Research Article
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The application of fish wastewater to improve the plant growth, development and yield of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.)

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 100 - 107, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.14

Abstract

Demand for low-cost and affordable alternating sources of plant nutrient responses to boost the nutrient level of damaged arable farmlands has been a main concern for soil scientists, agronomists, and local farmers. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of fish wastewater on the growth parameters, yield, and biomass productivity of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) as compared by using in aerated nutrient solution under deep water culture (DWC) technique. The experiment was carried out to investigate shoot and root fresh and dry weight, total leaf number, leaf chlorophyll content (SPAD), photosynthesis, leaf total chlorophyll (a+ b), leaf total carotenoid content, total leaf area, leaf NRA activity, total root length, root volume and average root diameter. Lettuce plants were examined by using an aerated deep-water culture (DWC) technique in a fully automated climate room for six weeks. The seedlings were transplanted onto 8 L continuously aerated pots containing mix of different ratios of fish effluent water with tap water with six different treatments (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5 and T6) and replicated three times. The fish wastewater effluents did not reduce the growth of lettuce plants. Shoot and root fresh and dry matter, total leaf number, leaf total chlorophyll (a+ b), leaf total carotenoid content, total leaf area, leaf NRA activity, total root length, root volume and average root diameter of lettuce plants were significantly increased with under T3 treatment (Tap water + 1.5 mM N + 50 ml Nutrient solution + 8 ml Fe + 1000 ml Fish effluent water). However, the lettuce plants grown under T4 treatment (Tap water + 1.5 mM N + 250 ml Fish effluent water) had the lowest shoot and root fresh matter, total leaf number, photosynthesis, total leaf area, leaf NRA activity, total root length, root volume and average root diameter. The compost derived from the fish wastewater plays an important role in supplying the nutrients for cultivating the lettuce plants. Also, in this study appreciable nutrients were significantly obtained in treatments treated with fish wastewater, as compared with the ground (tap) water. Thus, grown lettuce with aquaculture is a good source of nutrition for human consumption.

References

  • Abbey M and Anderson NO (2019). Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) production in Northern Latitudinal aquaponic growing conditions. HortScience 54(10):1757-1761.
  • Akindele AY, Olufayo AA, Faloye OT (2021). Influence of borehole and fish wastewater on soil properties, productivity and nutrient composition of sweet pepper (Capsicum annum). Acta Ecologica Sinica (in press).
  • Al-Jaloud AA, Hussein G (1995). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on water use efficiency of wheat in Saudi Arabia, Agric. Water Manag. 27, 143–153.
  • Almamori HA, Abdul-Ratha HA (2020). Effect of addition of vermicompost, bio and mineral fertilizer on the availability of some nutrients in soil and potato yield. Iraqi J. Agric. Sci. 51, 644–656. http://dx.doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v51i2.992.
  • Bannari A, Khurshid KS, Staenz K, Schwarz JW (2007). A comparison of hyperspectral chlorophyll indices for wheat crop chlorophyll content estimation using laboratory reflectance measurements. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 45(10), 3063-3074.
  • Baslam M, Pascual I, Sanchez-Diaz M, Erro J, Garcia-Mina JM, Goicoechea N (2011). Improvement of nutritional quality of greenhouse-grown lettuce by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi is conditioned by the source of phosphorus nutrition. J. Agric. Food Chem., 59, 11129–11140.
  • Camejo D, Frutos A, Mestre TC, Pinero MDC, Rivero RM, Martinez V (2020). Artificial light impacts the physical and nutritional quality of lettuce. Hortic. Environ. Biotechnol., 61, 69–82.
  • Castro RS, Azevedo CMS, Neto FB (2006). Increasing cherry tomato yield using fish effluent as irrigation water in Northeast Brazil, Sci. Hortic. 110 (1) 44–50.
  • Dediu L., Cristea V and Xiaoshuan Z (2012). Waste production and valorization in an integrated aquaponic system with bester and lettuce. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(9), 2349-2358.
  • Delaide B, Goddek S, Gott J, Soyeurt H, Jijakli MH. (2016). Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. Sucrine) growth performance in complemented aquaponic solution outperforms hydroponics. Water.; 8(10):467.
  • FAO (2018). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved on March 04, 2019 from: http://fenix.fao.org/faostat/beta/en/#data/QC.
  • Fu W, Li P, Wu Y (2012). Effects of different light intensities on chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics and yield in lettuce. Sci. Hortic., 135, 45–51.
  • García-Santiago JC, Lozano Cavazos CJ, González-Fuentes JA, Zermeño-González A, Alvarado ER, Duarte AR, Preciado-Rangel P, Troyo-Diéguez E, Peña Ramos FM, Valdez-Aguilar LA, Alvarado-Camarillo D, Hernández Maruri JA (2021). Effects of fish-derived protein hydrolysate, animal-based organic fertilisers and irrigation method on the growth and quality of grape tomatoes. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, Vol. 37, No. 2, 107–124.
  • Gharib FA, Moussa LA, Massoud ON (2008). Effect of compost and bio-fertilizers on growth, yield, and essential oil of sweet marjoram (Majorana hortensis) plant. Int. J. Agric. Biol. J. Agri. Biol 10, 381–388.
  • Hawkesford M, Horst W, Kichey T, Lambers H, Schjoerring J, Skrumsager Møller I, et al. (2012). Functions of macronutrients. In: Marschner P, editor. Marchner´s mineral nutrition of higher plants. 3: Elsevier Ltd.; p. 135–89.
  • Huang C-C, Lu H-L, Chang Y-H and Hsu T-H (2021). Evaluation of the water quality farming growth benefits of an intelligence aquaponics system. Sustainability 13, 4210.
  • Hussain G, Al-Jaloud AA (1995). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on water use efficiency of wheat in Saudi Arabia. Agric. Water Manag. 27, 143–153.
  • Jamu DM, Piedrahita RH (2002). An organic matter and nitrogen dynamics model for the ecological analysis of integrated aquaculture/agriculture systems: I. model development and calibration. Environ. Model. Softw. 17, 571–582.
  • Koide J, Fujimoto N, Oka Mostafa H (2015). Rice-fish integration in Sub-Saharan Africa: the challenges for participatory water management. Japan Agric. Res. Quarter. 49, 29–36.
  • Li F, Gao J, Xu Y, Nie Z, Fang J, Zhou Q, Xu G, Shao N, Xu D, Xu P, Wang M (2021). Biodiversity and sustainability of the integrated rice-fish system in Hani terraces, Yunnan province, China. Aquaculture Reports 20 (2021) 100763.
  • Lichtenthaler HK (1987). Chlorophylls and carotenoids: Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods Enzymol., 148:350–382.
  • Limbu SM, Shoko AP, Lamtane HA, Kishe-Machumu MA, Joram MC, Mbonde AS, Mgana HF, Mgaya YD (2017). Fish polyculture system integrated with vegetable farming improves yield and economic benefits of small-scale farmers. Aquacult. Res. 48, 3631–3644.
  • Mariscal-Lagarda MM, P_aez-Osuna F, Esquer-Mendez JL, Guerrero-Monroy I, del Vivar AR, Felix-Gastelum R (2012). Integrated culture of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) with low salinity groundwater: management and production. Aquaculture 366–367, 76–84.
  • Monsees H, Suhl J, Paul M, Kloas W, Dannehl D, Würtz S (2019). Lettuce (Lactuca sativa, variety Salanova) production in decoupled aquaponic systems: Same yield and similar quality as in conventional hydroponic systems but drastically reduced greenhouse gas emissions by saving inorganic fertilizer. PLoS ONE 14(6): e0218368.
  • Nadafi F, Jaafarzadeh S, Mokktari M, Zakizadeh B, Sakiran MR (2005). Effect of wastewater stabilization fish pond water on agricultural crops.
  • Naguib NYM (2011). Organic vs chemical fertilization of medicinal plants: a concise review of research. Adv. Environ. Biol. 5, 394–400.
  • Ogbonnaya CL, Nwalozie MC, Macauley RH (1998). Growth and water relations of Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) under water deficit on a sandy soil, Ind. Crop. Prod. 8, 65–76.
  • Ramírez Sanchez, M., P_erez Trujillo, M., Jim_enez Morales, P., Hurtado Giraldo, H., Gomez Ramírez, E (2011). Preliminary evaluation of aquaponic and hydroponic floating bed systems for the cultivation of oregano (Origanum vulgare: Lamiaceae). J. Fac. Basic Sci. 7, 242–259.
  • Ronga D, Lovelli S, Zaccardelli M, Perrone D, Ulrici A, Francia E, Milc J, Pecchioni N. (2015). Physiological responses of processing tomato in organic and conventional Mediterranean cropping systems. Sci Hort. 190:161‒172. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.04.027
  • Søberg EE (2016). The growth and development of lettuce, coriander and swiss chard in a cold water aquaponic system optimized for lettuce production. Master’s Thesis, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Oslo, Norway. Suhl J, Dannehl D, Kloas W, Baganz D, Jobs S, Scheibe G, et al. (2016). Advanced aquaponics: Evaluation of intensive tomato production in aquaponics vs. conventional hydroponics. Agricultural Water Management.; 178:335–44.
  • Suhl J, Dannehl D, Baganz D, Schmidt U, Kloas W. (2018). An innovative suction filter device reduces nitrogen loss in double recirculating aquaponic systems. Aquacultural Engineering.; 82(63–72).
  • Sofo A, Lundegardh B, Martensson A, Manfra M, Pepe G, Sommella E, De Nisco M, Tenore GC, Campiglia P, Scopa A (2016). Different agronomic and fertilization systems affect polyphenolic profile, antioxidant capacity and mineral composition of lettuce. Sci. Hortic., 204, 106–115.
  • Takele E (1996). University of California cooperative extension production practices and sample costs to produce loose leaf lettuce Coachella Valley Riverside County. 13 Jan. 2019. <https://coststudyfiles.ucdavis.edu/ uploads/cs_public/f4/8a/f48ab159-6c2e-403ab6ce-71eecdeee166/letcoach96.pdf>.
  • Wang S, Melnyk JP, Tsao R, Marcone MF (2011). How natural dietary antioxidants in fruits, vegetables and legumes promote vascular health. Food Res. Int., 44, 14–22.
  • Wood WC, Meso MB, Veverica KL, Karanja N (2001). Use of fish pond water for irrigation in an integrated crop/aquaculture system, in: A. Gupta, McEwee, D. Binke, J. Burright, X. Cumming, H. Egna (Eds.), Eighteenth Annual Technical Report on pond dynamics/aquaculture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, 78 Oregon 69–78.
  • Zajdband AD (2011). Integrated Agri-aquaculture Systems. Genetics, Biofuels and Local Farming Systems. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 87–127.

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 100 - 107, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.14

Abstract

References

  • Abbey M and Anderson NO (2019). Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) production in Northern Latitudinal aquaponic growing conditions. HortScience 54(10):1757-1761.
  • Akindele AY, Olufayo AA, Faloye OT (2021). Influence of borehole and fish wastewater on soil properties, productivity and nutrient composition of sweet pepper (Capsicum annum). Acta Ecologica Sinica (in press).
  • Al-Jaloud AA, Hussein G (1995). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on water use efficiency of wheat in Saudi Arabia, Agric. Water Manag. 27, 143–153.
  • Almamori HA, Abdul-Ratha HA (2020). Effect of addition of vermicompost, bio and mineral fertilizer on the availability of some nutrients in soil and potato yield. Iraqi J. Agric. Sci. 51, 644–656. http://dx.doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v51i2.992.
  • Bannari A, Khurshid KS, Staenz K, Schwarz JW (2007). A comparison of hyperspectral chlorophyll indices for wheat crop chlorophyll content estimation using laboratory reflectance measurements. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 45(10), 3063-3074.
  • Baslam M, Pascual I, Sanchez-Diaz M, Erro J, Garcia-Mina JM, Goicoechea N (2011). Improvement of nutritional quality of greenhouse-grown lettuce by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi is conditioned by the source of phosphorus nutrition. J. Agric. Food Chem., 59, 11129–11140.
  • Camejo D, Frutos A, Mestre TC, Pinero MDC, Rivero RM, Martinez V (2020). Artificial light impacts the physical and nutritional quality of lettuce. Hortic. Environ. Biotechnol., 61, 69–82.
  • Castro RS, Azevedo CMS, Neto FB (2006). Increasing cherry tomato yield using fish effluent as irrigation water in Northeast Brazil, Sci. Hortic. 110 (1) 44–50.
  • Dediu L., Cristea V and Xiaoshuan Z (2012). Waste production and valorization in an integrated aquaponic system with bester and lettuce. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(9), 2349-2358.
  • Delaide B, Goddek S, Gott J, Soyeurt H, Jijakli MH. (2016). Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. Sucrine) growth performance in complemented aquaponic solution outperforms hydroponics. Water.; 8(10):467.
  • FAO (2018). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved on March 04, 2019 from: http://fenix.fao.org/faostat/beta/en/#data/QC.
  • Fu W, Li P, Wu Y (2012). Effects of different light intensities on chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics and yield in lettuce. Sci. Hortic., 135, 45–51.
  • García-Santiago JC, Lozano Cavazos CJ, González-Fuentes JA, Zermeño-González A, Alvarado ER, Duarte AR, Preciado-Rangel P, Troyo-Diéguez E, Peña Ramos FM, Valdez-Aguilar LA, Alvarado-Camarillo D, Hernández Maruri JA (2021). Effects of fish-derived protein hydrolysate, animal-based organic fertilisers and irrigation method on the growth and quality of grape tomatoes. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, Vol. 37, No. 2, 107–124.
  • Gharib FA, Moussa LA, Massoud ON (2008). Effect of compost and bio-fertilizers on growth, yield, and essential oil of sweet marjoram (Majorana hortensis) plant. Int. J. Agric. Biol. J. Agri. Biol 10, 381–388.
  • Hawkesford M, Horst W, Kichey T, Lambers H, Schjoerring J, Skrumsager Møller I, et al. (2012). Functions of macronutrients. In: Marschner P, editor. Marchner´s mineral nutrition of higher plants. 3: Elsevier Ltd.; p. 135–89.
  • Huang C-C, Lu H-L, Chang Y-H and Hsu T-H (2021). Evaluation of the water quality farming growth benefits of an intelligence aquaponics system. Sustainability 13, 4210.
  • Hussain G, Al-Jaloud AA (1995). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on water use efficiency of wheat in Saudi Arabia. Agric. Water Manag. 27, 143–153.
  • Jamu DM, Piedrahita RH (2002). An organic matter and nitrogen dynamics model for the ecological analysis of integrated aquaculture/agriculture systems: I. model development and calibration. Environ. Model. Softw. 17, 571–582.
  • Koide J, Fujimoto N, Oka Mostafa H (2015). Rice-fish integration in Sub-Saharan Africa: the challenges for participatory water management. Japan Agric. Res. Quarter. 49, 29–36.
  • Li F, Gao J, Xu Y, Nie Z, Fang J, Zhou Q, Xu G, Shao N, Xu D, Xu P, Wang M (2021). Biodiversity and sustainability of the integrated rice-fish system in Hani terraces, Yunnan province, China. Aquaculture Reports 20 (2021) 100763.
  • Lichtenthaler HK (1987). Chlorophylls and carotenoids: Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods Enzymol., 148:350–382.
  • Limbu SM, Shoko AP, Lamtane HA, Kishe-Machumu MA, Joram MC, Mbonde AS, Mgana HF, Mgaya YD (2017). Fish polyculture system integrated with vegetable farming improves yield and economic benefits of small-scale farmers. Aquacult. Res. 48, 3631–3644.
  • Mariscal-Lagarda MM, P_aez-Osuna F, Esquer-Mendez JL, Guerrero-Monroy I, del Vivar AR, Felix-Gastelum R (2012). Integrated culture of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) with low salinity groundwater: management and production. Aquaculture 366–367, 76–84.
  • Monsees H, Suhl J, Paul M, Kloas W, Dannehl D, Würtz S (2019). Lettuce (Lactuca sativa, variety Salanova) production in decoupled aquaponic systems: Same yield and similar quality as in conventional hydroponic systems but drastically reduced greenhouse gas emissions by saving inorganic fertilizer. PLoS ONE 14(6): e0218368.
  • Nadafi F, Jaafarzadeh S, Mokktari M, Zakizadeh B, Sakiran MR (2005). Effect of wastewater stabilization fish pond water on agricultural crops.
  • Naguib NYM (2011). Organic vs chemical fertilization of medicinal plants: a concise review of research. Adv. Environ. Biol. 5, 394–400.
  • Ogbonnaya CL, Nwalozie MC, Macauley RH (1998). Growth and water relations of Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) under water deficit on a sandy soil, Ind. Crop. Prod. 8, 65–76.
  • Ramírez Sanchez, M., P_erez Trujillo, M., Jim_enez Morales, P., Hurtado Giraldo, H., Gomez Ramírez, E (2011). Preliminary evaluation of aquaponic and hydroponic floating bed systems for the cultivation of oregano (Origanum vulgare: Lamiaceae). J. Fac. Basic Sci. 7, 242–259.
  • Ronga D, Lovelli S, Zaccardelli M, Perrone D, Ulrici A, Francia E, Milc J, Pecchioni N. (2015). Physiological responses of processing tomato in organic and conventional Mediterranean cropping systems. Sci Hort. 190:161‒172. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.04.027
  • Søberg EE (2016). The growth and development of lettuce, coriander and swiss chard in a cold water aquaponic system optimized for lettuce production. Master’s Thesis, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Oslo, Norway. Suhl J, Dannehl D, Kloas W, Baganz D, Jobs S, Scheibe G, et al. (2016). Advanced aquaponics: Evaluation of intensive tomato production in aquaponics vs. conventional hydroponics. Agricultural Water Management.; 178:335–44.
  • Suhl J, Dannehl D, Baganz D, Schmidt U, Kloas W. (2018). An innovative suction filter device reduces nitrogen loss in double recirculating aquaponic systems. Aquacultural Engineering.; 82(63–72).
  • Sofo A, Lundegardh B, Martensson A, Manfra M, Pepe G, Sommella E, De Nisco M, Tenore GC, Campiglia P, Scopa A (2016). Different agronomic and fertilization systems affect polyphenolic profile, antioxidant capacity and mineral composition of lettuce. Sci. Hortic., 204, 106–115.
  • Takele E (1996). University of California cooperative extension production practices and sample costs to produce loose leaf lettuce Coachella Valley Riverside County. 13 Jan. 2019. <https://coststudyfiles.ucdavis.edu/ uploads/cs_public/f4/8a/f48ab159-6c2e-403ab6ce-71eecdeee166/letcoach96.pdf>.
  • Wang S, Melnyk JP, Tsao R, Marcone MF (2011). How natural dietary antioxidants in fruits, vegetables and legumes promote vascular health. Food Res. Int., 44, 14–22.
  • Wood WC, Meso MB, Veverica KL, Karanja N (2001). Use of fish pond water for irrigation in an integrated crop/aquaculture system, in: A. Gupta, McEwee, D. Binke, J. Burright, X. Cumming, H. Egna (Eds.), Eighteenth Annual Technical Report on pond dynamics/aquaculture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, 78 Oregon 69–78.
  • Zajdband AD (2011). Integrated Agri-aquaculture Systems. Genetics, Biofuels and Local Farming Systems. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 87–127.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Published Date March 2022
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Abdullah ULAŞ (Primary Author)
Erciyes Üniversitesi
0000-0001-9029-031X
Türkiye


Yusuf Cem YÜCEL
ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-6183-0129
Türkiye


Firdes ULAŞ
ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6692-8424
Türkiye

Publication Date March 15, 2022
Application Date January 1, 2022
Acceptance Date March 10, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

APA Ulaş, A. , Yücel, Y. C. & Ulaş, F. (2022). The application of fish wastewater to improve the plant growth, development and yield of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 6 (1) , 100-107 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.14


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