Principles of Writing

Editorial revision and change requests are not suggestions. If the authors want their articles to be peer-reviewed, they must comply with the comments of the editors. Otherwise, the works will be returned to the author(s) without being sent to the referee.

• Turkish abstracts and keywords are not required for articles written in English.

• To ensure style uniformity, it is essential to use Latin numerals instead of Roman numerals in articles. For example, if the twenty-first century is to be written using numbers in the text, this expression should be used as the 21st century, not the XXI. century.

• Where the abbreviation is given for the first time in the text, the open form of the abbreviation should be written first and the abbreviation should be given in parentheses. After that, the abbreviation in question should be used as much as possible in the text, and open writing of the name should be avoided. In addition, in which language the study was written, both the long name and the abbreviation should be used in that language. For example: “According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 7.8 million Ukrainian refugees have been registered across Europe since February 24, 2022” (correct usage)- “According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (BMMYK), February 24 7.8 million Ukrainian refugees have been registered across Europe since 2022” (misuse).

• Any direct quotation must be enclosed in double-quotes, regardless of its length. However, our journal has adopted the minimum use of direct quotations in terms of originality and readability. Therefore, if the article is constantly uses direct quotations, such studies will be sent back to the author(s) to be converted into an original form without being sent to the referee.

Words used in a foreign language should be given in italics if they are not proper nouns.

• Our journal does not adopt the terms "illegal immigration/immigrant" based on the rights-based approach and the general trend in modern literature. If there is no explanation and comparison of these concepts, please do not use these expressions in your work.

• The concepts of “immigrant”, “asylum seeker”, “refugee” have different political and especially legal meanings. If the authors point to the same phenomenon, they should choose to use one of these concepts. These terms cannot be used interchangeably in the text. For example, the following usage in the same text is incorrect: “Syrian immigrants tried to reach Europe via Turkey intensively in 2015. ….. Syrian refugees in France have very limited access to basic needs.

• Please follow the grammatical rules of comma usage before and after conjunctions.

• When outlining your text, do not enumerate the Introduction, Conclusion and Bibliography sections. Main headings should be numbered with Roman numerals I, II, II and left aligned. Sub-headings under these should be expressed as A, B, C. If these titles are to be underlined/detailed, they should be titled as 1, 2, 3 with Latin numerals.

• The texts should be written in Times New Roman, 12 points. 1.5 line spacing should be applied to the text and the text should be fixed with justify left and right. Introduction, Conclusion, Bibliography, and main headings numbered with Roman numerals such as I, II, II as stated above should be left aligned without any indentation, II. level headings (such as A, B, C as mentioned above) should start with one indent (tab), (if any) III. level headings (such as 1, 2, 3 as mentioned above) should start with two indents (two tabs). All paragraphs, including the first paragraph under any type of heading, must begin with a tab space.

• As soon as the studies are submitted to our journal, a similarity check is executed before the editorial review begins. Authors do not need to upload similarity reports separately. Our journal only takes its own similarity reports into consideration.

When citing a source, please avoid giving a single reference at the end of an entire paragraph. Our journal adopts and encourages the multiple reference system. Therefore, we value using more than one reference at the same time and giving more than one reference in a paragraph. Authors should adopt this method as much as possible.

If the name of the author(s) to be referenced is mentioned anywhere in the sentence, reference should be made only with the year and page number, without the name of the author(s) at the reference stage. For example, “According to Mudde’s review of the literature, far-right workers generally agree that the focus is on nationalism, racism, xenophobia, anti-democracy, and the strong state (1996, p. 229)”.

• Our journal uses APA Version 7 as a citation and reference method. Examples of these rules are also available on the Author’s Guide section ( Please submit your work by adapting to the rules. Otherwise, it will delay the process of your article undesirably and may cause a desk rejection.

• Our journal works with the principle of “inclusive networks”. In other words, our main aim is to evaluate the studies from every stage and to help the authors find a place in the literature. However, authors should check whether the work in question is a research article/original article before submitting their work. Accordingly, we do not consider studies that do not have a discussion, do not analyse the existing literature by bringing a critical perspective, and whose research question, subject and contribution to the literature are not clearly stated. Please make your self-evaluation before submitting whether your work is within this scope. Again, in parallel with this subject, make sure that your article complies with the language rules. If you are not proficient in the language, especially English, but still want to publish in that language, please seek professional proofreading assistance before submitting your article. It is not possible for our journal to provide this service. The works that do not have a good command of the language to be published will be returned to the authors immediately.