Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 4, Pages 513 - 519 2020-12-15

Effect of varying water applications on growth, yield and water use efficiency of okra under drip irrigation in Akure, Ondo state, Nigeria

Oluwadunsin SEDARA [1] , Adewale SEDARA [2]

The conservation of water is crucial to sustainable agricultural production during dry season when there is little or no rainfall to improve crop production. Thus this study is aimed to estimate the effects of different levels of water applications on the growth, yield and water use efficiency of Okra under drip irrigation system during dry season. The sixteen plots consist of four treatments (2 m x 2 m) with four replicates in a complete randomized block design to determine the water consumptive use of Okra. The growth, yield and water use efficiency of Okra under four different irrigation management i.e irrigation water applied at 100FIT (full irrigation treatment), 80FIT, 60FIT and 40FIT were measured. Results showed highest growth parameters being observed at 100FIT and the least at 40FIT. The difference in the growth parameters in all the experimental blocks were not significant (p=0.05) for all the stages of development of okra. Using standard bar errors the yield obtained at 60 and 100FIT was not significantly different but significantly different when compared to other treatment blocks and it ranges from 2.05-3.60 tons/ha. The Irrigation Water Use Efficiency (IWUE) ranges from 0.024-0.041tons/ while the Crop Water Use Efficiency (CWUE) ranges from 0.0088-0.0139 tons/ Okra crop irrigated with drip irrigation at 60FIT recorded the highest IWUE, CWUE and about 73% more yield than the 40FIT of 0.041 tons/, 0.0139 tons/ and 3.56 tons/ha respectively. It was concluded that Okra crop irrigated at 60FIT should be adopted in order to save 40% water to irrigate additional land. Drip irrigation is encouraged during dry season for farmers to produce okra all year round.
Okra yield, Water Use Efficiency, irrigation, Drip irrigation
  • Abid, S., Malik, S. A., Bilal, K. and Wajid, R. A. (2002). Response of Okra(Abelmoschus esculentus L.) to EC and SAR of Irrigation Water. International Journal of Agricultural Biology. Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 311-314.
  • Akanbi, W. B., Togun, A. O., Adediran, J. A. and Ilupeju, E. A. O. (2010). Growth,Dry Matter and Fruit Yields Components of Okra under Organic and Inorganic Sources of Nutrients. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 4(1): 1-13.
  • Al-Harbi, A. R., Al-Orman, A. M. and El-Adgham, F. I. (2008). Effect of Drip Irrigation and Emitters depth on Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) Growth. Journal of Applied Science. 8 (15): 2764-2769.
  • Babu, R. G., Rao, I. B. and Raja Kumar, K.N. (2015). Response of okra to different levels of drip irrigation on growth, yield and water use efficiency. International Journal of Agricultural Engineering.,8(1): 47-53.
  • Dahiya, M.S., Pal, S.R., Phor, S.K. and Yadava, A.C. (2005). Performance of tomato, brinjal and sweet pepper under dripirrigation system. Proceedings of international conference on plasticulture and precision Farming, 17-21 Nov., 2005, NEWDELHI, INDIA.
  • Ijoyah, M. O., Unah, P. O. and Fanen, F. T. (2010). Response of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Monech) to intra-row spacing in Makurdi Nigeria. Agric. Biol. J. N. Am., 1(16): 1328-1332.
  • Iyagba, A. G., Onuegbu, B. A and Ibe, A. E. (2012). Growth and Yield Response of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Monech) varieties to weed interference in South-Eastern Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences. Vol.12.
  • Kashif, S. R., Yaseen, M., Arshad, M., Ayub, M. (2008). Response of okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.) to soil given encapsulated calcium carbide. Pakistian Journal of Botany. 40:175–181.
  • Konyeha, S. and Alatise, M.O. (2013). Evapotranspiration and Leaf Area Index (LAI) of Irrigated Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Monech) in Akure, South-Western City of Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology. Vol. 2 ISSN: 2278-0181.
  • Panigrahi, P. and Sahu, N. N. (2013). Evapotransiraton and yield of Okra as affected by Partial root-zone furrow irrigation. International Journal of Plant Production 7 (1); 33-54.
  • Panigrahi, P., Sahu, N. N. and Pradhan, S. (2011). Evaluating partial root-zone irrigation and mulching in Okra(Abelmoschus esculentus L.) under a sub-humid tropical climate. Jounal of Agricultural and Rural Development in the Tropics and subtropics. Vol. 112 No.2 pp 169-175.
Primary Language en
Subjects Environmental Engineering, Water Resources, Agriculture, Agricultural, Engineering
Published Date December 2020
Journal Section Research Articles

Orcid: 0000-0002-4743-9884
Author: Oluwadunsin SEDARA (Primary Author)
Institution: The federal University of Technology, Akure
Country: Nigeria

Orcid: 0000-0003-0146-2306
Author: Adewale SEDARA
Institution: The Federal University of Technology, Akure
Country: Nigeria


Application Date : June 4, 2020
Acceptance Date : November 17, 2020
Publication Date : December 15, 2020

APA Sedara, O , Sedara, A . (2020). Effect of varying water applications on growth, yield and water use efficiency of okra under drip irrigation in Akure, Ondo state, Nigeria . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 4 (4) , 513-519 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.4.16