Year 2019, Volume 3 , Issue 3, Pages 112 - 120 2019-09-27

Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion

Ferhat Kizilgeci [1] , Cuma Akıncı [2] , Mehmet Yıldırım [3]


Chlorophyll content can serve as a guide for nitrogen management in agricultural systems. Hence, the investigating leaf chlorophyll in crops could be of benefit to boost production. The present study evaluated 15 different hybrids of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) combinations in F3, F4 and F5 generations for nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), grain yield and protein content using chlorophyll meter index (CCI) under three different nitrogen levels (0, 120 and 240 kg N/ha). The results showed that N levels significantly influenced the grain yield and quality traits of durum wheat genotypes, and accordingly, SPAD readings could be used as an indirect selection criterion in durum wheat breeding to achieve the desired production targets. Genetic correlations among grain yield, CCI, grain nitrogen yield (GNY) and protein were high in F3 generation under high nitrogen regimes. It was also observed that all the generations of Zenit × Menceki, Mersiniye × Menceki, Zenit × Mersiniye, Mersiniye × Spagetti and Spagetti × Menceki crosses have high yield potential and yield stability. It was concluded that the evaluation of the segregation populations at different generations in the same year and selection in the later generations might make a significant contribution to reduce the costs.

Durum wheat, Nitrogen use efficiency, Breeding, Hybrid, SPAD-Chlorophyll
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture, Plant Science, Agricultural, Engineering, Agronomy
Published Date September 2019
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7884-5463
Author: Ferhat Kizilgeci (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Seed Production, Kiziltepe Vocational School, Artuklu University, Mardin, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3514-1052
Author: Cuma Akıncı
Institution: Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6953-4479
Author: Mehmet Yıldırım
Institution: Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Dicle University Research Supporting Foundation
Project Number DUBAP-11-ZF-13
Dates

Application Date : June 3, 2019
Acceptance Date : August 6, 2019
Publication Date : September 27, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jaefs573668, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {112 - 120}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1}, title = {Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion}, key = {cite}, author = {Kizilgeci, Ferhat and Akıncı, Cuma and Yıldırım, Mehmet} }
APA Kizilgeci, F , Akıncı, C , Yıldırım, M . (2019). Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 3 (3) , 112-120 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1
MLA Kizilgeci, F , Akıncı, C , Yıldırım, M . "Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 112-120 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/48298/573668>
Chicago Kizilgeci, F , Akıncı, C , Yıldırım, M . "Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 112-120
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion AU - Ferhat Kizilgeci , Cuma Akıncı , Mehmet Yıldırım Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 112 EP - 120 VL - 3 IS - 3 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion %A Ferhat Kizilgeci , Cuma Akıncı , Mehmet Yıldırım %T Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 3 %N 3 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1
ISNAD Kizilgeci, Ferhat , Akıncı, Cuma , Yıldırım, Mehmet . "Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 / 3 (September 2019): 112-120 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.1
AMA Kizilgeci F , Akıncı C , Yıldırım M . Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2019; 3(3): 112-120.
Vancouver Kizilgeci F , Akıncı C , Yıldırım M . Improving grain yield, protein ratio and nitrogen use efficiency of durum wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) hybrids using spad meter as a selection criterion. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2019; 3(3): 120-112.