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Fatty acid and organic acid compositions of some Türkiye registered flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) varieties grown under alkaline soils

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3, 358 - 369, 23.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.4

Abstract

Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) is an industrial plant that is used for multi-purposes in the world with its oil and fibers properties and have commercial importance. Flaxseed oil, besides being an alternative oil product, is an important additive in functional foods and animal feeds. In addition, it is rich in α-linolenic acid (ALA), lignans, proteins, dietary fibers and organic acids. Owing to its significant functions, the present study was designed to investigate the fatty acid and organic acid composition of flax cultivars (Karakız, Milas, Beyaz Gelin, Sarı-85, Konya Kahve, Clli1392, Clli1355) under alkaline stress conditions (≈pH:9,70). Accordingly, with respect to oil yield, highest yield was noted for Sarı-85 with a value of 2.28 g, whilts the lowest value (0.84 g) was recorded for Clli1392. Regarding oil components, in parallel to the yield, the highest percentage of α- linolenic acid was observed in Sarı-85 (60.51%) and the lowest value of the relevant compound was ascertained in Karakız (39.49%). In relation the profile of organic acid compounds; Clli 1355 were rich in succinic acid (46.705 ng/ul), lactic acid (35.238 ng/ul) and acetic acid (176.494 ng/ul), whilst Konya Kahve and Sarı-85 were found to be rich in propionic acid, 214.232 ng/ul and butyric acid, 32.895 ng/ul, respectively. In order to reduce the dimension, correlate and visualize the assayed parameters, the relevant data of the study was subjected to principal component analysis and heat-map clustering. The clear discrimination and scattering among the cultivars corresponding to the parameters were observed.

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Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3, 358 - 369, 23.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.4

Abstract

References

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  • Endes, Z. (2010). Konya şartlarında bazı yağlık keten (Linum usitatissimum L.) çeşit ve populasyonlarında farklı ekim zamanlarının verim ve kalite üzerine etkisinin belirlenmesi. Doktora Tezi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Tarla Bitkileri Anabilim Dalı, 162. (in Turkish). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6332
  • Eryılmaz, G. A., Kılıç, O. (2018). Türkiye’de sürdürülebilir tarım ve iyi tarım uygulamaları. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 21(4), 624-631. (in Turkish). Doi: https://doi.org/10.18016/ksudobil. 345137
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Published Date September 2022
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Mehmet Zeki KOÇAK> (Primary Author)
IĞDIR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8368-2478
Türkiye

Publication Date September 23, 2022
Application Date June 19, 2022
Acceptance Date July 10, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3

Cite

APA Koçak, M. Z. (2022). Fatty acid and organic acid compositions of some Türkiye registered flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) varieties grown under alkaline soils . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 6 (3) , 358-369 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.4


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