Year 2019, Volume 3 , Issue 3, Pages 191 - 196 2019-09-27

Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay

Ricardo Ayerza [1]


Chia is a summer annual of the Lamiaceae.  The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of growing location on the antioxidants content and composition in one genotype of chia, and the potential relationship with its major nutritional compounds, as protein, oil, and fatty acids.  This study was carried out with black‑spotted chia seeds commercially grown in three different ecosystems, Tropical Rain Forest, Sub Humid Chaco, and Campo Cerrado, located in Ecuador, Bolivia and Paraguay, respectively. Flavonols quercetin, myrcetin, kaempherol, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, and SDG lignan compound presence was detected by chromatographic analysis.  No significant (P<0.05) differences between seed origins= were found.  Total oil content was significantly (P<0.05) higher in the seeds from Ecuador (34.2%) than all other locations, followed by the seeds from Bolivia (32.5%) which was significantly (P<0.05) higher compared to Paraguay (31.6%).  The content of α‑linolenic fatty acid in seeds from Ecuador was significantly (P<0.05) higher compared to the seeds from all three locations. No significant correlation (P<0.05) between α -linolenic fatty acid and polyphenols content was detected. The results indicate that protein content, oil content and fatty acid profile characteristics of the chia are affected by the different ecological conditions of the tested ecosystems, which not affect the polyphenols content, and composition. 
Salvia hispanica L., Chia, Antioxidants, Fatty acids, Protein
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Primary Language en
Subjects Food Science and Technology, Agriculture, Agricultural, Engineering, Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Published Date September 2019
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6275-1964
Author: Ricardo Ayerza (Primary Author)
Institution: The University of Arizona
Country: Argentina


Dates

Application Date : February 19, 2019
Acceptance Date : September 16, 2019
Publication Date : September 27, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jaefs528800, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {191 - 196}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11}, title = {Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay}, key = {cite}, author = {Ayerza, Ricardo} }
APA Ayerza, R . (2019). Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 3 (3) , 191-196 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11
MLA Ayerza, R . "Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 191-196 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/48298/528800>
Chicago Ayerza, R . "Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 191-196
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay AU - Ricardo Ayerza Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 191 EP - 196 VL - 3 IS - 3 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay %A Ricardo Ayerza %T Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 3 %N 3 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11
ISNAD Ayerza, Ricardo . "Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 / 3 (September 2019): 191-196 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.11
AMA Ayerza R . Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2019; 3(3): 191-196.
Vancouver Ayerza R . Antioxidants, protein, oil content and fatty acids profiles of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) genotype Tzotzol growing in three tropical ecosystems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2019; 3(3): 196-191.