Year 2019, Volume 3 , Issue 3, Pages 137 - 143 2019-09-27

Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio

Sevgi Gezici [1]


This research was performed to assess cancer prevention and neuroprotective capacities of different parts of Pistachio (Pistachio vera L.). Red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins of Pistachio were extracted with methanol-MeOH and distilled water-dH2O, and subjected to in vitro biological assays varying from 100 to 1000 μg mL−1 concentrations. Their anticancer activities were evaluated against A549, MCF-7, and HeLa human cancer cells. Neuroprotective activities of the extracts were tested through enzyme inhibition on AChE, BChE, and TYR, which are closely related to pathogenesis of neurobiological disorders, particularly Alzheimer's and Parkinson’s diseases. Due to cancer and neurodegenerative diseases are associated with oxidative damage, the extracts were analyzed for their antioxidant activities. With respect to free radical scavenging activities of the extracts, red hull extracts were found as the most potent ones both DPPH (67.95±1.13 to 80.55±0.12%) and ABTS (86.92±0.10 to 92.04±1.06%) radicals. The highest anticancer activity were determined in MeOH and dH2O extracts obtained from oleo-gum resin against HeLa cells (IC50 = 18.50±0.85 and 28.97±0.08 µg mL-1, p< 0.01, respectively), whilst dH2O-kernel extract was found to have the weakest anticancer activity towards A549 cells (IC50 = 268.66±1.02 µg mL-1, p< 0.01). Neuroprotective potentials on AChE and BChE enzymes were resulted in the superiority of dH2O-red hull extract was exerted the highest inhibition on AChE and BChE enzymes with 81.50±0.08 and 62.96±1.01% inhibition, respectively. However, dH2O extract from oleo-gum resin showed the highest inhibitory effect on TYR enzyme (58.16±0.18% inhibition). P. vera is of valuable nutritional source for human diet. Other than kernel parts used as food, waste parts like red hulls and oleo-gum resins have been proven as a potential pharmacological source. Consequently, this study reveals that non-food parts of Pistachio could be valuable source for pharmaceutical industry.  

Pistachio, cancer prevention, neuroprotective, antioxidant, enzyme inhibition
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Primary Language en
Subjects Food Science and Technology, Agriculture, Horticulture, Plant Science, Agricultural, Engineering
Published Date September 2019
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4856-0221
Author: Sevgi Gezici (Primary Author)
Institution: Advanced Technology Application and Research Center (ATARC), Genetics Research Laboratory
Country: Turkey


Thanks The author would like to thank Advanced Technology Application and Research Center (ATARC), Kilis 7 Aralik University for their technical support.
Dates

Application Date : June 3, 2019
Acceptance Date : September 13, 2019
Publication Date : September 27, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jaefs615141, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {137 - 143}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4}, title = {Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio}, key = {cite}, author = {Gezici, Sevgi} }
APA Gezici, S . (2019). Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 3 (3) , 137-143 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4
MLA Gezici, S . "Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 137-143 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/48298/615141>
Chicago Gezici, S . "Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 137-143
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio AU - Sevgi Gezici Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 137 EP - 143 VL - 3 IS - 3 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio %A Sevgi Gezici %T Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 3 %N 3 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4
ISNAD Gezici, Sevgi . "Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 / 3 (September 2019): 137-143 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.3.4
AMA Gezici S . Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2019; 3(3): 137-143.
Vancouver Gezici S . Cancer preventive and neuroprotective potentials of red hulls, kernels and oleo-gum resins from Pistachio. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2019; 3(3): 143-137.