Year 2021, Volume 11 , Issue 2, Pages 880 - 887 2021-06-01

İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri
Contact of People Wıth Cyanotoxins and Effects on Health

Yasemin VARLI [1]


Siyanobakteriler; gram negatif, 16S rRNA ve klorofil-a içeren, karbondioksit ve atmosferik azotu fiske edebilen, fotosentetik, organik karbon ve oksijen üretebilen tek prokaryotik organizmadır. Son yıllarda değişen iklim koşulları ve artan insan faaliyetleri, tüm dünyada zararlı siyanobakteriyel bloom oluşum sıklığını artırmaktadır. Siyanobakteriyel bloomlar, zararlı toksinler ve kötü kokulu bileşikler üreterek içme suyu ve eğlence suları için bir tehdit oluşturmaktadır. Ayrıca bloom oluşumu, hipoksiye ve ekosistemdeki besin ağının bozulmasına neden olur. Çeşitli çevresel faktörlerin siyanotoksin sentezinin düzenlenmesindeki rollerinin bilinmesi, toksik siyanobakteriyel bloomların etkin yönetimi için gereklidir. Siyanotoksinler, siyanobakterilerin çeşitli cinsleri tarafından üretilen sekonder metabolitler grubu olup algler, bitkiler, hayvanlar ve insan dâhil olmak üzere birçok ökaryotik organizma için son derece zehirlidir. Siyanotoksinler, gen kümeleri şeklinde organize olmuş bir grup gen tarafından kodlanan enzimlerle non-ribozomal olarak sentezlenirler. Siyanotoksin, gelişmenin tüm aşamalarında üretilmektedir. Bu derlemede, insanların siyanotoksinler ile teması ve sağlığa etkileri özetlenmektedir.
Cyanobacteria is the only group of prokaryotic organisms containing gram negative, 16S rRNA and chlorophyll-a, capable of fixed carbon dioxide and atmospheric nitrogen, photosynthetic, producing organic carbon and oxygen. Recent years changing climatic conditions and increasing human activities in increase the frequency of harmful cyanobacterial “bloom” formation worldwide. Cyanobacterial “blooms” can produce harmful toxins and foul-smelling compounds, creating a threat to drinking and recreational waters. In addition, the formation of “bloom” causes hypoxia and food network degradation. Knowing the role of various environmental factors in the regulation of cyanotoxin synthesis is essential for the effective management of toxic cyanobacterial blooms. Cyanotoxins are a group of secondary metabolites produced by various strains of cyanobacteria and are highly toxic to many eukaryotic organisms, including algae, plants, animals and humans. Cyanotoxins are synthesized non-ribosomally by enzymes encoded by a group of genes organized in gene clusters. Toxin can be produced at all stages of development. In this review, the contact of people with cyanotoxins and their effects on health are summarized.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Biology
Published Date Haziran-2021
Journal Section Biyoloji / Biology
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3944-1316
Author: Yasemin VARLI (Primary Author)
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : July 29, 2020
Acceptance Date : January 4, 2021
Publication Date : June 1, 2021

Bibtex @review { jist775707, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Igdir University}, year = {2021}, volume = {11}, pages = {880 - 887}, doi = {10.21597/jist.775707}, title = {İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {Varlı, Yasemin} }
APA Varlı, Y . (2021). İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 11 (2) , 880-887 . DOI: 10.21597/jist.775707
MLA Varlı, Y . "İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri" . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 (2021 ): 880-887 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/61423/775707>
Chicago Varlı, Y . "İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 (2021 ): 880-887
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri AU - Yasemin Varlı Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.21597/jist.775707 DO - 10.21597/jist.775707 T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 880 EP - 887 VL - 11 IS - 2 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - doi: 10.21597/jist.775707 UR - https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.775707 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri %A Yasemin Varlı %T İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri %D 2021 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 11 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21597/jist.775707 %U 10.21597/jist.775707
ISNAD Varlı, Yasemin . "İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 / 2 (June 2021): 880-887 . https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.775707
AMA Varlı Y . İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri. Iğdır Üniv. Fen Bil Enst. Der.. 2021; 11(2): 880-887.
Vancouver Varlı Y . İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2021; 11(2): 880-887.
IEEE Y. Varlı , "İnsanların Siyanotoksinler ile Teması ve Sağlığa Etkileri", Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 880-887, Jun. 2021, doi:10.21597/jist.775707