Year 2019, Volume 3 , Issue 4, Pages 250 - 256 2019-12-24

Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid

Bahdişen GEZER [1]


In this study, a high carbon activated carbon was obtained from the sugar beet pulp by carbonizing with concentrated citric acid. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the obtained catalyst for heavy metal removal in waste water. The adsorption studies of a basic dye Red 198 on the sugar beet pulp (SBP) were investigated. Balance and kinetic studies, carbon adsorbents obtained from sugar beet pulp were used for balance and kinetic studies. With carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid was studied to remove Pb (II) from Reactive Red 198 dye aqueous solutions. Adsorption in researchswere performed to investigate the effects of solution concentration (20-30-40 mg/L), temperature (25,35,45°C) and pH (3-6-9) on the separation of Reactive Red 198 aqueous solution from beet pulp. Carbon balance adsorbent obtained from sugar beet pulp was done in equilibrium and kinetic studies. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models work were done to be appropriate for Reactive Red 198 adsorption. The maximal lead adsorption capacity obtained from Langmuir isotherm at pH 8 and 25°C 837.53 mg/g. Adsorption of Pb (II) is an endothermic process. The results showed that Reactive Red 198 from the beet pulp is an inexpensive and efficient adsorbent for the removal of aqueous solutions.
Sugar beet pulp (SBP), Carbonization, Pb (II) adsorption, Citric acid, Reactive Red 198
  • Referans1 Altundogan, H.S. (2005) Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solution by iron (III) hydroxide-loaded sugar beet pulp. Process Biochem., 40, 1443–1452.
  • Referans2 Arslan, N. (1995) Extraction of pectin from sugar-beet pulp and intrinsic viscosity molecular weight relationship of pectin solutions. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 32, 381–385.
  • Referans3 Bertin, C., Rouau, X. and Thibault, J.F. (1988) Structure and properties of sugar beet fibres. J. Sci. Food Agric., 44, 15–29.
  • Referans4 Dronnet, V.M., Renard, C.M.G.C., Axelos, M.A.V. and Thibault, J.F. (1996) Characterisation and selectivity of divalent metal ions binding by citrus and sugar-beet pectins. Carbohyd. Polym., 30, 253–263.
  • Referans5 Freundlich, H.M.F. (1906) Uber Die Adsorption in Losungen. Z Phys Chem (Leipzig), 57A:385.
  • Referans6 Freundlich, H.N.F. (1907) Ueber die adsorption in Loesungen. Z. Phys. Chem., 57, 385–470.
  • Referans7 Gerente, C., Couespel du Mesnil, P., Andres, Y., Thibault, J.F. and Le Cloirec, P. (2000) Removal of metal ions from aqueous solution on low cost natural polysaccharides sorption mechanism approach. React. Funct. Polym., 46, 135–144.
  • Referans8 Ho, Y.S. and McKay, G.(1998) Sorption of Dye from Aqueous Solution by Peat. Chem. Eng. J.,70, 115.
  • Referans9 Kartel, M.T., Kupchik, L.A. and Veisov, B.K. (1999) Evaluation of pectin binding of heavy metal ions in aqueous solutions. Chemosphere, 38, 2591–2596.
  • Referans10 angmuir, I. (1916) The Constitution and Fundamental Properties of Solids and Liquids. J Am Chem. Soc.,38, 2221.
  • Referans11 Langmuir, I. (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 40, 1361–1403.
  • Referans12 Lehrfeld, J. (1997) Cation exchange resins prepared from phytic acid. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 66, 491–497.
  • Referans13 Levigne, S., Ralet, M.C. and Thibault, J.F. (2002) Characterisation of pectins extracted from fresh sugar beet under different conditions using an experimental design. Carbohyd. Polym., 49, 145–153.
  • Referans14 Michel, F., Thibault, J.F., Barry, J.L. and DeBaynast, R. (1988) Preparation and characterisation of dietary fibre from sugar beet pulp. J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 77–85.
  • Referans15 Ozer, A. and Tumen, F. (2003) Cd(II) adsorption from aqueous solution by activated carbon from sugar beet pulp impregnated with phosphoric acid. Fresen. Environ. Bull., 12, 1050–1058.
  • Referans16 Ozer, A., Tanyildizi, M.S. and Tumen, F. (1998) Study of cadmium adsorption from aqueous solution on activated carbon from sugar beet pulp. Environ. Technol., 19, 1119–1125.
  • Referans17 Pehlivan, E., Yanık, B.H., Ahmetli, G. and Pehlivan, M. (2008) Equilibrium isotherm studies for the uptake of cadmium and lead ions onto sugar beet pulp. Bioresource Technology, 99, 3520-3527.
  • Referans18 Pehlivan, E., Çetin, S. and Yanık, B.H. (2006) Equilibrium studies for the sorption of zinc and copper from aqueous solutions using sugar beet pulp and fly ash. Journal of Hazardous Materials B, 135, 193-199.
  • Referans19 Pehlivan, E., Yanık, B.H., Ahmetli, G. and Pehlivan, M. (2008) Equilibrium Isotherm Studies for the Uptake of Cadmium and Lead Ions onto Sugar Beet Pulp. Bioresour Technol,99, 3520.
  • Referans20 Petit, S., Ralainirina, R., Favre, S. And De Baynast, R. (1993) World Patent, 02092.
  • Referans21Sharma, D.C. and Forster, C.F. (1994) A preliminary examination into the adsorption of hexavalent chromium using low-cost adsorbents. Bioresource Technol., 47, 257–264.
  • Referans22Tunali, S., Akar, T. and Cabuk, A. (2009) Decolorization of a textile dye, Reactive Red 198 (RR198), by Aspergillus parasiticus fungal biosorbent. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 26, 2, 399-405.
  • Referans23Vaccari, G., Nicolucci, C., Mantovani, G. and Monegato, A. (1994) Process for manufacturing paper from sugar-beet pulp and paper thus obtained. European Patent, 94114666.4.
  • Referans24 Vaccari, G., Mantovani, G., Dosi, E., Nicolucci, C. and Monegato, A. (1997) Paper manufacture using beet pulp and factory waste lime. Int. Sugar J., 99, 532–536.
  • Referans25 Wong, K.K., Lee, C.K., Low, K.S. and Haron, M.J. (2003) Removal of Cu and Pb by tartaric acid modified rice husk from aqueous solutions. Chemosphere, 50, 23–28.
  • Referans26 Yao, Y., Xu, F., Chen, M., Xu, Z. and Zhu, Z. (2010) Adsorption Behavior of Methylene Blue on Carbon Nanotubes. Bioresour Technol,101, 3040.
Primary Language en
Subjects Environmental Engineering
Published Date December 2019
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2096-7185
Author: Bahdişen GEZER (Primary Author)
Institution: Uşak Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : October 7, 2019
Acceptance Date : December 17, 2019
Publication Date : December 24, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jaefs630199, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {250 - 256}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9}, title = {Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid}, key = {cite}, author = {GEZER, Bahdişen} }
APA GEZER, B . (2019). Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 3 (4) , 250-256 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9
MLA GEZER, B . "Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 250-256 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/50908/630199>
Chicago GEZER, B . "Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 250-256
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid AU - Bahdişen GEZER Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 250 EP - 256 VL - 3 IS - 4 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid %A Bahdişen GEZER %T Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 3 %N 4 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9
ISNAD GEZER, Bahdişen . "Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 / 4 (December 2019): 250-256 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.9
AMA GEZER B . Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2019; 3(4): 250-256.
Vancouver GEZER B . Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution with Reactive Red 198 and carbonization of sugar beet pulp with citric acid. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2019; 3(4): 256-250.