In Turkey, there has been an increase in waste management applications within the context of sustainability activities recently. The most important reason for that was the legal requirements for recycling and disposal of the waste generated by the producers. Developing nations still utilize the storage method, while developed countries recycle almost all produced waste to produce raw materials and energy. Although there is an increase in the number of work conducted on waste management in Turkey, the attained levels are still far from satisfactory. This is mainly due to waste recycling or recovery costs. In order to convert the problem of waste into economic benefits, it is of utmost importance to recycle the waste, avoid the transfer of waste to landfills and to conduct waste management. Thus, an environmentally and economically sustainable productivity would be achieved. In the present study, waste management in Turkey was scrutinized. In this context, types and volume of the waste produced in Turkey and utilized disposal methods were discussed. The present study also provided a general overview on waste disposal business processes such as sanitary landfills, composting and recycling in Turkey. Thus, the study aimed to shed light on future studies on waste management.
Waste management in Turkey, Types of waste, Disposal methods, Sanitary landfills, Composting