 pt. All tables, figures, and graphics should be clear and can be easily readable and also compatible with the page layout.

10.  References should be made with conjunction method inside the text. Explanation notes should be under the page as a footnote with 10 pt. References inside the text should be like the surname of the author(s), year of the source, and page number. If there isn’t the name of the author then institution name should be given instead of author’s name. Example:

     ·  Works by a single author: (Paksoy, 2011:70)

     ·  Works by two authors: (Paksoy ve Gökçe, 2012:22)

     ·  Works by multiple authors: (Paksoy vd., 2014:35).

     ·  Citing more than one sources: (Schumpeter, 1934:66; Wood, 2005:36)

     ·  Citing the whole source: (Drucker, 1995)

     ·  Citing the publications without the name of the author: (TÜİK, 2012:45)

11.   If the reference is taken from a website and the author is known, reference should be made like periodic publications. If the date of the downloaded source is not given, access date should be used. If the date of the downloaded source is not given, date of access should be used. Also if no publisher name is available, use the name of website and data of access. For example;

       ·  If the author’s name and publication year is known: (Ener, 2002)

       ·  If the author’s name and publication year is not known: (Rekabet Kurumu, 2008)

12.   If you are citing more than one work by the same author in the same year, put the letters a, b, c next to the year. Example;

     ·  Paksoy (2013a), Paksoy (2013b).

13.   All the sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference page. All sources used in the text should be ordered alphabetically by author last name. Order the works from the same author by publication date (Newest to oldest). Bibliography indentation should be set (Pendant – 1 cm). The reference page should be prepared according to the example shown below:


EROL, E. (2008).  Stratejik Yönetim ve İşletme Politikası, Beta Basım Yayım, İstanbul.

ACAR, D. and TETİK, N. (2008).  Genel Muhasebe,  Detay Yayıncılık, Ankara.

DEMİR, Y., ÖZDEMİR, O. and EREN, İ. (2008). Küçük ve Orta Ölçekli İşletmelerde Finansal Yönetim Uygulamaları, Asil Yayın, Ankara.

Translated Books

DRUCKER, P. (1994). Kapitalist Ötesi Toplum, (Çev.) ÇORAKÇI, B., İnkilap Kitabevi, İstanbul.

Edited Books

OKÇU, M., AKTEL, M. and KERMAN, U. (2007). “İki Süreci Anlamak: Kamu Yönetiminde Küreselleşme ve 'Avrupalılaşma'”, (Ed.) YILMAZ, A. and BOZKURT, Y., Küresel Esintiler ve Yerel Etkiler Sarmalında Türk Kamu Yönetimi, Gazi Kitabevi, Ankara.

Book with no Author

DPT (2003). İllerin ve Bölgelerin Sosyo-Ekonomik Gelişmişlik Sıralaması Araştırması (2003), Yayın No: DPT 2671, Ankara.


YAVUZ, A., ALBENİ, M. and KAYA, D.G. (2009). “Ulusal İnovasyon Politikaları ve Kamu Harcamaları: Çeşitli Ülkeler Üzerine Bir Karşılaştırma”, Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 14(4): 65-90.


GÖKÇE, D. (1997). “Merkez Bankasının Bağımsızlığı Sorunu”, Milliyet, 15 Mart.


ÖZKUL, G. (2008). Girişimcilik Teorileri ve Girişimci Tipleri: Antalya-Burdur-Isparta İllerinde (İBBS Düzey 2 TR61 Bölgesinde) İmalat Sanayi KOBİ'lerindeki Girişimciler Üzerine Bir İnceleme, Yüksek Lisans Tezi,  Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Isparta.

Internet Based Sources

(i)  If the authors of the sources are known, it should be given like periodic publications. In addition to this, the web address of the source should be given. If the date of the source is not known, then date of access should be given both in the text and the reference page.Example;

ENER, N. (2002). “Yeni Yükselen Pazarlar (Emerging Markets) İçin Pazarlama Stratejileri”, http://iktisat.uludag.edu.tr/dergi/11/02-neriman/02-neriman.htm, 10.05.2005.

(ii)   If the source belongs to an institution instead of an author, there should be the name of the institution, the title of the source and complete web address in the bibliography. Example:

REKABET KURUMU (2010). “Rekabet Hukukunun Esasları”, http://www.rekabet.gov.tr/index.php?Sayfa=sayfaicerik&icId=53, 17.03.2010.

14.   For the cases not mentioned in spelling, scientific publication rules will be taken into consideration.

3- Copyright Notice

The manuscripts submitted to JEBUPOR for publication should be original studies that were not published before or not submitted to anywhere else for publication.

Authors who submit their studies to JEBUPOR should acknowledge that they have to transfer the copyright of their studies to JEBUPOR. The editorial board of the journal is authorized to publish the study. Nonetheless, the following rights are reserved:

    • Patent rights,
    • All unregistered rights apart from copyright,
    • Duplication rights on condition that the study is not sold,
    • The right to use the whole or parts of the study in the author's own books or other academic studies on condition that reference is given,
    • The right to publish the study on personal websites or open archive of their university on condition that the copyright details are provided.

Those authors who will submit their studies to JEBUPOR have to fill in the "Agreement for Publication Rights". Wet signature is required. The signed form should be scanned and uploaded to the system via file upload option in submitting manuscripts to the journal. Meanwhile, the wet-signed form must be posted to the following address: "Prof. H. Mustafa PAKSOYGaziantep University, İİBF, Şehitkamil/Gaziantep, Turkey". The studies whose copyright transfer form is not received by the journal will not be published. 

1- Publication Ethics
  • The publication process at İKTİSAD is the basis of the improvement and dissemination of information objectively and respectfully. Therefore, the procedures in this process improves the quality of the studies.
  • Peer-reviewed studies are the ones that support and materialize the scientific method. At this point, it is of utmost importance that all parties included in the publication process (authors, readers and researchers, publisher, reviewers and editors) comply with the standards of ethical considerations. JEBUPOR expects all parties to hold the following ethical responsibilities.

The following ethical duties and responsibilities are written in the light of the guide and policies made by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

2- Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
The authors who submit their manuscripts to JEBUPOR are expected to comply with the following ethical responsibilities:

  • Author(s) must submit original studies to the journal. If they utilize or use other studies, they must make the in-text and end-text references accurately and completely.
  • People who have not contributed to the study at the intellectual level should not be indicated as author.
  • If the manuscripts submitted to be published are subject of conflicting interests or relations, these must be explained.
  • During the review process of their manuscripts, author(s) may be asked to supply raw data. In such a case, author(s) should be ready to submit such data and information to the editorial and scientific boards.
  • Author(s) should document that they have the participants' consent and the necessary permissions related with the sharing and research/analysis of the data that are used.
  • Author(s) bears the responsibility to inform the editor of the journal or publisher if they happen to notice a mistake in their study which is in early release or publication process and to cooperate with the editors during the correction or withdrawal process.
  • Authors cannot submit their studies to multiple journals simultaneously. Each submission can be made only after the previous one is completed. A study published in another journal cannot be submitted to JEBUPOR.
  • Author responsibilities given in a study (e.g.: adding an author, reordering of author names) whose review process has begun cannot be changed.

3- Ethical Responsibilities of Editors
The editor and field editors of JEBUPOR should hold the following ethical responsibilities that are based on the guides "COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" and "COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" published as open Access by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

General duties and responsibilities

Editors are responsible for each study published in JEBUPOR. In this respect, the editors have the following roles and responsibilities:

  • Making efforts to meet the demand for knowledge from readers and authors,
  • Ensuring the continuous development of the journal,
  • Managing the procedures aimed to improve the quality of the studies published in the journal,
  • Supporting freedom of expression,
  • Ensuring academic integrity,
  • Following the procedures without making concessions on intellectual property rights and ethical standards,
  • Being transparent and clear in issues that require correction or explanation.

Relationships with Readers

  • Editors must make decisions taking into consideration the knowledge, skills and expectations of all readers, researchers and practitioners need.
  • They must also ensure that the published studies contribute to literature and be original.
  • Moreover, they must take notice of the feedback received from researchers and practitioners and provide explanatory and informative feedback.

Relationships with Authors
Editors have the following duties and responsibilities in their relations with authors:

  • Editors must make positive or negative decisions about the studies' importance, originality, validity, clarity in wording and suitability with the journal's aims and objectives.
  • Editors must accept the studies that are within the scope of publication into pre review process unless there are serious problems with the study.
  • Editors must not ignore positive suggestions made by reviewers unless there are serious problems with the study.
  • New editors, unless there are serious issues, must not change the previous editor's decisions about the studies.
  • "Blind Review and Review Process" must be published and editors must prevent possible diversions in the defined processes.
  • Editors must publish an "Author's Guide" that is comprehensive enough in answering queries by authors. This guide must be updated regularly.
  • Authors should be provided with explanatory and informative feedback.

Relationships with Reviewers
Editors have the following duties and responsibilities in their relations with reviewers:

Editors must
  • choose reviewers according to the subject of the study.
  • provide the information and guidance reviewers may need during the review process.
  • observe whether there are conflicting interests between reviewers and authors.
  • keep the identities of reviewers confidential in blind review.
  • encourage the reviewers to review the manuscript in an unbiased, scientific and objective tone.
  • evaluate reviewers regularly based on criteria like performance and timing.
  • develop practices and policies that increase the performance of reviewers.
  • take necessary steps to update the reviewer pool dynamically.
  • prevent unkind and unscientific reviews.
  • make effort to ensure the reviewer pool has a wide range.

Relationships with the Editorial Board
Editors must make sure that the members of the editorial board follow the procedures in accordance with the publication policies and guidelines, and must inform the members about the publication policies and developments. The editors must also train new members of the editorial board and provide the information they need.

Moreover, editors must

  • ensure that the members of the editorial board review the manuscripts in an unbiased and independent manner.
  • select the new members of the editorial board from those who can contribute to the journal and are qualified enough.
  • send manuscripts for review based on the subject of expertise of the editorial board members.
  • regularly communicate with the editorial board.
  • arrange regular meetings with the editorial board for the development of publication policies and the journal.

Relationships with the Journal's Owner and Publisher
The relationship between the editors and publisher is based on the principle of the independency of editors. All the decisions made by the editors are independent of the publisher and the owner of the journal as required by the agreement made between editors and publisher.

Editorial and Blind Review Processes
Editors are obliged to comply with the policies of "Blind Review and Review Process" stated in the journal's publication policies. Therefore, the editors ensure that each manuscript is reviewed in an unbiased, fair and timely manner.

Quality Assurance
Editors must make sure that articles in the journal are published in accordance with the publication policies of the journal and international standards.

Protection of Personal Information
Editors are supposed to protect the personal information related with the subjects or visuals in the studies being reviewed, and to reject the study if there is no documentation of the subjects' consent. Furthermore, editors are supposed to protect the personal information of the authors, reviewers and readers.

Encouraging Ethical Rules and Protection of Human and Animal Rights
Editors are supposed to protect human and animal rights in the studies being reviewed and must reject the experimental studies which do not have ethical and related committee’s approval about the population given in such studies.

Precautions against possible Abuse and Malpractice
Editors are supposed to take precautions against possible abuse and malpractice. They must conduct investigations meticulously and objectively in determining and evaluating complaints about such situations. They must also share the results of the investigation.

Ensuring Academic Integrity
Editors must make sure that the mistakes, inconsistencies or misdirections in studies are corrected quickly.

Protection of Intellectual Property Rights
Editors are responsible for protecting the intellectual property rights of all the articles published in the journal and the rights of the journal and author(s) in cases where these rights are violated. Also, editors must take the necessary precautions in order to prevent the content of all published articles from violating the intellectual property rights of other publications. See Stop Plagiarism

Constructiveness and Openness to Discussion
Editors must

  • pay attention to the convincing criticism about studies published in the journal and must have a constructive attitude towards such criticism.
  • grant the right of reply to the author(s) of the criticized study.
  • not ignore or exclude the study that include negative results.

Editors must examine the complaints from authors, reviewers or readers and respond to them in an explanatory and enlightening manner.

Political and Economic Apprehensions
Neither the owner of the journal, publisher or any other political or economical factor can influence the independent decision taking of the editors.

Conflicting Interests
Editors, acknowledging that there may be conflicting interests between reviewers and other editors, guarantee that the publication process of the manuscripts will be completed in an independent and unbiased manner

4- Ethical Responsibilities of Reviewers
The fact that all manuscripts are reviewed through "Blind Review" has a direct influence on the publication quality. This process ensures confidentiality by objective and independent review. The review process at JEBUPOR is carried out on the principle of double blind review. Reviewers do not contact the authors directly, and the reviews and comments are conveyed through the journal management system. In this process, the reviewer views on the evaluation forms and full texts are assigned to the author(s) by the editor.

Therefore, the reviewers doing review work for JEBUPOR are supposed to bear the following ethical responsibilities:

Reviewers must
  • agree to review only in their subject of expertise.
  • review in an unbiased and confidential manner.
  • inform the editor of the journal if they think that they encounter conflict of interests and decline to review the manuscript during the review process.
  • dispose the manuscripts they have reviewed in accordance with the principle of confidentiality after the review process. Reviewers can use the final versions of the manuscripts they have reviewed only after publication.
  • review the manuscript objectively and only in terms of its content and ensure that nationality, gender, religious and political beliefs, and economic apprehension do not influence the review.
  • review the manuscript in a constructive and kind tone, avoid making personal comments including hostility, slander and insult.
  • review the manuscript they have agreed to review on time and in accordance with the ethical rules stated above.

5- Ethical Responsibilities of Publisher
Publisher of JEBUPOR is conscious of the fact that they must observe the ethical responsilities below and act accordingly:

  • Editors are responsible for all the processes that the manuscripts submitted to JEBUPOR will go through. Within this framework, ignoring the economic or political interests, the decision-makers are the editors.
  • The publisher undertakes to have an independent editorial decision made.
  • The publisher protects the intellectual property rights of all the articles published in JEBUPOR and holds the responsibility to keep a record of each unpublished article.
  • The publisher bears all the responsibility to take the precautions against scientific abuse, fraud and plagiarism.

6- Unethical Behaviour
Should you encounter any unethical act or content in JEBUPOR apart from the ethical responsibilities listed above, please notify the journal by e-mail at iktisaddergisi@gmail.com

İKTİSAD'a yapılan makale başvuru ve değerlendirmelerine ilişkin hiçbir bedel alınmamaktadır.