Year 2021, Volume 11 , Issue 2, Pages 969 - 981 2021-06-01

GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey
GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey

Azem KURU [1] , Ezgi TOK [2] , Merve GUROGLU AKTAS [3] , Hacer Handan DEMİR [4] , Hüseyin Kurtuluş ÖZCAN [5] , Göksel DEMİR [6]


A sustainable solid waste management system planning is a complex and interdisciplinary subject, which requires considering technical, environmental, economic, and social factors. Landfills play an essential role in solid waste management strategies, and landfilling is an extensively accepted preference for the clearance of solid waste worldwide. Site selection of landfill facilities can be a considerable problem as all infrastructural projects can deteriorate the ecology of the site on which they are developed because of changing land uses, loss of habitats, and displacement of fauna. These effects are mainly specific for location and need to be evaluated on every example. Landfill site selection is related to certain factors and limitations defined by natural and artificial thresholds and/or legislation. Legal provisions may vary according to the country's policy and even to the provincial policies. In addition to these features of study zones or sites, landfill site selection methods may have different criteria and sub-criteria in identifying parameters. This paper aims to identify landfill site(s) multicriteria decision analysis depending on Edirne's environmentally sensitive areas by using the Geographic Information System (GIS) technique. Data of land use, geologic features, protected areas, natural and archeological sites, transportation network, hydrological data, soil suitability for agricultural activities, and land capability classes which have been acquired from the relevant public authorities were used to proposed model. Regional factors were identified and assessed according to the risk of contamination for environmental components such as natural resources, sensitive ecosystems, and unique habitats. The chosen criteria were graded in this context, and alternative landfill sites were proposed by applying GIS-based analysis. According to the analysis, the northern subprovince of the study area, Lalapasa, has the most appropriate landfill sites.
A sustainable solid waste management system planning is a complex and interdisciplinary subject, which requires considering technical, environmental, economic, and social factors. Landfills play an essential role in solid waste management strategies, and landfilling is an extensively accepted preference for the clearance of solid waste worldwide. Site selection of landfill facilities can be a considerable problem as all infrastructural projects can deteriorate the ecology of the site on which they are developed because of changing land uses, loss of habitats, and displacement of fauna. These effects are mainly specific for location and need to be evaluated on every example. Landfill site selection is related to certain factors and limitations defined by natural and artificial thresholds and/or legislation. Legal provisions may vary according to the country's policy and even to the provincial policies. In addition to these features of study zones or sites, landfill site selection methods may have different criteria and sub-criteria in identifying parameters. This paper aims to identify landfill site(s) multicriteria decision analysis depending on Edirne's environmentally sensitive areas by using the Geographic Information System (GIS) technique. Data of land use, geologic features, protected areas, natural and archeological sites, transportation network, hydrological data, soil suitability for agricultural activities, and land capability classes which have been acquired from the relevant public authorities were used to proposed model. Regional factors were identified and assessed according to the risk of contamination for environmental components such as natural resources, sensitive ecosystems, and unique habitats. The chosen criteria were graded in this context, and alternative landfill sites were proposed by applying GIS-based analysis. According to the analysis, the northern subprovince of the study area, Lalapasa, has the most appropriate landfill sites.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Environmental Engineering
Published Date Haziran-2021
Journal Section Çevre Mühendisliği / Environment Engineering
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3239-1179
Author: Azem KURU
Institution: KIRKLARELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0427-5904
Author: Ezgi TOK
Institution: KIRKLARELI UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4416-0842
Author: Merve GUROGLU AKTAS
Institution: KIRKLARELI UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6157-9181
Author: Hacer Handan DEMİR
Institution: Istanbul Gelişim University, School of Applied Science Department of Logistics
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9810-3985
Author: Hüseyin Kurtuluş ÖZCAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7815-1197
Author: Göksel DEMİR
Institution: Health Sciences University Department of Occupational Health and Safety Department
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : September 8, 2020
Acceptance Date : January 19, 2021
Publication Date : June 1, 2021

Bibtex @research article { jist792249, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Igdir University}, year = {2021}, volume = {11}, pages = {969 - 981}, doi = {10.21597/jist.792249}, title = {GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Kuru, Azem and Tok, Ezgi and Guroglu Aktas, Merve and Demir, Hacer Handan and Özcan, Hüseyin Kurtuluş and Demir, Göksel} }
APA Kuru, A , Tok, E , Guroglu Aktas, M , Demir, H , Özcan, H , Demir, G . (2021). GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 11 (2) , 969-981 . DOI: 10.21597/jist.792249
MLA Kuru, A , Tok, E , Guroglu Aktas, M , Demir, H , Özcan, H , Demir, G . "GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey" . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 (2021 ): 969-981 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/61423/792249>
Chicago Kuru, A , Tok, E , Guroglu Aktas, M , Demir, H , Özcan, H , Demir, G . "GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 (2021 ): 969-981
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey AU - Azem Kuru , Ezgi Tok , Merve Guroglu Aktas , Hacer Handan Demir , Hüseyin Kurtuluş Özcan , Göksel Demir Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.21597/jist.792249 DO - 10.21597/jist.792249 T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 969 EP - 981 VL - 11 IS - 2 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - doi: 10.21597/jist.792249 UR - https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.792249 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey %A Azem Kuru , Ezgi Tok , Merve Guroglu Aktas , Hacer Handan Demir , Hüseyin Kurtuluş Özcan , Göksel Demir %T GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey %D 2021 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 11 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21597/jist.792249 %U 10.21597/jist.792249
ISNAD Kuru, Azem , Tok, Ezgi , Guroglu Aktas, Merve , Demir, Hacer Handan , Özcan, Hüseyin Kurtuluş , Demir, Göksel . "GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 / 2 (June 2021): 969-981 . https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.792249
AMA Kuru A , Tok E , Guroglu Aktas M , Demir H , Özcan H , Demir G . GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey. Iğdır Üniv. Fen Bil Enst. Der.. 2021; 11(2): 969-981.
Vancouver Kuru A , Tok E , Guroglu Aktas M , Demir H , Özcan H , Demir G . GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2021; 11(2): 969-981.
IEEE A. Kuru , E. Tok , M. Guroglu Aktas , H. Demir , H. Özcan and G. Demir , "GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Landfill Site Selection in Edirne Province, Turkey", Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 969-981, Jun. 2021, doi:10.21597/jist.792249