Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 4, Pages 400 - 405 2020-12-15

Photosynthetic performance responses in different phyiological development stages of some Brassica juncea genotypes in field condition

Fatma KAYAÇETİN [1] , Banu EFEOĞLU [2] , Oğuzhan AYDIN [3]

In this study Brassica juncea genotypes were planted as fall sowing at the experimental fields located at Yenimahalle-Ankara location based on randomized block design. In order to investigate photosynthetic performances of three B. juncea genotypes; net photosynthetic rate = PN [μmol(CO2) m-2s-1], transpiration = E (mmol m-2s-1), stomatal conductance = gs (mmol m-2s-1), intercellular/ambient CO2 air= Ci [μmol (CO2) mol-1(hava)], mesophyll conductance= gm [mmol(CO2)/m2s1] and photosynthetic water use efficiency = PWUE [μmol(CO2)/mol(H2O)] parameters (model LCi Photosynthesis System, ADC Bioscientific Ltd., Hertfordshire, UK) were measured and phenological aspects were recorded at different physiological stages as booting, anthesis and grain filling during experiment. Photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance were associated with seed yield in B. juncea genotypes and the selection of genotypes with high gas exchange may provide development of mustard (B. juncea) genotypes with high yield.
Brassica juncea, Gas exchange, Stomatal conductance, Yield
  • Abbate P E, Dardanelli J L, Cantarero M G, Maturano M, Melchiori J R M and Suero E E (2004). Climatic and water availability effects on water use efficiency in wheat. Crop Science. 44(2):474-483.
  • Acatrinei L (2010). Photosynthesis rate, transpiration and stomatal conductance of vegetable species in protected organic crops. Lucrari Stiintifice sera Agronomie. 53(1): 32-35.
  • Ahmadi A and Siosemardeh A (2005). Investigation on the physiological basis of grain yield and drought resistance in wheat: leaf photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance and non stomatal limitation. International journal of agriculture and biology. 7(5): 807-811.
  • Azizian A and Sepaskhah A R (2014). Maize response to different water, salinity and nitrogen levels: agronomic behavior. International Journal of Plant Production. 8(1): 107-130.
  • Babac M T (2004). Possibility of an information system on plants of South–West Asia with particular reference to the Turkish Plants Data Service (TUBIVES). Turkish Journal of Botany. 28: 119–127.
  • CFIA (1999). List of Varieties Which Are Registered in Canada. Variety Section. Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Canada, Ottawa Farquhal G D, Buckley T N and Miller J M (2002). Optimal Stomatal Control in Relation to Leaf Area and Nitrogen. Silva Fennica. 36(3): 625-637. Fischer R A, Rees D, Sayre K D, Lu Z M, Condon A G and Larqué Saavedra A (1998).Wheat yield progress is associated with higher stomatal conductance, higher photosynthetic rate and cooler canopies. Crop Science. 38:1467–1475.
  • Guner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M and Babac M T (2012). Turkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarli Bitkiler). Nezahat Gokyigit Botanik Bahcesi Yayinlari Flora Dizisi I, ISBN: 978– 605–60425–7–7, Istanbul (in Turkish).
  • Kayacetin F (2019). Morphological characterization and relationship among some important wild and domestic Turkish mustard genotypes (Brassica spp.). Turkish Journal of Botany. 43 (4): 499–515. Li P, Zhang S, Li F, Zhang S and Zhang H (2017). A phylogenetic analysis of chloroplast genomes elucidates the relationships of the six economically important Brassica species comprising the triangle of U. Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 111. Mulligan G A and Bailey L G (1975). The biology of Canadian weeds. 8. Sinapis arvensis L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 55: 171–183.
  • Nagaharu U (1935). Genome analysis in Brassica with special reference to the experimental formation of B. napus and peculiar mode of fertilization. Journal of Japanese Botany 7: 389–452.
  • Orange M J and Ebadi A (2012). Responses of phenological stages of spring safflower to complementary irrigation. African Journal of Biotechnology. 11(10): 2465-2471.
  • Rakow G and Woods D (1987). Outcrossing in rape and mustard under Saskatchewan prairie conditions. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 67: 147–151.
  • Richards R A (2000). Selectable traits to increase crop photosynthesis and yield of grain crops. Journal of Experimental Botany. 51:447-458.
  • Rodriguez M G and Estrada J A E (2005). Association between stomatal conductance and yield in Phaseolus vulgaris and Phaseolus coccineus. Reports of Bean Improvement Cooperative and National Dry Bean Council Research Conference Annual report. pp. 150-151.
  • Singh M P and Lallu-Singh N B (2014). Thermal requirement of indian mustard (Brassica juncea) at different phonological stages under late sown condition. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 19(3): 238-243.
  • Sovero M (1993). Rapeseed, a new oilseed crop for the United States. pp. 302-307. In: J. Janick and J.E. Simon (eds.), New crops. Wiley, New York.
  • Taiz L and Zeiger E (1998) Plant physiology, 2nd edn. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Mass.
  • Warwick S I, Gugel R and McDonald T (2006). Genetic variation and agronomic potential of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata) in Western Canada. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 53 (2): 297-312.
Primary Language en
Subjects Plant Science
Published Date December 2020
Journal Section Research Articles

Orcid: 0000-0003-3428-8121
Author: Fatma KAYAÇETİN (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0002-4053-5806
Author: Banu EFEOĞLU
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0003-3374-6813
Author: Oğuzhan AYDIN
Country: Turkey

Thanks The authors acknowledge the role of The Central Field Crops Research Institute Yenimahalle, Ankara, Turkey for facilitating in carrying out the research.

Application Date : May 21, 2020
Acceptance Date : August 3, 2020
Publication Date : December 15, 2020

APA Kayaçeti̇n, F , Efeoğlu, B , Aydın, O . (2020). Photosynthetic performance responses in different phyiological development stages of some Brassica juncea genotypes in field condition . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 4 (4) , 400-405 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.4.2