Research Article
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Determination of Erodiblity (USLE-K) Status of Suruc Plain Soils Before Transition to Irrigated Agriculture within the Scope of Southeastern Anatolia Project

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, 229 - 235, 28.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.13

Abstract

Erosion is a major problem that limits vegetative production, adversely affects the ecosystem and causes soil losses that are difficult to recover. This study was carried out with the aim of determining the erosion status and some soil properties of the soils of Suruc plain in Sanlıurfa province. Soil properties; It has been determined that the pH is slightly high, the soils are non-saline, the organic matter is medium and the soil is clayey. Expresses the change of data by the coefficient of variance (CV). The lowest variability (CV = 2.45) in the soils of Suruç plain is the other parameters, respectively, the clay ratio (CV = 19.27) medium level, silt ratio (CV = 20.64) medium level, organic matter (CV = 27.14) medium level and sand ratio. (CV = 27.34) varies moderately. It was determined that the soil properties showing the highest variability were lime (CV = 37.06), EC (CV = 38.89) hydraulic conductivity (CV = 695.41). According to the correlation coefficient of soil erosion (USLE-K) parameter (r=0.99**) and P <0.01 level, it was determined that there is a very important relationship. The high coefficient of variation of some soil properties revealed the need for more sampling in the area. According to the frequency table, the erosive degrees of the soils are determined to be 10% very little, 26% less, 56% medium and 8% strongly erodable soils. In the Suruc plain, which will be opened to irrigation within the scope of the Southeastern Anatolia project, instead of traditional irrigation methods, more suitable irrigation systems should be chosen according to the soil characteristics and the slope of the land.

References

  • Biddoccu, M., Ferraris, S., Pitacco, A., Cavallo, E. (2017). Temporal variability of soil management effects on soil hydrological properties, runoff and erosion at the field scale in a hillslope vineyard, North-West Italy. Soil and Tillage Research, 165, 46–58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2016.07.017017
  • Blanco-Canqui, H., Wienhold, B. J., Jin, V. L., Schmer, M. R., & Kibet, L. C. (2017). Long-term tillage impact on soil hydraulic properties. Soil and Tillage Research, 170, 38-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2017.03.001
  • Bouyoucous, G. A. (1951). Determination of Particle size in soils. Agronomy journal, 42, 438-443.
  • Cassol, E. A., Silva, T. S. da, Eltz, F. L. F., & Levien, R. (2018). Soil Erodibility under Zatural Rainfall Conditions as the K Factor of the Universal Soil Loss Equation and Application of the Nomograph for a Subtropical Ultisol. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Do Solo, 42(0). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/18069657rbcs20170262
  • FAO. 2017. Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68885-5_3
  • García-Ruiz, J. M., Beguería, S., Lana-Renault, N., Nadal-Romero, E., Cerdà, A. (2016). Ongoing and Emerging Questions in Water Erosion Studies. Land Degradation Development, 28(1), 5–21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2641
  • Gülçur, F. 1974. Toprağın fiziksel ve kimyasal analiz metodları. (in Turkish)
  • Hu, Sai; Li, Long; Chen, Longqian; Cheng, Liang; Yuan, Lina; Huang, Xiaodong; Zhang, Ting. (2019). "Estimation of Soil Erosion in the Chaohu Lake Basin through Modified Soil Erodibility Combined with Gravel Content in the RUSLE Model" Water 11, no. 9: 1806. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091806
  • İmamoğlu, A., Bahadır, M., Dengiz, O. (2016). Çorum alaca havzasında toprak erozyon duyarlılık faktörünün farklı enterpolasyon modeller kullanılarak konumsal dağılımlarının belirlenmesi, Toprak Su Dergisi, 2016, 5 1: 8-15. (in Turkish) DOI: https://doi.org/10.21657/tsd.15185
  • Kanar, E., Dengiz, O. 2015. Madendere Havzası Topraklarında Arazi Kullanım/Arazi Örtüsü ile Bazı Erozyon Duyarlılık İndeksleri Arasındaki İlişkinin Belirlenmesi. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırma Dergisi, Araştırma Makalesi, Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Samsun. (in Turkish) DOI: https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.74524
  • Lal R. 2001. Soil degradation by erosion. Land Degradation & Development 12: 519–539. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.472
  • Nelson, D. W., & Sommers, L. E. 1996. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. Methods of soil analysis: Part 3 Chemical methods, 5, 961-1010. DOI:https://doi.org/10.2136/sssabookser5.3.c34 Özdemir, N. 1998. Toprak Fiziği. Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Ziraat Fak.Ders Kitabı No:30. (in Turkish)
  • Öztürkmen, A. R., Ramazanoğlu, E., Çiçek, İ. C. (2020). Şanlıurfa İli Suruç İlçesi Topraklarının Bazı Özellikleri ve Bitki Besin Elementi Kapsamlarının Belirlenmesi. Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 9(4), 1807-1815. (in Turkish) DOI: https://doi.org/10.17798/bitlisfen.774004
  • Ozturkemen, A.R., Ramazanoglu, E. (2020a). Effect of Different Land Uses on Some Physical and Chemica l Properties of Soils Originated from the Volcanic Parent Materials. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 29(12A):11450-11460.
  • Ozturkmen, A.R., Ramazanoglu, E., Almaca, A., Çakmaklı M. (2020b). Effect of intercropping on soil physical and chemical properties in an olive orchard. APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 18(6):7783-7793. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1806_77837793
  • Owuor, S. O., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Guzha, A. C., Jacobs, S., Merbold, L., Rufino, M. C., Breuer, L. (2018). Conversion of natural forest results in a significant degradation of soil hydraulic properties in the highlands of Kenya. Soil and Tillage Research, 176,36–44. DOI: 10.1016/j.still.2017.10.003
  • Renard, K.G., Foster, G.A., Weesies, D.A., McCool, D.K., Yoder, D.C., 1997. Predicting Soil Erosion by Water: A Guide to Conservation Planning with the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), Agriculture Handbook No. 703, USDA, Washington DC.
  • Richards, L. A. (1954). Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils (Vol. 78, No. 2,p. 154). LWW.
  • Süpürkeci, İ. 2014. Suruç Ovası Sulamaya Açılacak Alanların Toprak Verim Parametreleri. Harran Üniverstesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü,Yüksek Lisans Semineri, Şanlıurfa s:15 . (in Turkish)
  • Tokmakçı, S. (2018). Deternination of Ground Water Pre with GAP K Factor of Plain Suruc, Thesis. Harran University, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
  • Wilding LP, Bouma J, Gross DW. 1994. Impact of spatial variability on ınterpretative modelling, In: Quantitative Modelling of Soil Forming Processes R.B. Bryant and Arnold R.W. (ed), SSSA Special Publication Number 39, SSSA, Inc. Madison Wisconsin, USA DOI: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaspecpub39.c4
  • Zhang, K. L., Shu, A. P., Xu, X. L., Yang, Q. K., Yu, B. (2008). Soil erodibility and its estimation for agricultural soils in China. Journal of Arid Environments, 72(6), 1002–1011. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2007.11.018

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, 229 - 235, 28.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.13

Abstract

References

  • Biddoccu, M., Ferraris, S., Pitacco, A., Cavallo, E. (2017). Temporal variability of soil management effects on soil hydrological properties, runoff and erosion at the field scale in a hillslope vineyard, North-West Italy. Soil and Tillage Research, 165, 46–58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2016.07.017017
  • Blanco-Canqui, H., Wienhold, B. J., Jin, V. L., Schmer, M. R., & Kibet, L. C. (2017). Long-term tillage impact on soil hydraulic properties. Soil and Tillage Research, 170, 38-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2017.03.001
  • Bouyoucous, G. A. (1951). Determination of Particle size in soils. Agronomy journal, 42, 438-443.
  • Cassol, E. A., Silva, T. S. da, Eltz, F. L. F., & Levien, R. (2018). Soil Erodibility under Zatural Rainfall Conditions as the K Factor of the Universal Soil Loss Equation and Application of the Nomograph for a Subtropical Ultisol. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Do Solo, 42(0). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/18069657rbcs20170262
  • FAO. 2017. Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68885-5_3
  • García-Ruiz, J. M., Beguería, S., Lana-Renault, N., Nadal-Romero, E., Cerdà, A. (2016). Ongoing and Emerging Questions in Water Erosion Studies. Land Degradation Development, 28(1), 5–21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2641
  • Gülçur, F. 1974. Toprağın fiziksel ve kimyasal analiz metodları. (in Turkish)
  • Hu, Sai; Li, Long; Chen, Longqian; Cheng, Liang; Yuan, Lina; Huang, Xiaodong; Zhang, Ting. (2019). "Estimation of Soil Erosion in the Chaohu Lake Basin through Modified Soil Erodibility Combined with Gravel Content in the RUSLE Model" Water 11, no. 9: 1806. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091806
  • İmamoğlu, A., Bahadır, M., Dengiz, O. (2016). Çorum alaca havzasında toprak erozyon duyarlılık faktörünün farklı enterpolasyon modeller kullanılarak konumsal dağılımlarının belirlenmesi, Toprak Su Dergisi, 2016, 5 1: 8-15. (in Turkish) DOI: https://doi.org/10.21657/tsd.15185
  • Kanar, E., Dengiz, O. 2015. Madendere Havzası Topraklarında Arazi Kullanım/Arazi Örtüsü ile Bazı Erozyon Duyarlılık İndeksleri Arasındaki İlişkinin Belirlenmesi. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırma Dergisi, Araştırma Makalesi, Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Samsun. (in Turkish) DOI: https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.74524
  • Lal R. 2001. Soil degradation by erosion. Land Degradation & Development 12: 519–539. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.472
  • Nelson, D. W., & Sommers, L. E. 1996. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. Methods of soil analysis: Part 3 Chemical methods, 5, 961-1010. DOI:https://doi.org/10.2136/sssabookser5.3.c34 Özdemir, N. 1998. Toprak Fiziği. Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Ziraat Fak.Ders Kitabı No:30. (in Turkish)
  • Öztürkmen, A. R., Ramazanoğlu, E., Çiçek, İ. C. (2020). Şanlıurfa İli Suruç İlçesi Topraklarının Bazı Özellikleri ve Bitki Besin Elementi Kapsamlarının Belirlenmesi. Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 9(4), 1807-1815. (in Turkish) DOI: https://doi.org/10.17798/bitlisfen.774004
  • Ozturkemen, A.R., Ramazanoglu, E. (2020a). Effect of Different Land Uses on Some Physical and Chemica l Properties of Soils Originated from the Volcanic Parent Materials. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 29(12A):11450-11460.
  • Ozturkmen, A.R., Ramazanoglu, E., Almaca, A., Çakmaklı M. (2020b). Effect of intercropping on soil physical and chemical properties in an olive orchard. APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 18(6):7783-7793. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1806_77837793
  • Owuor, S. O., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Guzha, A. C., Jacobs, S., Merbold, L., Rufino, M. C., Breuer, L. (2018). Conversion of natural forest results in a significant degradation of soil hydraulic properties in the highlands of Kenya. Soil and Tillage Research, 176,36–44. DOI: 10.1016/j.still.2017.10.003
  • Renard, K.G., Foster, G.A., Weesies, D.A., McCool, D.K., Yoder, D.C., 1997. Predicting Soil Erosion by Water: A Guide to Conservation Planning with the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), Agriculture Handbook No. 703, USDA, Washington DC.
  • Richards, L. A. (1954). Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils (Vol. 78, No. 2,p. 154). LWW.
  • Süpürkeci, İ. 2014. Suruç Ovası Sulamaya Açılacak Alanların Toprak Verim Parametreleri. Harran Üniverstesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü,Yüksek Lisans Semineri, Şanlıurfa s:15 . (in Turkish)
  • Tokmakçı, S. (2018). Deternination of Ground Water Pre with GAP K Factor of Plain Suruc, Thesis. Harran University, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
  • Wilding LP, Bouma J, Gross DW. 1994. Impact of spatial variability on ınterpretative modelling, In: Quantitative Modelling of Soil Forming Processes R.B. Bryant and Arnold R.W. (ed), SSSA Special Publication Number 39, SSSA, Inc. Madison Wisconsin, USA DOI: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaspecpub39.c4
  • Zhang, K. L., Shu, A. P., Xu, X. L., Yang, Q. K., Yu, B. (2008). Soil erodibility and its estimation for agricultural soils in China. Journal of Arid Environments, 72(6), 1002–1011. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2007.11.018

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Soil Science
Published Date June 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Ali Rıza ÖZTÜRKMEN (Primary Author)
Harran Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Şanlıurfa
0000-0003-0799-9825
Türkiye


Emrah RAMAZANOĞLU
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-7921-5703
Türkiye


Sümeyye TOKMAKÇI
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-2678-0423
Türkiye

Supporting Institution The Scientific Research Coordination Unit of Harran University
Project Number 17101
Publication Date June 28, 2021
Application Date February 9, 2021
Acceptance Date May 11, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2

Cite

APA Öztürkmen, A. R. , Ramazanoğlu, E. & Tokmakçı, S. (2021). Determination of Erodiblity (USLE-K) Status of Suruc Plain Soils Before Transition to Irrigated Agriculture within the Scope of Southeastern Anatolia Project . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (2) , 229-235 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.13