Year 2019, Volume 3 , Issue 4, Pages 211 - 216 2019-12-24

Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks

Abdullah ULAŞ [1] , Alim AYDIN [2] , Firdes ULAS [3] , Halit YETİŞİR [4]


A hydroponic experiment was conducted between April and May in 2018 by using an aerated Deep Water Culture (DWC) technique in a controlled growth chamber of Erciyes University, Agricultural Faculty in Kayseri, Turkey. To evaluate contribution of roots for growth and physiology a commercial watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai] cultivar (Crimson Tide F1) was grafted onto two different bottle gourd (Lageneria siceraria) genotypes (39-01 and 47-02) and one commercial rootstock genotype (Argenterio) by using two propagation techniques (unrooted or rooted seedlings). Plants were grown in 8 L pots filled continuously aerated nutrient solution, in Randomized Block Design with 4 replications for 6 weeks. Results indicated that shoot and root fresh (FW) and dry (DW) weights, main stem length, total leaf area, leaf chlorophyll index (SPAD), photosynthetic activity of leaves of watermelon were significantly (P<0.001) affected by rooting type, genotype and genotype x rooting type interaction. Irrespective of rooting type, the grafted genotypes usually showed significantly higher performance in growth and physiological development than ungrafted control plants. Among graft combinations, the highest growth performance was shown by C.Tide/Argenterio while the lowest was shown by C.Tide/39-01. In terms of rooting type, watermelon plants usually showed a better performance in growth and physiological development when they were used as rooted seedlings compared to unrooted ones. Grafting watermelon onto unrooted seedlings caused a significant reduction in shoot FW by 21.6%, in shoot DW by 12.8%, in root FW by 29.5%, in root DW by 33.7%, in stem length by 11.5%, in total leaf area by 26.3%, in SPAD by 11.2% and in photosynthesis by 18.2%. All these clearly indicate that roots are playing very essential role in contribution to growth and development of plants, particularly at the beginning of growth stage. Therefore, our study suggested that grafting with unrooted seedlings is not a useful application strategy for watermelon plants grown under hydroponic conditions, even when they are grafted onto vigorous rootstocks.

Grafting, Genotype, Rootless cuttings, DWC, Hydroponic
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture, Horticulture, Agricultural, Engineering, Agriculture, Multidisciplinary, Agronomy
Published Date December 2019
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9029-031X
Author: Abdullah ULAŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: ERCIYES UNIVERSITY, SEYRANİ FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9424-5556
Author: Alim AYDIN
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6692-8424
Author: Firdes ULAS
Institution: ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9655-9513
Author: Halit YETİŞİR
Institution: ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Thanks We thank to all staff members of the Plant Nutritional Physiology Laboratory (PNPL) of Erciyes University, Turkey for the technical supports and supplying all facilities during the experiments.
Dates

Application Date : September 8, 2019
Acceptance Date : November 9, 2019
Publication Date : December 24, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jaefs616962, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {211 - 216}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2}, title = {Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks}, key = {cite}, author = {ULAŞ, Abdullah and AYDIN, Alim and ULAS, Firdes and YETİŞİR, Halit} }
APA ULAŞ, A , AYDIN, A , ULAS, F , YETİŞİR, H . (2019). Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 3 (4) , 211-216 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2
MLA ULAŞ, A , AYDIN, A , ULAS, F , YETİŞİR, H . "Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 211-216 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/50908/616962>
Chicago ULAŞ, A , AYDIN, A , ULAS, F , YETİŞİR, H . "Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 211-216
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks AU - Abdullah ULAŞ , Alim AYDIN , Firdes ULAS , Halit YETİŞİR Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 211 EP - 216 VL - 3 IS - 4 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks %A Abdullah ULAŞ , Alim AYDIN , Firdes ULAS , Halit YETİŞİR %T Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 3 %N 4 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2
ISNAD ULAŞ, Abdullah , AYDIN, Alim , ULAS, Firdes , YETİŞİR, Halit . "Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 / 4 (December 2019): 211-216 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.2
AMA ULAŞ A , AYDIN A , ULAS F , YETİŞİR H . Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2019; 3(4): 211-216.
Vancouver ULAŞ A , AYDIN A , ULAS F , YETİŞİR H . Contribution of roots to growth and physiology of watermelon grafted onto rooted and unrooted seedlings of various bottle gourd rootstocks. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2019; 3(4): 216-211.